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ǧ⤨èͫԧù

 

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ǧ⤨Ѻ㹡äҤ öṡ 3 Ẻ ǧ⤨äҧ (geo-stationary orbit, GEO) ǧ⤨èͫԧù (geo-synchronous orbit, GSO) ǧ⤨š (low Earth orbit) [1]

ǧ⤨äҧǧ⤨Ẻǧ դ٧ҡشٹҧšҳ 40,000 ҳ 35,786 èҡš դҺҡ⤨äú˹ͺҳ 24 ѡɳзӤѭͧǧ⤨äҧҡйҺǧ⤨йҺǡѺйҺٹٵâͧš (ŷԨٴ 0 ͧ) ѧࡵҡš繴ѧѺ 㹤繨ԧ 㹡͹ͧºѺ㹡عͺͧͧšդ§ѹҡ ͹ҴѺ ֧繷Ңͧ¡ǧ⤨Ẻ “ǧ⤨äҧ” “geo-stationary orbit” ѧࡵաС˹觷Ӥѭͧǧ⤨äҧҡǧ⤨÷ǧ⤨ ͹Ѻóբͧǧ⤨èͫԧù ҡ˹ǧ⤨

ǧ⤨äҧҷ١ҹҹäҤѺȷ㹺dzŷԨٴ٧ҡѡ Ш繵ͧӹǹ 3 ǧöͺ鹷ͺš ÷Ӥѭ ⤨ǧ⤨äҧ Թ᫷ Թ᫷

ٻ 1. ǧèäҧ (GEO)
ǧ⤨èͫԧù (GSO)

ٻ 2. šõԴ
ǧ⤨èͫԧù (GSO)

ǧ⤨èͫԧùǧ⤨÷դҺ 24 ·ٻçͧǧ⤨Ҩ Ẻǧ Ẻǧ ·йҺǧ⤨èзѺйҺٹٵâͧš ѧ鹨ӹǹǧ⤨Ẻöҡ˹ǧ⤨ ǧ⤨ùѺҹäҤѺȷdzš ҷ ᶺ᡹Թ ҧͧǧ⤨èͫԧù Ź (Molniya) ͧ Թ๪ѹ 63.4 ͧ Ҿͧǧèäҧ ǧ⤨èͫԧù ʴٻ 1

;ԨóҡõԴʶҹվ鹴Թ оҼšõԴǧ⤨äҧҨ繨شѺ Ѻóբͧǧ⤨èͫԧùʨŢỴ ¤٧ͧŢỴТѺԹ๪ѹͧǧ⤨ ѧʴٻ 2

ǧ⤨šǧ⤨÷դ٧Թ 2000 èҡš ⤨ǧ⤨ùö١ҹҹäҤ 繵ͧ繨ӹǹҡ ͷ¡ (satellite constellation) ͧҡҡҧѺ麹šժǧҷ鹻ҳ 10-15 ҷ ѧ鹨֧ͧǧѴ⤨Ѻǧ Ӥѭǧ⤨ù (Iridium) Żʵ (Global Star) ŴիԤ (Teledecis) [2]

ٻ 3. ԧҳԪǧ⤨èͫԧù (GSO) ǧ⤨äҧ (GEO)


ٻ 4. (66 ǧ)

ٻ 5. ŴիԤ (288 ǧ)

 


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