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˹ 1

1 չҤ:

ѧѴʸ

˹ 2

2 չҤ: ѹ͡Ҫ͡ (.. 2499)

кҷ稾л

 

˹ 3

3 չҤ: ѹԹѵ (ѹ硼˭ԧͧ)

Ե쩺Ѻġ

 

˹ 4

4 չҤ:

·ͧԹ ԾѲ ˹ 4 ѡͧ١ѧ

 

˹ 5

5 չҤ: ѹѡ

ҹ

 

˹ 6

6 չҤ:

շ տ

 

˹ 7

7 չҤ: ѹ

Ŵ عૹ

 

˹ 8

8 չҤ: ѹʵҡ; ѹ㹻û»

ѹ ऻ

 

˹ 9

9 չҤ:

Ƕ١ͧԹԴ

 

˹ 10

10 չҤ:

-Ի 觽

 

˹ 11

11 չҤ: ѹ͡ҪԷ (.. 2533)

  ʹյ¡Ѱ

 

˹ 12

12 չҤ:

ҹբԹҧŻзǧѧ

 

˹ 13

13 չҤ: ѹҧ

 

˹ 14

14 չҤ:

 Է

 

˹ 15

15 չҤ:

ҹʷ 2 ҫͧش¢ͧ

 

˹ 16

16 չҤ:

Թѹ ѹ

 

˹ 17

17 չҤ: ѹ

ǹ 1

 

˹ 18

18 չҤ:

硫 ͹Ϳ

 

˹ 19

19 չҤ: ѹ»ȷš

оҹ㹫Դ

 

˹ 20

20 չҤ: ѹ͡Ҫȵٹ

µ

 

˹ 21

21 չҤ: ѹչԾҡ

ѹ ૺ¹ Ҥ

 

˹ 22

22 չҤ: ѹӢͧš

оطѵҡ

 

˹ 23

23 չҤ: ѹҵҡʶҹ (.. 2499)

ʶҹǡ

 

˹ 24

24 չҤ: ѹѳäš

 

˹ 25

25 չҤ: ѹС͡Ҫȡի (.. 2363)

ҾҴ¹ ࡹ

 

˹ 26

26 չҤ: ѹС͡ҪȺѧ (.. 2514)

ҵԢͧҪҳҨѡú൹˭

 

˹ 27

27 չҤ:

ҡŻҡ

 

˹ 28

28 չҤ:

ͧԡó캹з

 

˹ 29

29 չҤ:

ҹ 10

 

˹ 30

30 չҤ:

Ѱʡ

 

˹ 31

31 չҤ:

Դá | Views: 6216

ѹʹյ ¹ PDF
ҡԵ ä

˹ 1

ѹ 1 ¹ ѹ 91 ͧ (ѹ 92 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 274 ѹ㹻չ

¹ ͹ 4 ͧ ԷԹá¹ ˹͹ 4 ͹ 30 ѹ (¹ .. һҡ¡ ͹)

ѡʵ ͹¹鹢ʹǧҷԵ¡ ش¡վ 㹷ҧʵ ͹¹ǧҷԵ㹡ǻл͹㹡

ѧ "April" ҡѾҨҡеԹ "aprilis" "aperire" ¶֧ "ҧ͡" Ҩ¶֧鹢ͧĴ ҨҨҡ Apru ෾觤ѡҢͧԷ ǹ㹻͹¹ .. 2432 çѺѪŷ 5 稾Һǧ͡ǧû 繼ʹա˹͹

ԷԹѹ ˹͹¹͹ 2 ͧ 29 ѹ ҡ鹨 ի黯ٻкԷԹ 45 ա͹ʵ ˹͹Ҥ͹á ͹¹Ѻ͹ 4 ͧ 30 ѹ
ѹӤѭ

1 ¹ – ѹҪþ͹㹻
2 ¹ – ѹѹҪ稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ, ѹ͹ѡô ѹ˹ѧ觪ҵ㹻
6 ¹ – ѹѡ㹻
7 ¹ – ѹ͹š
13-15 ¹ – ѹʧҹ㹻
14 ¹ – ѹͺѹ觪ҵ㹻
22 ¹ – ѹͧš
23 ¹ – ѹ˹ѧԢԷҡ
24 ¹ – ѹȺ㹻
29 ¹ – ѹҡ, ѹɪҵ㹭
30 ¹ – ѹͧ㹻



ѹѻ ͧѹ͹¹ çѺѹѻͧ͹áҤ ШеçѺѹѻͧ͹Ҥ㹻͸ԡ÷Թ
͡Ш͹¹ ͡ഫ
ѭջШ͹Դͧ͹¹ ྪ



  
˵ءóӤѭѹ
 

.. 2369 (.. 1826) – ԷԺѵͧ¹

.. 2488 (.. 1945) – ط͡Թ: Ѱ ¡Ţ鹺͡Թ ȭ ʧš駷ͧ

.. 2522 (.. 1979) – ҹСȵҸóѰ ҸԻ·ҵ 繼٧ش


1 ¹ .. 2435  駡зǧ֡Ҹԡ (͡зǧ) վʡǧ ( عҤ) ʹҺդá ˹ҷçҹҹ֡ҢͧҵӤѭ

1 ¹ 2432    кҷ稾ШŨ СȾкҪͧѹ 1 ¹ ѹ鹻  ҡ¶ѹ鹻 2 ѹ 1 ͹ ԷԾŨҡѷԾ ѹʧҹ ա
㹻չѹ 1 ¹ (ѵԹȡ. 108) çѺѹ 1 ͹Ҿʹ

1 ¹ 2435 кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 çСسô Ѵ駡зǧ 12 зǧ зǧҴ зǧصԸ зǧ зǧú зǧѧ зǧɵҸҪ зǧҧ зǧФѧ зǧطҸԡ зǧ зǧ¸Ҹԡ СзǧøҸ Ѻзǧ ˹˹ҷ繡зǧҪ÷ ˹ҷѧѺѭҷ駷ú з 觡͹˹ҹ зǧ˹ҷ軡ͧͧ ͹ѺзǧҴ·˹ҷ軡ͧ˹ ˹ҷǢͧѺ úѧѺѭҷҧ ѹ 1 ¹ 2535 ǹҪõҧ Ѵͧ͡Ȥúͺ 100 ͧзǧǹҪ зǧҴ зǧɵˡó

1 ¹ 2436 ѹʶһ ¡ ѧѴзǧصԸ ˹ҷ繹ѡ¢ͧҡѵ .. 2465 ¾кҷ稾خ ջСȾкҪͧ ͹仢鹡зǧҴ

1 ¹ 2441 Ѵ駡ʹҸԡ÷ú ͧҨûѵԴç˹ ʹҸԡ÷úͧá㹡ͧѾ

1 ¹ 2445 кҷ稾ШŨ ô ҾҪѭѵçѺӹӢ ѧҡ ⷡdzԡ ͵çѺӹӢ 㹹ʧ 趹Ѵ çѺӹӹáͧ 駢ҧ١ͧ

1 ¹ 2448 кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 çСԡ еҾҪѭѵԷ .. 124 餹ԴѪŢͧͧ繷ա ѹ繵

1 ¹ 2455 кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 çСسô Ѵ駡зǧҤ 㹻 2535 ѺФúͺ 80 ͧзǧҤ

1 ¹ 2459 кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 çѴ駡ͧѤùӢ繡ѧҧӢͧ Թûͧѹ ѺͧѧҧͧͧѤͻ

1 ¹ 2459 ԡҡ . ҧ索Ҵ Ѫŷ 6

1 ¹ 2463 վҪɮա ѵҷҪҳҨѡ 7 ͹ͧչԪ 觻ѧ



ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ѹҪþ͹

˹ 2

2 ¹ ѹ 92 ͧ (ѹ 93 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 273 ѹ㹻չ

˵ءó


.. 2335 (.. 1792) - š¡üԵ­һ (Ѱԡ) ҹ繪ͺ ԴçһѰԡ

.. 2344 (.. 1801) - ͧѧҪҳҨѡ úഹ໹ࡹ

.. 2518 (.. 1975) - ѹ͵ŹԸ 㹾кҪٻ ŹԸԷ͵駵ҪԢͧкҷ稾
稾йҧ кҪԹչҶ 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ çͧиҹ

.. 2525 (.. 1982) - ʧпŹ: ѧúɢͧਹԹ ءҹпŹ

.. 2549 (.. 2006) - ͡ҪԡҼ᷹ɮ .. 2549


ѹѹҪ 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫͧ·çͧػ㹡ԨǡѺŻѲ Ң оطʹ ó ѵʵҳ ʶһѵ¡ ҹҧ д 繵 áʷçúͺ ѹ ¹ .. Ѱի Ͼ .. Գҹ 繹¡Ѱ㹢й 㹷Ъѹ Ҿѹ .. Сѹ ¹ͧء ѹ͹ѡô Դõ
աѧͧػŹԸ ֧ѹ ѹ ա

2 ¹ .. 2415 (Samuel F.B. Morse .. 1791-1872) Եáйѡдɰԡѹ ªԵا 繤áѲкŢ俿ѭҳҧ ѧ繼Դк觢ͤѭҳ ᷹ѡ÷¡ ""

2 ¹ 2348    ѹԴ ѹ ¹ ͹ૹ (Hans Christian Andersen) (.. 2348-2418) ѡ¹ഹ줼Ѻ¡ͧ "Ҫ෾" ռŧҹ෾ҡ 160 ͧ˹㹺ôҹѡоѹѺżŧҹ¤駷ش㹻ѵʵó ͧѺ ١索, ͡, 硢մ, ͧᴧ, ͧͧͧҪ, ҪԹ 

  2 ¹ 2394 кҷ稾й Ѫŷ 3 ʴä

2 ¹ 2475 кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ʴ稾ҪԹçԴ оҹҪҹó繷ҧ оҹô ҧ繷֡ ͧ͡اѵԹ ú 150

ѹԴ

.. 2348 (.. 1805) - ѹ ¹ ͹ૹ ѡоѹഹ (֧ 4 ԧҤ .. 2418)

.. 2383 (.. 1840) - ѡоѹǽ (֧ 29 ѹ¹ .. 2445)

.. 2498 (.. 1955) - 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ

.. 2509 (.. 1966) - ෴ ԧ ѡصŪѧ

ѹ֧

.. 2394 (.. 1851) - кҷ稾й (Ҫ 31 չҤ .. 2330)

.. 2415 (.. 1872) - ѡдɰШԵáêԡѹ (Դ 27 ¹ .. 2334)

.. 2548 (.. 2005) - 稾ѹлһҨ ŷ 2 (ٵ 18 Ҥ .. 2463)


ѹӤѭѹشȡ

- ѹ ѹ˹ѧ觪ҵ ѹ͹ѡô

˹ 3

3 ¹ ѹ 93 ͧ (ѹ 94 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 272 ѹ㹻չ

  ˵ءó

.. 2403 (.. 1860) – ԡɳöҴǹ ⾹͡ ʺ繤á Ѱ

.. 2491 (.. 1948) – иҹҸԺ . ͧѰԡ ŧἹ Ϳ鹿 16 û ѧʧš駷ͧ

.. 2529 (.. 1986) – ͺἹüԵ PC Convertible 繤ҧѡá

.. 2541 (.. 1998) – ûЪѰյҧ-û () 駷 2 Ѵ ا͹͹

3 ¹ .. 2514ҹ ͻ (Francis Ford Coppola) ·Ҿ¹ͧ The GodfatherҾ¹ҩ㹻յ Ѻҧʡ ֧ 3 ҧ Ҿ¹ʹѡʴӪʹ кҾ¹ʹ

3 ¹ 2467    ѹԴ ͹ ù (Marlon Brando) Ҿ¹ʹѧͧԡ Ҿ¹繷ѡA Street Named Desire (1951), On The Waterfront (1954), The Godfather (1972)

3 ¹ 2325 ѹ稾ҡѵ֡ ʴ稡Ѻҡ

3 ¹ 2454 ѹʶһ ç¹ʹҸԡ÷ú 觤úͺ 84 .. 2536

3 ¹ 2473 վҪԸն͹ӾоԾѲѵҤش Ѫ¾кҷ稾л

3 ¹ 2489 м᷹ŧ㹤ŧԡʶҹʧ Ѻ ᷹ ԧ ͹ŧ·Ѻѧ


ѹԴ


.. 2467 (.. 1924) – ͹ ù ѡʴԡѹ (֧ 1 áҤ .. 2547)

.. 2473 (.. 1930) – ص ¡Ѱ

.. 2501 (.. 1958) – ŴԹ ѡʴԡѹ

.. 2504 (.. 1961) – 紴 ѡʴԡѹ

 

˹ 4

4 ¹ .. 2484
Ҫҧ͡ The King of the White Elephant Ҿ¹§ѧ㹿 ͧ ѷ մҾ¹ ͡ͺȹѹ֧ 3 ا෾ ԧ Ҿ¹ͧҧ㹻 2483 ҡоѹͧ մ § 繹ԧѵʵçҨҡʧҧ͡ʧطѵբͧҨѡþôԴ з͹ǤԴҹѹҾ ʹ͸㹡ûͧ蹴Թ ѴҹʪҵԹе͵ҹʧš駷 2 ѧԴ ѹҧѹҧ ӡѺ ѹ ظ ʴ ó ĵҡ Ѳ ʹ Թ ʹ ǧҧ дѺ úǧ Ҿ¹ͧǹ㹡áѺ˻ЪҪҵ ੾ѧѰԡ»öѹҾҡҨСʧ ѹ 16 ԧҤ 2488 »մ § 㹰ҹмҪ蹴ԹŧСѹҾ ҡûСʧѰ . Ժʧ »Сҡ͹˹ҹ ҵʹ鹨ҡ繻ȼʧ Ҿ¹ “Ҫҧ͡” ˹ҷСѹҾǧ˹
 

Ҫҧ͡

4 ¹ .. 2124
ҹ á (Sir Francis Drake) 繹ѡԹͪѧɤáԹҧͺš ͡ҡѧɴ ഹι (Goldenhinde) ѹ 13 ѹҤ 2120 طừԿԡ ҹͧ᤺ѹ ҹٴλ ѹ 3 Ȩԡ¹ 2123 ǼҹǡѺѧ Ҷ֧ 3 㹡Թҧͺš ͹á͡ԹҧѺͧͧ͢ѧա 5 ١§ഹιѺ§ յ 稾ҪԹԫຸ 1 ç觵Թ (Sir)

 
ҹ á ഹι
 

4 ¹ .. 2492
ѹ͵ ͧʹѭ͵Źԡ˹ (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation - NATO) ¡ǡѹͧȵҧ 12 Ѱԡ ҪҳҨѡ ᤹Ҵ ഹ ͫŹ Ե ѡ Ź õ ѹŧʹѭ͵Źԡ˹ (the North Atlantic Treaty) ͵ͧʹѭ͵Źԡ˹͹㹪ǧѧʧš駷ͧ ռźѧѺѹ 24 ԧҤ 2492 ѵػʧá͵ ͨѴкѹԵ÷ҧ㹡öǧӹҨѺ¤ǹʵ (Ҿµ) ͻҪԡ㹡óշҪԡ١ءҡ¹͡ ʹ蹤㹷ҧɰԨ Ѩغѹ Ҫԡ 26


ͧʹ͵Źԡ˹

4 ¹ .. 2511
Թ ԧ (Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.) ١ͺѧâй觾ѡ͹çù ͧ Ѱ෹ʫ Ѱԡ ԧԴ͵Ź Ѱѹ 15 Ҥ 2472 繼Ӣǹ¡ͧԷԤҤͧռѰԡ ѡԧẺҵФҹ ԧ¡ͧԷԢͧǴӵʹԵ 㹻 2506 ԧʴعþժ§ I Have a Dream յѺ ҧѹҾ๴ (Kendy Peace Prize) Ѻ ҧ ҢѹҾ 㹻 2511 ѧҡªԵ ͧ͢Թ ԧ ѭѡɳͧõͤصԸҧͪҵԨǺءѹ

 

Թ  ԧ

4 ¹ .. 2531
Ѱ ЧѺҧ ͹⨹ 俿ҽ¼Ե觻 (¹) ѡѹաáҧ͹Ե俿һԴӹǵ͹ dzҹ⨹ ࢵѡҾѹѵҷ˭ . ҭ ½¹ѡ͹ѡ줹Ӥѭ ׺ Ҥʶ ͺح ŢС ҤѴҹҧ ͧҡҧ͹зԴҧ纹ӢҴ˭ 85,625 дѺ٧ 370 . Өз㨡ҧҷ˭ 繾鹷ҳ 80,000 ͧ㹡áҧеѴ͡ҡdzҧ纹ӹҹ֧ 3 դ Թع㹡áҧ 12,000 ҹҷ ͼԵ俿 3.6 ͧҳäͧþѧҹ俿һ 2532 ҧ͹⨹͡÷»ҷ˭ ׹ҷ˭ش㹻 ѺûСȨҡͧó 鹷ôҧҵԢͧš

 
͹ ׺ Ҥʶ ࢵѡҾѹѵҷ

˹ 5


ѹ 5 ¹ ѹ 95 ͧ (ѹ 96 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 270 ѹ㹻չ

˵ءóӤѭѹ

.. 2157 (.. 1614) – ⾤͹ ͧԡѹ 觧ҹѺ ѡҳҹԤѧ

.. 2488 (.. 1945) – ⨫Ի ë µ Թᴹ繡êǤ

.. 2498 (.. 1955) – Թʵѹ ͡ҡ繹¡ѰҪҳҨѡ

5 ¹ .. 2402 Թ (Charles Darwin) ѡԷʵѧ ѲҷɮѲҡ վá˹ѧThe Origin of Species ͧǡѺ÷תѵҧ öѺҡѺҵǴҹ鹨֧ժԵʹ

5 ¹ 2518     § (Chiang Kai-shek) (.. 2430-2518) ѡͧչм͵駻ѹ ªԵҡ (Դ 31 Ҥ .. 1887 .. 2430)

5 ¹ 2525 ѹʡԡê ¾ѭѪŷ 1 "Ҫ"

ؤӤѭԴѹ

.. 2450 - ʵҨѭ ѡ ʹյиҹͧ ¡Ѱ ͸ԡúԷ¸ʵ (֧ 6 Ҥ .. 2545)

.. 2498 - ҡ Ҵٹ ҡ͹


ؤӤѭªԵѹ


.. 2537 (.. 1994) - ູ ѡǧҹ ҵǵ㹺ҹͧҷ ͪԧѹ
 

˹ 6

6 ¹ .. 2325
кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ ʴ稻Һɡ鹤ͧҪ 繻ѵҪǧѡ зçô Ҫҹըҡ觵ѹͧҾͽ觸ҷ觵ѹ͡ ·çӾԸ¡ѡͧѹ 21 ¹ǡѹ зçҪҹй觹 "ا෾ҹ ѵԹ Թظ Ҵš ѵҪҹպ شҪȹʶҹ þҹǵʶԵ ѡзѵɳءԷ" 繪ͧǷشš  Ѫ кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 ѴվҪԸնºѧкٻ 5 Ѫ зçС "ѹѡ"
 

кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ

6 ¹ .. 2439
觢ѹԡؤ (Olympic Games) 鹢鹤á اู ȡի չѡҤӤѭͧʪ ͹ ᵧ (Baron Pierre de Coubertin) 繼Ъѡǹ»ȵ駤СèѴ觢ѹ 觨Ѵ 4 յ 1 Ҫԡع¹Ѵ¹ѹҾ 觢ѹԡԴ͡ 1,200 ա͹ʵ ؤá ѡҨеͧ¡觢ѹ ͻСǴͧ ǹ˭繡ҡõ ;٨ç ˭ԧҪ ѧѺاСԡŧҨѴԧ ԡѴ ֧ .. 936 (.. 393) ѡþôԸʹͫث 1 (Theodosius I) ѹ çС¡ԡ աèҧѡѧҧ м蹻öԹҧҡҡآҾͧ աþѹѹ ѹ繷ҧԺѵԫ觼Դ仨ҡѵػʧ

觢ѹԡؤ
 

6 ¹ .. 2447
ѹԴ Ŵ ٨չ ѹ (Harold Eugene Edgerton) ѡдɰԡѹ дɰػóҾ٧ (stroboscope) ԴѰ๺ʡ Ѱԡ ǹѡдɰ Ҩԭⷨҡǡ俿Ҩҡ Massachusetts Institute of Technology : MIT Ҩ ҧҡѧԷҹԾԭ͡ ¡֡Ҥ¹ŧͧ俿ҢҴ˭ ա俿㹻ҳҡԹ (surge) ͧҡعǨͧѹ Ҩ֧дɰػóҾ٧ Ҿѡԡѹص١ ´ӹҹ ԧ촡оͻա ١׹觵Ѵͻ ͡ҡѧ繼дɰػóǨ ѴдѺ֡ͧ ŪѵѵԢͧͧٻ ػóǨѺ觢ͧ ǹ㹡ä鹾ҡҳ ䷷ҹԡ ŧҹҾ¨ҡͧ⤻ͧµվŧ㹹Ե National Geographic Ѻ͹Ҥ 2530 ѹ֧ѹ 4 Ҥ 2533
 

Ŵ ٨չ ѹ Ҿҡͧ⤻
 

6 ¹ .. 2452
(Robert Edwin Peary) ѡǨԡѹ 繤áԹҧ件֧ š˹ (North Pole) Դѹ 6 Ҥ 2399 Ѱྐྵ Ѱԡ 繹ԡ¸ԹѰ㹻 2424 ҧ 2429-2434 Ǩջ줵ԡ (Arctic) dzСչŹ ¹෤Ԥôçվҧҡ˹㹷ջ秨ҡԹ· (Inuit) 㹻 2441-2448 ͡Ǩš˹ ѹ 1 չҤ 2452 ͡Ǩš˹ա仵š˹ѹ 6 ¹ Ѻ͹ԡѹ Matthew Henson ʡ 4 Ootah, Egigingwah, Seegloo, Ooqueah عѢҡ͹ա 40
 

6 ¹ .. 2475
кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 6 ʴ稾ҪԹçԴ оҹҪҹó оҹоطʹ оҹ觹оҹҾ 觾йáѺا ͹ó֧֡ҡسҸԤس кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ Ѫŷ 1 çʶһҡا෾ҹ ҧ㹻 2472 ͡ʷʶһҡا෾ ú 150 ѺҪԸթͧйäú 150 Ẻͧѷ ͧ (DORMAN LONG & CO.LTD) ѧ оҹ 229.76 ҧ 16.68 ٧˹͹ 7.50 ö¡͹ҧ鹴ç俿 Դͧҧ 60 ˭ҹдǡ Ѫŷ 6 ʴ稾ҪԹçҧġѹ 9 Ҥ 2472 駺ҳҧҳ 4 ҹҷ

 оҹطʹ

˹ 7

7 ¹ .. 2458
ѹԴ Ŵ (Billie Holiday or Lady Day) ѡͧ繵ӹҹ˹šͧ Դͧ Ѱԡ Ź (Eleanora Harris) Եͧѹ ѺѺ͹Ѻ˹㹵ӹҹТͧ ԺҷҧѵѴѴʹ ͧѧ ͷ駤ͺ仵ѧ ͹ 11 Ͷ١׹ ҡ鹪Ե蹢ͧ͡״㹫ͧ ѧҡѧ§ͧ ʫ Է (Bessie Smith) ʵͧ (Louis Armstrong) ͧçѹͤ鹾äҡ§ͧͧ ѹ˹͹ ١ѺҤ͹ ѧ鹤Դ ͨѺѺѡ⿹Ǻҹ ǹͧŧ ¹йӹʡž “ ” ⴴ㹹§ͧҧзѺѺ ͹ (John Hammond) ôʹѧ˹ ءҧǢ鹹Ѻ׹ ˹㹹ѡͧ褹׹͵ҹصԸ ʴ͡¹§Ժ ·ʹ ǡѺԴѧФѡѹ ͡ŧҹѺŻԹ͡ªش ŧҧ͡׹˹šͧꫤ Strange Fruit Ź (Lewis Allan) ¹鹨ҡ͹ʶҹó´ҧعçѧԡѹ ѧԴʾԴ 㹷ش͡ªԵѹ 17 áҤ 2502 44 繵ӹҹѧ ˹㹹ѡͧ褹դ “ŻԹ” 㹡 “§” ҧԧ

 

 Ŵ
 

7 ¹ .. 2310
اظ 駷 2 Ѫ¾͡ȹ ѧҡ١ا 1 2 ͹  ͹اظҨᵡ ͧҡ ҡاظҤͧ· ֧Ǻ 500 սǧ֡͡仵蹷ͧѹ ҡ鹡Ǻ¡Ѻ仵բ֡ѹ 7 Ȩԡ¹ 2310 öͺ͡ҪִاظҡѺ׹ çҡе駺ҹͧ褧ͧҡ СاظҶ١¨ѺԹ ա駢֡ѡ鹷㹡اظҧ ѧ鹾֧ͧվҪ ͧǧҡاظѧا зçҺɡ繡ѵѹ 28 ѹҤ 2311 繡ѵͧáоͧ蹴Թا й 稾ҵҡԹҪ
 

 اظ
 

7 ¹ .. 2313
ѹԴ (William Wordsworth) ԡ˭ѧ ԴͧŹ (Cumberland) ѧ ¹Էૹ ԷԴ (St John's College, Cambridge) ҧûѵԽ ¹֧Թҧ价ͧǽԵ ŧҹá An Evening Walk Descriptive Sketches վ㹻 2336 բͧѡçѹ㨨ҡͧǷȹ㹸ҵ ŧҹͧ "Lyrical Ballads" 觾㹻 2341 ǹ㹡ҧԡ ա§ٻẺࡳѹѡɳẺ 鹡ʹͤ֡㹢ͧФ͡ҧ繸ҵ ŧҹ Ӥѭ "The Prelude, with a Few Other Poems" Ѻô 繡ǧ㹻 2286 ªԵѹ 23 ¹ 2393

 

 Lyrical Ballads
 

7 ¹ .. 2440
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ʴ稻оû繤á ;зҨѡ ͷʹ๵áûͧͧл 7 ͹ ͧç繺ҹͧաþѲ 件֧кäҤ ˹ҧ§дǡк ѧҡʴ稡Ѻҡ֧ ֧վҪԷоѲҺҹͧѹҵҧ


7 ¹ .. 2490
ι (Henry Ford) ѡصˡԡѹءԡüԵö¹ ֧ Դ㹤ͺǪ ͧշ· ѰԪ᡹ Ѱԡѹ 30 áҤ 2406 դʹͧ¹ҵ ͧ͢ͺԡҾ繢ͧѭ͹ 繪ҧԡҢ鹪͵§ 15 ͹˹ҹ㹻 2419 ͧªԵ ֧ͨҡ繼ſ һʸ 2423 硽֡Ѵҹҹͧ¹䡷ͧշ· ҡ鹡繪ҧͧѡ͹ ǡ˹ǡâͧѷ Edison Illuminating Company Ѻͺ֡оѲͧ¹ԧҡѹ зöѲö¹ͤѹá㹻 2412 ҵ駪 " ʹ" (Ford Quadricycle) ǡѺ͹ ѡдɰ͵ " (Ford Motor Company) 㹻 2446 ·ѧԡѹѧö ͧö¹ѧ Ҥ٧Թ ¤öͧ кǹüԵ "к¾ҹ" (assembly lines) 㹡üԵö¹繤á üԵö¹Ǵӹǹҡ 㹻 2451 ö¹ " " (Ford Model T) ͧҡ͡˹繤á ҡѺõͺѺҡԡѹҧ ö¹§ դçҹ ҤҶ١ö¹㹵Ҵͺ ö¹蹹Ե֧ 2470 ˹ 15 ҹѹ 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ѷ촡ѧʺ㹡üԵͧԹ " 4ͷ " (Ford 4AT Trimotor) ǹ㹡þѲصˡö¹˹Ң鹡繸áԨ˭ش㹪ǧ鹤ʵȵɷ 20  Ѻ¡ͧ "Դ觡üԵк¾ҹ" çҹصˡ 觼ԴüԵԹ繨ӹǹҡ Ѻ繡ûѵԡüԵԹҨӹǹҡԧصˡ Ѩغѹѷ ¡ԨøáԨö¹价š ҢͧáԨö¹ùԡѹ "" (Ford) "Թ" (Lincoln) "" (Mercury) ùѧɤ "ҡ" (Jaguar) "Ź " (Land Rover) ùഹ "" (Volvo) ŧعѺѷԵö¹ͧ蹤 "ʴ" (Mazda) ͻջҳ 12.6 ѹҹҷ ( 2549) դѡҹš 280,000 ( 2549)
 

 ι  Ford Model T

7 ¹ .. 2491
ѹ͵ ͧ͹š (World Health Organization : WHO) ͧҢҢͧͧ˻ЪҪҵ (UN) ˹ҷآҾ͹¢ͧЪҪšдѺ٧شҷз ӹѡҹ˭ اਹ ԵŹ ѨغѹҪԡӹǹ 192 ȷš ҡաá˹ѹ 7 ¹ͧءѹ͹š աèѴҹ㹷ءҪԡ˹ѡ֧ӤѭͧآҾ͹

7 ¹ .. 2488
ú (Yamoto) ͧ蹨ŧdzҧ˹ͧ͢͡Թ ͻШѭҹբҴ˭شҷҧҨ֧Ѩغѹ բҴ 250 ջ׹Ҵ 460 . ˭شҷºè §ͺӫлͧѹͻ˹Ҷ֧ 8 ҧѺӶ֧ 69,100 ѹ ҧӹշҧ稢Ҵ ǧʧš駷 2 ͧѾѰԡҺءִ͡Թִا ѡú׹Ѵҧ˴ СѺһԺѵԡ KIKUSUI 1 ͡ອ¹ áԨͽ٧Թԡѹ͡仨ҡҹ͡Թ ѹ 6 ¹ 2488 Թҧѧ֧ҹ͡Թ ¹ԡ¸ԹѰ Ѻѭҳ֧觽٧Թ 380 Դͺ 2 ѹ 㹷ش鹷ž١ͺ 2,500 ռʹԵ§ 269 ҹ

ú
 ͧ͹š
 

˹ 8

8 ¹ .. 2327
кҷ稾оطʹҨš Ѫŷ 1 ô ФԷԪ (е) ҧ Ҫԧ dz˹Ѵطȹ෾ ҪԧҷӴѡᴧҴ٧ҳ 21 鹼ٹҧҹҳ 10.5 ҹ繰ҹѷӴԹҧբ 鹺١ͧԹᴧ պѹ 2 2 ҹ ŻҡСȢ鹷¹ҳʶҹӤѭͧҵ ѹ 22 Ȩԡ¹ 2492 Ҫԧ Ըԧ ǹ˹觢ͧ Ըյ 繡õ͹Ѻ ˹෾ҢͧͧʹҾ-Թ 觨ʴŧšѹ 7 ͹ ѹ鹨ա件¾оþ Ըԧҵ¡ا⢷СاظҪҹ Ѵ͹ (ѹҤ) Ͷ֧ѵԹ֧¹ҷ͹ (Ҥ) ¡ԡѪŷ 7 駹 Ҫԧشաë¤ شا෾ҹǨͧҪԧҷشͻ 2547 ֧ӡë¹Ҫԧ ·ӾԸպǧǧѹ 24 ѹҤ 2549 ¹ѡͧӹǹ 6 ҨҡѧѴ ҡ . йͨҡѡͧЪ繡 1 ҹͻ١᷹ѧѴ

 

Ըԧ

8 ¹ .. 2430
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 4 ô ҾҪѭѵ Ѵ طҸԡ Ԩ ú ¡ѹͨѴѧѹ·Ѵ» ջԷҾ ˹·õҧ 㹡Ҵ 仢鹵çѺطҸԡ ҿǪس ʹҺе¡ҹ繡зǧطҸԡ 1 ¹ 2433 ѪѪŷ 6 ¹ зǧ (Ministry of Defense) ˹ҷͧѹ մöҹ÷ ѡҼŻªͧҵ ҧʹҹ蹤Ѻ͹ҹ

8 ¹ .. 2516
ԡ (Pablo Ruiz Picasso) ŻԹͧ͡š໹ ֧  ԡԴͧҡ (Malaga) ໹ ѹ 25 Ҥ 2424 Ҩ͹ŻԷ ŻԹѨе ¡§áٴ ‘piz (ͧ͢ Lapiz) Թ ҡ鹾ͧ͢ҡ͹Ż 2443 Թҧ任 ͧǧͧŻ¹ á ҵͧӧҹ˹ѡҧӺҡ ¤駵ͧҧҹŻͼԧ ҡ鹡ժ§ҡ ٻẺҹŻТͧԡ⫨¹ŧ ǧá 2444- 2447 ҨⷹչԹ ¡ؤ Blue Period ͪǧ 2448-2450 ժ ¡ؤ Rose Period ҡ鹻 2451-2452 ѺԷԾŨҡҹŻẺͿԡѹ 觨մ ¡ؤ Negro Period Black Period 㹻 2452-2455 ͧٻçâҤԵ㹧ҹŻ ¡ؤ Analytical Cubism Ъǧ 2455-2462 ¡ؤ Synthetic Cubism ŧҹͧԡؤǺ繡ûѵԤ˭ǴǧŻ ԴŻ (Modern Art) ҵ ŻԹִԴѺٻẺẺ˹ ŧҹͧҨ֧դҡ 駨Եá еҡ Ҿ ԡ ҿԡ ֧šš¡ͧԡŻԹ˭ش㹤ʵȵɷ 20

8 ¹ .. 2537
кҷ稾Ծʹപ ç繻иҹ㹾ԸԴ оҹԵҾ- ⢧ҧ .ͧ˹ͧ¡Ѻ§ѹ оҹ觹ҡҧҹ֧ 30 ҧ鹴¤ͧ͢ 4 оҹդ 1.20 ҧ 15 ժͧѺԹö 2 ͧҧ 觵çǧҧоҹ͡ẺѺҧҧö ԧоҹմҹǨͧоҹ觹ҧѹ- ЪѺ觢 駷ҧҹɰԨ ѧ Ѳ ҹЪ¡оҹ
"ԴоҺ"
 

8 ¹ .. 2481
ѹԴ ⤿ ѹѹ (Kofi Annan) ʹյŢҸԡͧ˻ЪҪҵ Դͧ Ashanti ȡҹ (Ghana) ֡ҴҹɰʵҡԷ Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology öٴ ѧ (Kru) ѿԡ 㹻 2505 ҷӧҹѺͧ͹š (WHO) ѹ 13 ѹҤ 2539 ѺäѴ͡ ŢҸԡͧ˻ЪҪҵԤ 7 Ҵç˹ѹ 1 Ҥ 2540 ͨҡ Boutros Boutros-Ghali Ի Ţ ͧ繤á繪ͿԡѹǴ ѹ 31 ѹҤ 2549
 

⤿ ѹѹ
оҹԵҾ-
 ԡThe Old Guitarist ؤ Blue PeriodGarcon a la pipe ؤ Rose Period Les Demoiselles d'Avignon ؤ Black PeriodThe Three Musicians ؤ Cubism
ѡɳͧзǧ

˹ 9

9 ¹ .. 2480
ҡ ¡ҹТ ͧѾҡ 鹡Ѻ зǧ ҡ͡ Ǫѹѧɮ 繼ѭҡ÷ҡȤá ԨúԹͧѪŷ 6 㹻 2454 ǹ (Charles Van Den Born) ѡԹͧԹʴ㹻繤áʹл ҡ鹡зǧ ἹúԹ 㹡ͧѾ Ѵ͡·ú 3 ֡ԪҡúԹȽ 2457 ἹúԹ¡ҹТ ͧúԹú ҡ鹻 2461 ¡ҹ ҡҹú ա 3 յ¹ ҡҹ 2478 ¡ҹ ҡ ͹¡ҹ繡ͧѾҡ㹷ش ͧѾҡȨ֧ѹ 9 ¹ͧء “ѹͧѾҡ”


 ͧѾҡF 16


9 ¹ .. 2502
ç ´ õ (Frank Lloyd Wright) ֧ ÷Դѹ 8 Զع¹ 2410 ͧԪŹ ૹ Ѱʤ͹Թ Ѱԡ ¹ǡʵԷʤ͹Թ ¹ 2 ա͡价ӧҹҹʶһѵ¡ ͡ẺҹǤԴ "Prairie Houses" ¶֧ "ҤäժԵ͡鹨ҡ׹Թ" ᷹§Ҥ÷ҧҧš¡Ѻҵ ŧҹѺ¡ͧҡش͡͡Ẻҹ˹͹ӵ˹ Һҹ Falling Water ҧ㹻 2482 Ѱྐྵ ͡ҡѧ繼͡ẺҤþԾԸѳ Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum ٻçعǹͧ͹Դء͡ õԴӹѡҹͧ͡ (Oak Park) ҹͧԤ ѰԹ Ҥ÷͡Ẻ 50 ҡŧҹҳ 362 觻ҳѹѧ 300 ç ´ õѺ¡ͧʶһԡԷԾҡش˹㹤ʵȵɷ 20

9 ¹ .. 2510
ͧԹ ԧ 737 (Boeing 737) ͡Թ繤á ԧ 737 Ե ѷ Boeing Commercial Airplanes Ѱԡ յҡ͡ԡ¡úԹ Lufthansa ԧ 737 ѴͧԹӵ᤺ (Narrow-body aircraft) շ 6 ͧ¹; (Jet engine) 2 ͧ áؼ 118 ӵ 28.6 . ա 28.3 . ٧ 11.3 . ѡ˹ѡ 28.120 . ྴҹԹ٧ش 35,000 ص Ӥ٧ش 0.82 Ѥ èشŧ 17,860 . ͧԹԧ 737 աþѲҵաԺ ش 737-900ER Ե㹻 2549 ҹ ԧ 737 ѺͧԹСҧ-ŷѺҡشš Ѩغѹʹ¡ 5 ѹ ҤҢ 47-80.5 ҹѰԡ

9 ¹ .. 2520
ѷ ÷ȹ ӡѴ ¹ҹ ͧŪ觻 (....) 駹 ѷ ÷ȹ ӡѴ ¹ѹ 10 Ȩԡ¹ 2495 ʶҹԷ÷ȹ · ͧ 4 (ҧع) ʶҹԷ÷ȹáͧ Ҿáѹ 24 Զع¹ 2498 ѧѰŹ¸ҹԹ ͡ҪɮաҨѴͧŪ觻 (....) ѹ 26 չҤ 2520 ʹԹԨŪͧѰդͧ ջԷҾ ١ͧ Ǵ 繷Ͷ͵Ҹó ....֧Ѻ͹ԨʶҹԷءШ§ ... ʶҹԷ÷ȹ · ͧ 9 ҴԹõ Ѱͺعӹǹ 10 ҹҷ ҡѹ 6 Ȩԡ¹ 2545 .... ¹ (Modern 9 TV)

ͧ 9 ....

9 ¹ .. 2528
ҪԸն¾ԧкȾ 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ Ѫŷ 7 ͧʹǧ 稾йҧ侾ó çվй ˭ԧ侾ó ʴѵ ٵѹ 20 ѹҤ 2447 繾иԴ 稾Һǧ ͧʴ ʴѴɮ Ѻ ǧ ͧҾó ͷçԭЪѹ кԴ件µ 稾վѪԹҺҪԹչҶ Ҫླ¡͹ ɡʡѺ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 2468 ѧҡ¹ŧûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 кҷ稾л 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ ʴ稾ҪԹ任ѧ Ѫŷ 7 ʴä 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ ѧçзѺ㹻ѧɵ ҧʧš駷 2 ѧǡѹѴ ǹ ͧҪҹСسҪ͡Ԩâͧ㹻ѧҵʹ 㹻 2492 ѰҺѧ 稾йҧ侾ó ԭʴ稡Ѻا෾ ѺкѰԾкҷ稾л 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ ʴä ѹ 22 Ҥ 2527 е˹ѡѧ⢷
 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ
Boeing 737 original
 
Falling Waterç ´ õ

˹ 10

10 ¹ .. 2390
ѹԴ ૿ Ե (Joseph Pulitzer) ѡ˹ѧ;ԡѹѧ¹ ͵ҧ Է (Pulitzer Prizes) Դѧ Ѱԡͻ 2407 繷㹪ǧʧҧͧ ҡ繷¤кóҸԡ˹ѧ; ͡˹ѧ; St. Louis Post-Dispatch 㹻 2421 ա 4 յ͡Ԩ˹ѧ; New York World 繼黯ѵǧâԡѹ ·ʹ͢öͧѹԧ Ե֧ѹ 29 Ҥ 2454 㹾Թ¡ кͺԹѺ͵駤ʵ Է Թա͹˹Ѵ ҧžԵ ͺԹҧ褹ӧҹ˹ѧ;ռŧҹҢҵҧ §ҹǷͧТǵҧ óҸԡ ٹ Ҿ ǹ Ф ǻѵԺؤ 㹻 2486 ҧŷҧҹբ ҧŨѺҧԹӹǹ 10,000 Ѱԡ 繨ӹǹҡ ǧâǶҧžԵҧŷõҡ

 

૿ ԵҧžԵҧžԵ

10 ¹ .. 2513
礤췹 (Paul McCartney) ͡ŧ շǧᵡ ҧ繷ҧ շ (The Beatles) 觴ѧ价šؤ鹤ʵȵ 60 ҡ鹴բͧǡҡ¹仵ԷԾŢͧҾؤ ػҪ ǧѧǡҡͧǷҧ 觻ҡ㹼ŧҹش Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band ͻ 2510 ҡ շؤ ҪԡǧդѴ駡ѹ੾Ź͹Ѻ礤췹 зǧᵡ㹷ش ҡա˹ѻ礤췹ԴźǪشá McCartney 繡شͧǧջͻҡѧɷʺҡشš
 

10 ¹ .. 2502
خҪС (Prince Akihito) çɡʡѺ ҧԪ д (Michiko Shoda) Ѻ繤á㹻ѵʵ蹷Ҫǧ觧ҹѺѭ ѧҧԪѺô ˭ԧԪ 稾Шѡþô (Emperor Hirohito) кԴʴäѹ 7 Ҥ 2532 ҿҪС ʴ稢鹤ͧҪ繨ѡþôͧ 125 ͧ й 稾ШѡþôС (His Imperial Majesty Emperor Akihito) ҡ鹡ʶһ˭ԧԪ 稾ШѡþôԹԪ (Empress Michiko) ѹ 12 Ȩԡ¹ 2533 稾ШѡþôС稾ШѡþôԾͧѨغѹͧȭ 繾лآ§ͧšçç 稾Шѡþô
 

稾ШѡþôССѺ稾ШѡþôԹԪ
  礤췹

10 ¹ .. 2455
䷷ҹԤ (RMS Titanic) ͡Թҧǻġҡѹ ѧ ˹ͧ Ѱԡ ䷷ҷԤԹطâͧѷ The White Star Line (Oceanic Steam Navigation Company) դ 269 ҧ 28 ҧ 46,328 ѹ ٧ҡдѺ 18 Ѻ͹㺾Ѵ 3 㺨ҡͧѡ͹Өҡ͹ͧҹԹ ѧ 50,000 ç (hp) öӤ 23 ͷ 43 õͪ ջͧѹ 4 ͧ öèؼ֧ 3,547 öè觢ͧȹѳաӹǹҡ ䷷ҹԤ֧ժ͹˹ RMS (Royal Mail Steamer) ䷷ҹԤѺͷ ˭ çش㹵ȵɷ 20 ֧Ҵ͡ѹҨѹѺҧ §ѹѧҡ䷷ҹԤʺغѵ˵تҹ͡ҧ֡׹ѹ 14 ¹ǡѹШŧط͵ŹԤ˹ѹ 觼ռªԵ 1,500 ҡ 2,300 ͧҡͪ٪վ͡§ 20 Ѻ˹غѵ˵طҧͷçشͧš
 
 ䷷ҹԤ

˹ 11

11 ¹ .. 2426
ѹٵ .. ԷԾ Ĵҡ ;ǧзе˹觡çҹѹè繡ԡ ç繾ͧ 4 㹾Һǧ ͧҡɴԹ йķ ѺҾ Ĵҡ ظ ٵ÷ا෾ ¹˹ѧͷѧɵç֡ҵʹҹǡͧŨҡԷ͹͹ ѧ ҡ鹡ѺͧѺҪõ˹ŢҹءѰաзǧõҧ ͸Ժա㹡зǧäѧ ͸Ժաһ (ѡ㹻Ѩغѹ) ҧԵҪáѧè ҹ֧֡ͨѴԹз駪ԵҪɵá÷ .ҧԴ .ҧоҹ .ШǺբѹ ѹ 4 չҤ 2463 ¹ɵáѧѡ÷ӹ Фѧ蹵ͧɵ ¤ɵá;鹰ҹӤѭͧȷҹ֧ءԡӿ 駻١ת §ѵ Сö дѺ٧ҼҹѺʺóҡ÷ͧ öԵżԵѹըҡҧԴ仢·ا෾ лչѧ ᵧѹҧԴ ѹ ٺѹ ҹ繼ɵеͤ繸ͧɵáҵʹ Ѻ¡ͧ "Դ觡ɵἹ" ѧѺ ҧ ҢҺԡҸó 㹻 2510 ҹ鹪վԵѡѹ 22 Զع¹ 2514 駤Ӿٴ¤˹
"Թͧ繢ͧ ǻ繢ͧԧ” ѨغѹҧԴʶҹԨԷԾáĴҡ
 

 .. ԷԾ Ĵҡ

11 ¹ .. 2436
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ʴ稾ҪԹçӾԸԴԹöáͧ ö»ҡ ҡا෾ - طûҡ зҧ 21 Ѱ͹ѵҹҧдԹԨ ѷö俻ҡ ͧഹ ѭҹ 50 ҧѹ 16 áҤ 2434 㹻 2436 ö¹ 仡Ѻ 1 ҷ 10 ʶҹ ʶҹ 1 ͧ ʶҹյ鹷ҧʶҹ⾧ öشѺ觤÷ ᴧ ҹ ⢹ ҧ ç Ш (ǵ) ҹҧç ǧ ǡ֧ҡ ͤú˹ 50 ѹ 13 ѹ¹ 2479 ѰšͷѾԹͧö¹ ¡ԡԨѹ 1 Ҥ 2503 ͢¶ 4

11 ¹ .. 2513
ҹо 13 (Apollo 13) ͧͧùҫ Ѱԡ Թҧ任ԺѵáԨǧѹ ١ 3 (James A Lovell) ԡ (John L Swigert) ô (Fred W Haise) աͧѹ ͹ǧ⤨âͧǧѹ ǡҵͧ༪ԭʶҹó´ǡ Ͷѧ͡ਹҹѭҡԴԴ öҹǡŧǧѹἹ ǡҵͧФͧҹҾ⤨ͺǧѹҡ 90 ֧öҹѺšѹ 17 ¹ǡѹ
 

11 ¹ .. 2494
¾ ѡ (Douglas MacArthur) ѾѰԡҼѭҡáͧѧ˻ЪҪҵʧ () ١觻Ŵ͡ҡ˹ иҹҸԺ (Harry S. Truman) ͧҡҽ׹º¢ͧѰѰ ˻ЪҪҵ »СҨкءȨչ ШзԴҳ㹻Ȩչ ͵ѴѧҪ˹ (ʹѺʹع¤ǹʵ੾ШչҾµ ǹʹѺʹع½»ЪҸԻ) иҹҸԺշ繡áзӹ͡˹ӹҨ 觨觼Դʧ˭ ШչʹѭԵҾѺµ ءҹչҡѺءҹµ
 

ѡ

11 ¹ .. 2539
ʧ عѲ ӹ¡ ͧŪ觻 (....) ١ͺѧ 仢ѴŻªѺáԨԷ Ѻ繤٭¤˭ͧǧҹ ҡšͺǹͧǨ к ҧغ حŸ 繼ҧҹ · طѹ ص ͻ׹ͺѧùʧ ҹҧغ١ͺѧªԵ ը֧ѧ繻ȹҨءѹ 駹 ʧѺ˹觼ӹ¡ .... ͻ 2535 ؤ .... ѧԷԾ״ὧͧ ҡöѴԷԾҹ աѧ .... ʺ  ѧաá͵ ŹԸʧ عѲ աͺ ҧʧ عѲ Ѻ äԷ ÷ȹ 繢ѭѧ餹ӧҹҹŪ ͡ʼԵŧҹ ͻªͧѧ աûСȼѹ 11 ¹ͧء
 
ʧ عѲ
    ԡ ô
ö

 

˹ 12

12 ¹ .. 1839
ѹʶһͧ § ͢ع ͢ع˧ ͢عͧ çѹҧͧ Һӻԧ dzԧ෾ ٹҧҳҨѡҹ ҡçҹ "չþԧ §" ʹյ§հҹ繹Ѱ ͧ¡ѵҪǧѧ ֧ 2101 ӹҨͧاظо¤ з ҡ ҨҺҹ Ѻ͡ Ѫŷ 1 ֧ô ʶһҡТ ҺҪҸԺա ͧͧ˹㹰ҹлҪͧ Ѫŷ 5 ô¡ԡͧҪҤ˹ Ѵ駡ûͧẺԺ ¡žѾ Ѫŷ 6 Ѻاûͧ繨ѧѴ§ 2476 ֧Ѩغѹ
 

͢ع ͢ع˧  ͢عͧ§ѹ
 

12 ¹ .. 2476
»մ § ١ѧѺԹҧ͡ҡ㹢͡ ǹʵ ѧҡ˹㹤ɮ÷ӡѲûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 »մѺ͡˹㹤Ѱ ѺͺҧçɰԨ 觹»մҧç ẺˡóٻẺ ¡Է㹷ѾԹͧ͡ ѰͷԹҡҢͧ¾ѹѵ ѧҧѡûСѹѧ ûСѹɮõԴ ͹ç ʹ͵Ѱ ҡ §ǹ˭繴 ͧա¹ŧçҧҧɰԨ Тعҧѧ繼ӹҨ »մը֧͡ҡ˹Ѱ ҡѰš͡ѺúҧӡִӹҨ¡ûԴ͡ ... ǹʵ .. 2476 ͡ŧóг»մ繤ǹʵ »մըӵͧԹҧ͡͡仾ӹѡȽ ҡ 19 Զع¹ǡѹ ɮ÷ .. Ҿžžʹ ִӹҨҡ ⹻óԵԸҴ Ţԭ»մѺѰա˹
 

12 ¹ .. 2488
çԹ ŵ (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) иҹҸԺդ 32 ͧѰԡ ªԵдç˹ ŵԴѹ 30 Ҥ 2445 㹤ͺǪ鹼շا խҵ繻иҹҸԺդ 26 ͧԡҤ Theodore Roosevelt 觡çѹ㨷繻иҹҸԺҵ ŵѺ˹͹չҤ 2476 仨֧͹¹ 2488 Ѻ繻иҹҸԺշç˹ǹҹش 繻иҹҸԺ§Ƿç˹觶֧ 4 繼ӻȼҹ鹪ǧԡĵɰԨʧš駷 2 ǹ㹡á͵ ͧ˻ЪҪҵ ŵѺ¡ͧ繻иҹҸԺչѡЪҸԻ ѧҡªԵ (Harry S. Truman) Ѻ˹繻иҹҸԺդ 33 ͧѰԡ
 


12 ¹ .. 2504
ҡԹ (Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin) 繹ѡԹǡȤáͧš͡Թҧǡ ⤨ͺš 108 ҷ Թҧ仡Ѻҹ ʷ͡ 1 (Vostok 1) ҡѺŧѧšҧʹѺ¡ͧúɢͧҾµ ժ§价š Ѱµ¹ͧҷʤ (Gzhatsk) ҹԴͧ “ҡԹ” աҧ͹óʶҹա觷ǻõ ѹ 27 չҤ 2511 ҡԹʺغѵ˵ͧԹªԵ§ 34

 
  ҡԹ

12 ¹ .. 2534
ʧ (Persian Gulf War) صŧҧ繷ҧ ʧԴҡ÷ͧѾѡءȤǵѹ 2 ԧҤ 2533 ͧҡѡͧä觹ѹͧšлѭҡ觪ԧᴹѺǵ ҡ鹤դ蹤˻ЪҪҵ͡ѹгءҹлСȤӺҵ÷ҧɰԨѡ ¡ͧѡ͹ѧ͡ҡǵѹ 15 Ҥ 2534 ͤú˹鹵 иҹҸԺը ͪ. Ѻ. ت (George H. W. Bush) ѰԡҡԴҡշҧҡѡФǵѹ 17 Ҥǡѹ ͧѧѹԵѡҧͧط طŷ ҡ鹡ͧѧѹԵԴҡҤ鹴ԹѡѺªҧ索Ҵ աûСشԧѹ 28 Ҿѹǡѹ ʧ駹觼ռªԵ лЪҪطѡªԵҳ 200,000 ȾкҷաѺǹ ǹ˻ЪҪҵªԵҳ 378 Ⱦкҷաҳ 1,000
 

unseen in gulf war
մ §

˹ 13

13 ¹ ѹ 103 ͧ (ѹ 104 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 262 ѹ㹻չ

ѹ     13 ¹  :: 48    ѹʧҹ ͹     

ѹʧҹ
ѹ٧
ѹ觪ҵ

ʧҹ ѹʡĵ ҹ
˵ءó

.. 2462 (.. 1919) - ѧԴҡԧѴҹҧѹԷͧĵ ѰѭҺ Թ ռªԵ繪ǫԡ Թ ¤

.. 2486 (.. 1943) - ʧš駷ͧ: ջСȡä鹾ѧȾ֡Źӹǹҡ ١¡ͧѧµ㹡æҵषԹ ԴѴҧѹԵ ѰžѴŹ͹͹ Ҿµ

.. 2513 (.. 1970) - ѧ͡ਹҹо 13 ӹѡԹǡԹҧ仴ǧѹ ԴԴ ѡԹԡĵ

.. 2540 (.. 1997) - ٴ ѡ١-ԡѹ 繹ѡع·ش㹻ѵʵ ͧ͡ʵ Ѱ

.. 2547 (.. 2004) - ö俿ҹ Դ鷴ͧԡѹá ͹վԸԴҧ繷ҧ͹áҤ

 13 ¹ .. 2286ѹԴ ਿѹ (Thomas Jefferson .. 1743-1826) иҹҸԺդ 3 Ѱԡ

3 ¹ ء      ѹ٧觪ҵ     㹡ûЪѪšҴ¼٧ (World Assembly on Aging) ˹ص 60 բ繼٧ (Elderly) ҵðҹǡѹš

ѹԴ

.. 2286 (.. 1743) - ਿѹ иҹҸԺդ 3 ͧѰԡ (֧ 4 áҤ .. 2369)

.. 2435 (.. 1892) - ѵѹ-ѵ ѡдɰʡ͵ (֧ 5 ѹҤ .. 2516)
ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ѹʧҹ ѡäӹdzҧʵ (.. 2547, .. 2551, .. 2555, ...)

ѹáͧȡʧҹ ԷԹ»Ѩغѹ˹ҧѹ 13-15 ¹

ѹ٧

ѹ觪ҵ

˹ 14

14 ¹ .. 2470
çҹԵö¹ (Volvo) ͵駢鹷ͧ൹ ഹ ʫ ѹ (Assar Gabrielsson) ʵҿ ѹ (Gustav Larson) 騴¹ѷ AB Volvo 㹻 2454 ¡ǨҡԨüԵ١׹ (Bearing) SKF ѷԹõѹ 10 ԧҤ 2469 Ǩ֧ҧçҹѹ 14 ¹ 2470 ѺԴö¹á Volvo OV 4 ҧ繷ҧ Եö¹ ö÷ء ö öصˡ˹ѡ ͧ¹ ػóҡҹ Ѩغѹվѡҹš 83,000 Ѻö¹˹觷Ѻ价š 駹 Volvo ҨҡеԹ
"I roll"
 
  Vo 4

14 ¹ .. 2172
ѹԴ ¹ ࡹ (Christiaan Huygens) ѡԵʵ ѡʵ йѡԡǴѷ  Դͧҡ (The Hague) Ź ١¢ͧ ͹ᵹԹ ࡹ (Constantijn Huygens) йѡоѹŧ ͹á¹·Է ഹ (University of Leiden) ͹ѹʹԷʵѧ 繼˹觷ǹ㹡ûѵԷʵ ŧҹӤѭ þѲŤ 鹾ʧҧѡɳ繤 ͻ 2197 鹾 ䷷ѹ (Titan) ǧѹâҴ˭شͧ ѧࡵ絪Ҿ Orion Nebula ͧ÷ȹдɰͧ о٨๺Ҥ͡ҫǡǧҧ ͡ҡѧ繼дɰ ԡ١ (pendulum clock) 觻дɰ 件֧¹˹ѧǡѺʵաӹǹҡ ªԵҹԴѹ 8 áҤ 2238
 

 ¹ ࡹ

14 ¹ .. 2371
Webster's dictionary of the English Language ҹءѧ-ѧѺèԢԷеվ繤á (Noah Webster) ѡҹء (lexicographer) ԡѹ Դѹ 16 Ҥ 2301 Ѱ͹礷Ԥѵ ԵʵҡԷ ӧҹ繷¤ ¹ҧͧ ѧҡҷ෤ʹ㨷ҹʵ쨹зǺѾШѴ繾ҹء稢 70 ҹءͧ͡ 2 ǺѾѧɡ 70,000 Ǻ 20 ѨغѹҹءաûѺاо㹪 - (Merriam-Webster) ªԵѹ 28 Ҥ 2386 ѧѺ¡ͧ "ԴԪҡС֡Ңͧԡ”

14 ¹ .. 2408
Ѻ Թ (Abraham Lincoln) иҹҸԺդ 16 ͧѰԡ ١ͺѧ Թ Դѹ 12 Ҿѹ 2352 ѤѺ͡ҪԡѰͻ 2401 㹡§ѷԡäҷҧ˹ѡ Ѻ͡ҪԡѰǡѧʴعþ͵ҹäҷʹ 㹻 2403 Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺ о騹öԡ㹷ش Թ칶١ԧ㹢СѧФáѺҷçФ Ford's Theatre 㹡اͪԧѹ .. š ٸ (John Wilkes Booth) ʹѺʹعѰʧҧͧ ͹ªԵҢͧѹ ѧԡѹ¡ͧѰ 1 4 иҹҸԺѰѺѡٻ˹͹óʶҹ觪ҵ Mount Rushmore
  Merriam-Webster

Ѻ Թҹ Ѫ §ӴѺҡ仢Ҩ ͪԧѹ  ਿѹ ʹ ŵ Ѻ ԹŹ

14 ¹ .. 2418
ѹʶһ зǧõҧ (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) ¹աõԴ͡Ѻҧ੾зҧѹҡ Ѱšʺѭҡҡë觡ШǹҪõҧ кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ֧ô ɮҡþԾѲ ͻ 2416 繷Ǻ蹴ԹеǨҡâͧǹҪõҧ ҡ¡ Фѧѵ ͡ҡ ¹ зǧõҧ 㹷ش ô ҳǧҸԺ ( عҤ) ç˹ "ҡõҧ" áͧ 稾Һǧ ҿ ҺҺûѡ ç˹
͸ԺաФѧѵ
 
зǧõҧҳǧҸԺ ( عҤ)

˹ 15

15 ¹ .. 1995
ѹԴ ͹ Թ (Leonardo da Vinci) ŻԹ͡Ե¹ ԴͧԹ 鹷ʤҹ  ͹ͧ͢Ե Դؤ 鹿ŻԷҡ ๫ͧ (Renaissance) ؤѭҪǹѺ֡Իѭؤԡͧաѹ ͺǪ٧֧ʹѺʹع١¹ҡաеԹ ͹ѡѹ ͺӵԡҢͧѧ ҧѧࡵЪҧѹ֡ ѡ֡͡Ҥԧ㹸ҵͺ пѧǹҹԷҹԻѭ   ٤Ӥѭشͧҡ “ҵ” ͹ 17 ;份֡ҹʵٴͧ͢ŻԹ ¤ е ҧԴҧѹзͧ֡ 繤դʹҡ ѧҡͧҹʹԪҡᢹ ءͧҡ 繼դӹҭҡ ŻԹ ѡ ѡ ѡԷʵ ѡʵ ѡġʵ ǡ ѡ͡ẺêŻзҹ ͧѡá ͧ͹ Ԥͻ ʹӹ 觻дɰաӹǹҡؤ» 繤á֡ҡҾҧ´ ͹ªԵͧǫ ѹ 2 Ҥ 2062 ҧ觻дɰ شѹ֡ ЧҹŻЪӤѭͧš The Last Supper Mona Lisa Ѻ¡ͧ "ͺѡ" (universal man)

 

͹  Թԫ
 

15 ¹ .. 2414
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ʴ稹ѵԻ ѧҡʴ稻оʵҧȤá ԧ ѧ ѵ ·ç;з Էóط ѹ 9 չҤ 2413 ¨Ѵкǹʴ ǧѸ ʹҺաзǧ Ѻ ҾҹǧҸԺ ʹҺաзǧҧ 繼˭仵ʴ稡ѺҹТҪҪӹѡ 27 Ѻ繡ûоʵҧȤáͧͧ ʹ๵úҹͧͧ (¹ԧдԹᴹᶺѧͧ鹢ͧѧ) йẺҧ㹡ûٻҹͧѪ¢ͧͧ

 

15 ¹ .. 2523
ͧ (Jean Paul Sartre) ѡѪѷ ѵԹ (Existentialism) ǽ ªԵ 74 Դѹ 21 Զع¹ 2448 ا µѧ Ҩ֧㹤ػТͧ ͹ҹóԡ ͹¹ Ecole Normale Superieure ʹ㨻ѪҢͧ ҹ (Immanuel Kant), (Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel) (Martin Heidegger) 繾 龺Ѻ (Simone de Beauvoir) Ե͹Ҥ ¹ԭ͡ҢһѪ Ҩ͹Ѫҷ Le Havre 㹻 2486 ¹һѪͧá Being and Nothingness ŧҹӤѭ ҹԪҡ L'etre et le neant (Being and Nothingness), Existentialism is a Humanism La Nausee (Nausea), Les mouches (The Flies) 繵ǤԴѪѵй ӤѭѺҾͧ㹰ҹлѨਡ ԴҾѺҾ㹡 "͡” ( "͡͡”) ͷá赹ͧö 㹢ǡѹ "Ҿ” ͧҾѺ "ѺԴͺ” "͡” ҡͧѺԴͺ㹼Ũҡ觷͡ Ҩա§ ǤԴͧ觼Դõ¡ͧҾͧ餹š֧Ѩغѹ ѺҧҢóШӻ 2507 軯ʸеͧûзǧسҨҡѧ鹡ҧ 繹ѡѪҵѹ˭褹˹觢ͧȵɷ 20
 

15 ¹ .. 2541
(Pol Pot ͪͷ褹šѡ Saloth Sar) ŢҸԡþäǹʵ٪мӡͧѾᴧ ªԵ 73 Դѹ 19 Ҥ 2468 ͧ Kampong Thum 㹤ͺɰ ¹ç¹෤Ԥ㹡ا໭ ҡ¹ͷȽ ѡѷѧ졫 Ѻ٪㹻 ѧҡǢ繼ӡͧѾᴧ ִӹҨҡ ¾ ͹ (Lon Nol) ѹ 17 ¹ 2518 Т繹¡Ѱա٪ ҧ 2518-2522 ͹ж١ִӹҨ Χ Թ ӡͧѧ觪ҵ͡ûŴ»ЪҪҵ (The National United Front for National Salvation) ʹѺʹع´ ͧѾᴧͧź˹ᵡШ ͧź˹ªԵҧǴ¡ҧ֡㹷ش  ǧ 4 շ ӹҨ ¹ȨҡкͺЪҸԻ繤ǹʵ ͧкͺǹʵش º«¨ѴͻѺاкɰԨẺѧ觵ͧ 觻Դç¹ çҺ çҹ ¡ԡкҤ ִѾԹҡ͡繢ͧѰ ա֡ԡѺʹ索Ҵ ٪仴¤ʹҡ 餹仨ӹǹҡ ѭҪ ʧ лЪҪطªԵ 2 ҹ ¡˵ءó "ѧ” "The Killing Fields” Ѻ繡æҧҾѹ·شͧȵɷ 20
 

  ѧ

ͧ  Being and Nothingness
кҷ稾ШŨ

˹ 16

16 ¹ .. 2432
ѹԴ ᪻Թ (Sir Charlie Chaplin Charlie Spencer Chaplin) ҵšмҧҾ¹ѨЪѧؤ˹ѧº Դا͹͹ 繹ѡͧйѡʴ¡ҧѹ͹ 3 Ǻ ʴФǷդá͹ 5 Ǻͧҡ ͺӺҡ ҵͧ͡ҡç¹ҷӧҹѺҧҡ ¤ѹ繹ѡʴ ѡԹӹѡѴҹѡʴ зѹ˹觡Ѻ˹ѧ;ФǷͧ͡ ͹ 12 ͧ Jim, The Romance of a *****ney ͡ʴͧ繷ѡ Եʴͧҡ˹Ң 㹻 2453 ԹҧʴѰԡҤá ժ§ʴҾ¹ͧá Making a Living 㹻 2457 Ҿ¹ͧͧ Kid Auto Races at Venice ҧФ "¾๨" "" (Tramp) ǵšٷ ҧࡧ ǡҺ ˹Ǵ ͧҤ շԹҢѹ ҵФõǹҧ§ФзѺ餹š ѧ繼ӡѺҧʵٴͧͧ͢ٴ ҧ¹ͧ The Kid, City Light, Modern Times The Great Dictator 繤§ Ҿ¹ͧҨ֧ѡз͹´ժԵẺ кصˡ ͵ҹʧ ФӹҨͧ 㹺鹻ªԵԵŹ ªԵѹ 25 ѹҤ 2520 Ѻҧʡ ҡҾ¹ͧ (The Circus) 㹻 2472 2518 ҪԹԫຸ 2 觵
᪻Թ
 

  ᪻Թ

16 ¹ .. 2410
ѹԴ õ (Wilbur Wright) ˹ͧͧСõ ءԡúԹͧš ԴѰԹ¹ Ѱԡ Դ͹ͧ õ (Orville Wright) 4 ͧͧ١ѹѹ͹ὴ ͧ¹ͧͧѡèҡ 硷ͧͺ㹡ͧѡáŷءҧҧ˹ 蹷ͧºԴҫ觷Ө¢Ǣͧʶ ͹͡ҵçͧͧ㹻 2433 Ѻ͡÷ءԴ ͡˹ѧ;ͧѻ 繺óҸԡ ͨѡҹѺԡ ͧѹҷҹѡҹ ͡Ẻ ԵЫ Ԩá˹Ҩͧ ͧͧҧ鹨ҡ֡ͧͧ¹ 駤ǧҤ ͧ͹Ѻ ֧ͧѴԹ㨷ҧͧԹ ֡Ңҡشҷ ͡ẺҧͧԹá (Flyer) зͧԹáѹ 14 ѹҤ 2446 յҡѲԹҹŢ ͧԹӷ 4 Wright Type A Flyer շ觢ͧѡԹм 鷴ͺͧѾԡѹѹ 14 Ҥ 2451 յҾǡҹͧԹ仺ԹԵ ͹СѺѧҹԴ 㹰ҹú 㹷شͧѾѭ觫ͧԹ 觼ͧͧСõآʺ仪ǪԵ ªԵä䷿´ѹ 30 Ҥ 2455 ǹªԵ㹻 2491
 
 õ
 
16 ¹ .. 2503
⼹ ྪ (Pone Kingpetch) ͪͨԧ ҹ մ͡Ǻ Фṹ㹡êԧҡдѺš 蹿Ƿ ҡ ʤ ë (Pascual Perez) šਹԹ ǷԹ 㹤駹 кҷ稾 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹչҶ ʴ稾ҪԹ价ʹ๵ô š觢ѹҡ ⼹Фṹҧ͡ѹ ͧѴš蹿Ƿ ͧʶҺѹԧ (The Ring) šá㹻ѵʵǧ¢ͧ ͪԹҹԴͧšê աèشةͧѹͧ ѧҤ͢ǡ觻˹ѹ 16 ¹ ͧء “ѹѡʹ” ͧҤ͢ǡ觻 աͺҧŶ¾Ҫҹ繻Шӷء

 
 ⼹ ྪ

16 ¹ .. 2534
Դ չ (David Lean) ӡѺҾ¹ѧ ªԵ Դѹ 25 չҤ 2451 ا͹͹ Ҿ¹ͧá㹻 2478 Ҿ¹äͧ Escape Me Never ŧҹҧ The Bridge on The River Kwai (2500) Lawrence of Arabia 2 ͧ繧ҹԤͧǧҾ¹š ʡ֧ 7 ҧ ֧Ҿ¹ʹмӡѺʹ ŧҹش¤ͧ A Passage to India (2527) չ繼ӡѺҾ¹Ҫԧҧʡ֧ 7 繼ӡѺҾ¹ѧɤáѺҧʡ ҢҼӡѺҾ¹ ҡͧ The Bridge on The River

Դ չ

˹ 17

17 ¹ .. 2277
ѹҪ 稾ҵҡԹҪ ٵ蹴Թ稾кҪҷ 3 稾Ǻ çҪ㹵Сѭ Դ繤չС ;¾Ҩҡ . . ͧ ô繤ª § ҵҡվй Թ çҪվҢ·ҧ¹ͧҧ˹ ҷӤդͺ֧Ѻ觵 ͧҡ 㹪ǧʧ¡ا駷 2 çӼ餹ҡͧҡ繡ѧاظ ҡاظҤͧ· ѹ 3 Ҥ 2309 çǺ 500 սǧ֡͡仵蹷ͧѹͧзçǺ¡Ѻ仵բ֡ § 7 ͹öͺ͡ҪѺ׹ ҡ鹷çҪҹѧا çҺɡ繡ѵѹ 28 ѹҤ 2311 繡ѵͧáоͧ蹴Թا й 稾ҵҡԹҪ ʹѪ 15 յͧʧͧҪҹʹ 㹷شäСҪѧ͡ӷѾҡͧ͡觪ԧӹҨ ÷訧ѡѡաѺҵҡоժվ;ͧ վҪ “鹺ح ҡ” ҵҡ١êԵ֧·Ԫ»Է ѹ 6 ¹ 2325 Ѻ;ǧТعҧ 150 ֧ ҾԪ´Һѡ ҡȾ份ѧѴҧ (褹ҧ ҵҡ١êԵ ç˹仺ǪѴҢع .ͧոҪ Ѩغѹѧͧ¤ͻҡ) ʹЪվ 48 ͧзء觷ءҧЪҪ蹴Թ¨Ǻش
 

 稾ҵҡԹҪ͹稾ҵҡԹҪ ǧ¹

17 ¹ .. 2331
ѹ 稾оزҨ ( ѧ) ࡨҨٻӤѭ觵ѵԹ Դ .ԨԵ 13 պǪ÷ѴѴ .ԨԵ ѧ֡ҸСѺѭԡ (ǧ) Ѵҧع͡ (ѴԹ) ҡ֡ҾлѵԸͷѴЦѧԵ ҹùѡȹҵǨѺҡ ʴ֡Ҷ֧Ե㨪Ǻҹ 㹻 2352 ѺػѴ .ͧԨԵ շҹҤسиҨ Ѵǧ繻иҹػѪ ѧҡ ҸԺ ¹Ҵǧ ԡⵡѺҧ͡ ¹лѵԸѴЦѧ ԡդᵡҹ֡㹾ûԮ 繷þʢͧЪҪ֧ҹª鹼˭о蹴Թ Ѫŷ 3 ҹشԡ仵ͽ֡Եҹ֧ 15 Ͷ֧Ѫŷ 4 çҹѺҧ͡ѴЦѧԵ ѧҡ 稾оزҨ (ʹ) Ѵ ֧óҾ ֧ô ʶһҢ 稾оزҨ ͧ 5 ¡اѵԹ 76 ҹ繼鹾ҳѴ˹觵¡ ҶҪԭѭ ҹ鹪ͧȹҸ ¨͡СѺؤ ҧ駡繻ȹҸ ö餹ѧ֧Ѻ ͧ 㨸 ҹóҾѹ 22 Զع¹ 2415

 
 稾оزҨ ( ѧ)

17 ¹ .. 2333
ູԹ çԹ (Benjamin Franklin) Ѱйѡдɰԡѹ ֧ͧ Ѱԡ 84 çԹԴѹ 17 Ҥ 2249 ͧʵѹ ͺǢͧҤ͹ҧҡ Ҩ֧¹˹ѧ§ 2 աͧ͡Ҫ¡Ԩ÷ʺ ¹䢢ͧͺ 12 ա仪¾·ӡԨç ͹¡Դçͧͧ͹ 17 ǧ¹ŧ˹ѧ; ѧ蹡ͧ ҡ鹡ʹ㨻ҡóͧ Ҽ ֧֡ҷͧҧԧѧ з觤鹾Ш俿ҡ 繼дɰͿŴ¨ҡҼ ҡ觻дɰ鹹仨ԷԺѵ ͧҡ觻дɰѺ͹ ءöͧ ͡ҡѧʺա´ҹ 繹ѡ¹ óҸԡ ѡ˹ѧ; ѡñٵ 繼˹觷Ѱ ش鹨ҡ繻ҳҹԤͧѧ 繼ҧӻСҾͧԡ ǹӤѭ㹡ҧѰ٭ѺáͧѰԡҴ ູԹ çԹѺ˹ ԴҼ͵駻Ѱԡ (Founding Fathers of the United States)

ູԹ çԹ


17 ¹ .. 2497
Ǫ Եá÷ժ§ͧ ֧ѭ Դѹ 17 Ҥ 2446 ا෾ 㹵СŢعҧ ԴҤ Թ ظ ô ..Դ 觺ح ظ ѧҡԴô¡ҧѹ Ѻا ... ᴧ Թ ŪҧԵ¹ҡҧз͹ѹҤ ֧ԴѺҧش ੾ (Carlo Rigoli) ˹㹤ШԵáü¹ҾҪѵԺþѵ 繤ŻФáͧ ѧҡ鹪Ե缡ѹ繪ҧͧ§ Ъҧͧ㹧ҹҧ͹ 6 ͹СѺҡا෾ 20 繪ҧ¹㹡ҷú Ѻ͹ӹѡ ԹԵ ˹ѧ͹ 10 ʵҧ ҡҢ´ҡ Ҿѹ§ Ǫ ҡ´ըҧ֧Ѻ蹩Ѻ ժ§㹰ҹйѡҴҾ ŧҹͧҵվ价 Ѻͺҧҧҧ ǻ 2478 ͡ҵӹѡͧͧ "" չѡ¹Ӥѭ ͧ ʹҡ 40 բͧԵҧ¹ Եŧҹ蹪 յҾ ҾСͺ Ҿ ˹ѧҹ ˹ѧ¹ 仨֧ٻоطѵԷͺԴѴ µҢͧ "ŻԹ" §ҧ¹ "ҹҴ" ѺҸó Ҥͼ㨢ͧ "ҧ" ҧ˹ кҷ稾 ô͡ҴҾͧ ¾ҪҹҪá 繡ǹͧ¤ ѧçСسô Ѻ繨Եá 㹾кҪҹ ѧӧҹ˹ѡз鹪Ե ѧóͧ ҾСͺ ·Թºҷ١Ҥºʹ ѹͧ͢ Ǫ ѺҢ鹷ºŻԹ鹤٢ͧͧ

  Ǫ Ҿ˹ѧͽ  Ǫ

  Ǫ Ҿ˹ѧͽ  Ǫ


17 ¹ .. 2513
ҹо 13 (Apollo 13) ͧͧùҫ չѡԹǡ 3 (James A Lovell) ԡ (John L Swigert) ô (Fred W Haise) ԹҧѺšҧʹ ѧҡѺͺԹҧ任ԺѵáԨǧѹѹ 11 ¹ǡѹ Դغѵ˵ضѧ͡ਹ ҹѭҡԴԴ ѹ 15 ¹ ֧öҹǡŧǧѹἹ ǡҵͧФͧҹҾ⤨ͺǧѹҡ 90 ֧öҹѺš

    ԡ  ô


17 ¹ .. 2518
ʧҧͧͧ٪صŧ ͧѾᴧ ҹô ˹ ءִا໭觻ͧѰŢͧ ¾ ͹ Ѻ繡صʧҧͧҡ 5 ¾͹ ŵͧѰԡ ѧҡ ¾ Ǣ繹¡Ѱ ǧ 4 շ ӹҨ ¹ȨҡкͺЪҸԻ繤ǹʵ ͧкͺǹʵش º«¨ѴͻѺاкɰԨẺѧ觵ͧ 觻Դç¹ çҺ çҹ ¡ԡкҤ ִѾԹҡ͡繢ͧѰ ա֡ԡѺʹ索Ҵ ٪仴¤ʹҡ 餹仨ӹǹҡ ѭҪ ʧ лЪҪطªԵ 2 ҹ ¡˵ءó "ѧ” "The Killing Fields” Ѻ繡æҧҾѹ·شͧȵɷ 20

 ҹô ˹  ѧ

˹ 18

18 ¹ .. 2398
աŧ ʹѭԧ (Bowring treaty) ʹѭҷҧäҧѺѧ кҷ稾Ш Ѫ 4 ԧ (Sir. John Bowring) ԭҪʹͧ 稾йҧԡ ͧҪóҡҷʹѭҷҧ  ТͧԧԹҧҶ֧ҡҾѹ 24 չҤ 2398 ¹鹪ǵѹҷӡäҳҹԤѺᶺѹ͡ҡ Ѫŷ 4 ˹ѡ֧¨ҡԷԨѡôԹ ֧ŧѭҷҧäѡ͡Ҫ ͧšѺ٭ӹҨ͸Ի·ҧ ԷҾ͡ҳࢵ Դ ʹѭԧԴ ä 繡شͧü١Ҵäҵҧ ¾ФѧԹҢͧҹ ʹѭԧ繵Ẻͧ÷ʹѭҷҧäҡѺȵҧ èҡѺ ʹѭԧѧѺҹ 70 зաФ ¡ԡѪŷ 6 ѧҡʧš駷 1 شŧ ¨͡Ҫó㹻 2482 Ѱ ŵ . Ժʧ աŧʹѭѺšѹЭ蹷

 

  ԧ

18 ¹ .. 2485
ͧԹԴ 25 Ե (B-25 Mitchell) ӹǹ 16 ҡ ͺ÷ءͧԹ (USS Hornet) ͧѰԡҨ ا ȭ繤á 㹡ûԺѵԡáè Եô (Doolittle Raid) ҧʧš駷 2 Ѻ繡õͺͧͧѾҡѰԡѧҡ١蹺ءշ (Peals Harbor) ͻա͹
 

ԺѵԡôԵô


18 ¹ .. 2498
͹䵹 (Albert Einstein) ѡԡ˭ȵɷ 20 ªԵä ͧԹѹ Ѱ Ѱԡ ͹䵹繪Դͧ (Ulm) ѹ 14 չҤ 2422 ͹ 5 ǺѺ繢ͧѭҡ 觨شСʹ㨤Ѻ㹸ҵ 17 ԵŹ ç¹෤ԤШͧԡ 26 ʹͼŧҹ 3 ͧ觼͹ǧÿԡ ҡó硷ԡ (Photoelectric effect), ͹Ẻǹ (Brownian motion) ɮѷҾ (special relativity) 2458 鹾 ɮѷҾ (General relativity) ٵѹ觴ѧ E=mc2 2464 ԹҧѰԡ յѺҧ Ңҿԡ ҡä鹾ҡó硷ԡ ǧʧš駷 2 ԵҴҧ ͹䵹֧;¾ԡ͹˹ѧͷԷ¾Թѹ ʹѺʹعԡҧԴе觡Ѻѹ 2488 Դе١ŧͧêйҧҫҡ ҧǭлЪҪ蹷š ͹䵹͹ҡ֧طȪԵѺõ͵ҹʧѹҾš ش¢ͧԵ

 
  ͹䵹

˹ 19

19 ¹ .. 2477
ѹ (Robert Kenneth Wilson) ٵԹᾷѧ öҾѵҴ ʫ (Nessie) ͤ ͹ (Loch Ness Monster) 鹨ҡǹ㹷Һͤ ʡ͵Ź зҡѧѺö¹ҹҺ㹵͹ ҡաù仵վ价š 觼չѡͧ駹ѡԷʵҧҡѹѧࡵó ҵʫ ռ龺繺ҧ  ѡԷʵʫѡɳФ¡Ѻѵ¤ҹҳ㹷ŷ "իͫ” (plesiosaur) ٭ѹ 㹷شҼҹ仡 60 㹻 2541 ԧѺԴ¨ҡ ¹ ԧ (Christian Spurling) 90 ǹ “ҧ” Ҿѧ ҾѵҴǢͧѹҾǡҪ¡ѹҧ 蹨ͧѺʹӹ…ҹͧ ءѹѧդҤԧ 觡ѧ٨Ѵਹʫյǵԧ
 

ʫ  ѹ

19 ¹ .. 2318
Դú 硫ԧѹФ͹ (The Battle of Lexington and Concord) 繡Դҡ ʧСҾԡ (American Revolutionary War American War of Independence) ҹ Է (Francis Smith) ӡѧѧɻҳ 800 ͹Ũҡͧʵѹ ѰʫҪ૵ ִط⸻óͧҳҹԤͧ͹ ҧҧзСѺԡѹͧ硫ԧѹ ûзСѹ駹繪ǹʧҧҪҳҨѡáѺͧҳҹԤ 13 ͧԡ˹ ʫҪ૵ ྐྵ Ź ʧСҾͧԡ״ǹҹ֧ 8 ش㹻 2326 öСҾ͡Դ繻 Ѱԡ 㹷ش

19 ¹ .. 2440
觢ѹ ʵѹ Ҹ͹ (Boston Marathon) Ѵ鹤áͧʵѹ Ѱԡ Ѻ繡觢ѹ Ҹ͹ Шӻշشš 觢ѹ駹ԴҡԴͧ (John Graham) Ѵ÷ѡԡͧѰ ¡ʹѺʹعͧѡáԨ ŵѹ (Herbert H. Holton) 㹡觢ѹ駹зҧ 24.5 ҡ Irvington Oval Metcalfe's Mill ͧͪŹ (Ashland) Żҡ ͷ (John J. McDermott) ǹ繼骹 2:55:10 . 㹻 2451 աзҧ 26 385 (42.195 .) ҵðҹԡ Ҩءѹ 㹻 2509 Դ˭ԧ觢ѹ繤á 㹻 2518 觢ѹҴ ʶԵ٧ش 2:22:17 . ص (Amby Burfoot) ͻ 2511 㹤áռ觢ѹ§ 15 Ѩغѹ觢ѹʵѹҸ͹ռ觢ѹ 2 蹤 駹觢ѹҸ͹㹡ԡѴ鹤á㹻 2439 ֧֡ ԴԻ (Pheidippides) 觨ҡԷҸ͹ѧاู (зҧҳ 42 .) 駢ǪªТͧաͨѡô 490 ա͹ʵ ѧҡ駢ҡŧҴ㨵

 
 ʵѹ Ҹ͹

19 ¹ .. 2477
Թ (Charles Robert Darwin) ѡҵԷҪѧ ҢͧɮѲҡ ªԵ ԹԴѹ 12 Ҿѹ 2352 ʹ㨸ҵ Էʵ ͹˹Թҧͺš (Beagle) ͧҪѧ Ǩšеҧ ᶺԡ纵ҧתѵ쪹Դҧ ֡ з觤鹾ɮѲҡзɮաäѴ͡¸ҵ ԹҾתѵҧѺʹçԵʹ ֡ 20 㹻 2402 ˹ѧǡѺѲҡ "On the Origin of the Species" 觼ԴûѵԤ þѵҧ Դҡ ѨغѹҧͧҶ١ѧԹ ѧ ѺȾͧ ᫡ ǵѹ (Sir Isaac Newton)
 

  Թ

19 ¹ .. 2514
ص 1 (salyut 1) ʶҹǡȢͧ ʶҹǡá١觢ǧ⤨âͧš Ѻ繡鹢ͧ ؤǡ ա 3 ѹҡµҹǡ 10 (Soyuz 10) ͹ǡ 3 任Шӡʶҹǡȫص 1 ҹ 10 öҡѺʶҹǡ ԴѴͧҧ෤Ԥ ǡö任ԺѵáԨʶҹǡ ѹ 6 Զع¹ǡѹ µ֧ʺ㹡任Шӡʶҹǡȫص 1 Ժѵԡ 11 (Soyuz 11) ѧҡʶҹǡȫص 1 ⤨ͺš 2,929 ͺ 175 ѹ ԧ١СѺŧšѹ 11 Ҥǡѹ ص 1 Ѻʶҹǡáͧš繰ҹӤѭѺúءԡǡȢͧ
 
ص 1
 硫ԧѹФ͹

˹ 20

20 ¹ .. 2432
ѹԴ ʹ Ե (Adolf Hitler) ༴稡êѹ Դͧ (Braunau) 繷ùԺ㹡ͧѾѹ㹪ǧʧš駷 1 (2457-2461) ҡ˹Ҿä çҹ 㹻 2464 ͹¹繾ä ѧ觪ҵ (National Socialist) ;ä ҫ (NAZI) ԵǢ繼Ӣͧҧ 2476-2488 ѧҡʧš駷 1 յͧ繵 ʹѭ (The Treaty of Versailles) 觺ѧѺͧ¤һԡʧӹǹҡ ١Ŵѧ ЪҪҹ ԴТҡҡᾧ 觼ɰԨͧȵ繻ѵԡó Ե֧Դʹѭ ظ ҧͧѧ 鹿ɰԨصˡ㹻Ȥ˭ ҡ鹡ִͧડ ͹ѾŹѹ 1 ѹ¹ 2482 觼ѧнʻСʧ ʧš駷 2 (2482-2488) ҡԵӡͧѾѹнѡִͧûͺ駷ջ º´ҹͪҵԦҧҾѹҧ 11 ҹ 繪ǻҳ 6 ҹ 㹪ǧ¢ͧʧ ѹ 30 ¹ 2488 Ե쨺Ե¡æҵǵ¾ ǹ (Eva Braun) ź·اԹ˹աö١Ѻ

 ʹ Ե

20 ¹ .. 2405
(Louis Pasteur) ѡԷʵǽ ʹ (Claude Bernard) ѡʵǽ 鷴ͺæʹԸա ë૪ѹ (pasteurization) 繤á  Ҥ鹾ͨԹҧ֡˵طǹʢк Ҿҡǹ͹ Ъ¦Ấ·¹ǹ繹ª  Ҩ֧ͧ¡ùӢͧ ӹ 仵س 145 ͧҿùε ǷŧҧǴǷش Թ ͹仺èǴ ҡشҡǴͻͧѹͨԹ Żҡҹʴҹһ · ҡ鹻ԸաôѧѺͧԴ ǹ Ըաþë֧Ҩ֧Ѩغѹ

   ʹ

20 ¹ .. 2445
(Pierre Curie) (Marie Curie) ҹѡժŹ öʡѴ ô (radium chloride) ط繤á ͹˹ҹ㹻 2441 駤鹾ҵ (Radium) ҡ ԷŹ (Pitchblende) ͡䫴쪹Դ˹觢ͧ ҡ鹷ͧʡѴط ô öѧҡ֧ 2 ҹ ҡ鹾öѡä˹ѧä ǹӼŧҹ鹹͡Ҹó 觼駤Ѻҧ Ңҿԡ 㹻 2446 ѧҡջªԵͻ 2449 աѧ֡Ҥ鹤ǡѺҵͻªҧᾷ Ѻҧա㹻 2454 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ͨѴἹ͡͹͵ǹѡҷ÷Ҵ纵˹µҧ öѡҷôѧ͡ 100,000 ѧҡʧš駷 1 ʧŧ Ѻҷӧҹա 㹷ش͡ѺšзҡѹҾѧբͧ 䢡д١١ªԵѹ 4 áҤ 2477 Ѻҡä鹾ʡѴͧѡԷʵͧҹջªǧᾷҧҡ С͹˹ҹռªԵҡäҡش äöѡ աä鹾Ըաѡ¡éѧ
20 ¹ .. 2454
ѹԴ .. ... ֡ķ ѡҪ ѡ¹ ѡͧ ŻԹ觪ҵ ٪ºؤŷҹ˹觢ͧ ͧ¢ͧ ... ʹ (ʹյ¡㹻 2488-2519) Դ͡ҧҾ .Թ .ԧ ʢͧǧ ͧҤú Ѻᴧ (عҤ) ¹Ѹç¹ǹҺԷ ҡ¹ԪһѪ ɰʵ Сͧ ҡԷ¤չ (The Queen's College) Է͡ ѺѺҪ÷þҡ Сзǧäѧ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 繷 ѺҪҹ͹繾ŵ㹻 2531 蹡ͧ 2488 ¡͵ ä˹ غѺ äЪҸԻѵ С͵ äԨѧ 㹻 2517 繹¡Ѱդ 13 ͧͻ 2518 ͡ҡҷҧͧҹѧպҷӤѭ㹴ҹ˹ѧ;ó ¡͵˹ѧ; Ѱ 㹻 2493 ͡ҡѧռŧҹ ǹ ͧ ͧ ä ŧҹӤѭ 蹴Թ ᴧ ҷҧŧ ҹѺ¡ͧ ŻԹ觪ҵ ҢóŻ 㹻 2528 ҹ֧ѭ ѹ 9 Ҥ 2538

 

... ֡ķ

... ֡ķ


20 ¹ .. 2487
ѹԴ ä عҹ ͵˹ѧ;Ԫ ԴҪ ¹ҡҳ ԷŻҡ ¹ ͧ ǹкŧ˹ҹԵ˹ѧ;ҧ ʹյ Ѱѹ, ѰѻԨó, ͧ, ǡا, ԷûԷȹ ѧ˵ءó 14 Ҥ 2516 ͵駹Ե ЪҪҵѻ оѲ ЪҪҵѹ Т¡Ԩ Ԫѹ Ԫѻ ͡ҡͨԧ㹷ҧûоѹѧա¹ҡ ҷ ح , ҧ ͧ, ä, ҹ, ҡء 繵 Ѻҧ ͡ࡴõ 㹻 2548 Ѩغѹ繻иҹúѷ ԪӡѴ (Ҫ) Ңͧ͢˹ѧ觾سҾͧ

20 ¹ .. 2510
ѹԴ (Kurt Donald Cobain) ѡͧǧ ҹ (Nirvana) Դͪԧѹ ͧŧͧշ 2 Ǻ յá͹ 14 ôҹŧѧͤ (Punk Rock) ѧҡҧѹ͹ 7 Ǻ ѧ繤纵е͵ҹѧ ʾҵ͹ʤŨͧ͡㹷ش 2530 ҵǧҹ ա 2 յ͡źá Bleach 㹻 2534 ͡ Nevermind źҧҹ ŧ͵ҹѧз͹Ե §ͧͧ츷͹ ͧ ˺ 仨֧ˡҡ⡹ҧǡҴ 觼ҹǧ ѹ ๷տ ͤ (grunge or alternative rock) 觴ѧԷԾ价šͧ 췡ʹŢͧ蹷š ŧҧҹ Smell Like Teen Spirit, Come As You Are 㹻 2536 ͡źش In Utreo ѹ 5 ¹ 2536 측ԧǵ·ҹ㹫ͷ Ѱͪԧѹ Ѱԡ ˵طҦҵǵѧ繷ʧ ͪ§ ķͧʾԴ ջѭҡѺ ÷ Կ (Courtney Love) ͹ҵǵ¹
"better to burn out than to fade away."
 

  ູ

ä عҹԪ

˹ 21

21 ¹ .. 2325
ѹʶһ ا෾ҹ ѧҡ кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ çҺɡ繻ѵҪǧѡѹ 6 ¹ǡѹ ҡçСسô Ҫҹըҡ觸ҷ觵ѹͧ͡Ҿ ǨѴԸ ¡ѡͧ ѹ 駾Ҫҹй "ا෾ҹ ѵԹ Թظ Ҵš ѵҪҹպ شҪȹʶҹ þҹǵʶԵ ѡзѵɳءԷ” 繪ͧǷشš դ “йѹҧ˭ب෾ ѹ繷ʶԵͧá 繹÷öú դѹ蹤ԭ ͧǧԺó 9 С վҪȹ˭ҡ ҹ෾зѺͧҪҼǵŧ 觷ѡҪҪҹɳءŧԵ” Ѫŷ 4 ç¹ҡ “…ѵԹ…” “…ѵԹ…” ѹ 22 ѹҤ 2514 Ѱ ѧѴй ѧѴ Ҵ¡ѹ ǧا෾ 㹻 2515 ¹繪 ا෾ҹ 駹 ѡͧ鹼ٹҧ 75 . ٧ 27 . ش֧ҧѪŷ 4 Ӵ¾ġ٧ 108 ҹ蹡ҧ 70 Ҥʹҧ ѡͧѧٻӤѭ ෾ѡ Ҿͧ͡ ͧ зçͧ Ҿਵػ оС

 
ا෾ ѹ ѡͧ



21 ¹ .. 2399
ǹૹ (Townsend Harris) ԡѹШӻȭ ԹҧҶ֧ا෾ ԭѹաѺ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 ͹Թҧ件֧ͪ (Shimoda) ͧҢͧ .͡ (Shizuoka) 鹪غ (Chubu) ͹ (Honshu) Ҥҧͧͻҳ͹áҤ-ԧҤǡѹ 繡ŤáѺͺ¨ҡиҹҸԺ çԹ « (Franklin Pierce--. 14 ͧѰԡ) ԹҧҧѹաѺȭ ԴʹѭҷҧäҩѺáҧѰ-蹤 ʹѭ (Harris Treaty) ա 2 յ ԹҧѺԡ㹻 2404 ʹѭҢͧʹѺ繡ûԴеٵ͹ѺҵԵѹͧ ǹ ͷҺҡԡԹҧҶ֧Ѵعҧ͡Ѻ Ѵҷѡҧ ͨǡٵѭԭѡ칢鹶 Ѫŷ 4 ͧçʹѧɡѺ ѺçվҪʹ仾Ҫҹҧԡ иҹҸԺ Թ (Abraham Lincoln) ͺʸѧ

 
ǹૹ

21 ¹ .. 2407
ѹԴ (Max Weber) ѡѧԷйѡɰʵͧѹ 繼͵Ԫѧʵ Ѱʹʵ Դͧ (Erfurt) Maximilian Carl Emil Weber ͹ 13 ¹§ 2 鹤 "ȷҧͧѵʵѹ Ѻҧԧɶ֧ش׹ͧѡþõѹлһ" (About the course of German history, with special reference to the positions of the emperor and the pope) "ҳҨѡѹ ǧͧ͹ᵹԹ˹ ֧ǧͧ;¾ͧ" (About the Roman Imperial period from Constantine to the migration of nations) 㹻 2425 ¹ԵʵԷ (University of Heidelberg) ԷԹԭ͡ҹ ͡ҡѧʹԪɰʵ ѵʵؤҧ (medieval history) Է (theology) ҷӧҹ繷ҨԷ ͡ҡ鹡ѧӧҹԪҡ¹͡աӹǹҡ ŧҹ鹢ͧҤͤ§ “¸ᵹШԵԭҳع” (The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism) §ʹҤʵԡᵹҡѺкع ش㹹ԡᵹ͡÷ӧҹ˹ѡСԹҧѴ ˵ԴѾ㹡ŧع ҹժ§ա鹤 “ͧ㹰ҹзҪ" (Politics as a Vocation) "Ѱ" Ҥ˹ͧ (entity) 觼١ҴѧҧҾ١ ֧ͧͧͧӹҨ ١㹡֡ԪѰʵѹҨ֧ءѹ ªԵѹ 14 Զع¹ 2463

 

21 ¹ .. 2499
ŧ Heartbreak Hotel ͧ (Elvis Presley) ѹѺ٧ش㹵ҧѹѺŧʹͧԵú (Billboard) (Billboard chart) 繤á Ѵŧͻ 2497 ͨͺ繢ͧѭ ŧⴹ Ի (Sam Phillip) Ңͧʵٴ ֧ѡǹ繵ѭѴ§ 觴ѧҵ

 
§ Heartbreak Hotel

21 ¹ .. 2532
кҷ稾 çСسô ʶһ 稾Эҳѧ Ѵù 稾Эҳѧ 稾ѧҪ ʡѧԹ¡ Ѻ稾ѧҪͧ 19 觡اѵԹ 稾ѧҪٵѹ 4 Ҥ 2456 .ͧҭ վй ԭ ѵ Ъ ¹ ѵ Ъժ ҧ ѵ 2469 þ÷Ѵѧ (Ѵ˹) .ҭ ؤú 20 ҡػ繾ԡѴѧ .ҭ ҡçӷա (ѵԫ) 繸ص Ѵùѹ 15 Ҿѹ 2476 çͺ­ 9 ¤㹻 2484 ա 6 յ繾ҪҤѭó ͹鹢鹵ӴѺѺҪҹʶһҢ鹴ç˹稾ѧҪ ʡѧԳ¡ ӴѺ 19 觡اѵԹ ѹ 21 ¹ 2532 ҹçҹҹطʹҧ ʴȹ· ç͡繾Ժ(о§) ͧкҷ稾Ѫŷ 9 ҧçǪ繾ԡ Ѵù ҧѹ 22 Ҥ - 5 Ȩԡ¹ 2499 ͡ҡѧçԾ캷˹ѧͷҧطʹ ͸Ժѡҧ ӹǹҡ

 
稾ѧҪ

21 ¹ .. 2453
ŧ (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) ѡ¹ԡѹҢͧҡ ǹ (Mark Twain) ªԵ Դѹ 30 Ȩԡ¹ 2378 Ѱʫ ͹ 6 ǺŹԺ (Hannibal) ͧʫ çѹҹ¹繹ͧ 12 份֡ҹ繪ҧ 繪ҧ§ҵ ҡ鹡¹ͧѹŧ˹ѧ;ͧ ͹ 22 ͡Թҧͧ͡俨ҡ չʫ зӧҹ١͡ ФѺͼǪҭ˹ 㹪ǧʧҧͧ (American Civil War) Ѻý (Confederate States of America) ҡ鹡͡Թҧ价ԡ ӧҹͧҴ ӧҹ˹ѧ; ¹ä й ŧҹͧѡҨҡʺóԵҡԹҧԵҡ¢ͧ ŧҹժ§óǪͧ ü¢ͧ (The Advanture of Tom Sawyer) ѺâҹʹóǪͧԡ ͧ ü¢ͧѡ Թ (The Advanture of Huckleberry Finn) Ҥͨҡ (William Faulkner--ѡ¹ԡѹ) ¡ͧ Դóԡѹ (father of American literature) ¹֧ ǹ "ѡ¹ԡѹ á оǡҹѺ繷ҷͧ"

 
 ǹ ü¢ͧ ü¢ͧѡ  Թ

˹ 22

22 ¹ .. 1114
ѹԴ ʴѴ (Muhammad) ʹ Դͧ ȫش ԴªԵзҹ㹤ô 6 ǺôªԵ ҹ֧Ѻا ͹硷ҹӧҹѺҧ§еԴا令Ң·ȫ ҡ鹡ӧҹ١ҧҢ¡ѺɰԹ ʹխ ҹѴդѵ դԧ ¨ҧͧҹ֧觧ҹѺҹҵ ҹѺ (ó--Revelation) ͡ô㨨ҡм㹶 40 ҡ鹷ҹ֧СҧѺ 3 СҵФԴ ҷҹѺͧèҡ觵ͫ ֧͡Сʹ㹡اѡ ǡêѺ 㨾ҡѹø 駵ѵ١Ѻҹҧعç ֧Ҵ͡ҵ͵ҹǡͧҹ ҹ֧ǡ;¾ͺ (͸) 㹻շ 10 ͧûС ҹ˹աáҴѹ 5 ҡ鹡ժͧдչ͡ҢѺҡ ԭҹдչ (Madinah) ЪҪҧ ʭԴغ ʭԴѧá١ҧ ҡ鹡ӡҴѹءѺͧ ҡ;¾ͧҹʴѴ繨شͧѡҪ ¡ ԨѡҪ (..) 㹻 1173 ҹԪԵͧФ׹ʹ͡价ǴԹᴹѺ ҹªԵ㹷 8 Զع¹ 1175 63
 

ʴѴ

22 ¹ .. 2267
ѹԴ ҹ ҹ (Immanual Kant) ѡѪҪѹ Դͧ⤹ԡ (Konigsberg) ѹͧ͡ (Prussian) ͹ 16 ¹Է⤹ԡ ҢԪһѪ 㹻 2292 áͧ Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces Ѻõվ ҡ鹡ռŧҹ͡ҧ ŧҹӤѭ˹ѧ Ծҡͧ˵ؼ (Critique of Pure Reason) ҹҢͧǤԴ "Եص" (transcendental idealism) Ѻԧҹ÷ӧҹͧԵ к÷ӧҹͧԵ˹ͻʺó ػշҧѡ “зͧ˹” (a thing in itself) §ҷѹҡͨԵҹ ѧ鹤չ鹨֧§ "Ҿҡ" (perception) Ѻҹҧҷҹ "ԧ" (ultimate reality) ҹ繹ѡѪҷԷԾҡش˹觢ͧû §ѡԴҹҡѧԺѵԵɮբͧͧҧ觤Ѵ Ǵ㹷ҧԪҡ 繤çҡ ءѹҨ͡ҡҹǡѹ Եҧº ѹ Եͧ⤹ԡ졵Դѹ 12 Ҿѹ 2347

22 ¹ .. 2413
ѹԴ Ҵ Ԫ ŹԹ (Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) ӤáͧҾҸóѰѧµ (USSR) Դͧͧ쫤 (Simbirsk) ¹Ϳ (Ulyanov) ¹ԵʵԷ¤ҫҹૹ ҹҹ㹻 2434 ҡ鹨֧֡һѪ졫ɳҪǹ㹡ûѵԨ١Ѻѧءж١价䫺 ͡ҡءӧҹ͹㹢ǹԹҵʹ Ǣ˹Ҿä Ԥ (Bolshevik) ӡûѵ (Russian Revolution) ҧкͺѵ㹻 2460 ŹԹ繼ӻ¹ŧûͧ кͺǹʵ 繻áš ҡèʧ֡Ѻʧš駷 1 ͹ӡͧѾᴧ (ǹʵ) ҪСͧѾ (¹ѵ) ʧҧͧ (Russian Civil War) 黯ٻɰԨҧ֧ҡҧкع 㹺鹻ªԵآҾªԵ˵ʹ§ͧشѹ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2467 ŹԹ¹˹ѧкӹǹҡǤԴͧ Ѳҡâͧкع (The Development of Capitalism in Russia) ѰСûѵ (State and Revolution) ǤԴͧŹԹ١¡ ѷŹԹ (Leninsim) ѧҡ¢Ե 3 ѹ Ѱš¹ͧ ŹԹҴ (Leningrad) õŹԹ зҾµ㹻 2534 ֧¹͡Ѻૹ͹ ѨغѹȾŹԹ١ʴ Lenin Mausoleum ا

 
 Ҵ Ԫ ŹԹ

22 ¹ .. 2513
ЪҪԡѹ 20 ҹ 㨡ѹͧ͡˭ óçͧѭǴͧš ѧҡ ѹ (Gaylord Nelson) زҪԡԡѹ óçԡѹ繤ӤѭͧѭǴ͡ѹԷѡš 觼ա͡ҪѭѵžҡȢͧѰԡ աèѴӹѡҹͧѹǴ觪ҵԢ ҡ çǴͧ˻ЪҪҵ (United Nations Environment Program "UNEP") ˹ ѹ 22 ¹ͧء ѹͧš Earth Day ѹ ȵҧ šѹѴԨҧ ¡ͧء˹ѡ֧ӤѭͧǴ ͪ¡ѹš㺹

 ѹEarth Day
 
22 ¹ .. 2527
͹ ʹ (Ansel Easton Adams) ҨҹöҾǴӪԡѹ ªԵ ʹԴѹ 20 Ҿѹ 2445 ҹ ҹ Կ ͺк¹͹ͧ¹ ֧͡ҡç¹͹ 12 Ǻ Ǩҧ͹ҹ ͹ ѹҡ繹ѡ Ҿ¢ͧ ᵹ (Paul Strand) ҡŧšöҾҵ ͹ 17 Ҫԡͧ͹ѡǴ Ѻ (Sierra Club) Ҿҧԧѧ Թҧ件Ҿطҹ觪ҵԵҧ ԡ ʶҹ š ժ§㹰ҹЪҧҾǴ ੾ҾǷȹ (Landscape) 繼Դ鹷ɮ Zone System к觤Ҥͧʧ͡⫹բ仨֧ 10 ⫹ ͪҧҾöǺҳͧʧ๡ҵտͧ 㹢鹵͹ѴʧҾ ҧѴҾ ͷҾⷹúǹ״ʹԷ仨֧ҧ к⫹ͧҹѺջªǧöҾ駢Ǵҧҡ ͡ҡŻԹҾ·ռŧҹ ѺҧŨӹǹҡ ѧ繤 繹ѡ¹ 繹ѡ͹ѡҵԤӤѭ˹

 
 ͹ ʹ  Tetons and the Sanke River

22 ¹ .. 2537
Ԫ ԡѹ (Richard Milhous Nixon) иҹҸԺդ 37 ͧѰԡ ֧ѭ ԡѹԴѹ 9 Ҥ 2455 ѰԿ ¹Եʵ Duke University ҡ鹷ӧҹӹѡҹ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 繷㹡ͧѾѰ 㹻 2495 Ѻͧ͡иҹҸԺ 繻иҹҸԺն֧ 2 㹪ǧʧ ҧ 2512-2517 繼Ըշҧ÷ٵͼ͹¤֧´㹪ǧʧ¡ԹҧҧѹѺҾµШչ 繼觶͹ͧѾԡѹҡʧ´ ѧҡ١ѡ֡лЪҪԡѹԹǹзǧ ԡѹ繻иҹҸԺդáФǷ͡ҡ˹ ͹ҨŧԶʹ͹ (Impeachment) ҡ (Watergate scandal) ǹǾѹ㹡ôѡѧТ͡Ѻͧäõ ֡ࡵ 㹺鹻ªԵҾͺ§Ѻ׹Ҵ¡͡͹ҧҧѹ
 

  Ԫ ԡѹ
ҹ ҹ

ѹ 23 ¹ ѹ 113 ͧ (ѹ 114 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 252 ѹ㹻չ

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  ˵ءóӤѭѹ

.. 1557 (.. 1014) – ͧѾԪª˹ͪǡԧطԤ͹

.. 2370 (.. 1827) – ѹ ŵѹ ѡԵʵ, ѡԡ йѡʵ Ԫ ʹ ɮкѧ

.. 2525 (.. 1982) – ҸóѰ͹СҾҡѰ

23 ¹ .. 2493§ ;¾˹աͧѾǹʵѧ ا оäǹʵöͺͧ׹蹴Թ˭ͧչ

23 ¹ 2107     ѹԴ (William Shakespeare) (.. 2107-2159) йѡ¹Ф÷˭شͧѧ ҹͧշȡү, آүФԧѵʵ ŧҹ觴ѧ Hamlet, As You Like It , Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Macbeth, Midsummer Night's Dream

23 ¹ 2510 кҷ稾 ʴ稾ҪԹ 稾йҧҾкҪԹչҶ оʻҹ 7 ѹ ֧ѹ 30 ¹ 2510

ؤӤѭԴѹ

.. 1564 - ડ йѡ¹Фêѧ (ѡҹѴਹ) ֧ 23 ¹ .. 1616

ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ѹҵԢͧѧ

ѹСҾͧҸóѰ͹

ѹ˹ѧԢԷҡŢͧ

˹ 24

24 ¹ .. 2517
׹ҷ˭ ѺûС ࢵѡҾѹѵҷ˭  ͻ 2508 »԰ ҭ ࢵҹ 繤ó׹աѡͺѵѹҡ ֧˹ѧͶ֧˹ࢵѧࢵѡҾѹѵ 㹻 2510 ˹ҷǨ繪ͺ˹ҷ仡˹ࢵ鹷 2516 դкؤš˹觹ظʧԤͻͧҧҪ仵 ѵҩͧѹԴѹҧʹءʹҹ ͹ҡѺԴغѵ˵Ԥͻ쵡 .ҧŹ .û 繢˭Ш价ǻеҧ ֧觼ѡѹöСࢵѡҾѹѵҷ˭㹷ش ࢵ ˭ վ鹷 2,000,000 һ 2534 աâ¾鹷 2,279,500 ѺࢵѡҾѹѵҷվ鹷˭ش㹻 ࢵ . ѧк . ҭ . ҧ . ҡ ҡѺ鹷ͧࢵѡҾѹѵ¢ . ط¸ҹ ҳࢵԴ͡ѹ ࢵѡҾѹѵҷ˭-¢ ࢵѡҾѹѵҷվ鹷˭شͧ 㨢ͧ׹ҵѹվ鹷ѹ 11 ҹ 繻Ҽ׹˭ش㹻 աѧ͡Ѻ׹ҢͧȾ ¡Ш¾ѹͧѵ ӹǹҡ оתóҹҪԴ ҵѹ׹֧դӤѭҡѺûСȨҡͧ (UNESCO) ôšҧҵ ͻ 2534 ҡçѡѹӤѭͧ ׺ Ҥʶ ˹ҷйѡ͹ѡ줹Ӥѭͧ

 

ࢵѡҾѹѵҷ

24 ¹ .. 2513
ҸóѰЪҸԻ»ЪҪչ ʺ㹡觴 ҧ˧ 1 (Dong Fang Hong 1) ǧáǧǡ ҧ˧Ѳҧ¡ѡԷʵǨչҡʶҺѹ Chinese Academy of Space Technology Tsien Hsue-shen չ˹ѡ§ 173 š 觷ҹ Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center ¨Ǵ Changzheng-1 (CZ-1 Long March-1) ѵػʧѡͧǧ͡áШ§ŧ Dong Fang Hong դ The East is Red ͵ѹ͡ᴧ õҹ иҹ ǧ١͡Ẻҹ§ 20 ѹ ѧҡءѺšѹ 14 Ҥǡѹ ѧҡʾ稢ͧҧ˧ 1 չ繻ȷ 5 šö觴ǡ ͨҡҾµ Ѱԡ Э
 

24 ¹ .. 2533
ǡȴʤѿ (Space Shuttle Discovery) ͧ÷ȹǡѺ (Hubble Space Telescope : HST) ǡ繼 ͧùҫ (NASA) ͧѰԡ 駹ͧ÷ȹǡȵǹ駪͢õ Թ Ѻ (Edwin Hubble) ѡʵԡѹ٨šաҡ¨ҡҧҧ͡͡ Ѻ繡ͧͧ÷ȹ⤨˹ͼšҳ 611.5 ֡ѧŵŵ Ǩ⫹жٻѵصҧ ǡ ҡҧҹ֧ 20 Թعҳ 1.55 ҹѰ ѺöҾժ§ ๺Թ (Eagle Nebula) ١ͻ 2537 ͧ÷ȹǡѺŹѺǹӤѭ㹡ԴԴҪš繤㹢ͺࢵͧ͡ҧ˭ҷ¤Ҵó
 

ͧ÷ȹǡѺҾ¨ҡͧ÷ȹǡѺ

 ҧ˧ 1

˹ 25

25 ¹ .. 2517
Դ ûѵԤ๪ (Carnation Revolution) ͧʺ (Lisbon) õ ·о͹ѹѰСѰ༴稡âͧиҹҸԺ (Marcelo Caetano) ¹ȨҡѧʫʵкͺЪҸԻ Ѱä駹Ѻ繡ѰẺѹ ռªԵ§ 4 ѧҡӡ ЪҪ¾ѹ͡ѧ㨷 йӴ͡๪ᴧºҡк͡׹ ҾҹѺ价š ա¡Ѱä駹ҡûѵԤ๪ 駹 ҫ (Antnio de Oliveira Salazar) ¢ͧ¾ſѧԵ ͧӹҨҵ 2469 ͧкͺѧʫʵ աԷԾɡѺѷҧҵԢҴ˭ ɰԨաԺŻª쵡ͪ鹹褹 ա駧ҳȨӹǹҡ١㹡äǺҳҹԤ 觼ЪҪҡʹ͹ѹǹ˹ աԹзǧѹ¤ 㹻 2511 ᤷ⹡׺ʹӹҨͨҡҫ ᤷ⹢Ѵ駡Ѻ ¾ѹ⵹ ʻ (General Antonio Spinola) 觵ͧ¡ԡкҳҹԤ ѧҡ١觻Ŵ¾ʻ͢Ѻ MFA (Armed Forces Movement) (Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho) 繼 ǺлЪҪҷӡѰèҡѰŢͧᤷ㹷ش
 

ûѵԤ๪


25 ¹ .. 2262
úԹѹ (Robinson Crusoe) ¢ͧ (Daniel Defoe) Ѻõվ繤á ѡԪҡôҹóǹ˹úԹѹ 繹ѧͧáѺõվ ͧúԹѹ ͡Թ͡㹷ͧ Ѻҧ仵Դҧ˹觶֧ 28 ҵͧҷҧçԵʹдԺ ༪ԭѺ ͧѺѵ ѹµҧ ͺФⴴǢͧͧ ͧçѹҡҡԵԧͧ 硫ҹ (Alexander Selkirk) ʡ͵µԴطừԿԡ 4 ѺԹҧͧ㹴Թᴹҧ 觢ŷҹҤԴШԹҡ¹˹ѧͻҧ ҳ 400 ˹ѧçѹ㨢ͧѡԹҧ¤Ѩغѹ

 
   úԹѹ

25 ¹ .. 2402
ش ͧͫ (The Suez Canal) 㹻Ի ҧͧ૴ (Port Said) 觷¹Ѻͧͫ 觷ᴧ դ 162 ҧҳ 60-300 Ңش 10 Դҹѹ 17 Ȩԡ¹ 2412 ͧͫ͡Ẻ Թͧ ūૻ (Ferdinand de Lesseps) ѡ÷ٵǽ ѺԹش˹عҡѰԻеѰѧҫ鹡Էǹ˭ ͧͫзҧԹҧûѺŧҧҡ ͧҡͧٴλջͿԡ ͧͫǹ˹ շҺ÷Է (Great Bitter) çҧ 㹵͹á ͧշ鹹 (The canal lock) 蹼ҹ价Ъǧ ͧҡӷŷͧдѺҡѹ Ѩغѹ١ʹ͡дѺӷŷͧ§ѹ ѨغѹԹط蹼ҹС 20,000 ͧͫѺ繤ͧҴ˭ش½

 
ͧͫ

25 ¹ .. 2417
ѹԴ ⡹ (Guglielmo Marconi) ǡ俿йѡдɰԵ¹ Դͧŭ (Bologna) ͹áʹԷʵ硷͹ԡ 㹻 2431 һдɰеǨѺԷ 觵Ѳк Ţ (wireless telegraph) ԷŢ (radiotelegraph) 觪㹡ŢҹҧԷ᷹俿ҧ ҷͧ˹Ҹóͻ 2438 աͧյԷŢͧҡաҹ 19 ҡ͵駺ѷ ի-⡹ 硷͹ԡ (GEC-Marconi Electronics Ltd.) 㹻 2444 öѭҳԷآط͵Źԡ繤á ҡͧŴ (Poldhu) ѧɶ֧ͧૹ (Saint John’s) йǿǴŹ кިաþѲǡ 50 ⡹繼Ѳо٨ѹöҹԧѧʺ稷ҧáԨա 觼Ѻҧ Ңҿԡ㹻 2452 ⡹ªԵѹ 20 áҤ 2480

 ⡹

25 ¹ .. 2449
ѹԴ پԹԨ ѡ¹йѡ˹ѧ;줹Ӥѭͧ Դͧᾧྪ ¹Ѹا෾ .8 ç¹ǹҺԷ ҡ繤ٷç¹Ѵ ҡ͡ҷӧҹ˹ѧ; 鹷˹ѧ; .ʧ ͹СѺا෾ ҹѺ Һ »дɰ ˹ѧ; Ҿ »ѡ ͡ҡ鹡·ӧҹѺ˹ѧ; ЪҪҵ лЪҪҵѻ ͹شҹ˹ѧ;价ǹоǷ . ѡ˹ ҹ緹Դ֧蹹֡ ѴԹ㨡Ѻҡا෾ Ѻ͹͡˹ѧ; ЪԵѹ ա ʹԵҧŧҹҡ 駴ҹä Ѫ ǹ ͧ Ф ҴѹҼŧҹͧ پԹԨջҳ 3,000 ͧ Ѻ繹ѡоѹռŧҹҡش˹觢ͧ ҡªҷ Թ, ͹, Ѻ֧, .پԹԨ, , ͧ, ١, Ԫ ͻ 2505 ѺҪҹԭҴɯպѳԵԵѡ Ңʵ Է¸ʵ ռŧҹժ§ӹǹҡ ǹªش ͧ, Ҫ, ͧ鹢ͧ ͧ, дѺ پԹԨ ֧ѹ 20 ԧҤ 2506
 

 پԹԨ


25 ¹ .. 2460
ѹԴ ԷŴ (Ella Jane Fitzgerald) ѡͧŧʪԡѹ Ѻ¡ͧ "ʵŢ˹ǧŧ" (The First Lady of Song) ֧  Դѹ 25 ¹ .. 2460 Ѱ  ŧ§ҵ੾ ʵͧ (Louis Armstrong) ԧ ʺ (Bing Crosby) (the Boswell Sisters) ֡ͧŧҵ  21 Ȩԡ¹ 2477 ҢǷդá ; (Apollo Theater) ҹͧا ¹§ʴʢͧ ֧ᢡҨѺѻ  Ҥյǧẹͧ Ԥ 纺 (Chick Webb) ѧҡ纺ªԵѹ 16 Զع¹ 2482 ҡ˹ǧ  Ҷ֧ؤ ԧ (Swing) ͡ǧẹǹԡ  ؤ պ; (Bebop) ǧ ԫ ʻ (Dizzy Gillespie) ҾѲ§ͧͧͧ繴ͧժ˹ǧ  㹪ǧ (Verve) ѹ֡ŧҹӤѭͧ (Cole Porter) ѡоѹŧ Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook 8 ش 觵Ѻ¡ͧ Great American Songbook ͡ҡѧǺŧҹͧ ԧѹ (Duke Ellington)  ҹѺ (Antonio Carlos Jobim Թŧʫ (Bossanova) ͺҫ¹)   繹ѡͧչ§ ѴªѴ ҧ繸ҵ §ʹ դö㹡ôʴ (Improvise) С (scat) ͡§ͧ§ 觹Ѻ繡ʴյҳͧѡͧ  ͡ҡѧվѧ§öдѺ§֧ 3 ͡ൿ  ŴѺҧ 13 ŧҧ A-Tisket a-Tasket Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye  Ѻ¡ͧ繹ѡͧʹشѺҡ (Billie Hollyday)  繹ѡͧŧʷԷԾŵǧôԡѹȵɷ 20 ҡش˹

 
  ԷŴ

25 ¹ .. 2496
ѵѹ (James Dewey Watson) ѡԷʵԡѹ ҹ ԡ (Francis Harry Compton Crick) ѡͳ٪ԷҪѧ Сȡä鹾 çҧ (DNA) ¤ԴѺǤºѹ¹ Ẻ¡ “Ѻ ԡ” (double helix) Natute ժ§Ѻ˹ 麷ѧǨդ§˹ 觼šзǧԷʵҧҡ 繨ش¹Ӥѭ餹ؤ¹ѹʹ㨨Ѻ㹷ش ͹Ҩþѹءҡõչ ä鹾ͤ駹觼ѵѹФԡѺҧ Ңҿԡ 㹻 2505 Ѻ ŤԹ (Maurice Wilkins)

 
 ѵѹѺҹ ԡ

˹ 26

26 ¹ .. 2529
ç俿Ҿѧҹ⹺ (Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant) ͧ⹺ ù (¹ѧǹ˹觢ͧҾµ) ԴԴ ѧҡǡõǨͺ÷ӧҹͧкӤ »ԴкѡҤʹ çѹ͹٧ҧѺѹкѴ÷ӧҹѵѵԡѺӧҹ 觼һԡóŢ 4 Դ áѹѧͺШҡ 30 ա͹ѧ٧ ١Сࢵѹ (Zone of alienation) áѹҾѧ͡任͹ҡ ׹Թ Ƿջû 3.9 ҹҧ ͧ;¾ЪҪҳ 336,000 ѧغѵ˵ ѰùԴ §˹ҷç俿˹ҷѺŧªԵӹǹ 31 ռҴ纨ҡѹѧ 203 ¤ͧ俿Ҩӹǹҡ ѰùԹͧԡó㹻 2534 ͹çҹ觹лԴѹ 15 ѹҤ 2543 㹻 2545 ͧ͹š (WHO) ػŤ ռªԵҡçԴµç 47 ФҴóҨռªԵ ա 9,000 ҡӹǹѺšзҳ 6.6 ҹ 4,000 ˵بҡä秷´ ͨҡä秪Դ ä ͡ҡѧռѺšзҧԵաӹǹҡ Ѻ¹¨ҡçҹ俿ҹعçشš ѡԷʵ ¹⹺ŷáѹҾѧҡԴêйҧҫҡԶ֧ 200


 ˵Դç俿Ҿѧҹ⹺  Ѻšз
 

26 ¹ .. 2431
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ʴ稾ҪԹ çСͺԸԴ çҪҺ ѺçҺáͧ ͹˹ҹͻ 2424 ԴкҴͧҵҧ˹ѡ Ѫŷ 5 ֧ô ѴçҺŪǤǢ㹪ҧ äкҴŴŧѧçҹԹõ ·ç˹ѡҡԨçҺ觨 һ 2429 çСسô ҧçҺŶá dzԹͧҪѧʶҹآ (ѧѧ) 觸 ҧáҧ 稾١ ҿҪظѳ Ҫ ЪôäԴ 鹾Ъѹ 31 Ҥ 2430 Ѫŷ 5 çȡҧҡ ֧ѺçվҪԸҹҧáҷҧçҺŢ 稧ҹ çСسô ç͹ͧҧ ҧçҺ աѧҪҹѾͧҿҪظѳ çҺա Ҫҹ çҪҺ йͧҿҪظѳ Ǻҹ¡ çҺѧѧ ¹ çҺҪ Ҩءѹ

26 ¹ .. 2436
ѹʶһ ҡҪҴ 觾ѲҨҡ سᴧ кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ҪҹкҪҹحҵѴ駢ѹ 駹㹻 2436 (.. 112) Դ óվԾҷ .. 112 ҧѺͧԹᴹ觫⢧ աú˵Ѻҷ¨ӹǹҡ ҡͧ仪;Һ ҹ˭ԧ¹ ʡǧ ֧ǺʵѤâ ǹӤҺѧ 稾йҧҧѲ кҪ Ӥ鹡Һѧ СسҢ;ҪҹкҪҹحҵ سᴧ觪ҵ ͪʹҹþҺ÷Ѻҷ Ѫŷ 5 çվҪ 繤ԴѹյẺҧȷԭ ֧çСسô ҪҹкҪҹحҵѴسᴧ Ѫŷ 5 ççԨҤѾѺعͧسᴧ ҧçҺŢͧҡҪҴͻ 2457 "çҺ ŧó" ͹ó 㹾ҪԴ ҡ¹ “سᴧ” “ҡҪҴ” ¡Ѻʹ ͻ 2463 СáҪҴҧ ѺͧҡҪҴ յ˾ѹҡҪҴǧ͹ᴧҧ ( ѹԺҵҡҪҴ) ѺҡҪҴҪԡ

26 ¹ .. 2456
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 ʴ稾ҪԹçԴ ʵ (Pasteur Institute) ͹˹ҹ 2455 Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ çдԷШѴʶҹͧѹäعѢ ͧҡͧҡ ˭ԧѹ ȡ иԴ鹪վԵѡ´äعѢ ҡ鹡ӤҺѧѪŷ 6 ѺҪҹкҪҹحҵµ֡ǧ趹اͧ繷ӡüԵЩմѤչͧѹäعѢ ҧ¡ "ʵ" (Louis pasteur) ѡժǽʼ龺ѤչͧѹäعѢ һ 2460 Ѫŷ 6 ô ͹ҡзǧҴѧѴҡҪҴ ¹ "ʶҹ" 㹻 2463 çԨҤѾǹͧҡҪҴ ͨѴҧӡâͧʶҹ鹷趹 4 Ҫҹ "ʶҹ" 繾кҪҹó Դõ 稾վѪԹҺҪԹչҶ кҪվоѹǧ ʴ稾ҪԹҷçСͺԸԴѹ 7 ѹҤ 2465 Ѵ繷ӡâͧʶҹ ҡҪҴ׺Ҩ֧ءѹ
 

 ʶҹ
ҡҪҴ

 
 çҪҺ

˹ 27

27 ¹ .. 2302
ѹԴ ⵹ҿ (Mary Wollstonecraft) ѡ¹ ѡѪԹ (Feminism) йѡ¡ͧԷʵդá ͧš Դ㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧا͹͹ ѧ ¹˹ѧç¹˭ԧ͹ 9 Ǻ ¹鹾ӤѭѺ١ҡ ֧ͨͧǹ·ӧҹ¹µͧ ੾лѪҢͧաա (Plato) ԷԾŵǤԴҹ¸ͧҧҡ ͵ѴԹ繹ѡ¹ ռŧҹá Mary : A Fiction 㹻 2331 ŧҹӤѭԷԾŷشͧ A Vindication of the Rights of Women վ㹻 2335 ͹÷Դŧҧѧû ؤ˭ԧѧԷ§ ѧ §ҹ ѵмͤآͧ ѧ觧ҹѺ ʹԹ (William Godwin) ѡѪ͹ҸԻ (Anarchism) ١Ǵ¡ѹ˹ ͹ѧ觧ҹ¹ Mary Shelley 繹ѡ¹ͧ çࡹ䵹 (Frankenstein) ն֧͹ʹصѹ 10 ѹ¹ 2340 § 38 Դͧ͹Ѻҡ˹ҡ 130 յѧѰԡҨ֧Է˭ԧ㹡͡ ա 200 աҷ˭ԧ蹵оѲ繢ǹԷʵ ռŵ͡¹ŧѧ㹻Ѩغѹ
 

  ⵹ҿ A Vindication of the Rights of Women



 

27 ¹ .. 2334
ѹԴ (Samuel F. B. Morse) ѡдɰШԵáêԡѹ 繼дɰͧѭҳ俿ҷҧФԴ᷹˹ѧ 觵¡ (Morse Code) 㹡Ţ (Telegraph) 11 ա͹ ʷҺǡªԵͧҪ件֧ 3 ѹ ҵҨеͧԴԸա÷Ǵ觡Ҩ¢ ѧҡ鹨֧֡ǡѺ俿 Թ硷й«ػóҧͧŢ зӡ÷ͧʺ㹷ش ªԵا Ѱԡ ѹ 2 ¹ 2415 кŢͧͧ㹡÷褹šѹҧҧҧ㹪ǧ˹ ͹Ѿ кüҹԹ絨СԴš
 

 27 ¹ . 2382
кҷ稾й Ѫŷ 3 çСسô ҧçͺѴ Ԫѹժԡѹ кҪͧ Сͧ ٺФҽ 㺻Ǩӹǹ 9,000 Ѻ Ѻ͡÷ҧҪéѺáԸաþµѡ оç㹻 觫͵ǾҨҡԧ
 

 кҷ稾й


27 ¹ .. 2064
 

Թҹ Ź (Ferdinand Magellan) ѡǨõ ªԵʧͧǾͧѤҹ (Mactan Island) ȿԻԹ Ź繡Ѻѹͧͧ໹ ӡͧԹҧҶ֧͹͹ (Homonhon) ȿԻԹ ѹ 16 չҤ 2063 ͧ໹Ѻõ͹ѺҡǾͧҧ ҧ鹡ѧʧѺͧһһ (Lapu-Lapu City) Ź١֧ͨ仪;٨ԧ ١Ѥҹѧ㹷ش ҡ١໹͡͡ԹҧѺ件֧໹㹻 2065 Ѻ繡Թҧͺšá ѧաҧ͹dzشŹªԵͧһһ ѧѴૺ (Cebu) ȿԻԹ е駪 ͧ᤺Ź (Straits of Magellan) ҧش蹴Թ˭ԡѺ (Tierra del Fuego) Ȫ ͡ҡѧ駪硫 繺ͧᶺӤ׹ ѧࡵкѹ֡繤á Ź (Magellanic Clouds)

 

  Թҹ Ź鹷ҧԹͧ͢ Թҹ Ź 

 

˹ 28

28 ¹ .. 2480
ѹԴ Ѵ ૹ (Saddam Hussein) ʹյиҹҸԺѡ Դͧ Al-Awja ͹ 20 Ҫԡ äҸ (Ba'ath Party) äҵԹѺ ѵѰ ѵ 俫 2 (Faisal II of Iraq) ʶһѡҸóѰ ѴѺ͡˹ҾäҸͻ 2508 Ǣ繼ѡ㹻 2522 ӹҨ༴稡 Ѻ蹦ҽµçӹǹҡ 㹪ǧҤҹѹ㹵Ҵš٧ҡ 觼ɰԨѡԺ ͵ǹ仵ҹҧ ҨФѡԹʴᨡǺҹ ֧Ѻҧҡ ҾѺاѹҧѹ ѧѺѡءԹ 45 ըеͧ˹ѧ ¤ͷҹҡ繼ӢͧѰѺ ҵѺ˹ ҵѴԹ㨷ʧѺҹ㹪ǧ 2523-2531 һ 2533 ءִǵ ҹ¡ʧ㹷ش ʹäͧӹҨ աͧҧ ͧҧʹ ҡӹҨѴѵҧعç蹡ѹ ѧѰԡлЪҤšѧѺͧѴ ʧҡѧͧظաѧҧ٧㹤ͺͧ 㹷شѰԡоѹԵѧúءѡ㹻 2546 öѺѴѹ 13 ѹҤ 2546 辺ظçҧ¡ҧ ѴӶ١žԾҡŧɻêԵ¡ǹ Ҥѧԡªӹǹ 148 ѴӶ١ǹѹ 30 ѹҤ 2549 ءѹѰ仨ѴѰŪǤѡШѴ͡ ѰŻѨغѹѧʶҾ ѧջѭҡѺµҧ աͺҧԴءѹ

Ѵ ૹ

28 ¹ .. 2406
ѹٵ 稾Һǧ ҿҡҹҹѴǧ ŻԹ͡ѵԹ й ͧҪ¨Եԭ ҪѪŷ 4 çͺŻ 駴ҹ ó Ф ʶһѵ¡ Եá 繼ç͡ẺФǺáҧʶ ѴອԵôԵǹ 繧ҹʶһѵ¡͡ҹͧ оʶ ѴҪҸ 繡ùŻҳҼҹѺʶһѵ¡ҡѹ ç繺ؤӤѭͿŻؤŻеѹѧԷԾ çѺ͡繺ؤӤѭͧš㹡éͧúͺ 100 ؤӤѭͧšͧͧ 㹻 2506 Ѻ繤¤ 2 Ѻõѹ ç繵Ҫʡ Եþ 鹾Ъѹ 10 չҤ 2490 ѧçѺâҹ "ªҧ˭觡ا"

28 ¹ .. 2493
кҷ稾Ծʹപ çҾԸҪɡ Ѻ Ҫǧ ԡԵ Եҡ иԴҾͧ˭ ͡ǧ 蹨ѹùҶ ǧ Եҡ е˹ѡ稾ԹҺҪ оѹԡ ѧл ѧҡç鹡Ѻ ... ԡԵ ѹ 19 áҤ 2492 ͧūҹ ԵŹ ѧҡҾԱҪɡçʶһҪǧ˭ԧԡԵ 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹչҶ ҪԸҪɡ㹤駹 Ѻ繤áѺҡѵؤЪҸԻ ç¹ʵǡѺЪҪ·
 

ԸҪɡ

28 ¹ .. 2544
(Dennis Anthony Tito) ðժԡѹ 60 ѡͧǡ (Space Tourist) á价ͧǡȺʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ (International Space Station : ISS) Թҧ仡ѺǡȢͧ ث -32 (Soyuz TM-32) ѺѡԹǡȪա 2 ǡȹҹ 7 ѹ 22 Ѻա 4 ҷ ⤨ͺš 28 ͺ ͹СѺšҧʹѹ 31 ¹ ÷ͧǡȤ駹ҵͧԹӹǹ 20 ҹѰ

 ഹ
ҿҡҹҹѴǧ

˹ 29

29 ¹ .. 2491
ѹԴ ê ѹҸ ˧ ҹ ѡͧѡŧءԡǧŧͪԵͧ Դ .Թ ¹ԷªҧŻ診 㹪ǧ˵ءó 14 16 зǧ Ф觺ɡҹǷͻءҢѭѧ ҡѺ ѡ ع ͵ǧ .ʹѭ ͹ǧѺǧ ѧẹ ͧ ط ͧҹ ҹ ǧ ҹ ͻ 2517 ǧͪԵǧá ͧ ͡źá Ѻ 㹻 2518 Һ͡ҤҡӺҡͧͧ㹪 ش 2 ԡѹѹ ҵ͵ҹѡôԹԡЪش աԺش ǹ˭ѡз͹ԧͧѧ ѧ ŧطѡкؤӤѭͧ ҹǧǧ˹觷Դ׹§ҧЪҪµʹءѹ ê ѹҸ˹ǧ ͧŧ 蹡յ ŧ ͡ҡѧ¹ͧաӹǹҡ ͧ Թ˹˹, ҨҡҺ٧, ҧ, ͹, ǧѹᴧ йǹ ͹ҧ ˧ ҹ繹ѡŧ˹Ҥ˹觢ͧǧŧ 餹ǧŧͪԵ¡ͧ Ҩ˭ͧǧŧͪԵ شѺ ҧպþ Шӻ 2549
 

ê ѹҸ ǷվѹԵ ѺѡԳ  ҹش Ѻ

29 ¹ .. 1972
⨹ Ϳ (Joan of Arc ҽ Jeanne d'Arc--ҹ ) ӡѧʵͺͧѾѧ Ŵͧ ͧ (Orleans) ª ʧ» (Hundred Years’ War) ⨹ Ϳ 繤ʹ ѡǴʶ繻Ш 㹪ǧʧ» (.. 1880-1996) ѧִͧ ѹ˹⨹ 17 Թ§ҡ繼Ŵ½ ֧ͨӷѾ͡úѺͧѾѧɷءҹª㹷ش Ͷ١ͧѾѧɨѺ Ϳ Ź (John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford) 繾ǡ͡յ ֧ѴԹŧɻêԵ¡ҷ 19 ա 24 յ ѹһ ԡʷ 3 (Pope Callixtus III) Ӥբͧ͢ǹաػ繼ط лСõѴԹŧ 㹻 2463 ѹлһ๴ԡ 15 (Pope Benedict XV) 觵 ѡح (Saint Joan of Arc) ءѹ ѡح⨹Ѻ¡ͧʵռŴ½ мѷҧ蹤;
 

⨹ Ϳ

29 ¹ .. 2444
ѹҪ Шѡô (Emperor Hirohito) ѡþôͧ 124 觭 ç繺صê¢ͧѡþôª (Emperor Yoshihito) ѺѡþôԹ (Empress Teimei) ٵ㹾Ҫѧ (Aoyama Palace) ͧ çվй ҪԨ (Prince Michi) ѧҡѡþôªʴä㹻 2469 ҪԨʴҪѵ ʶһ稾Шѡþôѹ 10 Ȩԡ¹ 2471 ѡҪ (Showa) çͧҪ㹪ǧ蹡ѧѷԷ çӭ蹷ʧѺչ (Second Sino-Japanese War) зçӭѺѡѺԵʧš駷 2  ѧҡ蹶١Դҳٷͧêйҧҫҡ çСʧҧ繷ҧ÷ҧԷ ҡçСȻʸʶҹҾͧѡþô ʶҹС෾ǭִþҵʹ ʴäѹ 7 Ҥ 2532 ҡ خҪҡ (Crown Prince Akihito) ʴ稢鹤ͧҪͧ

 
Шѡô

29 ¹ .. 2442
ѹٵ ǧ ͧѲ ç繹ѡԹäѧӤѭͧ վй Ѳ ѹ 繾 Һǧ ͧ Ҫķ ǹ ѹ ç稡֡Ҩҡ Ecole des Sciences Politiques ا Ƚ ҡѺͧ ç˹ŢҹءáзǧФѧѵ çҹ˹Ң ç´ç˹͸Ժաþ ͸Ժաšҡ çç˹觼ҡøҤ觻¾ͧáͻ 2498 зçç˹Ѱҡáзǧäѧ ҧ 2491-2492 ͤ駷çç˹觷֡ҽ¢ͧзǧäѧ çʹҧҪѭѵҴ¡Ѵ駸Ҥêҵ 㹷شҼ᷹ɮ͹ѵҧҪѭѵлСҪԨҹມ ӹѡҹҤêҵ ֧͡Դ ¹ Ҥ觻 ԴԹѹ 10 ѹҤ 2485 ͧѲçç˹觼ҡþͧá ҧç˹觵ͧ༪ԭѭҴҹԹäѧҧʧ ʹûͧѹԹ㹻 ֧ͧçʹԸաõҧ Ѱ ö䢻ѭҴѧǧ 鹾Ъѹ 22 ԧҤ 2503

 
ͧѲ
 

29 ¹ .. 2442
ѹԴ ԧѹ (Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington) ѡйѡоѹŧʪԡѹ Դاͪԧѹ . . ¹⹵͹ 7 Ǻ е¹ҧԧѧ͹ 14 ǧҧ 17 ѧⴴ蹹ѡ з龺Ѻ ᵹ ë (Stan Tracey) ѡʪѧ й蹴¤֡§ҡҡѡ  ҵǧӷͪԧѹ㹻 2466 ͹仹 蹻Шӷ Cotton Club ͡¡Է繻Шӷءѻ ǧͧժ§觴ѧҡ ǧͧҪԡ 10 鹡ǧẹ (Big Band) 㹻 2476 ͡͹쵷û 㹪ǧ 2483 繪ǧǧͧ觴ѧҡش ԧѹ¹ŧҡ кҴ ͡§ 30 ش ŧժ§ Mood Indigo, Sophisticated Lady Don’t Get Around Much Anymore ŧҹоѹͧչѡйѡͧѧ еդ ԧѹªԵѹ 24 Ҥ 2517 Ѻ¡ͧ˹㹺ؤŷԷԾŵǧ
 

29 ¹ .. 2498
ѹ͵ çѺӹӢͧѰ ˹§ҹѺԴͺҹúҤʹ͹੾˹ѺЪҪʹҹǡѺ͡Ѻӹѵҷ١çѺӹ͡ ͵Ѱ .Ժʧ 㹻 2500 ¹ ʶҹҹ 㹻 2517 ¹ ӹѡҹҹ ѨغѹѰˡԨ ѧѴѲѧʴԡ зǧþѲѧ Ф蹤ͧ Ѩغѹӹѡҹҹʶҹҹ 32 ࢵҧ ͧا෾ҹèӹǹ 29 2 . .ҹ ǹҤ 1 .ͧ
 

29 ¹ .. 2516
Ԥͻ 1 2 ӢͧͧѾ觤й·еǨ鹼˭Թҧ仵ѡͺѵҩͧѹԴѹҧʹءʹҹ 㹺dzҷ˭ . ҭ ˹ظͧҧҪ ҡѺʺغѵ˵ͧԹҧ觹ҷ . ҧŹ . û ռªԵ 6 Ⱦ кҴ 4 ҡѵ÷ء繨ӹǹҡ Ŷ ԵԢ ¡Ѱ¹ ɳҤкؤԤͻѧ任ԺѵҪѺ ˵ءóѧǷԴ繤ͩҡ չѡ֡Է˧¹âͧԷ ١͸ԡú觻Ŵ 觼Źѡ֡лЪҪӹǹҡǡѹзǧ¡ҤصԸ͹ЪҸԻ Ѻ繨ش鹢ͧâѺѰ༴稡âͧŶ ˵ءó 14 16 㹷ش ǹҷ˭աǨлСࢵѡҾѹѵ㹻յ

29 ¹ .. 2523
Ե͡ (Sir Alfred Joseph Hitch*****) ҪҾ¹з֡ѭ (Thriller) ªԵ Ե͡Դѹ 13 ԧҤ 2442 ا͹͹ ѧ ֡Ѻ ͺ纵 ǵǨҡ ѧҡ¹ǡʵСԹ ҷӧҹ¹ẺЧҹɳ 㹪ǧͧ֡ʹ㨡Ҿ ӧҹҹҧԧѧ ҡӡѺҾ¹ͧá㹻 2468 The Pleasure Garden ˹ѧºʺ稹ѡ յԵ֧ͤѴԹ㨷˹ѧͧҡӤ˹ѧҢѭͧ The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog ˹ѧºʺԹ§ԾҡԨ ҡ㹻 2472 Blackmail ˹ѧͧáͧТͧѧɡç 2482 ԡ յ Rebecca ͡ мŧҹͧ ҧ§ԾҡԨóҵʹ Եͤ˹ѧ 50 ͧ ŧҹӤѭ Spellbound, Rear Window, The Birds, Psycho ѧ˹ѧͧѡդ з֡ ѹҵԴҡ Եͤ繼ӡѺҾ¹繵ӹҹ˹觢ͧš ˹ѧͧѴਹ ˵ءó֡Ѻ ѭѡɳ餹ٵդ ͧѡʴ繵ǻСͺ ԹǺҹ˹ҡͧ ѺôѡԹ (Sir) ͻ 2523

 

  Ե͡Psycho


29 ¹ .. 2548
Դ ظ 稾кҸҪ خҪ վлٵԡž ҹ ͧҷջѧ⪵ çҺҪ վҪԸ͹Т鹾 Ҫླ з͹ѹҤ ;ҹ վЪؤú 1 ͹ ѹ 17 Զع¹ 2548 çآҾç зç硷ѡ ԧ 繷ѡͧʡԡ
 

ҹ ͧҷջѧ⪵
 Ԥͻ쵡
çѺӹӢͧѰ
 
  ԧѹ

˹ 30

30 ¹ .. 2231
稾й³Ҫ ʴ稷ʹ๵ػҤ Ѻкҷǧ ТҪԾý з з觵˹ѡҧŪغ ͧž й³ç繾ҡѵӴѺ 27 ͧاظ 繾ʢͧһҷͧѺҪ 繾ҡѵ˭ͧ˹觢ͧ çʹзԷҡâͧѹ ੾ͧʵ çͧٴѧࡵóͧѹػҤػҤ й³çվҪó¡ԨӤѭʹѪŢͧͧ 駴ҹ÷ ó С÷ٵ ੾С觤ҪٵѹաѺ Ѫ¾ 14

 

稾й³Ҫ ʴ稷ʹ๵ػҤ
 

30 ¹ .. 2332
ͪԧѹ (George Washington) Ѻ˹觻иҹҸԺդáͧѰԡ 繼ѭҡáͧѾͧҳҹԤ (Continental Army) ҪСͧѾѧʧСҾԡ (American War of Independence) Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺդá ç˹ 2 ҧ 2332-2340 Ѻ¡ͧ ԴѰԡ Ѻʴش “˹觷֡ ʧ 㨢ͧ͹ҵ” 1 4 иҹҸԺѰ Ѻѡٻ˹͹óʶҹ觪ҵҷ Ѫ (Mount Rushmore) աùӪͧ͢仵繪ͧǧѰҧѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ѰԡҤ اͪԧѹ . . (Washington D.C.) ͡ҡ˹ҢͧһҡѵҤ 1 Ѱ ­ 25 ૹ

30 ¹ .. 2488
ʹ Ե (Adolf Hitler) ༴稡êѹ ԧǵ¾ ǹ (Eva Braun) ź·اԹ˹աö١Ѻ ԵԴѹ 20 ¹ 2432
ͧ (Braunau) 繷ùԺ㹡ͧѾѹ㹪ǧʧš駷 1 (2457-2461) ҡ˹Ҿä çҹ 㹻 2464 ͹¹繾ä ѧ觪ҵ (National Socialist) ;ä ҫ (NAZI) ԵǢ繼Ӣͧҧ 2476-2488 ѧҡʧš駷 1 յͧ繵 ʹѭ (The Treaty of Versailles) 觺ѧѺͧ¤һԡʧӹǹҡ ١Ŵѧ ЪҪҹ ԴТҡҡᾧ 觼ɰԨͧȵ繻ѵԡó Ե֧ظ ҧͧѧ 鹿ɰԨصˡ㹻Ȥ˭ ҡ鹡ִͧડ ͹ѾŹѹ 1 ѹ¹ 2482 觼ѧнʻСʧ ʧš駷 2 (2482-2488) ҡԵӡͧѾѹнѡִͧûͺ駷ջ º´ҹͪҵԦҧҾѹҧ 11 ҹ 繪ǻҳ 6 ҹ

30 ¹ .. 2518
ҴѡѾ觻 (The Securities Exchange of Thailand) Դӡë͢¢ҧ繷ҧäá 駹 ҴعؤѧҡաûСἹѲɰԨѧ觪ҵԩѺ 1 (.. 2504 - 2509) աʹѴ駵ҴѡѾкº ἹѲɰԨѧ觪ҵԩѺ 2 (.. 2510 - 2514) ҴѡѾ觻¨Ѵ駢¾ҪѭѵԵҴѡѾ觻 .. 2517 ء ԭ 繡мѴõҴѡѾ觻 á ҴѡѾ觻áҡѺŢͧҹѡҹСáӡѺѡѾеҴѡѾ (...) ѵػʧͨѴ觡ҧѺë͢ѡѾ ѾСдԹع㹻 ŷ. ˹ҷ繵Ҵͧš¹͢µ÷عͧѷҧ 鹷¹ öдԹعҡҸóдǡ ѹ 1 Ҥ 2534 ¹ѧ The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET)
 

ҴѡѾ觻

30 ¹ .. 2518
ʧ´ (Vietnam Wars) صŧҧ繷ҧ ѧҡ´˹ִͧ͹ ʧ´Դѧҡա÷͹ѭਹ (Geneva Conference) 㹻 2497 ˹´ͧ͡ǹ駷 17 ˹ ͹´˹ءҹ´㹻 2502 Ѻ繨ش鹢ͧʧǹҹ 10 ʧ´ʧҧ¤ǹʵҾµШչʹѺʹع ´˹ Ѻ´ 繽»ЪҸԻ·ѰԡлȾѹԵ (駻) ʹѺʹع Ѱ ͧ෧ҳ٭ªԵͧ仨ӹǹҡ ͧҡ¡ѺҾ鹷СõẺͧâͧ´ ѡ֡лЪҪԡѹӹǹҡ͡Թǹзǧʧ 㹷شաŧ ͵ŧѹҾ (Paris Peace Accords) ѹ 27 Ҥ 2516 ѧҡԡҶ͹ѧ͡ ͧѾ´˹͡ءִ͹ ´ͧҴ¡ѹѹ 3 áҤ 2518 ǻСͻ ҸóѰ´ ´¡ʧ駹 "ʧͧҵԨҡԡ" "ʧԡѹ" ʧ駹շԡѹªԵӹǹ 58,226 кҷաӹǹ 153,303 ҴըӹǹªԵʧ駹ҳ 900,000 – 4,000,000

 ʧ´

ԵѺ ǹ
 
 ͪԧѹ ͪԧѹ

Դá | Views: 9510

ѹʹյ Ҥ PDF
ҡԵ ä

˹ 1

1 Ҥ .. 2484
Եૹ ह (Citizen Kane) Ҿ¹ͧͧ͡ ѹ (Orson Welles) ͡ͺġا Ѱԡ Եૹ हҾ¹ǡѺͧФӢͧҾǧ˹ѧ;ԡѹس (Charles Foster Kane) ʴ ФùçҨҡ ù ʵ (William Randolph Hearst) ѡ˹ѧ;ԡѹ ෤ԤͧẺ͹Ѻʹյ (Flashback) ෤ԤѹҭҴҡ ѡԨóҧҡѹ¡ͧҾ¹շشͧ˹㹻ѵʵҾ¹  ˹ѧͧԷԾŵǧŻҾ¹ҧҡ Ҿ¹ͧᵡͧ ¹ ӡѺ ӹ¡ҧ㹻 2484 § 26
 

Citizen Kane 
 

1 Ҥ .. 2383
ɳѧ ǧɳ ʵ (Stamp) ǧáͧТͧš͡˹ѹ 6 Ҥ ʵǧ繤Դͧ Ź (Rowland Hill) ѡҹɳѺاкâɳѹͧѧ ʹաͧеɳ繤Ңǧ˹㹻 2380 այʵǧá֧͡˹ ͡Ẻ ô (William Mulready) վкѡɳͧ 稾ҪԹԤ (Queen Victoria) ¡ (Penny Black) ͧҡմҤ 1 繹 ˵طʵǧáͧš ֧ҡͻѧ躹ʵ
 

1 Ҥ .. 2429
㹪Ԥ Ѱԡ Թǹ¡ͧԷԨҡ¨ҧ ͷӧҹѹ 8 ª㹷ش ѧաѧ㹻ȵҧ ֧ѹ 1 Ҥͧء ѹҡ ѹš (May Day Labor Day) ǹ͹Ǣͧ㹻 ͹¡ͧѰŶѹҡѹ觻 ͧѹ ÷ǻشҹ١Ѵç 㹷ش Ѱ . Ժʧ ͹حҵѹ 1 Ҥͧء ѹ 㹻 2499 繻á ¹ ѹçҹ觪ҵ


1 Ҥ .. 2454
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 վкҪͧô ʶһ ͧͻ ¾ͧͧ繼ѭҡ ͹ǹ˭繢ҪҪӹѡ͡ʽ֡ѴºԹ աúѧѺѭǡѺ աѧ֡騧ѡѡЪԵ ͻͧѹѹ ҵ ʹ ҡѵ áҪԡ§¡Ҥ ҡô áͧͻʴ稷ͺءѹͷʹ๵áý֡ ͧç෷駡ѧá¡ѧʵԻѭоҪѾѺԨͻҧ ͧͻҷ駢ѡɳЫӫ͹Ѻ ¤ͻҢͧͧͧǡѺ㹡ͧѾ ѴԴèӹǹ˹ з觻з繡á͡ .. 130 ¡ .. 130 ѧҡкҷ稾خʴä Ԩâͧͻ¹ ѡҴԹᴹ 㹻 2497 ѺԴͺ¡зǧ ѧ¹ ˹ºѭҡáѧͧ ԹԨҨ֧ءѹ
 

1 Ҥ .. 2503
úԹ ¡úԹШӪҵԢͧԹá ͧԹ㺾Ѵ ѡ ի-6 (Douglas DC-6B) Өӹǹ 60 ͡Թҧҡҡҹا෾ ͧ úԹѰˡԨѧѴзǧҤ ԹԨ㹴ҹúԹҳԪ㹻ҧ ͵ѹ 24 ԧҤ 2502 ¡عҧ ѷ Թҡ ӡѴ Ѻ ¡úԹ᡹¹ Ź (Scandinavian Airlines System : SAS) ѵػʧʹԹáԨúԹ ҧ 騴¹繺ѷӡѴ ѹ 29 չҤ 2503 ѧ . . . ͹鹷ѷ Թҡ ӡѴ 㹻 2531 ع 2,230 ҹҷ աзǧäѧ繼˭ յӺѷҨ¹㹵ҴѡѾ ¹ ѷ úԹ ӡѴ (Ҫ) Ҩءѹ úԹ˹Ҫԡ͵駢ͧ͢¾ѹԵ¡úԹʵ͹ (Star Alliance) թ Ҩӻ úԹдѺʹ A дѺʹ·ش ѴҡʶԵ 2513 úԹ¶ѰˡԨöӡõͧ ѧѺ¡ͧ㹴ҹʹСúԡдѺ¡úԹ鹹Ӣͧš
 

 úԹ
кҷ稾خ

 
 Labor Day

˹ 2

2 Ҥ .. 2464
ѹԴ ѵҨԵ (Satyajit Ray) ӡѺҾ¹дѺӹҹԹ Դͧšѵ ¹ŻзԷõ (Visva-Bharati University) ӧҹҹɳ ͵ Calcutta Flm Society 㹻 2090 ҧ˹ѧͧá Pather Panchali 㹻 2498 ·˹ѧҡ͹ ҡͧ觶˹ѧá ѡʴ繪Ǻҹǹ ѺʴءҡѧԹ͡ҧط 觼˹ѧͧʺҡ Ѻҧšѧի ͧҹ (Cannes Festival) Ƚ ֧ҧдѺҹҪҵԷ֧ 11 ҧ Ҿ¹ͧͧá Ҥͧһ (Apu trilogy) աͧͧҤ Aparajito (The Unvanquished) Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) ҧ˹ѧ 37 ͧ ͧ˹ѧԡʹ ҷ Devi (The Goddess), Charulata (The Lonely Wife), Shantranj Ke Khilari (The Chess Players), Ghare-Baire (The Home and The World) Agantuk (The Stranger) ؤáͧѺԷԾŨҡҾ¹ ʵ (neo-realist) ੾ͧ Bicycle Thieves ( 2491) ͧ Ե ԫ (Vittorio De Sica) ӡѺԵ¹ 鹡ö·ʹԧ ѡʴҨ§Ǻҹ ˹ աèѴʧ 鹡ö·ʹԧͧФҧԧкط з͹Ҿ繨ԧͧѧ͡ ŧҹͧѧ ҡ¢շ Όҫ ˹ѧԷʵ ˹ѧ׺ǹͺǹ ˹ѧѵʵ ͡ҡҾ¹ѧ¹ͧ ǹóǪա ֧ѹ 23 ¹ 2535 Ѻ¡ͧ繼ӡѺҾ¹˭褹˹ȵɷ 20 Ҿ¹ͧçѹӡѺӤѭ¤ Ҥ ë (Akira Kurosawa) ¡ "Not to have seen the cinema of Ray means existing in the world without seeing the sun or the moon."

ѵҨԵ Ҥͧһ


2 Ҥ .. 2062
͹ Թ (Leonarde da Vinci) ŻԹ͡Ե¹ ªԵ ͧ (Amboise) Ƚ ԹԴѹ 15 ¹ 1995 ͧԹ 鹷ʤҹյ͹ͧ͢Ե ؤ 鹿ŻԷҡ ๫ͧ (Renaissance) ؤѭҪǹѺ֡Իѭؤԡͧաѹ ͺǪ٧֧ʹѺʹع١¹ҡաеԹ ͹ѡѹ ͺӵԡҢͧѧ ҧѧࡵЪҧѹ֡ ѡ֡͡Ҥԧ㹸ҵͺ пѧǹҹԷҹԻѭ “” Ӥѭشͧҡ “ҵ” ͹ 17 ;份֡ҹʵٴͧ͢ŻԹ ¤ е ҧԴҧѹзͧ֡ 繤դʹҡ ѧҡͧҹʹԪҡᢹ ءͧҡ 繼դӹҭҡ ŻԹ ѡ ѡ ѡԷʵ ѡʵ ѡġʵ ǡ ѡ͡ẺêŻзҹ ͧѡá ͧ͹ Ԥͻ ʹӹ 觻дɰաӹǹҡؤ» 繤á֡ҡҾҧ´ ͹ªԵͧǫ ѹ 2 Ҥ 2062 ҧ觻дɰ شѹ֡ ЧҹŻЪӤѭͧš The Last Supper Mona Lisa Ѻ¡ͧ "ͺѡ" (universal man)

 
͹  Թ

2 Ҥ .. 2526
»մ § ʹյ¡ 3 Ѱ ֧ѭҹѡҹا Ƚ ҹԴѹ 11 Ҥ 2443 ͡ا ѧѴйظ ¹Ѹç¹ǹҺԷ еͷ繡зǧصԸ ҡͺԧع¹ʹҹ¨稻ԭ͡Է» 㹻 2469 㹪ǧ鹡اʡ繷ͧǤԴɮշҧͧͧµҧ ͹Ҿѹ 2469 ҹЪѺͧ¹ŧûͧ ԹҧѺͧ¢ 26 繤¤á診ɮպѳԵҡԷ» ѺҪ繼ԾҡһШӡзǧصԸ ѺҪҹôѡ ǧдɰٸ ҹ˹ ɮ ӡѲ¹ŧûͧҡкóҭԷҪкͺЪҸԻ »Ȩҡùͧʹ ѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 ҡ繤Ѱ 繼ҧѰ٭Ѻáͧ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ǹ ͵͵ҹͧѾѡôԭ 觼赡繻Ⱦʧš駷 2 繼ѡѹաá͵ ԷԪҸʵСͧ ѹ 27 Զع¹ 2477 ԷԴáͧ ¹ Է¸ʵ ҹ繼ʹ (͸ԡú) áͧԷ ͡ҡѧ´ç˹ Ҫ᷹ͧ кҷ稾ҹѹԴ Ѫŷ 8 㹺鹻ªԵҹͧ·ҧͧԧ չ 份ʡз觶֧ѭ һ 2543 ͧ (UNESCO) èت͹»մ § ԷԹؤӤѭͧš 㹪ǧ 2543-2544 ҹѭ˹觷ҧسٻҵԺҹͧӹǹҡ ѧ¡ѺԺѵԵͷҹҧ͡ԧ §¡ͧҹ »մ § Ѻ繺ؤŷ١»ҡش˹㹻ѵʵͧ
 

 Ҩմ §

2 Ҥ .. 2446
ѹԴ ԧ ʺ (Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby) ѡͧŧйѡʴԡѹʺҡش˹㹪ǧɷ 20 Դاͪԧѹ ͹ 14 ҷӧҹͻЪШͧ ͡ʴͧ ѹ (Al Jolson) ѡͧйѡʴԡѹ çѹҵ 㹻 2463 ¹· Է¡͹ҡ (Gonzaga College) ǧաѺ͹ ͡ʴѺ ʹءзԹШ֧ѴԹ͡¹ش ҡͧͧ Ѵ§áŧ I've Got The Girl ǧѺ Ƿ (Paul Whiteman) ˹ǧʵ ҡǧͧͧ The Rhythm Boys ժ§ ¡ŻԹҵ ʺ¡ͧ “ѡǭŧ” (The Groaner) ҡͧŧ§ͧ ѧʺ ʹ˹§ҡ 400 ش ʺԷԾŵ͹ѡͧ蹵 ա¤ ҷ ⷹ ẹ絵 (Tony Bennett) ç Թҵ (Frank Sinatra) ŧҧ White Christmas, Silent Night Swinging On a Star ѧʴ˹ѧ ժ§仡ҡ繹ѡͧ Ѻҧʡ㹰ҹйѡʴʹ㹻 2487 ҡҾ¹ͧ Going My Way ͡ҡѧѧ觴ѧҡҾ¹شͧ Road Film ҡ鹨ִ֧ҪվѡʧªԵ ѹ 4 Ҥ 2520
 

ԧ ʺ

˹ 3

3 Ҥ .. 2012
ѹԴ ԡ Ҥ (Niccolo Machiavelli) ѡѪҡͧԵ Դاù ѺҪŢҸԡý¡÷ٵ㹻 2037 çҹ˹Ң ˹㹤зٵèҡѺ 12 (Louis XII) 觽 йѡͧӤѭ ҧӧҹѧࡵҵԷҧͧͧҵʹ ¹˹ѧ ŧҹӤѭش Ҽ黡ͧ (The Prince) ʹѺʹعǤԴ "ӹҨͧʹŸ" ЪҪ֧ͧѴѧ㹡÷ͺʴҾͧͧ͢ м繷ҪҡԹ ç·Фءͧ ֧ͧӷءҧ͵ͧҡһԺѵͻЪҪ 繤áҧ鹰ҹͧԴҧͧ¡֡ҸҵԢͧ Ѻ¡ͧ
ԴѰʵ
 

Ҥ Ҽ黡ͧ

3 Ҥ .. 2480
ҹ (Gone with the Wind) ¢´բͧ Ե (Margaret Mitchell) Ѻ ҧ Ңҹ (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) աͧյաùҧҾ¹ ͧԵѡ¢ͧǧ ʡ絵 ’ (Scarlett O’Hara) ʴ ¹ (Vivian Leigh) 㹪ǧʧҧͧԡѹ ӹ¡ҧ Դ . ԡ (David O. Selzinck) һ 2483 Ҿ¹ͧѺҧʡ ҢҾ¹ʹ ӡѺʹ ѡʴ˭ԧ ʹ 8 ҧŨҡҪԧ 13 ҧ Ѻ˹ѧͧáѺҧʡҾ¹ʹ
 

ҹ

3 Ҥ .. 2534
ͧ (UNESCO) ʹѪ˭ͧ˻ЪҪҵ (UN) Сѹ 3 Ҥͧء ѹҾŪš (World Press Freedom Day) ਵѡ÷繾鹰ҹͧҾŪš Ҿ㹡äԴСʴ͡ Դ͡Ūʹ͢稨ԧ лʹ ѧ ѡǷŧ鹷ҤʹըӹǹªԵ ١Ѻ繵ǻСѹ ж١Ѻҡ Ҩ֧ѹ 3 Ҥͧء "ѹҾŪš"

 
ѹҾŪš

˹ 4

4 Ҥ

4 Ҥ ѹ 124 ͧ (ѹ 125 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 241 ѹ㹻չ

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˵ءóӤѭѹ

.. 2014 (.. 1471) - ʧ觴͡Һ: 촷 4 ѧ ӷѾСͧâͧҼͧŧ

.. 2462 (.. 1919) - ûѵԻѭҪ: Դ˵ءó 4 Ҥ ѡ֡㹡اѡ ԹǹѴҹûЪѹҾ㹽 蹺ѧѺѰǹ ŧѺͧӢҴ 21 բ˹觷չͧѺͧԷ˹ʹԹᴹūҹ

.. 2496 (.. 1953) - ʵ ԧ ѺҧžԵҡŧҹ The Old Man and the Sea

.. 2522 (.. 1979) - ä͹ѡª㹡͡ ᷵ 繹¡Ѱ˭ԧáͧҪҳҨѡ

.. 2525 (.. 1982) - úͪિŴͧѧѺҧŧ ѧҡͧԹԴͧਹԹմ¨ǴԶ dzпŹ

4 Ҥ 2442 ѹԴ¹ͧѡ¹á չѡ¹ 12

4 Ҥ .. 2522ҧ ḵ ˹Ҿä͹ѡ Ѻ͡ ¡Ѱ˭ԧáͧѧ

4 Ҥ 2470ʶҺѹŻԷʵҾ¹ (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) ͡Դ ûСȼҧŢͧʶҺѹѡ㹪 ʡ Ѵ鹤á㹻2472 Ѻ˹ѧ㹻 2470-2471 ˹ѧʡʹͧá Wings

ѹԴ

.. 2417 (.. 1874) - ç ͹Ҵ ǡ俿Ҫԡѹ (֧ 11 ѹҤ .. 2484)

.. 2471 (.. 1928) - ʹ ٺѡ иҹҸԺԻ


ѹ֧

.. 2523 (.. 1980) - ⨫Ի ë иҹҸԺ (Դ 7 Ҥ .. 2435)
 

ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ѹС͡Ҫѵ (.. 2533)

˹ 5

5 Ҥ  

5 Ҥ ѹ 125 ͧ (ѹ 126 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 240 ѹ㹻չ

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˵ءó

.. 1803 (.. 1260) - غŢҹ 繼Өѡôͧ

.. 2444 (.. 1901) - кҷ稾ШŨ ʴ稻оʪҤ駷 3

.. 2492 (.. 1949) - ѹʶһû

.. 2493 (.. 1950) - кҷ稾лԹԾʹപ çСͺҪԸպҪɡ
.. 2504 (.. 1961) - ç: ѹ ઻ 繪ԡѹáǡ ͢鹺Թҹ 15 ҷ Ẻǧ⤨

.. 2509 (.. 1966) - Ŷ ԵԢ ¡Ѱ ӾԸԴҤش觪ҵ ء ا෾ҹ

.. 2535 (.. 1992) - ʹѭҺ 觨ӡѴ͹¢ѹѧȡѧѲͻȴ¾Ѳ ռźѧѺ

.. 2548 (.. 2005) - äçҹª㹡͡駷ҪҳҨѡ ⷹ ç˹觹¡Ѱ· 3 Դ͡ѹ

5 Ҥ ..2361ѹԴ 졫 (Karl Marx) ӤԴҹѧ ¹˹ѧ ͧ The capital Ҵ·ɮշҧɰԨ Ԩ÷ءҧͧ繢ͧѰ 繡äҡ ͻªͻЪҪ ҧѹ

5 Ҥ 2509 Ե ѡ (2473-2509) ѭҪѵԼҧçѹ颺ǹõͻЪҸԻ㹪ǧ 2516-2519 ١ʹյӹѹ .Ӻ Ѥз ԧªԵ觹ҡҧ ҹ˹ͧا .Ӻ .Ԫ .ʡŹ

5 Ҥ 2430 Դöҧ ԹöáѪ¾кҷ稾ШŨ 鹷ҧҧ () ֧кҪѧ

5 Ҥ 2444 кҷ稾ШŨ ʴ稻оʪҤ駷 3 ͷçẺҧͧҧһѺاҹͧ ʴ稤駹 5 Ҥ ֧ 24 áҤ 2444 80 ѹ
5 Ҥ 2493 кҷ稾Ծʹപ çѺҪɡ ҷҧҪè֧˹ѹ 5 Ҥ ͧء ѹѵ

ѹԴ

.. 2356 (.. 1813) - ù ͡ ѡѪҪഹ (֧ 11 Ȩԡ¹ .. 2398)
 
.. 2361 (.. 1818) - 졫 ѡѪҡͧѹ (֧ 14 չҤ .. 2425)

ѹ֧

.. 2364 (.. 1821) - ¹ ⺹һ (¹ 1 觽) (Դ 15 ԧҤ .. 2312)

.. 2509 (.. 1966) - Ե ѡ ѡоѹйѡԴ (Դ 25 ѹ¹ .. 2473)

.. 2531 (.. 1988) - ѡоѹԡѹ (Դ 23 Զع¹ .. 2471)

ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ѹѵ

˹ 6

6 Ҥ .. 2399
ѹԴ ԡع ´ (Sigmund Schlomo Freud) ᾷйѡԵԷҪ Դ ɮըԵ (Psychoanalysis) Դ㹤ͺǪǷͧ Pribor ǹ˹觢ͧҳҨѡ-ѧ¹ Ѩغѹͻત ¹ᾷԷͧ¹ ͡ԴԹԡѡäҷͧ ҡ鹡֡ҨԵӹ֡ ǹʹͷɮըԵ㹻 2433 ´¹˹ѧ 㹻 2473 Ѻҧ (Goethe Prize) յҹҫѹͧӹҨ ˹ѧͧ͢´١ Ҵҧ кءִ͹չҤ 2481 ´ФͺǨ֧ͧ;¾ا͹͹ ѧ ´繤ٺԡѴҡ Ҩ֧äеͧҵѴ 30 ѧҡҹͧ La Peau de chagrin ͧ ūѤ (Balzac) ҡѴԹ㨦ҵǵѹ 23 ѹ¹ 2482 ´˵ѡͧĵԡҨҡçѺҧ (Sex drive) ѭҵԭҳ㹡ʹͨԵӹ֡ (Unconscious) ´ṡؤԡҾͧؤ͡ 3 ǹ Դ (Id) ͨԵӹ֡ (Ego) Եӹ֡˵ؼ (Super Ego) ǹ⹸ӹ֡ ͡ҡѧ觢鹵͹ѲҡúؤԡҾͧ͡ 5 ͢鹻ҡ (oral stage) 鹷˹ѡ (anal stage) (phallic or oedipal stage) ὧ (latency stage) Тʹȵç (genital stage) ɮբͧѺѺá ա֡йһء͸Ժ·ɮշҧѧ Դмŧҹͧ´ԷԾҧҡ 駵ͧҹó ੾ ҹ ҿ (Franz Kafka) Ҿ¹ ѷ졫ʵԹʵ ó ѪШԵԷ Ѻ繺ؤŷԷԾŷҧԴҡش˹ȵɷ 20

 

 ԡع ´

6 Ҥ .. 2399
ѹԴ (Robert Edwin Peary) ѡǨԡѹ 줹áԹҧ件֧ š˹ (North Pole) ԴѰྐྵ Ѱԡ 繹ԡ¸ԹѰ㹻 2424 Ǩջ줵ԡ (Arctic) dzСչŹ ҧ 2429-2434 ¹෤Ԥôçվҧҡ˹㹷ջ秨ҡԹ· (Inuit) ͡Ǩš˹ҧ 2441-2448 ѹ 1 չҤ 2452 ͡Ǩš˹աö仵š˹ѹ 6 ¹ 2454 Ѻ͹ԡѹ Matthew Henson ʡ 4 Ootah, Egigingwah, Seegloo, Ooqueah عѢҡ͹ա 40

6 Ҥ .. 2480
Թഹ (Hindenburg Zeppelin) ТͧѹԴغѵ˵ ŧʹͧŤ (Lakehurst) Ѱ Ѱԡ 觼ռªԵ 36 ҡӹǹ 97 ԹഹТҴ˭ҷشš ҧºѷ Luftschiffbau Zeppelin 㹻 2478 դǶ֧ 245 ҧ 41 (Ҵ˭ͧԹԧ 747 ͡ѹ 3 ա) èؼ١ 111 ҫਹ֧ 2 ʹ١ҵ 繵¡¢ ͧ¹šѧ 1,200 ç繵ǢѺ͹ öӤ٧ش 135 õͪ Թáѹ 4 չҤ 2479 ҧն֧ͧŤ 400 Ѱ ¹鹶ᾧҡ ǹ˭֧繤٧йѡáԨҢͧԨ Թ 17 зش ͡ҡѹ 3 Ҥ 件֧ͧŤ ҧѧŧʹʺغѵ˵ضاਹ ԴءԴҧҡ ҧǴҷ غѵ˵ؤ駹ôŧѹ

6 Ҥ .. 2484
ѹԴ .ҭԷ ɵ ʹյ͸ԡúԷ¸ʵ Դ .ҹ .Ҫ ¹Ѹ .ǹҺԷ ԭҵըҡѰʵ÷ٵ ҡ Է¸ʵ ع֡ҷԡҨԭ͡ҢһѵʵҤ ҡԷ¤ ѺҨШҢԪһѵʵ ŻʵԷ¸ʵ 2516 ֧Ѩغѹ ˹ҢԪһѵʵ Żʵ ҧ 2524-2526 ͸ԡúԷ¸ʵ ҧ 2537-2538 ҹ繼͵çµѹ͡§֡ 㹤Żʵ Է¸ʵ ҹռŧҹԪҡôҹѵʵͧ駢ͧл͹ҹ繨ӹǹҡ ջªФسҵѧҧҡ Ѩغѹ .ҭԷ ѧӧҹԪҡõҧ ҧ
6 Ҥ .. 2496
ѹԴ (Anthony Charles Lynton "Tony" Blair) ¡ѰջѧɤѨغѹ ˹Ҿäçҹ (The Labour Party) ԴͧʹԹ ʡ͵Ź ¹Եʵ Էૹ (St John's College) Է͡ ҪҳҨѡ Ƿӧҹ๵ԺѳԵ Lincoln's Inn ا͹͹ Ҫԡäçҹͻ 2518 繹ѡͧ Ѻ͡˹Ҿä㹻 2537 ǹ¹ŧº¨ҡ繾ä¨Ѵ繾äչº¡ҧ ١¡ “äçҹ” 㹻 2540 ҹӾäçҹ͡Ẻ 繹¡ ҡäçҹáͺ 18 43 繹¡ ѧɷع·شͺ 20 繹¡ Դ͡ѹ֧ 3 ¨֧Ѩغѹ ѧҡ˵ءó 11 ѹ¹ 2544 ͡ѺѰҧԧѧ ʧ͵ҹ͡ (War on Terrorism) ͡ѺѰԡҺءѿҹʶҹ㹻 2544 кءѡ㹻 2546 õѴԹѺԾҡԨóҧҡ
 

 ⷹ


6 Ҥ .. 2537
Channel Tunnel (ҽʤ le tunnel sous la Manche) Դҹҧ繷ҧ վҪԹ ԫຸ 2 (Elizabeth II) ѧ лиҹҸԺս ͧ Եͧ (Francois Mitterrand) ѹ繻иҹ㹾ԸԴ 觹شʹͧ᤺ѧЪͧ᤺ ҧͧह ѧɡѺͧ (Coquelles) Ƚ شºѷ Eurotunnel Ѻö俿 51.5 ǧʹ 39 ѹѺ 2 ͧšͧҡ䫡ѹ (Seikan Tunnel) ͧ ѺʹŷǷشš
 

 Channel Tunnel
 .Է ɵ
Թഹ

˹ 7

7 Ҥ .. 2404
ѹԴ þԹùҶ ҡ (Rabindranath Tagore) ҡռ˭Թ Դ㹵Сž觤ͧšѵ ҹ¹յ͹ 8 Ǻ 16 ˹ѧá Bhanushingho (Sun Lion) Ѻõվ ¹ͧйǹҵ 㹻 2421 Դҡ觷ҹ¹·ѧ ѺԹ㹻 2423 ѧҡ觧ҹ͹ 22 շҹ¹˹ѧҧԧѧ ҹԹҧͧ价Թ ͡Թҧû ԡ 㹻 2464 ҹ͵ Էõ (Visva-Bharati University) ͷͧ¹͹Ẻ ¹¹͹ѹ  ҹդöҡ·駹ѡ¹ ŻԹ ѡ ѡоѹŧ ѡҪ ѡ֡ з觪Թ¢ҹ ҹ繪¤áѺҧ Ңó 㹻 2456 ҡŧҹͧ յҭ (Gitanjali) ҹ¹ժ§ ͧҹ (Fierflres), ѹ (The Crescent Moon) Ghare Baire (The Home and the World) ҧҹͧ ҹ繤˹觷͵ҹѡôԹ ʹѺʹعҵԹԹ ҹԴó觹Ѻ; ҢͧҹʹԹ Ңͧҹ͸ҵ ҹԵҧº ӧҹ˭ դسҵªҵԵҺءѹ ҹ֧ѹ 7 ԧҤ 2484

þԹùҶ ҡ յҪ

7 Ҥ .. 2376
ѹԴ ѹ (Johannes Brahms) յժѹؤԡ Դͧ ¹աѺҵ 繹ѡҪվ㹼Ѻ 13 㹻 2405 Թҧ仡ا¹ 餹繽ͧ͢¡ͧ “ҷҧբͧ࿹” 觫⿹պá㹻 2419 Ѻâҹ “⿹պ 10 ͧ࿹” ҡ鹡оѹ촹բաӹǹҡ Ӥѭ ⿹ 4 Ϥ͹ 2 Թ͹ 1 ŧѺͧҹ§ŧ A German Requiem) ŧҹ͹ѧ˹ѡɳ״ʴعç ҡ鹨֧ЪѺ鹢 Ѻ¡ͧҡͺἹ (Modernism) Ẻͧҡ (Wagner) 繼ͺ鴹դԡẺἹ ªԵѹ 3 ¹ 2440

ѹ

7 Ҥ .. 2367
⿹Ţ 9 (Symphony no. 9 "Choral") ͧ شԡ ҹ ࿹ (Ludwig van Beethoven) յͧ͡šѹ ١͡ʴ繤á çФ Karnthner theater ا¹ ⿹պ࿹оѹ 2362 з˹ǡʹԷ 繫⿹պش¢ͧ ʴ駹仴¤ѡšѹͧҡѡ͹ԴѺʹѡͧ 㹷شʹըŧ ѧú;Ѻͧҧ֡ͧҹҹçФ᷺ѧ

 
شԡ ҹ ࿹

7 Ҥ .. 2458
٫Է (Lusitania) ͧѧɶ١ (U-Boat Unterseeboot) ʹӹӢͧѹԧ觷ŢͧŹ ط͵Źԡ ʧš駷 1 ªԵҳ 1,200 㹨ӹǹ繪ԡѹҳ 120 ¤繺ؤӤѭͧ ˵ءóҧø褹ԡѹ繪ǹӤѭԡʧš駷 1 ѺѹԵ ѧҡ»Сҧ繡ҧá
 

7 Ҥ .. 2496
ѹʶһ ç¹ҡ ... óҡ ķҤ ѭҡ÷ҡ ʶһҢ ֡ͧ (Ҥáʴԡ÷ҡ㹻Ѩغѹ) չѡ¹ҡáӹǹ 30 кҷ稾Ծʹപ Ҫ çСسôôҪҹ ç¹ҡѹ 15 Ҥ 2497 dzѡ÷ 24-25 .¸Թ 㹻 2500 ҡ鹾кҷ稾 çҪҹкҪҹحҵ ͧѡ¹ҡ ˹·ѡҾͧ ͻ 2523 㹻 2535 ç¹ҡѺ¡ҹ˹¢鹵çͧѾҡ ͧѡ¹ҡ ѡҾͧ ֧ “ѡ¹ҡ ѡҾͧ ç¹ҡ” ҡ㹻 2539 ͧѾҡѺǹҪ 3 ͧѭҡ ç¹ҡ 鹵çͧ͡ѭҡý֡֡ҷҡ “ѡ¹ҡ ѡҾͧ” ֧ “ѡ¹ҡ ѡҾͧ ç¹ҡ ͧѭҡý֡֡ҷҡ” ѹ 1 Ҥ 2539 ֧Ѩغѹ
 

 ç¹ҡ

7 Ҥ .. 2537
ǨҾ The Scream ׹ѧ١仨ҡԾԸѳŻ㹡ا ȹ кҤǢͧѺ͵ҹ÷ 蹢ʹͨФ׹Ҿ ҡҾ¹͵ҹ÷ͧ The Silent Scream ͡ҡȷҧ÷ȹ The Scream ˹Ҿժ§شͧš Ҵ ʹ ا (Edvard Munch) Եáêǹ
 
 The Scream
٫Է

˹ 8

8 Ҥ .. 2429
ͧ Coca-Cola Coke ٵõ鹵Ѻ͡Դ繤áͧ͵Ź Ѱ Ѱԡ Ѫê ʵ ѹ (Dr. John Styth Pemberton) 鷴ͧҹԴǹѧҹ ¼㹡ҹӷͧͧҴ 30 ͹ ͡ҧ·ҹҪ Jacob’s Pharmacy ѹ ɳҺاͧлҷ ǴҡҤҧ 㹤駹ѧǹͧ⫴ ҡҢ´෹෷ Ҿѡҹѭբͧ칡駪 Coca-Cola ǹѡҨҡ㺢ͧ⤤١ (Kola nut) աü⫴ŧ仴 ¡ Ѵ (carbonated soft drink) չáеԴʴСл ǹ⤤ҡԡ ͧҡѵشԺͧʾԴह Ѩغѹ Coca-Cola ͧȨҡšǹ觷ҧõҴҡشš ˹ͧ¡äҷդҡش
 

 coca-cola

8 Ҥ .. 2427
ѹԴ . (Harry S. Truman) иҹҸԺդ 33 ͧѰԡ Դͧ (Lamar) Ѱʫ Ѱԡ ʹ㨴 ѵʵѡҹҵ ¹· Kansas City Law School 繷㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ѧҡ繼Ծҡҷͧѹ ҹ (Jackson County) 2477 ŧѤҪԡ٧ͧѰԡ çҹ˹Ң鹨ͧиҹҸԺբͧ çԹ ŵ (Franklin D. Roosevelt) ѧҡŵªԵ繻иҹҸԺդ 㹪ǧѧԴʧš駷 2 繼ԴѺ з觪ʧ㹷ش ѧʧʹἹ (Marshall Plan) ͪ¿鹿û кѭѵ "ѡͧ” (Truman Doctrine) Ѱ ִ繹ºҡûͧѹâµǢͧǹʵ 繼觷ԡѹ仪úʧʧ´ ʹѺʹعաá͵ͧù (NATO) ªԵѹ 26 ѹҤ 2515

8 Ҥ .. 2371
ѹԴ ͧ ٹѧ (Jean Henri Dunant) ѡáԨйѡ͹Ƿҧѧ ͵ ҡáҪҴҡ (International Committee of the Red Cross : ICRC) Դͧਹ 㹤ͺǹѡáԨʹѡ÷ӡԨѧ ٹѧ֧طȵѧҵ ҧӧҹҤ Ҷ١仴٧ҹҧҹ价ԫ (Battle of Solferino) Ե 繷úҴ¨ӹǹҡ Ҩ֧Ѻ¹ѡѹաèѴͧâʹŷмѺҷʧ ѧҡٹѧªԵѹ 30 Ҥ 2453 աèѴ СҧͺҷءúҴ (International Committee for the Relief of Wounded Combatants) ѹ 17 Ҿѹ 2406 ¹ҡҪҴҡ (International Commitee of the Red Cross) ԭ繻֡Ҩ֧Ѩغѹ ѭѡɳͧҪҴͧ¡ҡҷᴧ 繡õԵŹ繵鹡ԴҪҴ ѹ 8 Ҥͧءի觵çѺѹԴͧѧ ٹѧ ѹ֡ҪҴҡ
 

 ͧ ٹѧ

8 Ҥ .. 2457
ѷ ҷ ԡ (Paramount Pictures) ѷԵҾ¹شͧԡ ͵駢鹷 ٴ ҹʫ ͵ ʹ (Adolph Zukor), (Daniel Frohman) (Chales Frohman) ѨغѹѧԵҾ¹͡ҧͧ

 

 ҷ ԡ


8 Ҥ .. 2488
ʧš駷 2 㹷ջûصŧҧ繷ҧ (Victory in Europe Day : V-E Day or VE Day) ѧҡջС ʧѧԹ仨з觭ӹѹ 25 ԧҤǡѹ ʧš駷 2 ʧҧ٭¤˭ش㹻ѵʵš ҴռªԵҳ 57 ҹ ˵Դҡ÷յͧŧ ʹѭǫ (The Treaty of Versailles) ѧҡʧš駷 1 觼ɰԨҧҡ Ե֧ԴʹѭǺءŹѹ 1 ѹ¹ 2482 ǹ ҡءҹչѹ 7 áҤ 2480 繨ش鹢ͧ ʧչ-蹤駷 2 (Second Sino-Japanese War) ͹͡Ѻѹ繽ѡ (Axis powers) ѺѹԵ (Allied powers)

 
 V-E Day
 .

 

˹ 9

9 Ҥ .. 2472
кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 Ѻ 稾йҧ侾ó ҪԹչҶ ʴ稷ʹ๵ػҤǧ ⤡⾸ ѧѴѵҹ 繺dzѴਹش Թ״ҹ 6 ҷ ػҤҤǹ Ϳ. Ѻ. ѹ (Sir F. W. Dyson) ¡ШͧػҤҢͧҤѡʵ觻ѧ ˹ѧѰ ӹdzоҡóѹ 9 Ҥ 2472 ԴػҤ繺ó㹺ҧӺŻѵҹ 觨ԴԴҹطԹ ҵ Ҥͧ лȿԻԹ ˵ءóѡɳйҴһҳ 400 ֧Դ㹵˹ա˹ Ѫŷ 7 ѺҪԹը֧ʴҷʹ๵ Ѻѡʵҡѧ 㹤駹բҪü˭лЪҪҶ¡õ͹Ѻ ЪػҤҡѹӹǹҡ ѺػҤҤ駷ͧ㹡اѵԹ ͹˹ҹԴѪŷ 4
 

 кҷ稾лػҤǧ

9 Ҥ .. 2446
(Paul Gauguin) ªԵ ᡧŻԹӤѭͧ㹡 ʵ-ʪ蹹 (Post-Impressionism) Դѹ 7 Զع¹ 2391 ا ͹ 3 Ǻͺǵͧ¡ͧ ͧ͢ªԵҧҧ ҡѺѺاͧ (Lima) ͧҧҾзѺʴ͡㹼ŧҹŻҵ ͹ 7 ǺᡧФͺ¡Ѻ份ա ͹ 17 ҷӧҹ١Թط ѺҪ÷áѺҪս ҡ鹡 觧ҹ١ 5 Ѻ繤ͺǷդآ ҧ㹡¹ٻ ҹŻ зѡѺ ԫ (Camille Pissarro) ŻԹʪѹǽ йѡѺŻԹ к͡¹ٻͧͧ ᡧ֧ʵٴ¹ٻʪ蹹ҧ 2424-2425 աͧյҾҤͺͧ໹ࡹ ഹ ѹ˹ҡѴԹз駡çҹ蹤 ԵдǡкФͺ͡¹ٻҧԧѧ ͡¹ٻѺԫ ૫ҹ (Paul Czanne) ǹ (Vincent Van Gogh) 㹻 2432 ᡧʴҹŻзժ§ йŻеѹ͡Ϳԡ㹵ѹ ੾Чҹ鹺ҹ (folk art) Ҿ ᡧդʹ㨧ҹŻо鹺ҹǨ֧ѴԹԵ¹ٻеԵ (Tahiti) ͧԴçѹ ѲҽҧäҹŻ͡š蹪繨ӹǹҡ ѧԵ Եǫ (Marquesas) 㹺鹻ªԵҵҺʹ ´äԿ ªԵ ͹ж١Ⱦ份ѧҹ˹觺еԵ ʶҹ ѡҡش ҾҴͧᡧѧҡ繪 ѡ仴ѹʴѴ ٻçº Դ ẹ 仴ͧԶժԵº¢ͧ ¡ŻẺ Synthetism ŻԹöҧҹ ҡѺçѹ㨨ҡҵ ᡧѺŻԹǢҹз駷ء觷ءҧͷӧҹŻз赹ѡ ᡧŻԹ㹡ʵ-ʪ蹹 Ѻ ҹ ҹ ͡ ԷԾҧҡ;ѲҡŻ (Modern Art)

9 Ҥ .. 2513
ԡѹ ӹǹ 75,000 - 100,000 Ѵҹ ʧ´ (Vietnam Wars) dzѧº اͪԧѹ . ѧҡͧѾԡѰ иҹҸԺ Ԫ ԡѹ (Richard Milhous Nixon) ʹѺʹع´㹡÷ʧѺ´˹ ջȨչ Ҿµ˹عѧ ûзǧʧ´ԡҤ駹觼Դʻзǧʧ´͡价š ͹ѰԡҨж͹ѧ͡㹻 2516 ʧ´صŧҧ繷ҧ ѹ 30 ¹ 2518 ѧҡ´˹ִͧ͹ ʧ駹鹷ԡѹªԵӹǹ 58,226 кҷաӹǹ 153,303 ǹý´ҴªԵҹ кҷաӹǹҡ ҴըӹǹªԵʧ駹ҳ 900,000 – 4,000,000

9 Ҥ .. 2529
෹ԧ (Tenzing Norgay) ѡչҪ (˹ᶺ͡) ªԵ ѺѡչҪǹǫŹ ѹ (Sir Edmund Hillary) 줳áö׹躹ش٧شͧš ʹʵѹ 29 Ҥ 2496 Դͻ 2457 㹪ͧȷີ ¹鹪ǸີЪҵҧ ͺѧѡԷ 繷ͧм ͹ 19 㹪ҷͧԧ (Darjeeling) ͹˹ͧ͢Թ ҡ鹷ӧҹ١ҺѺҧѡͧǻչ ѧ¢件֧ʹѡ 㹷شҡѺաöԪԵʹʵ 躹ʹ§ 15 ҷ ͧŧҢҧҧͨеͧͺӶ “վҧ?” ҵͺҧ͹ “Ҷ 繾˹͸ҵԺ ӵͺ ش ֡͹ѡͧҧԴ”
 

ѹ  Ѻ෹ԧ


9 Ҥ .. 2537
ѹ (Nelson Mandela) 繻иҹҸԺռǴӤáͧͿԡ Ѻ͡駵кǹûЪҸԻ ѧҡä繫 (ANC) ˹ Ѻª㹡͡駷ӹ֧֧ͪҵ繤áͧͿԡ  繷ѡ㹰ҹйѡ͵ҹº¡ҧ͡ҡѹ ҡ͹ѹԸյǷҧͧҵ ҹ 繼ӡͧѧԴظ з觶١Ѻ еԴء 27 ͺ (Robben Island) Ѻûµ㹻 2533 º»ҹբͧͿԡؤ觻ЪҸԻ 觹Ѻ繤稤˭ Ѩغѹդ¡ͧ㹰ҹѰ Ѻҧ ҢѹҾ㹻 2536
 

ѹ
 ԡѹѴҹ ʧ´

 
 ᡧ The Yellow Christ Ia Orana Maria
 

˹ 10

10 Ҥ .. 2463
ѹԴ . س ѡ˹ѧ;лҪҹԹ֡ Դ . ͧä 㹤ͺǤҢ· ԴҢͧҹ١Ѻ鸹ѵû ѺҨҡҢͧç ֧ԴءªԵ㹤ء ѧҡԴҵԴءҹ ôҡѳäªԵ ҹ֧ͧùѺҧӧҹþѴ 11-12 龺Ѻ šҶ (Salvatore Cioffi) ʧԵ¹ çùԡèҡ ѧ ֡ҷԹ ҹԴ ֧ǪԡҧҼҹԹ㹻 2476 ҹ֡Թ¨ͺ˹觢ͧ駻Թ ҡ鹡价Էõ ҹԹࡵѹ ͧҹ þԹùö ҡ Ѻع֡õԷ Ѻѧ㨨ҡطԡ 㹰ҹ¸ ¹µԴ͡ѹҧ ҹ¹˹ѧ͵ѧԹ 㹢Сѧ֡ Դʧš駷ͧ ˵ҹͧԡȦ ѧҡʧʧǨ֧ԹҧѺ ҹӷʶҹٵԹ ҡ͡ҷӧҹ繺óҸԡâǵҧ ͧ˹ѧ;ѹ ʶҾ ˹ҹ繷駹ѡйѡ µԴء㹰ҹ֡йѡɡͧ͹Ӻҧҧ Ѻѡ˹ѧ;줹Ӥѭҷ Һ »дɰ Ե ѡ ѹ ˹㹤зٵԹ§㹻Ȩչ Ǩʶҹó㹴ԹᴹȤǹʵ оèҡѺӢͧչᴧ ʧͧ . Ժʧ㹡ûٷҧѹաѺȨչ ҹżŧҹҡ鹩ѺԹ·Ӥѭ¹˹ѧӹǹҡ յҭ, õط, õԷ : ͧԹ·ҧѲ, ٵ, Թ, Ե͡ ҹʡѺ . ͧ зӧҹ¹ѹ㹪 س-ͧ Ҩءѹ ҹѺҧպþ㹻 2538 Ѻ͡ŻԹ觪ҵҢóŻ 㹻 2546

. س  (Ҿҡ www.buddhadasa.org) Ե͡

10 Ҥ .. 2046
(Christopher Columbus) ѡǨ໹١ 繪ûá鹾 (Cayman Islands) ҧԹҧҴԹᴹ š (New world) ͹ʵ駪觹 Las Tortugas ͧҡҷŨӹǹҡ ѧ ҹ á (Sir Francis Drake) ѡǨѧ鹺ִҳҹԤͧѧ㹻 2129 Ѻ駪 㹷Ժ¹ ҧȨФǺ ٹҧҧԹҧ (Offshore Financial Center) Tax Havens ͧҡ繴Թᴹк кվ繢ͧͧ¡ No-tax Jurisdiction 繴ԹᴹȨҡ ͵͡¡ 纡ѡԹعͧعҵ ͻª㹡ա§ҧ Ӥѭ㹡ÿ͡Թͧѡͧš СáԨعҵԨӹǹҡҵ駺ѷ ոҤèҡšҵ 500 ѷա 2 蹺ѷ кѷСѹա 300
10 Ҥ .. 2527
稾ѹлһ 2 (Pope John Paul II) آҵԡѹ ʴ͹繤áҧѹ 10-11 Ҥ ҧ͹¹稾ѹлһվҪѹҹѺкҷ稾 ҡʴ¼;¾边ʹԤ зçóç¡ͧȵҧ ;¾ҹ աѧçԨҤԹʴͼԹ⴨չ繨ӹǹ 1 ҹҷա ѧҡ͹¾ͧѧʴ͹ҸóѰ һǹǡԹ ͹

10 Ҥ .. 2524
ͧ Եͧ (Francois Mitterrand) Ѻ˹觻иҹҸԺս 繤áҨҡѧ ҡäѧ (Parti socialiste : PS) 繤áѰ繽« (left-wings) 2500 繵 㹻 2531 Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺիա 㹵˹觨֧ 2538 ѧҡѺ˹Ҿִͧ͡ṹ§ǹ˭ 繼黯ٻкɰԨʢҹ˭ºɰԨẺѧ ʹѺʹعҵԹ ͡շѾԹ (solidarity tax on wealth) ûҾ ѧҡӹҨ㹻 2538 յҡªԵ ѹ 8 Ҥ 2539 Եͧ繻иҹҸԺս 㹵˹觹ҹش 14
 

ͧ Եͧ
çվҪѹҹѺкҷ稾 ç¹ЪҪ
  

˹ 11

11 Ҥ .. 2443
ѹԴ »մ § ʹյ¡ 3 ѰмҪ᷹ͧ Ѫŷ 8 ҹԴ͡ا ѧѴйظ ¹Ѹç¹ǹҺԷ еͷ繡зǧصԸ ҡͺԧع¹ʹҹ¨稻ԭ͡Է» 㹻 2469 㹪ǧ鹡اʡ繷ͧǤԴɮշҧͧͧµҧ ͹Ҿѹ 2469 ҹЪѺͧ¹ŧûͧ ԹҧѺͧ¢ 26 繤¤á診ɮպѳԵҡԷ» ѺҪ繼ԾҡһШӡзǧصԸ ѺҪҹôѡ ǧдɰٸ ҹ˹ ɮ ӡѲ¹ŧûͧҡкóҭԷҪкͺЪҸԻ »Ȩҡùͧʹ ѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 ҡ繤Ѱ 繼ҧѰ٭Ѻáͧ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ǹ ͵͵ҹͧѾѡôԭ 觼赡繻Ⱦʧš駷 2 繼ѡѹաá͵ ԷԪҸʵСͧ ѹ 27 Զع¹ 2477 ԷԴáͧ ¹ Է¸ʵ ҹ繼ʹ (͸ԡú) áͧԷ ͡ҡѧ´ç˹ Ҫ᷹ͧ кҷ稾ҹѹԴ Ѫŷ 8 㹺鹻ªԵҹͧ·ҧͧԧ չ 份ʡз觶֧ѭѹ 2 Ҥ 2526 һ 2543 ͧ (UNESCO) èت͹»մ § ԷԹؤӤѭͧš 㹪ǧ 2543-2544 ҹѭ˹觷ҧسٻҵԺҹͧӹǹҡ ѧ¡ѺԺѵԵͷҹҧ͡ԧ §¡ͧҹ »մ § Ѻ繺ؤŷ١»ҡش˹㹻ѵʵͧ

 

 Ҩմ §

11 Ҥ .. 2345
ѹԴ ὴ Թ-ѹ (Eng-Chang Bunker) ὴ˹͡ԴѹѺѹ áͧšöçվ͹ʹԵ Դ . ͧ . ͧطʧ Ѫŷ 2 8 Ǻ վͤҹѡԹͪԡѹ ѻѹ ͿԹ (Captain Coffin) ѹ (Robert Hunter) Ҿ ֧͵§ͺԹôҨӹǹ˹ Թ-ѹ١͡ʴ㹤Фѵ쨹ժ§价ԡû ѧ駤¡͡Դʴͧ Թ觧ҹѺ µ (Sarah Anne Yates) ǹѹ觡ѺŴ µ (Adelaide Yates) ͧǢͧ ѡѡҹѰ Ź Ѱԡ պصѹ 21 Թ-ѹѭҵԡѹͻ 2382 ʡ ѧ (Bunker) ١ҹ׺СҨ֧ءѹ §ͧԹ-ѹ Դ¡ὴǵԴѹ (Siamese twins) ¡ҹ 駤ªԵѹ 17 Ҥ 2417 ѧաҧ ͹óʶҹὴԹ-ѹ . Ҵ˭ ͹óʶҹὴԹ-ѹҧ§Ѻ价š
 

 Թ-ѹ


11 Ҥ .. 2414
(Sir John Frederick Herschel) ѡԵʵ ѡʵйѡժѧ ֧ Դѹ 7 չҤ 2334 ͧѤԧ ѧ ١ªͧ (Sir William Herschel : ѡʵ鹾ù) ¹ԵʵԷૹ ԷԴ ҷӧҹԪҡôҹʵФԵʵ ¹鹡úѹ֡ŵͧ¹ ҡͧҡͧѴ͡͹ ͧҡ Ũ֧ԴԸա÷Ң 㹷ش鹾 кǹ䷻ (Cyanotype) 繵Ẻͧкǹ (Blue Print) дɤ͹ 㹡þմѨغѹ ͡ҡѧԴ鹡кǹöҾ Դ ҤҾҾ (photographic fixer) hyposulphite of soda hypo ͡ҡѧ繼ѭѵԤѾǧöҾ ͤ "photograph" "negative" "positive" Ѻ繼ǹӤѭ㹡þѲʵͧöҾ
 

 

11 Ҥ .. 2447
ѹԴ Ҵ (Salvador Dali) ŻԹʵ (surrealist) ໹ Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali Domenech Marquis of Pubol Դͧԡ (Figueres) ໹ 㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧ ҴٻЩŻԹ 10 Ǻ ¹Ż㹻 2459 ʴŧҹŻФá͹ 14 աͧյͧªԵ Ǿ͡觧ҹѺͧǢͧ ͧҧ纻Ǵҧҡ Ҩ֧¹ŻзاҴԴ 㹻 2469 Ҷ١͡ҡç¹ͺ ͧҡöѴԹҹŻ ҡҡ͡ҷӧҹŻе赹ͧ áʹŻ Ǻ (Cubism) ѺԷԾѡҡԡ (Pablo Picasso) ҡ鹡ѹҷͧӧҹŻ Ҵ (Dada : Ż㹵ȵɷ 20 軯ʸѡعʵԧ 繵Ңͧʵ) ԷԾҧҡҾѲҵͨ繧ҹʵẺͧͧ ҹŻТͧѺԷԾŨҡɮըԵ з͹Ҿ͹㹨Եӹ֡Фѹ ҷӧҹŻѭҵԭҳԺ çѺҧ ҹͧҨ֧仴ѭѡɳ պҡǡѺѹ Ѻ ͹ ҧҧ ҨԵӹ֡ҡ ¡ "ҹѧ餹㨤Ҿ¹ͧҾҧ ͢Ҿͧѧҧͧ" ªԵѹ 23 Ҥ 2532 ͡ҡ¹ҾѧӧҹŻᢹա еҡ Ҿ ˹ѧѺ ع (Luis Bunuel Portoles : ӡѺҾ¹ʵ໹) 繼͡ẺٻҨ (Chupa Chups) ѺҴ˹ŻԹ໹ԷԾҡشȵɷ 20

11 Ҥ .. 2454
ѹԴ иҨ (ѭҹѹԡ) Դ . ͧѷا ʹԭ Ǫõ͹ 18 շѴػѹ . йͧ ػ繾ԡطѴҧҴ . ͧѷا ҡԹҧ֡Ҹ¨ѧѴ ʧ ոҪ ا෾ ͺѡ͡ ֡ҵʹҹҺըöͺ­ 4 ¤ӹѡ¹Ѵ ا෾ 㹪ǧʧš駷ͧ ҹѺʴҤ 2475 ҹԹҧǧح任Թ¡ѺšҶ (Salvatore Cioffi) ¸Ե ҹ件֧Ⱦҡ˵ͧԹҧѺ 㹻 2477 仨ӾҡѺ иҨ (طԡ) ǹ ¸ԹѡѴ繵 㹻 2492 仨ӾҷѴ .ͧ§ ʴ㹷ءѹҷԵѹ Թҧ任СȸǺҹժ§价§㹹 ԡػѭҹѹ 㹹ǧҹ͵ ŹԸ֡ Ѵ਴ǧ . ͧ§ 㹻 2502 .. ٪ҵ ͸ԺաŻзҹ¹ դзѺҡ͹Тͧǧ ֧Ҹǧʷ ѴŻзҹѧɮ 觡Żиҹҧ . ҧҴ . ҡ . 2503 ֧Ѩغѹ㹢й鹡ŻзҹҧѴ ҹԹҧоطʹ㹵ҧ Ѱԡ ѧ ǫŹ 繾ʧٻáͧ·Թҧ任СȸҤû ǧͻѭ¹˹ѧ͸ӹǹҡ ҹ繾ʧٻá㹡ûٻԸաҧʹҷҿ ¹繻Ѵº ҹ֧Ѻâҹ 黯ٻԸաͧǾط ѨغѹҹѧӹѡѴŻиҹѧɮ Сਵش ҧʶҤ 200 ҹҷ稡͹óҾ
 

иҨ (ҹѹԡ) (Ҿҡ www.vesakday.net)

11 Ҥ .. 2461
ѹԴ Ԫ 俹 (Richard Phillips Feynman) ѡԡԡѹ Դ㹤ͺǪǷͧ ѨзҧԵʵԷʵҵ ¹ԡʶҺѹ෤ʫҪ絵 (Massachusetts Institute of Technology : MIT) ʹ ԡɮ (theoretical physics) ֡ҵͷԷ¾Թѹ ŧҹҧҤ ɮդ͹ 硷䴹ԡ (quantum electrodynamics) 觼Ѻҧ Ңҿԡ 㹻 2508 Ѻ ¹ ԧ (Julian Schwinger) ԹԷ ҹҡ (Sin-Itiro Tomonaga) 俹¹͹ԡö㨧¢¡¹˹ѧ Feynman Lectures on Physics çѹѺ͹Ԫҿԡӹǹҡ ˹㹹ѡԷʵѲԴ١áͧš çѵѹ (Manhattan Project) ˹㹼ǨͺԴͧǡŹ (Challenger disaster) 繼ʹǤԴͧ (Nanotechnology) ͡ҡöҹԷʵѧͺ¹Ҿ蹺ͧ⡴ 俹ªԵѹ 15 Ҿѹ 2531 俹Ѻ¡ͧ繹ѡԡԷԾҡشȵɷ 20

11 Ҥ .. 2470
ѹ͵ ʶҺѹŻʵҾ¹ (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences : AMPAS) ʶҺѹҧҾ¹ͧѰԡ ͵ ૴ԡ Ժ͹ (Cedric Gibbons) ӡѺŻʢͧѷ (MGM) ʶҺѹ觹աͺҧѺҾ¹ʹҢҵҧ 繻Шӷء ѡѹ㹪 Ф (Academy Awards) ʡ (Oscar) ͺҧŤá㹻 2472 Ѻ˹ѧ㹻 2470-2471 Ҿ¹ҧʡʹͧá Wings Ѩغѹաͺҧ 16 Ң Actors Art Directors Cinematographers Directors Documentary Executives Film Editors Makeup Music Producers Public Relations Short Films and Feature Animation Sound Visual Effects Writers 㹻 2516 ա ҧʡѺѡ¹ѡ֡ (Student Academy Awards) ա ҧʡСȷءշٴ觨աö·ʹʴѺѹš ѺҧŷԷԾŵǧҾ¹ҡشҧ˹
 

11 Ҥ .. 2509
ѹԴ ط طȹШԹ ԸաмԹ¡÷ȹժ§ͧ ֡ҪѸ֡ҵ͹鹷ç¹ૹ ١ԭ͡͹ .1 µͧ¹֡Ҽ˭ ѧҡ¹ç¹ӹŻ 蹷 57 Ш֡Ҩҡйʵ ͡ʵ Է¡ا෾ ҪվѡǷ˹ѧ; (The Nation) ͻ 2531 ͡㹻 2540 ͷӧҹ ¹˹ѧ ЧҹԸա÷ȹҧԧѧ֧Ѩغѹ
 

ط طȹШԹ (Ҿҡwww.komchadluek.net)

11 Ҥ .. 2524
ͺ (Robert Nesta "Bob" Marley) Ҫŧ (reggae) ǨªԵ Ѱԡ § 36 Դѹ 6 Ҿѹ 2488 ͧૹ ͹ Ԫ (Saint Ann Parish) Ȩ 繤ǢªԵ͹ 10 Ǻ Ҩ֧Ѻ繤Ǵҵ Ѻѹҡѧҵͧҡ١ ѧҡ͵ҡѺͧͧ繪ǹ (Trenchtown) Ѵ蹴աѺ͹ҹҵ ͡ҡç¹͹ 14 ҷӧҹҹǴ ҧ ͹Ѵ§ͧŧá㹻 2506 Judge Not One Cup of Coffee յҡѺ͹ ǧʡ (Ska) ͤô (Rocksteady) The Teenagers ¹ The Wailers Ѻ˹ҷͧ¹ŧ ǧͧ觴ѧ价Ǩ 㹻 2518 ǧͧʴ͹쵷ԡ ҡҡ鴹࡫觾ѲҨҡվͧͧ繷ѡ价š Ѻѷ ʵҿ (Rastafari) ѧ¡͡ŻԹ͡͹价š 㹪ǧѧդѴͧռ٧ ֧麷ŧͧ㹡õͧԷª ¡Ҥѹҧѧ ͵ҹʧСá ŧͧѡз͹ͧҧѧͧЪԵº֡ 㹪ǧ 2503 зçͤ (dredlocks) 繷褹 ŧԵͧ No Woman No Cry, One Love, I Shot the Sheriff, Get Up, Stand Up, Jamming, One Love, Exodus Ѻҧ Peace Medal of the Third World ҡͧ˻ЪҪҵ㹻 2521 ͺ 繹ѡ˭شʹŤ˹觢ͧš
 
ͺ
 ҧʡ
 Ԫ 俹
 
The Persistence of MemoryMetamorphose de Narcisse

˹ 12

12 Ҥ .. 2438
ѹԴ Ա ɳõ (Jiddu Krishnamurti) ѡҪԹ Դ㹵СžͧҴл (Madanapalle) ҧ͹ͧԹ ͹ Ҩ㹷ͧӹ´ǧеҢͧɳõҨ繼˭ҧʹժ§â价š ѧҤӡǹ鹨繨ԧ з 14 մ (Charles Webster Leadbeater) ҤǭҳԷ (Theosophical Society) դͧ֡ѺǷҶ Ҩ龺ѺؤŷԵҧСѺǵâͧ մҧ ͧբͧɳõ ҡͳ觤ǻл ҧҤ ֧Ѻɳõػ¹˹ѧͷѧ §ٿѡҧ ѧҡɳõԨСʴͧͧš ɳõ硪ҧѹ ŧŪ蹪㹸ҵͧ¹䡵ҧ Ѻʹ֡¹к ѡͺ 34 ҡᵡѡѺҤǭҳԷ һʸ繤ͧͧ÷ҧʹ ͧʴͧǡ 㹪ǧ 2473-2483 Ѻ͹ʹԷͧ Star Publishing Trust (SPT) ͡ʴҰҸͺ÷Ҹû Ѱԡ Թ վ˹ѧ͡Ҩӹǹҡ ռ餹ѷ㹵ǡɳõҡ 㹪ǧ鹻ªԵԹҧʴҰҸ价š ͹ͧաúѹ֡ǵվ˹ѧ͡ 30 վҵҧ š ɳõªԵѹ 17 Ҿѹ 2529 ɳõѨҡ 繵ͧҶ֧ҹҧʹ ѷԤͧ ءöҶ֧µͧ Ѻ赹ͧӨԵط Ф鹾ѨСҪСФ ҡ
"㴷سԹ سشõԴѨ ռ㴶͡حѨ حᨹ鹤͵Ǥسͧ"
 

 ɳõ

12 Ҥ .. 2363
ѹԴ ù 乵ԧ (Florence Nightingale) ʵժѧɼءԡҹþҺ Դ㹤ͺɰժѧɷاù Ե ¤ѷҵ; ͡Թ§ҡͧͪ͹ 㹻 2380 ¹ѧѧ˹ҷ˭ԧ§ҹҹ ͻʸʹѧ ͡ѡҤ·ҡ 㹻 2389 Թҧ֡ҾҺŷͧ (Kaiserswerth) ҪվҺŵ 2394 㹪ǧ ʧ (Crimean War) ȵá ҧ¡Ѻѧ ѧҡշкҷ纨ӹǹҡ ˹§ҹҴҧԧѧ ֧ͨǡѺ͹ 38 繾ҺҵçҺŪǤʹú ҵðҹҧǴ 駡ѡ آҾ͹ ʹŤҧѡ˹˹״ ѧѡҤʧ§ Ѻ¡ͧ "ʵռ͵§" (The Lady with the Lamp) ѧʧ͡Ѻѧ㹰ҹʵ ѺóԴ٤سբͧѧ (British Order of Merit) 繤á ա㹪ǧʧѧӡúѹ֡ʶԵԷ÷ҷ 觡Ẻҧ㹡úѹ֡ʶԵԷҧᾷ㹻Ѩغѹ ѧͧ͹ԪҾҺ㹻ȵá С͵ç¹Һա ͡ҡѧѴ˹ѡҾҺѡҷҧ ʧҧͧͧѰԡ зӡԨҸóŨش¢ͧԵѹ 13 ԧҤ 2453
 

ù 乵ԧ

12 Ҥ .. 2453
ѹԴ ժ ԹûԵ Ңͧҡ . ԹûԵ ѡ¹ҹ蹪ʹѧͧ Դ . Ե . й Դҡ繷è֧¹ç¹·ú (ç¹¾ШŨ㹻Ѩغѹ) ͻ 2462 ¤ѡͺ顯º觤Ѵ Ҩ֧Դ͡仢׹ Դͧ¡͹֧͡¹ѭ ѧҡ¹ѺҪ÷зǧҳԪФҤ ӧҹ˹觡¹ͧ ͧšͧŧվԵõҧ ҪվҪá͡ҢѺ硫 ͹зӧҹ§Ҿ 㹪ǧ龺繪Ե餹ҧҡ 觡ѵشԺ㹧ҹ¹ҵ ͧá ʹʧ Ҥ ѡ¹ ҡ “. ԹûԵ” ҡҢ´ҡ 㹻 2476 ҡѺѺҪա ͹Ԫҡþáͧժ ç¹ҧѴѧǪ ҹ͡繹ѡ¹ҧ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ¹ʹЪش ԡ ˧ǹ . ԹûԵѡ¹ͧҹ蹷ҧҹоѹء 駹ѡȡ ׺ǹͺǹ йԷҹѺ 繹ѡ¹էҹоѹҡش˹觢ͧͧ ҪҹѡоѹӹǹҴ ŧҹͧҷ餹ѡҹѹͧ . ԹûԵ֧ѹ 25 ѹ¹ 2511

 

. ԹûԵªش  ԡ ˧ǹ 


12 Ҥ .. 2475
ҹطԡ ¸ ҹԪ ͧ ͵ӹѡԺѵԸѴҧоѧԡ . § . . ɮҹ ʶҹ軯ԺѵԸ ҹط ǹ кdzյе鹾Ң鹷 դ "ǹѹ繡ѧ觤ش鹨ҡء" 㹻 2486 ǹ Ѵù dzҾطͧ  ҹطʻöǹʶҹǧҤʧ֡Ҹ Ѵçʾҧԭҳ Ҥ÷ǺҾŻ ͹ʹҹԡµҧ Ҿطѵ ͺdzѴǹ仴»ȹҸ ѴȨҡʶҧѴ Ѻ繷֡ͺԵ֡Ҿطʹ ͡ҡѧա͹֡ҸѺЪǵҧ ѧҡҹطóҾ㹻 2536 ԡоطʹԡѧҵѡҵ ѧ лԺѵԸǹ ѧջЪҪйѡͧ

 

ٻ⾸ѵšʶҵ ʹҾطͧ й

˹ 13

13 Ҥ .. 2501
ʷ (Georges de Mestral) ǡê ԷԺѵ (VELCRO) չ ᶺʵԡѺִ ѹ˹㹻 2491 зԹ㹻ѧҹ ѧࡵմ͡˭Ҫ (Burdock) اеعѢͧ Ҩ֧ʧ˵˭ҹ֧Դ ͧͧͧŷ١羺ҷ´͡˭ҹյТ硨ǤͧѺѵ ҡԴԸաüԵТǧ͹Դᶺ ¡觻дɰ鹹 “” ҨҡѾҽʤ velours ҵТ crochet ǧ ᶺùդҹ öԴ͡Ҿѹ شѹöçԴç֧ҡҧ ٧ҡ ᶺâҴ 5 ҧöѺç֧֧ 1 ѹ ᶺùջªҧҡصˡͼ Էʵǧᾷ ԷԺѵê鹹ǵ 2521 ѧռԵ¹Ẻҡ ͹

 
  ʷ Ҿ


13 Ҥ .. 2457
ѹԴ (Joseph Louis Barrow) šҡοǷ (World Heavyweight Championship) ԡѹ ԴѰҺ ͹蹷ӧҹçҹ 觼ҧ· 繹ѡҡѤժ§ѧҡ Golden Gloves ѰԪ᡹ 繹ѡҪվ 20 ö ࡹ (Jack Kracken) ¡á 㹻չҪ 12 俵Ъйͤ 10 俵 С繹ѡ·͹çҡ յҡѴšοǵ繤á 21 ѧҡ (Primo Carnera) ¡ 6 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ش繷 3 ѧҡشʧ ɡҹҢͧͧѾѰ ǹҧѹաѺû ͹лСǹѹ 1 չҤ 2492 ժǧ The Brown Bomber Ҫҧ 2480-2492 ͧѹ˹觷 26 俵 · Ъйͤ 23 ͧѴǹҹ֧ 11 10 ͹ ҹش㹻ѵʵҡ ªԵѹ 13 ¹ 2524 㹻 2546 Ե Ring Magazine ѴѹѺѡѹѺ 1 ªشʹѡ 100 ʹ (100 greatest punchers of all time) 㹻 2548 ͧҡŹҹҪҵ (International Boxing Research Organization) ¡ͧ繹ѡҡŷ˭شʹ (greatest heavyweight of all time)

 

13 Ҥ .. 2524
稾ѹһ ŷ 2 (Pope John Paul II) آ觤ʵʹҹԡѹҷԡ ١ ͺѧ ѡ (Mehmet Ali Agca) ͻ׹µá dzૹ ا Ե ҧʹԡ 20,000 稾ѹһѺùçҺѺüҵѴ´ǹ ᾷöѡҾЪվ ǹͻ׹١ѺеѴԹӤءʹԵ ˵ѧѴ ᾷк索Ҵö㹡äǺͧ ҧ㹤ء 稾ѹһçʴ稾ҪԹͻ׹ ͻ׹

 
稾ѹһ  ŷ 2 Ѻ  ѡ

˹ 14

14 Ҥ .. 2487
ѹԴ ٤ (George Walton Lucas, Jr.) ӡѺҾ¹ԡѹ Դͧ (Modesto) ѰԿ ͹ ½ѹҡ繹ѡö ʺغѵ˵ؤ˹觡͹¹ʤѹ Ҩ֧ѹʹ㨡ͧ˹ѧ᷹ ¹Ҿ¹ԷҷԿ 㹪ǧ˹ѧ ˹ѧͧ ˹ѧԹԡѹѧͧ Ҩ֧鷴ͧ˹ѧͧ ҷ THX-1138: 4EB (Electronic Labyinth) 觷ѺҧŨҡȡ National Student Film Festival 繤á㹻 2510 Ѻعҽ֡ҹ㹡ͧ˹ѧͧ ҹ ͻ (Francis Ford Coppola) ͧ Finian's Rainbow 駤ʹԷʹѹʵٴ American Zoetrope 㹻 2513 ա 3 յҡҧ˹ѧѵǻѵԢͧͧ American Graffiti öҧ١šͧҪԧʡ֧ 5 Ң 㹻 2520 ҡҧ Star Wars ҡҾʧǡ ҡҡ¡͡仵駺ѷ˹ѧͧͧ㹪 Lucasfilm е駺ѷͧ෤Ԥʧ§Ϳ࿡Ҿ¹ ILM-Industrial Light & Magic ҡҡҤͧ͢ Star Wars з˹ѧü¢ͧ Թ¹ ⨹ (Indiana Jones) ͡ҡѧ繼Ѳк THX к§㹡éҾ¹ѹ㹻Ѩغѹ ٤繻иҹͧع֡͡ The George Lucas Educational Foundation ѧҡ Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith ͧ͡㹻 2548 ʶҺѹ American Film Institute ͺҧ AFI Life Achievement Award ͹ѺҧѺʺ稵ʹԵ

  ٤ ж·Ҿ¹ Star Wars

14 Ҥ .. 2150
ѧ á;¾ҵáҡ㹷ջԡ µáҡͧ ǹ (Jamestown) Ѱ (Virginia) ҧ͹ͧѰԡ Ѱ˹ 13 Ѱͨѡѧ¡ Commonwealth of Virginia 駪͵йͧҪԹԫຸ 1 (Queen Elizabeth I) ѧ ҡ鹡ժѧഹҧҵáҡҡ ͡ҡѧǡѧժû ;¾ҷջԡ㹪ǧȵɷ 16-17 觢й鹼餹ҧҹѹ š (New World) зԴ ʧСҾԡ (American War of Independence) 㹪ǧ 2318-2326 ѰѰ 13 觢ͧͨѡѧɡѺѰ 繻 Ѱԡ (United States of America)
14 Ҥ .. 2491
(State of Israel) СҾҡͨѡѧ ªǨҡšʶһһѺǢ㹴Թᴹ䵹 ǺǷШѴШšѹ㹴ԹᴹѡԷǡҾһзҹ ѵʵ ͹ûٵâͧ« ¹¡ Ժ (Hebrew) 繪ǢԵԡ (Semitic) Ե͹§ѵ١ת㹴Թᴹ (Arabia) Դ駨֧;¾ШѴШԹᴹ (Palestine) лԻ Ҷ֧ؤͧ (Moses) ҪԺٶ١çҹҧس㹡áҧԴ֧ӪԺ;¾Թᴹ䵹 觪Ժ繴Թᴹ觾ѹѭ ҷçзҹ ѵԴ (King David) ʧʶһҳҨѡԺ繤á͡ 1,000 ͹ʵ ҡ ѵ͹ (King Solomon) صâͧѵԴ黡ͧҳҨѡԺ٨ͧҡ ѧҡ鹾ͧ ҳҨѡᵡ㹪ǧҳ 500 ա͹ʵ ա ѹ Ѻ á ЪûһͧԹᴹ觹 ǡѹǷШѴШҤҧ ͧš 颺ǹ ͹ (Zionism) ¡ͧԹᴹ䵹׹㹷ش ҡաèѴѰ੾СŢ鹺û Դ ູ-¹ (David Ben-Gurion) 繻иҹҸԺդá ѰԡҾµѺͧѰŪش㹷ѹ ǡѺա» ѺѹԺҵѺСʧѺԴ觹ҧͪ á͵駻ԴѴС ʧѺ- ¤ ѨغѹŻͧкͺЪҸԻ ẺѰ Ѱ ջЪҡûҳ 7.1 ҹ ǹ˭繪 ժ繪Ѻ駷ѺʹФʵʹ վ鹷 22,145 ҧ ͧǧ͡ا٫

14 Ҥ .. 2516
ͧͧùҫ (NASA) ʶҹǡʡ (Skylab space station) ǡ¨ô᫷ 5 (Saturn V) ʡ纹ѺʶҹǡȢҴ˭áͧѰԡ ǡöԹҧ任Ժѵԡ ͹ʡ红鹺ҡԴç͹ҡ ǹªش͡ҡҹ ա 11 ѹҹѡԹǡȪشáԹҧҶ֧Ыǹҧ ҷ 28 ѹ ʶҹǡʡըشʧѡͷͧԵǢͧҧç֧ٴǡ ʶҹ֡Ҵҹǡдʵ ʶҹǡʡչ˹ѡ 75 ѹ 㹻Сͺͧͧç֧ٴ (Weightlessness) Сͧ÷ȹǨǡ ǡȢһԺѵԡ 3 㹪鹺ҡȷ 2,249 ѹ ⤨ͺš 34,981 ͺ 㹻 2522 еŧšdzطԹᶺѹͧѹ 11 áҤ 2522

Ǩ᫷ 5 ʶҹǡʡ红鹺ҡSkylab Project

14 Ҥ .. 2541
ç Թҵ (Francis Albert "Frank" Sinatra) ѡͧŧ ͻ йѡʧԡѹ ֧ ԹҵԴѹ 12 ѹҤ 2458 㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧͧࡹ Ѱ ͹ 17 繹ѡͧѺǧյҧ 㹹 ͹ 19 ͡ʴͧ ԧ ʺ (Bing Crosby) ѡͧ觡çѹҽ֡ͧҧԧѧ յǧ Hoboken Four 觢ѹСǴͧŧѺª 22 ҹѺǧ ẹͧ (Harry James) ͹ 24 ѴԧáѺǧͧ 㹺ŧ From the Bottom of My Heart Melancholy Mood ź 8,000 ͻ 㹻»ǡѹ֧ش¹Ӥѭ繹ѡͧǧͧ (Tommy Dorsey) ҢͧǧẹӤѭ¹ ҡŧ I'll Never Smile Again ͧԴѹѺ٧شͧԵúź (Billboard) ҹѻ Թҵժ§ҡ 㹻 2485 ҡ͡ҡǧͧ ŻԹ 繵ѭҡѺ Columbia Records ԹҵʹŢͧ蹷ԡ 㹻 2486 繪ǧժ§ҡش ͡ҡ繹ѡͧѭ ҡǧúѹԧͧٴ ˹ѧͧá Ship Ahoy 㹪ǧ鹫Թҵ͡§ ͡¡Է ͡ʴ˹ѧͧ ⷹ§šͧѧ ٻҧẺҧ ˹ҵ 㹺ؤԡẺ˹ͷҹ ءҧҷӨ֧ʺ٧ش 㹻 2488 ҡѺҧʡҡҾ¹ͧ The House I Live in ѧʧš駷ͧ ҹѧԡѹ¹ Όŧ蹢ͧⵢ ٻẺ¹ŧ ʹ§ͧҡŴŧ Ҷ١¡ԡѭҶ˹ѧ §ͧᵡʹ͡ 㹷ش¡¡ԡѭҡѺ㹻 2496 ԹҵҶ֧شش㹪Ե ѧҡҹ¢ͧ (James Jones) ͧ From Here to Eternity ͧͧ˹Ǵ ԹҵҡԹٴ͢ͷͺ˹ѧ з觻 2497 ҡѺҧʡա ҡ鹡繵ѭҡѺ Capital Records ǹ§ҹ ԡ¹§˺֡ ͧѧҹФѴ §仴 ز繼˭ ԹҵҤ֧Ѻõ͹Ѻ觡ҵ͹˹ա 㹪ǧҧŧªش ҷ In The Small Hours, Come Fly With Me ҡѺѧѴ Reprise ͡ŧҹӹǹҡ ҷ ŧ I Got You Under My Skin, New York, New York, My Way ҡѺ͹ ءԡͧǡٹҧѹԧѺ 50 ҡѺէҹ觡ҵ͹˹ 繹ѡͧѡʴ ͡§ ¡Է ͡ʴ˹ѧ 㹷ش 2514 ԹҵҡСǹ ǧҾѡ͹㹤ʹǹǷԿ Һѹش¢ͧԵ
 

 ç Թҵ
 ҵ
 
ѧ;¾ҵááͧǹ ѫ

˹ 15

ѹ 15 Ҥ ѹ 135 ͧ (ѹ 136 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 230 ѹ㹻չ


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

˵ءóӤѭѹ

.. 2161 (.. 1618) – ѹ ऻ׹ѹ١ͧͧͷͧ͹ͧͧ (鹾͹áѹ 8 .. ¹Դ鷴ͧӹdz١ͧͧ)

.. 2299 (.. 1756) – ʧ紻: ҪҳҨѡú൹˭ СʧѺ

.. 2379 (.. 1836) – ҹ ѧࡵҡó١Ѵͧ ԴػҤǧǹ

.. 2394 (.. 1851) – кҷ稾Ш çСͺҪԸպҪɡ

.. 2461 (.. 1918) – ʧҧͧ㹿ԹŹص

.. 2471 (.. 1928) – ԡ Թ ҡǤáҾ¹ٹͧ Plane Crazy

.. 2483 (.. 1940) – ʧš駷 2: ͧѾִͧͧͧ кءҤ˹ͧ͢Ƚ

.. 2491 (.. 1948) – Ի ҹʨᴹ źҹ͹ ѡ Ыش

.. 2501 (.. 1958) – Ҿµҹʻصԡ 3 ǡ

.. 2503 (.. 1960) – Ҿµҹʻصԡ 4 ǡ

.. 2533 (.. 1990) – Portrait of Doctor Gachet Թૹ ǹ ١˹´Ť 82.5 ҹѰ Ҿ¹ᾧشš й

.. 2547 (.. 2004) – ӹǹ੾з˭شҷҷҺ, 224036583 − 1, ١鹾 ͪ Թͨҡ GIMPS

15 Ҥ .. 2524ѡ й¾ê بԵ ҤԪҹԷ ԷŻҡ Դ鹾 Ҿ¹ؤ͹ѵʵ좹ǻҳ 200 ˹Ҽ⢧ . ⢧ . غҪҹ

15 ɶҤ 2533 . شªҵԪ سѳ ͹ѵԧҳç͹ҡ .غҪҹ ͧ . ǧԹ鹷͡ҡҤš͡ҧ 3,880 ҹҷ ҧ ǧԹ 6,600 ҹҷ

15 Ҥ 2394 кҷ稾Ш ԧҪѵ 繾ҡѵͧ 4 Ҫǧ 觡اѵԹ

ؤӤѭԴѹ

.. 2402 (.. 1859) – ѡԡмѺҧҢҿԡ (ªԵ .. 2449)

ؤӤѭªԵѹ

.. 2013 (.. 1470) – ѵ 8 ഹ (Դ .. 1952)
 

ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ҡ – ѹС͡Ҫ

ѹҡ觤ͺ

ѹҡ觡¹ŧҡ

ѹҡ觼Ѵҹҧ⹸

ѹѹٵԢͧоط ͧ, , (.. 2548)

 

˹ 16

16 Ҥ .. 2313
йҧ ͧṵ (Marie Antoinette) 줴Ѫ ҾԸɡʡѺ دҪ觽 ʵ (Louis-Auguste) Ҫѧ վЪ 15 ѹ ǹйҧ ͧ๵վЪѹ 14 دҪ 鹤ͧҪ㹻 2317 16 (Louis XVI) ʶһҾйҧ繾ҪԹ йҧԷԾŷҧͧ˹;ҡѵ ¡觵жʹ͹Ѱ е͵ҹûٻäѧ ǡѹԵҧҿ㹾Ҫѧ 駫ͷѾԹͧ觵ͧдѺҤᾧӹǹҡ Ѻاе˹ѡ ѡѴҹ§ҿ¤ ÷йҧçԹբͧЪҪҧ 觼ѰŽ觵ͧբٴմЪҪҡ ԴѭɰԨ ЪҪʹҡҴŹҧҡ йҧ ͧṵ֧繷´ѧͧЪҪӹǹҡ ͧ ˹ռҺžйҧ йҹͧѧ֧ԡĵ ЪҪբѧСԹ йҧѺͺ “ҡԹ᷹” 㹷شЪҪ駻ȡ㨡ѹӡûѵԽ (French Revolution) 㹪ǧ 2332-2342 ҧкͺѵ¹кͺЪҸԻ ӡǹ 16 еѴԹêԵѹ 21 Ҥ 2336 ǹйҧա١ѴԹêԵͧµչѹ 16 Ҥ 2336
 


йҧ ͧṵ  16

16 Ҥ .. 2472
ʶҺѹŻʵҾ¹ (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences : AMPAS) ѴԸջСȼ ҧʡ (Oscar) Ф (Academy Awards) áçٴ ŷ (Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel) Ѱԡ ѺҾ¹㹻 2470-2471 Ҿ¹ʡʹͧ Wings Ҿ¹ºͧáͧǷҧ˹ѧʡ ǹҧŹѡʧӽªʹ ᨹԧ (Emil Jannings) ҡҾ¹ͧ The Way of All Flesh The Last Command ѡʴӽ˭ԧʹ (Janet Gaynor) ҡҾ¹ͧ Seventh Heaven, Street Angel Sunrise ͡ҡѧҧ աҧ ҧʡѺҧŷҧҾ¹ժ§ش Ѩغѹաͺҧ 16 Ң Actors Art Directors Cinematographers Directors Documentary Executives Film Editors Makeup Music Producers Public Relations Short Films and Feature Animation Sound Visual Effects Writers 㹻 2516 ա ҧʡѺѡ¹ѡ֡ (Student Academy Awards) ա ҧʡСȷءշٴ觨աö·ʹʴѺѹš

 ûСȼҧʡá  Wings

16 Ҥ .. 2467
ѹԴ ѵ ѡ¹ѡ˹ѧ; Դ . ͧɮҹ 硹 ѺԷԾšҹҡ繹ѡҹ§ ¹ç¹ШӨѧѴ ͹¹ͷç¹ǹҺԷ ͺç¹ش֡繷˹觢ͧ 2482 ҡ֡ҵͷ褳оҳԪʵСúѭ ŧóԷ á ͧ Ҩѭ ѡ ... ֡ķ ¹ŧ˹ѧ;¹ 2 ¹ӧҹ·¹ Ѻ价ӧҹ˹ѧ;ѡ 繺óҸԡäáͧ˹ѧ; ǡا ҧ 2497-2502 ɡἹ¢ͧʶҹԷ ... 觡ا͹͹ ѧ ѧҡ鹨֧Ѻҷӧҹ繻Ъѹ ѷ ٹ ӡѴ (Ҫ) ͡ҡѧ¹ͧáŧ˹ѧ; ԡѹҷԵ ҡŧҹФ -ʧᴴ ШӢͧ 㹹ҡ Ҿ ¹ҧԴʧš駷 2 㹢з餹ѧѧ ѧ ҹ¹鹹¨ŧ餹ҹդѧҡ ҡ鹨֧ҹѺ˹ѧ;ա©Ѻ ¹˹ѧҡ» äշͧ 紤 ҹ¹ǡѺطʹ ҹ Ш Ԩóͧ óԨó ͧйǹ ŧҹǹ˭ǹѺҡҹ ҡ¹ ҷ ѵ, Ѫѵ, Ҿ, ҧ, ǡ, ҪҸҪ, آǴ, ҹ ȶ֧ä ѹ 23 ѹҤ 2526 79 7 ͹ 7 ѹ
 

 ѵ (Ҿҡ www.magager.co.th)

16 Ҥ .. 2409
(Charles Elmer Hires) ѡاҪͧ Ѱԡ öԵͧ ٷ (root beer) ¤鹾ͧԴҧӼ駾ШѹѺҷͧ ѡç ͧ ٷ (root tea) ҧҡԴ Ҷͧٷҧ ѹǹ ͡ѺҶ֧ҹҡͧӡѺӵ ʵҡҧԴҹԴա͹ ҵ駪ѹ “ٷ” áͧ仢ҹ¼⫴ŧ仴 á»ʺ稷ҧáԨҡѡ 㹷شҹͧԴԴ㹧ҹ Centennial Exposition ͧ㹻 2419 ᡹ "The Temperance Drink" "the Greatest Health-Giving Beverage in the World." ա 3 յҺѷ Cadbury Schweppes Ңͧͧ Dr Pepper Seven Up ҫ͡ԨõШѴ˹Ҩءѹ

 
ٷ

˹ 17

17 Ҥ .. 2535
Դ˵ءó ҷ (Black May) ѡ֡лЪҪ 500,000 ʹǧ 15.00 . ¡ͧ .. بԹ һ ͡ҡ˹觹¡Ѱ 21.00 . ͹ǹ价ºѰ ١˹ҵǨзʡѴԧоҹҹ 觼¡ѹ "ᾧԹ" ҧͧ˹ҷԴҧѺûʸ ҧǹ֧Ǵ˹ ˹ҷѰ֧öѺԧմ訹 ٺӨҡͧͺا繹繩մ٧ ҡ鹡Դ ͺ¡âҧ觢ͧ ˹ҷ֧ͺ¡÷غշ»ЪҪ 00.30 . ͧѹ 18 Ҥ ѰŨ֧СЩءԹ ѧҡա¹Ҫʧ ءҷ ʹ. ҧ Ѱк繽ͧ͢ѡ֡˧иʵ ѰŨ֧ѴԹἹվԹȢ鹷 3 ͻҺ稢Ҵ 15.00 . еǨ 6,000 öѧö¡êоҹҹ §˹дԧ仨֧ЪѹçѵԹ ˵չѡ֡лЪҪطªԵ¤ ٭кҷաӹǹҡ ѹ 19 Ҥ ҾѧѺ价š ʹԵҧǹ֧仪ͷԷ˧ ѹ 20 Ҥ ǧӡзǧҴС ЪҪ͡ҡҹ 21.00-04.00 . Է˧ѧѡѡӹǹ鹡ʹ 23.30 . ÷ȹ੾СԨ觻Ҿ .. Գҹ .. ͧ .. بԹ Ҿкҷ稾 ҧ§ͧʴԹբͧЪҪ ѹ 23 Ҥ .. بԹ͡Ҫ˹ɡ赹ͧ ѹС͡ ҡ仵ҧ˹ ͹СѺԵͧµá Һءѹ ˵ءóҷѧ繻ȹҨ֧ءѹ äͼ触һЪҪ ? ͷըԧ ? äͼ ʹ. ҧ駵Ǩԧ ? ȾͧЪҪªԵ˹ ?

 

êdzҹ˹ ᾧԹ ûҺЪҪ˵ءóҷ
 

17 Ҥ .. 2389
ʹ ᫡ (Antoine-Joseph “Adolphe” Sax) ѡдɰͧժ ԷԺѵ ᫡⿹ (saxophone) ѵʵ촹պѹ֡ ǧ¸ҷԵ˹觵Դһдɰͧҷ§ͧ ǧ¸ҷԵ ᫡֧ ͿŴ (ophicleide) ͧշͧͧԴ˹ Ҷʹѹ͡ҷҢͧ๵᷹ 䡡ͧԴա硹 ᫡⿹áͧš͡Դ ᫡⿹ͧշӡҧ ͧ (Woodwind instrument) Ѻ ͧͧͧ (Brass Instruments) 㹷ش١Ѵ㹻ͧ ӵǷӴ §´价ҧͧҡ ǹҡҷСͺ鹻Өҡ ᫡⿹ҡªԴТҴ ⫻ кⷹ ᫡⿹ŧ§ЫԺЫҺ ͹ҹ ἴʺʵҷ ͹áѹǧ¸ҷԵ ͹ǧŧԡ բͧ 觨ҡûԡ ǧ Һءѹ ѡ᫡⿹ʷժ§ Թ (Coleman Hawkins) (Charlie Parker) ù (John Coltrane) ͹ Թ (Sonny Rollins) (Ornette Coleman)

17 Ҥ .. 2477
ç¹ҮŻ Դ͹ѹá ¤駹ѧ ç¹үҧʵ ŵ ǧԨԵҷ ͸ԺդáͧŻҡ繼͵駢 ʶҺѹ觹ѺʶҺѹ֡á֡ҷԪѭԪŻ ç¹үŻ駧dzҪҧ ѧ˹ ԴѺçФ觪ҵ 㹻 2488 ¹ “ç¹ҮŻ” ֧Ѩغѹ 駢¡֡Ҥͺ駹үҧŻҡ ѹ 1 Ҥ 2515 ¡ҹТ “Է¹үŻ" ʶҺѹͧʶҺѹ෤Ҫ աʶһ ʶҺѹѳԵѲŻ Է¹үŻ֧ѧѴʶҺѹѳԵѲŻ쨹֧Ѩغѹ Ѵ֡ 3 дѺ дѺүŻ鹵 Ѻ稡֡Ҫ鹻ж֡һշ 6 ѡٵ 3 ѺСȹºѵùүŻ鹵 дѺүŻ鹡ҧ Ѻѡ¹ͧҡдѺүŻ鹵鹻շ 3 йѡ¹稡֡ѡٵѸ֡ҵ͹ (. 3) ѡٵ 3 ѺСȹºѵùүŻ鹡ҧ дѺүŻ٧ Ѻѡ¹ͧҡдѺүŻ鹡ҧ֡ҵ 2 ѺСȹºѵùүŻ٧ º͹ػԭ

ç¹ҮŻ (Ҿҡ www.pakxe.com)
 

17 Ҥ .. 2504
ѹԴ ͹ (Enya ͨԧ Eithne Patricia Ni Bhraonain) ѡйѡŧ ͨ (New Age) Ԫ ԴԺ㹤ͺǹѡշͧմ ( Gweedore ) Ź ¹дդԡ 2511 ѺͧЭҵ ǧ An Clann As Dobhar 觵¹ǧ Clannad ͹蹤ͧʹѺʹعź Crann Ull Fuaim 㹻 2523-2524 ҡ鹡͡ŻԹǡ͹ǧժ§ ͹͡ҷŧСͺҾ¹ͧ The Frog Prince ҡ鹡ŧСͺäբͧ BBC ǡѺŵԤ ѧ͡ź The Celts äͧʾҡͧ ҾŧСͺ źǪáͧ 㹻 2530 ͹ҡդѡ ҹ͡繵ѭҡѺ Ԥ (Warner Music) յ͡͡ź Watermark 觻ʺҧҡ੾ŧ Orinoco Flow (Sail Away) شͧ͹Ң鹷ͻѧТ 8 ҹ այ Shepherd Moons ź 10 ҹ öҧ繤á Ң Best New Age Album 㹻 2536 2535 ͡ź The Celts ҡ鹻 2538 ͡ź The Memory of Trees ҧ繤駷ͧ աͧյҡ͡źŧԵ Paint the Sky with Stars ѧҡشѡ»͡͡ź A Day Without Rain 㹻 2543 ҧա 14 ҹ źش Amarantine ͡㹻 2547 ҧ繤駷 ͡ҡ͹ѧŧСͺҾ¹ͧ Far and Away, Titanic The Lord of the Rings բͧ͹ѺԷԾҨҡŵԡ (Celtic) ŧ鹺ҹͧŷ (Celt) dzѧ Ź ʡ͵Ź ҼѺ§ Թ Թ §ͧ 鴹պŧպҡ§ ԡ ѹ ҹ Ѻѧ͡ü͹ ҡʹ¼ŧҹҧŵҧ Ѻ͹ҵԴѹѺ 250 ɰ觻Ź ˹ѧ; Sunday Times ͧѧͻ 2549 繹ѡչͨ˹Ҥ˹㹻Ѩغѹ
 


͹Ծ (Ҿҡ www.msu.ac.th)
ź A Day Without Rain

17 Ҥ .. 2509
кҷ稾 稾йҧҾкҪԹչҶ ʴ稾ҪԹçԴ ͹Ծ ͹๡ʧáͧ ͹纹ӷ˭ش㹻 ҧӻԧ ҹѹ . . . ҡ ͹觹ѵػʧ͡üԵ俿ѡ ͹ѹ ѹ 25 áҤ 2500 кҷ稾 Ҫҹл繪͹ “͹Ծ” ҧġѹ 24 Զع¹ 2504 ҧ稻 2507 ͹Ծѡɳ͹͹յ§Ǣͧ դ 250 ٧ 154 486 ѹ͹ҧ 6 ҧ纹դ٧ش 13,462 ҹ١ȡ Ѵ͹͹յ駷˭٧شҤ ҳҧ» 5,602 ҹ١ȡ ԴͧԴ俿 8 ͧ ҴѧԵ 731,200 ѵ ѧҹ俿» 1,062 ҹѵ ǢͧӹӨҡ͹֧ . ʹ . § зҧ 207 ҹ͹繨شǷ§ѺʶҹͧӤѭͧ . ҡ ԧաҹ軯ʸ ҧ͹ԾŷѹӻԧŴŧҡ 68 Դ§ 34 Դ ЪǺҹ͹öѺ͹ͧҡԴйҡ е͹ѡԹС͹¾ѴҨҡ鹹ӻԧҳ 75 % շ駷л¸ҵѹشó (ǡѺ͹ءš) ŧҧشó鹷͹ҧ蹴ԹҡҾ ֧ԴѭҡáѴЪ½¡㹷ءѹ ͡ҡҧ͹дѺ٧鹷ҳʶҹ觷µӻԧ ա駵ͧ;¾ЪҪӹǹҡ
 
 ʹ ᫡, , ⷹ ⫻᫡⿹ ʹ ᫡

˹ 18

18 Ҥ .. 2465
ѹԴ ѹ ѡ¹ѡ˹ѧ;줹Ӥѭͧ Դ㹤ͺǪҧӾ ا෾ Ѻ ѹ ¹˹ѧͷç¹ا෾¹ ͺԪѧṹ٧شͧ ͺṹѹѺ 1 ͧѡ¹ǻ蹹 繤ѧɷ . ոҪ ҹҹ¡ǡѺا෾ ¹ͧҹŧ˹ѧ; ͺ ʵ ֧ѡǹǧ˹ѧ; ҡ鹡ӧҹ˹ѧ; Ҿ-ЪԵ ͧ Һ »дɰ ¢ǵҧ 价˹ѧ; ѳ ҧ¹ǹͧ "ѡح һ" ˹ѧ;ԴŧҨ֧价ӧҹ˹ѧ;ա©Ѻ ԡѹҷԵ ԡ ͧѧ ͡Ҫ ԵѾ ѹ ҧ͡ 繹ѡ˹ѧ;繹ѡͤ繸ѧ ִ蹨Һóͧѡ˹ѧ;͹çѹҡ¹͡ 駨ҡáԨСͧ Ͷ֧ؤ 蹾١ ѧҡ ɴ Ѫ Ѱ㹻 2501 ǨѺѡ˹ѧ;觻Դ˹ѧ;ӹǹҡ йѡ˹ѧ;ǡ˹¤ؤ鹶١Ѻ ¢աáзѹ繤ǹʵ Դء 5 10 ͹ ١µ͹ѹ¹ 2507 СѺҷӧҹ˹ѧ; Թ ͨзªԵ ѹ 14 չҤ 2512 ¹˹ѧءٻẺ¹մ ռŧҹӹǹҡͧ ǹ ä ͧ ǹ Ҵ˧Фй, Ҩ ͧ Ҥ١ͧó, ؤ ҵ⡹ҹ¡Ѱ ҡª , ЧЧ, ԧ , ਴ ҧᴴ, ç Ѻ͡繹¡ Ҥѡ觻 á ç˹㹻 2499-2501 3 ʶҺѹ˹ѧ; Ҥ˹ѧ;觻, Ҥѡ觻 Ҥ˹ѧ觻 ѴЪѹѴ "ŹԸ ѹ" ͹ó ¹㹻 2514 áԨӤѭͨѴաûСҧżŧҹ˹ѧ; Ҿ˹ѧ; վԸͺҧŤáѹ 14 Զع¹ 2516 ѹѺ¡ͧ 繵ҧͧѡ˹ѧ; ըҷ ´ ẺѺ觨¸ͧѡ˹ѧ;ԧ
 

 ѹ (Ҿҡ http://th.wikipedia.org)

18 Ҥ .. 2463
ѹٵ 稾ѹлһ 2 (Pope John Paul II) آʹѡѹҷԡ ٵԷͧǫ (Wadowice) Ź ૿ µ (Karol Jozef Wojtyla) ¹Ф÷Է¨ҡ¹ (Jagiellonian University) ͧ⤿ (Krakow) ֡ҵҧȶ֧ 18 ͹˹ 繹ѡص ѡʴ¹Ф 㹪ǧʧš駷ͧ (2482-2488) ͧѾҫѹءŹ ѺѡԪҡ ѭҪ觻Դʶҹ֡Ҩӹǹҡ ŵͧӧҹ繤 ҹͧ ͧѷԵ ѧҡԴªԵ㹻 2484 ҡѹʹʹ աһյҡѴԹ㨺Ǫ繺ҷǧҷԡ֡ʹҧѺ 稡֡дѺԭ͡ҹԷҨҡا Ե ҡѺ͡졺Ԫͻ ͧ⤿㹻 2507 այҡ͹繾ФԹ ҹѺФԹʵ͵ҹѷԤǹʵ ѧءûҹҧ秢ѹ ѧҡ稾ѹлһ 1 (Pope John Paul I) óҾѹ 16 Ҥ 2521 ҹѺ͡繾ѹлһҢ 58 ѹ ç繻آ觹ԡѹҸԡ 264 繤áԵ¹ͺ 466 ѧҡѺ˹ ҹԹҧ¹ȵҧ 100 ȷš 駻ѹ 10-11 Ҥ 2527 çԹҧȹе͵ҹʧ ǹʵ ʫʵ ༴稡 ع ѵع ÷ СáзѹԴŸ ǡѹͧҧѹѺӢͧʹҵҧ ͧçʶһҹѡح 446 ͧ кحա 996 ͧ ҹЪʴäѹ 2 ¹ 2548 çͧʹѡҷ 26 15 ѹ ǹҹ شѹѺ 3 ѵʵͧʹѡùԡѹҷԡ ҡѹ 9 Ҥ 2548 ѹлһ ๴ԡ 16 (Pope Benedict XVI) 鹴ç˹觻آʹѡͧ

18 Ҥ .. 2517
Թ ʺ㹡÷ͧԴ繤á ç "оطͧçɰ" (Smiling Buddha) dzŷ¸ (Thar Desert) ͧ⾤ҹ (Pokhran) ѹ 7 ѹ¹ 2515 ҧԹ ҹ ¡ѰԹ¹͹حҵѡԷʵٹԨ¹Һ (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre : BARC) ӡ֡ҷͧԴ áçùժ "Դѹ" (Peaceful Nuclear Explosive) ѧҡ÷ͧʺ . ѹ (Dr Ramanna) ѾµçԹҷѹ ͡ҧ»Ե鹾 "ҹ˭ԧ оطͧçɰ" (Madam, Buddha has finally smiled) 稤駹Թ¡Ǣ繻ӹҨȷ 6 ظ㹤ͺͧ ÷ͧͧԹ觼ԴѴ駡ѺȻҡʶҹ 觵֡зӡ÷ͧҧ ͺСʧѹ¤
 
18 Ҥ .. 2523
ૹ Ź (Mount St. Helens) Ѱͪԧѹ Ѱԡ ԴԴҧعç 觹俢Ҵ˭ء 40,000 ѡѹա "٨ԡ” ѡɳФ俿٨㹭 ˵آͧԴ駹繼Ũҡ蹴Թҧͧͧ͹͹ 觼šѹǢ 蹴Թա㹵͹ѹ ૹ Ź֧ԴԴҧعç 觼ͧ俾٧件֧鹺ҡ ҧժԵ觡ҧ 650 ҧ 㹾鹷֧ 11 Ѱ ռªԵ٭ 57 ҧѾԹա3 ѹҹѰ Ѻ¹·ҧ俤˭ȵɷ 20 ͧѰԡ
 

 ૹ Ź

ҧԹ ҹ Թҧç Smiling Buddha оطͧçɰ
 
稾ѹлһ    2

˹ 19

19 Ҥ .. 2433
ѹԴ Թ (Ho Chi Minh) ѡѵԼ˭ͧ´ Դҹ (Nghe An Province) ·´ѧͧ鹢ͧ ¹ ԧ ا (Nguyen Sinh Cung) ͹ 21 ӧҹԹط ֧͡Թҧԡû ҡӧҹ繾ͤçѧ ѧҡʧš駷 1 (2457-2461) ʧŧ ا蹢ʹ͵ͷЪ ¡ͧ´Է㹡ûͧͧ ʹ اμԴѧҡ ֧¡͡Ѵ駾äǹʵ ҡ֡ҡͧا » 2467 Թҧšҧ Ȩչ Ǻ´㹨չ ͵ äǹʵ´ 㹻 2473 ԹҧѺ´㹰ҹм ǹûŴ»ЪҪҵ´ (Viet Minh independence movement) 㹻 2484 " Թ" "ͧʧҧ" 㹷شС͡Ҫ´С͵ ҸóѰЪҸԻ´ (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) ѹ 2 ԧҤ 2489 ʧҧʡѺ´ԹѧԴ״͵աͺ 9 㹷ش ͧѾ´ժ˹ͽ ¹¹ աèʧ֡ ŧ ʹѭਹ (Geneva Conference) ͻ 2497 ˹駷 17 觾ᴹҧ´˹͡Ѻ´ اΡǢ繻иҹҸԺդáͧҸóѰЪҸԻ´ (´˹) оǺ´˹ ҹ´СȵҸóѰ ¡ʹѺʹعͧѰԡ ʧ´ (Vietnam War 2502-2518) ״ǹҹԺա͹ШŧѺͧԡ ´ͧ˹  اζ֧ѭѹ 2 ѹ¹ 2512  ا繼ӷ 繹ѡشԷѡ˭٧ Եº ͼҧ 㹺ҹѧ ҧҴٻ¹ ͹ 蹤شó ˵ع ´֧ѡѷاҡ ¡ͧ Դ´ 2530 ͧСا繺ؤӤѭͧš ءѹ´ФҡšѧþҹоԾԸѳ ԹҧҴ ç¹ѧաû١ѧͧǢͧا ˹ѹªԵͧҹ ѹ 2 ѹ¹ͧء ѹҵԢͧ´ ¹ͧ ͹ (Saigon) Թ Ե (Ho Chi Minh City) õاδ

 

  Թ

19 Ҥ .. 2466
͡ Һǧ ǧࢵشѡ 鹾ЪäѴ˭ . Ҵ . ͧ ٵѹ 19 ѹҤ 2423 繾ӴѺ 28 㹾кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ѺҨô վй ͧҡõǧ ç稡֡Ҵҹ÷ ҡѧ ͡Ѻͧ¡çҧҡҹúçҹͧͧѾ ͵ç¹ аҹѾͷѵպ .ź ѧҡç͡ҡҪ ͧ֡ҵ Ҩչҽҧԧѧ ǪҭǨ֧͡ѡҼ»ЪҪԴѡ çԴ¾ͧ ЪҪ仨ѡҹ㹹 ";"  㹪ǧʧš駷 1 Ѫŷ 6 çô ͧѺѺҪõ 㹺鹻¾Ъվ ͨ͡价ǹ çЪ繾äѴ˭ 鹾Ъ оЪ 44 ѨغѹЪҪ仵ҧ¡ͧ "ʴ" "Ҿ͡ǧ" 觷ءѹվ͹оٻ 200 觷ǻ ʴ֧ѷҢͧ·յ;ͧ ç繵Ҫʡ "ҡ"

ǧࢵشѡ
 
19 Ҥ 2468
ѹԴ (Pol Pot Saloth Sar) ŢҸԡþäǹʵ٪мӡͧѾᴧ Դѹ ͧ Kampong Thum 㹤ͺɰ ¹ç¹෤Ԥ㹡ا໭ ҡ¹ͷȽ ѡѷѧ졫 Ѻ٪㹻 ѧҡǢ繼ӡͧѾᴧ ִӹҨҡ ¾ ͹ (Lon Nol) ѹ 17 ¹ 2518 Т繹¡Ѱա٪ ҧ 2518-2522 ͹ж١ִӹҨ Χ Թ ӡͧѧ觪ҵ͡ûŴ»ЪҪҵ (The National United Front for National Salvation) ʹѺʹع´ ͧѾᴧͧź˹ᵡШ ͧź˹ªԵҧǴ¡ҧ֡㹷ش ǧ 4 շ ӹҨ ¹ȨҡкͺЪҸԻ繤ǹʵ ͧкͺǹʵش º«¨ѴͻѺاкɰԨẺѧ觵ͧ 觻Դç¹ çҺ çҹ ¡ԡкҤ ִѾԹҡ͡繢ͧѰ ա֡ԡѺʹ索Ҵ ٪仴¤ʹҡ 餹仨ӹǹҡ ѭҪ ʧ лЪҪطªԵ 2 ҹ ¡˵ءó "ѧ" (The Killing Fields) Ѻ繡æҧҾѹ·شͧȵɷ 20 ªԵ 15 ¹ 2541 73

 
 ѧ

 

˹ 20

20 Ҥ .. 2342
ѹԴ ͹ ūѤ (Honore de Balzac) ѡ¹ǹ¼˭ǽ Դͧ (Tours) ѡҹҵ ¹·Է«͹ (Sorbonne University) ѧҡӧҹҹҹѴԹ㨷繹ѡ¹ ¹˹ѧҧԧѧ á¹ͧ¹ҡ Ѻûʸҡӹѡ оѡǹѺҹк͡ԡ ˹ҧ·ش繹ѡ¹ ͡ŧ¹ µӹѡʺ  ѧͧçҧѧµẺѡ˹ѧ; 軯ʸԧѧ Ǻ͡ѹҧͺҹԧ 㹻 2372 ͧá Les Chouans ͨԧ ʺ ūѤªԵѹ 18 ԧҤ 2392 駼ŧҹҳ 100 ͧ ѧͧкФաӹǹҡ ŧҹӤѭ The Human Comedy (La Comedie humaine ǺŧҹͧūѤ 95 ͧ) ͡µ (Le P’ere Goriot), Ժ (La Femme de trente ans) ǹ˭ѡͧآү ҾóҺҡҧ§ ūѤ繼ءԡ¹ó鹤ԧѺ¡ͧ "Դ觹ǹѨû"
"¹ҳҨѡó"
 

 ͹  ūѤ
 

20 Ҥ .. 2041
(Vasco da Gama) ѡǨõʾ١ 265 繪ûá鹾 Թ Ѻͺ¨ҡ ҹ 1 õ (Manuel I of Portugal) Թ令Թ«觪ǵѹ¹繴Թᴹ¹ ͡äͧȡѺšѹ͡ ͧ͡㹡اʺ͹ѹ 8 áҤ 2040 Թ仵鹷ҧ (Batolomeu Dias) Ǩ͹˹ ҹ λ (Cape of Good Hope) Ҷ֧½Һ (Malabar Coast) ͧԤѵ (Calicut) ҧѹ§ͧԹ ·Թѧûͧͧѡô (Mughal Empire) ҡѺԹա 2 ͹лªԵͧ⤪ (Kochi) Թѹ 24 ѹҤ 2067

20 Ҥ .. 2049
(Christopher Columbus) ѡǨԵ¹鹾ջԡؤ ªԵ  Դͧਹ Եͻ 1994 ¹鹼餹ѧšẹ ʵͧäҴԹᴹͧм ¡ԹШչ Ҩ֧ʹ繼ǨԹᴹѧõ ֧Թҧ任໹ʹ͵ǵ Թҹ 2 (Ferdinand II of Aragon) йҧʫ 1 (Isabella of Castile) ͡ǨԹШչ ͷӡäͧм 㹷ش ѹ 3 ԧҤ 2035 ١ 90 ա 3 ͡ԹͤҷջШչ 价ҧȵѹط͵ŹԤ 件֧ к (Bahamas) ҧѹͧ͡Դ ѰԡһѨغѹ е駪 "ҹ Ҵ" (San Salvador) ѹ 12 Ҥ 2035 ҤԴǹ˹觢ͧ ҡԹ͵仨֧Ǻ ʻҹ Թᴴ ҫ Фͤʹҹ ҵʹªԵҴԹᴹҤ鹾鹤ͷջ ѧաá˹ѹ 12 Ҥͧء ѹҶ֧ԡ "ѹ" աͧѹѰԡлȵҧ 㹷ջԡ
 

˹ 21

21 Ҥ .. 2432
Ҥͧ§ (Ѩغѹ HSBC) 繸ҤõҧȷҴԹ㹻 "ѵøҤ" ¡ѾѾ "ầ" (Bank Note) ͡㹻繤á кҪҹحҵͧкҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ͧѵøҤâԹͺһѭҷçһԵ­ԹͧѹѺͧ 㹪ǧäҧȡѧµ ѧҤõҧ ầ͡Һҧ Ѻǧҧѡ ầ繵ԹԴ˹觷踹Ҥ͡ 繵ѭҨШԹӺѵùҢͷǧ ö˹ ЪҪ仨֧Ѻ˹ ầ鵨֧ӡѴǧ᤺ ੾ͤҪǵҧҵ лЪҪ٧㹾йҹ ˹ Ѱš觾Թдɨҡ оͧ繸ѵҧ㹻Ѩغѹ "ầ" ЪҪ¡ѺԹд ֧¡ѵ "ầ" Ҩءѹ
 

ầ鵢ͧҤͧ§ (Ҿҡ school.obec.go.th)
 

21 Ҥ .. 2231
ѹԴ 硫ҹ ⻻ (Alexander Pope) ժѧ Դا͹͹ ŧšҹ˹ѧ͵͹ 8 Ǻ੾мŧҹͧ (Homer) ¹պá͹ 12 㹻 2253 á The Pastorals ͧҡѺõվ 觼ժ§ ҡ鹡ռŧҹ͡ ⻻өѹѡɳͧդԡͧաеԹѧ 繺Ẻѧɷ§ ŧҹ Essay on Criticism The Rape of the Lock 㹪ǧ¢ͧԵբͧҨФ͹ҧ֡ ԧѧ ὧҷҧѪ蹤Դ Essay on Man ͡ҡ¹ѧӧҹ ੾мŧҹͧત ⻻ªԵѹ 30 Ҥ 2287 ⻻Ѻ¡ͧ繡ժѧɷ˭شȵɷ 18
 

21 Ҥ .. 2475
(Amelia Mary Earhart) 繹ѡԹ˭ԧáԹǢط͵ŹԤ ͡Թҡë ͧǿǴŹ ᤹Ҵ ˹ا Ƚ ͧԹͧ¹ Lockheed Vega 5b ͹鹷ҧ Թ (Charles Lindbergh) ·稡͹˹ѹǡѹͻ 2470 ѧҡԹ 14 56 ҷ ͵ͧѺҡը֧ͧŧʹҧ˭ͧ Culmore ͹˹ͧ͢Ź ѧҡ͡ʴ͡úԹա¤ ѺӡԨóçԷʵ ѹͧͤ͡úԹͺš ͡ԹҡԿѹ 20 Ҥ 2480 ͹µҧͧ¾ͧԹ Lockheed L-10E Electra dzطừԿԡ ѹ 2 áҤ 2480

21 Ҥ .. 2534
Ҩտ ҹ (Rajiv Gandhi) ¡ѰԹ ١ͺѧҧ§͡駷ͧ Sriperumbudur Ѱ Ҵ (Tamil Nadu) ෹ Ҫѵ (Thenmuli Rajaratnam) ѧԴժվʵ ¡ (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam : LTTE) ˵ͧҡ㨷Ҩտ ҹʹѺʹعѰѧ ¡觡ͧԹѡʶҾҤ˹ͧ͢ѧ
 

Ҩտ ҹ
 
 硫ҹ ⻻

˹ 22

22 Ҥ .. 2356
ѹԴ Ԫ ҡ (Wilhelm Richard Wagner) ѡоѹŧػҡêѹ Դͧžԡ (Leipzig) ¹⹵͹ 12 ͹áҽѹҡ繹ѡ¹Ф Թŧҹͧ࿹ ҡ¹ѹҴշҧҹûоѹŧ ͹ 16 ¹ѡûҹ§Ҩ֧¹ŧ á¹ŧӹǹ˹ѧѺʹҡѡ ѧ֧Ѵ¹ػҡ 㹻 2375 ҡ¹ػҡͧá The Wedding ѧҹ˹ǧշͧѡ (Magdeburg) ҧ¹ػҡ ҡ͹͹лѧʺҡѡ ػҡâͧ˹ԹҼѧؤҡ ֧ 2403 ػҡͧ The Rhinegold ͧʴ ʺҧҡ ժ§ҡ ͡ʧػҡ价û ŧҹػҡͧ The Flying Dutchman The Ring of the Nibelung 㹺鹻ªԵҡʺҡ ռ蹪ء˹ աѵ觺·ʹѺʹعҨѹش¢ͧԵ ҡªԵä㨷ͧǹԫ Եѹ 13 Ҿѹ 2426 ҡѺ¡ͧ繼黯ѵػҡ ´շ ˭ѧ ҧäҨҡüҭ෾ҳҡѺФдҧ׹ժԵ
 

 Ԫ ҡ

22 Ҥ .. 2362
͡ ѹ (SS Savannah) ͡ҡѹ ͧ Ѱԡ ˹طͷŹԡ Թҧͧ ѧ ֧ѹ 20 Զع¹ ͡á蹢طͷŹԡ ҷ 18 ѹ ӹǺ¡Ѻѹ (Moses Rogers)

22 Ҥ .. 2402
ѹԴ ⤹ѹ (Sir Arthur Conan Doyle) ᾷѡоѹѧ ԴͧʹԹ ʡ͵Ź ¹ᾷԷʹԹ Ƿӧҹᾷ ҧҡ¹ͧŧվԵõҧ ժ§㹰ҹйѡ¹͹ 27 ѧҡͧ A Study in scarlet Ѻõվ ͧյФ͡ ͤ (Sherlock Holmes) 繼䢻ȹҦҵ ҡѺҡͧ¹Ҷ֧ 12 ͹ ѹ˹֡˹¡¹ͧ ֧¹ͤ 餹ҹԴѧҡ֧Ҵҧ ТҺҹ ҵͧ¹¹ͤ 鹤׹վҡա ѧԡҪվᾷ¹˹ѧҧԧѧ ŧҹͧҡ·駹 ͧ ä ԧѵʵ ªԵѹ 7 áҤ 2473 繼ҧͤ Фùѡ׺ժ§شءѹ
 

  ⤹ѹ


22 Ҥ .. 2428
Ԥ (Victor-Marie Hugo) ѡ¹ԡǽ ֧ѭ Դѹ 26 Ҿѹ 2345 Դͧͫͧ (Besancon) 鹿ͧ (Franche-Comt) Ƚ Ѻçѹ㨨ҡŧҹͧ ͧ (Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand) ѡ¹ʶһóԡ㹪ǧȵɷ 18 ժ§ 22 ըҡ˹ѧͧ Nouvelles Odes et Poesies Diverses мŧҹ Odes et Ballades ҧҡ繹ѡռ˭ҧäӹǹ§繸ҵ ¹㹻 2372 ¢ͧҨз͹ҾԵԧ Ф繨ԧԴѧ ´ᷧԵӹ֡ͧҹҧعç ŧҹ Le Dernier jour d'un condamn (Last Days of a Condemned Man), Les Misrables Notre-Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame) ŧҹͧԷԾŵ͹ѡ¹ѧҧҡ ͡ҡ¹ ѧ¹Ф ӧҹŻ 繹ѡԷª 繹ѡ¹ӤѭʹѺʹعóԡû
 

Ԥ


22 Ҥ .. 2527
稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ Ѫŷ 7 ʴä й ˭ԧ侾ó ʴѵ ٵѹ 20 ѹҤ 2477 繾иԴ稾Һǧ ͧʴ ʴѴɮ Ѻǧ ͧҾó 㹻 2460 ɡʡѺ 稾ҹͧ ҿһЪҸԻѡപ ع⢷¸Ҫ 觵ʴ稢Ҫѵ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ʶһ˭ԧ侾ó 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ ѧҡ褳ɮ÷ӡѵ¹ŧûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 кҷ稾л 稾йҧ侾ó ʴ稾ҪԹ任ѧ ҧʧš駷 2 ͧҪҹСسҪ͡Ԩâͧ㹻ѧҵʹ 㹻 2492 ѰҺѧ 稾йҧ侾ó ԭʴ稡Ѻا෾ ѺкѰԾкҷ稾л 稾йҧ侾ó ʴä е˹ѡѧ⢷ ҪԸն¾ԧкȾ 9 ¹ 2528 ͧʹǧ
 

稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ
 ͡  ѹ

˹ 23

23 Ҥ .. 2387
ѹԴ Ѻź (Abdu'l-Baha) صê¤ⵢͧ к (Baha'u'llah) ʴ ʹҺ (Baha’I Faith) Դاҹ (Ѩغѹҹ) “Ѻź” դ “Ѻè” ͹ỴǺԴҢͧҹԴء ͹ж١ѧاạᴴ㹻 2496 ҧҹ֡ ѹ (Bayan) ͧ к; (Bab) ʴҾҡóûҡͧʴҾк ¹͸Ժ¤šҹ ѧҡԴҢͧҹªԵѹ 29 Ҥ 2435 ҹ׺ʹ˹觼ʹҤ ҧ 2454-2456 ҹԹҧʹҺηûԡ 觼ʹҺШѧȵѹ ҰҸͧҹѺúѹ֡ӹǹҡ Ǻ˹ѧͪ Tablets of the Divine Plan ѺźóҾ ѹ 28 Ȩԡ¹ .. 2364 ȾͧҹѧѴҡȾͧкͺ ʶٻͧкͺ Ҥ ҹ繼׺ͻԭʹҺ ͸Ժ¤͹ͧԴ㨧¢ʹҺѧԹᴹԡû ͹价šҵ ҹ¡ "繺¤ ѡءšСþ Ѻªҵ ӧҹѹҾҡ ҴҾ" 駹ʹҺԴ㹻ҹ㹪ǧȵɷ 19 դվͧ ١¡㹹ᵡҧ͡ ʹҷ駻ǧ֧˹ǡѹ ªҵԡ˹ǡѹ ʹҺչѡǪͼʹ ʹԡФ֧ѺԴͺþѲҨԵ㨵ͧ Ѩغѹٹҧͧο ǡҳ 6 ҹ㹡 200 ȷš
 

 Ѻź ѡɳͧʹҺ
 

23 Ҥ .. 2482
ʹӹ ʤ (USS Squalus) ͧѰԡ Դغѵ˵بŧҧӡ÷ͧӹӺdz½ͧ ѰԧŹ Ѱԡ ˵١ªԵ 26 ҡ 58 ˵ͧҡչǷͧԴзͧͧ ͨдѺ֡ 73 ҡաá͡Ѻ׹Ы͹黯Ժѵԡ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ա¤ ʹӹӹҧ㹻 2480 ŧ͹ѹ¹ 2481 һШӡѹ 1 չҤ 2482 лŴШӡѹ 27 Ҥ 2488 Ѩغѹ١ѡԾԸѳͧ;ҷ (Portsmouth Naval Shipyard)
 

ʹӹ  ʤ

23 Ҥ .. 2458
ͤ (John Davison Rockefeller) ѡáԨѹԡѹ ͵ ŹԸͤ (Rockefeller Foundation) ªԵ ͤԴѹ 8 áҤ 2382 ا ѡԹҵ ¡â١Ǵç¹ ѧҡʤ¹øáԨ繤 㹻 2048 ӸáԨѹѺ ͹ (Samuel Andrews) ι š (Henry M. Flagler) ҡ繺ѷ Standard Oil Եѹ ESSO ͤ繻иҹѷ ѧҡ͹٤鹾෤Ԥá蹹ѹ鹷ع áԨͧҨ֧µҧǴ ҡ鹡͡Ԩçصˡѹ öǺáԨѹͺѰԡ㹻 2423 ҵͧ͡ºѷͧҡԡü١Ҵ ͤɰդá·شš ͻҳ 14,000 ѹҹѰ ҴԹáԨѹз觡³㹻 2454 աҹͤ繹ѡáŤӤѭͧԡ ԨҤ 10 % ʶ ʶҺѹ֡ çҺ ʶҺѹԷʵ Ż СԨҸó ԹҺԨҤ 500 ҹѰ ͡ҡѧ繼͵ŹԸͤͷӧҹҹҸó㹻 2456

 
 ͤ

˹ 24

24 Ҥ .. 2087
ѹԴ (Sir William Gilbert) ᾷ ѡԷʵйѡѪҸҵԪѧ Դͧ ѧ ¹ᾷԷૹ ԷԴ ѺСسô ᾷШӾͧ 稾ҪԹԫຸ 1 (Queen Elizabeth I) ѧ 2103 ҪԵ ֡ҷͧǡѺ俿ҧӧҹ ͧТͧ ѵصҧ դسѵ硹ҹ 20 㹷ش š÷ͧͧվ˹ѧ De Magnete (On the Magnet) 㹻 2103 ʹǤԴ š硢Ҵ˭բ ǤԴ͸Ժ˵ () ֧价ҧ˹з 硶١硢ͧš֧ٴͧ ͡ҡѧ鹾 俿ʶԵ (Static Electricity) Ӿѹ١Ѻѵصҧ ǨԴӹҨô֧ٴ ¡ӹҨѧ šԡԵ (Electricity) 觵繤¡ͧ俿 ªԵѹ 30 Ȩԡ¹ 2106 Ѻ繤áӡ֡ҷͧǡѺ俿 繾鹰ҹӤѭѡԷʵǡ俿蹵 Ѻ¡ͧ Դ俿 աõ駪˹Ѵç͹ͧ (magnetomotive force) "" (Gilbert : Gi) õҴ

 

 

24 Ҥ .. 2086
Ԥ (Nicolaus Copernicus) ѡʵŹ ªԵ ԤԴͧѹ Ź ѹ 19 Ҿѹ 2016 ͹ 10 ǺԴªԵ ҵͧѺا ѧҡ¹ԭ͡Եʵ ҡѺ¹ᾷ֡ԪҴʵ Ҩ֧դҡҢԪ ¹ѧšٹҧͧѡ ҡѺ㹷ɮբͧ Ҥʷ (Akistarchus) ҴǧҷԵٹҧͧѡ зӡ÷ͧ鹾ԧ ǧҷԵٹҧͧ¨ѡ šд ⤨ͺ šѳҹ繷çعͺͧ 24 عͺǧҷԵ 365 ѹ ҡѧŧҹ鹹͡ çԷԾŢͧʹѡë觤ͧӹҨû ա 100 (Galileo Galilei) (Johannes Kepler) ֧öѡҹʹѺʹعɮբͧԤ 觼ԴûѵԷҧʵ˭ ҡִҵ (Ptolemy) ȵɷ 2 šٹҧͧѡ ѺҼŧҹзɮյҧ ͧԤºءԡǷҧѺѡʵ蹵ҧҡ
 

24 Ҥ .. 2387
(Samual F. B. Morse) ѡдɰԡѹ 鷴ͧ Ţ (Telegraph) Ѻáҡŵ ѰŹ ѧاԧѹ .. ·ͧͧѭҳ俿觢üҹʷ᷹˹ѧ (Morse Code) 稤駹ԴҡçѡѹӤѭ 11 ա͹ ѧҡҷҺǡªԵͧҪ件֧ 3 ѹ ҵҨеͧԴԸա÷Ǵ觡Ҩ¢ ѧҡ鹨֧֡ǡѺ俿 Թ硷й«ػóҧͧŢ зӡ÷ͧʺ㹷ش кŢͧͧ㹡÷褹šѹҧҧҧ㹪ǧ˹ ͹Ѿ кüҹԹ絨СԴš
 

24 Ҥ .. 2492
Ѱ Һѧԭ 稾йҧ侾ó кҪԹ çѭԭкѰԢͧ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ҡѧɡѺҶ֧ ѭԭ鹻дɰҹ㹷ѹкҪ ѹѺкþҡѵҸҪ ;кѰ 鹺ͧз觨ѡһҷ 㹾кҪѧ ѭԭҧҺè蹰ҹءվоط лиҹ㹾ʶѴҪԸʶԵ 觷çѴШѪ 駹Ѫŷ 7 ʴäѧѹ 30 Ҥ 2484
 

24 Ҥ .. 2517
ԧѹ (Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington) ѡйѡоѹŧʪԡѹ ªԵ Դاͪԧѹ . . ѹ 29 ¹ 2442 ¹⹵͹ 7 Ǻ е¹ҧԧѧ͹ 14 ǧҧ 17 ѧⴴ蹹ѡ з龺Ѻᵹ ë (Stan Tracey) ѡʪѧ й蹴¤֡§ҡҡѡ ҵǧӷͪԧѹ㹻 2466 ͹仹 蹻Шӷ Cotton Club ҹ ͡¡Է繻Шӷءѻ ǧͧժ§觴ѧҡ ǧͧҪԡ 10 鹡ǧẹ (Big Band) 㹻 2476 ͡͹쵷û 㹪ǧ 2483 繪ǧǧͧ觴ѧҡش ¹ŧҡ кҴ ͡§ 30 ش ŧժ§ Mood Indigo, Sophisticated Lady Don't Get Around Much Anymore ŧҹоѹͧչѡйѡͧѧ еդ ԧѹѺ¡ͧ˹㹺ؤŷԷԾŵǧ
 

  ԧѹ
кѰԢͧ кҷ稾л

 
 
 Ԥ

˹ 25

25 Ҥ .. 2346
ѹԴ ѹ (Ralph Waldo Emerson) ѡ¹йѡѪҪԡѹ Ӣǹ͹ǻѪ Եص (Transcendentalism) 㹵ȵɷ 19 ѹԴʫҪ ͹ỴǺԴªԵ ҵͧӧҹ觵ͧ¹Է 鹷ӧҹ繤 㹻 2372 Ǫ繺ҷǧʶٹԷ¹ (Unitarian) ͧյҢͧªԵ Դҧŧʹ ֧͡㹻 2375 յԹҧû˹觻 龺ѺѡԴѡ¹Ӥѭҧ (William Wordsworth) (John Stuart Mill) (Thomas Carlyle) ͹СѺԡ¹˹ѧҧԧѧ 㹻 2378 ѹѺäǡ͵ Transcendental Club յҵվ Nature ˹ѧá з͹ǤԴҧѪҨԵص դ 觷Ѻеͧҹ÷ӧҹͧԵ¡͹ Ѻԧҹ÷ӧҹͧԵ к÷ӧҹͧԵ˹ͻʺó ҡ͡仺µʶҺѹ֡ҵҧ ժ§ԡ ¹ кӹǹҡ ŧҹӤѭ The Conduct of life, Nature and Other Writings Society and Solitude ѹªԵѹ 27 ԧҤ 2425 Ѻ繹ѡҪԷԾҡش˹觢ͧԡ

 

   ѹ
 

25 Ҥ .. 2394
кҷ稾л ʴԧҪѵ繾ҡѵ ͧ 2 Ѫŷ 4 çվй 稾١ ҿҨ عѧä ʴ稾Ҫѹ 4 ѹ¹ 2351 ѧҡкҷ稾й Ѫŷ 3 ʴäѹ 2 ¹ 2394 عҧ˭Һԭ ҿخ ǧ쾧áѵ 觢й鼹ǪѴù Ҫѵ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 ҡ鹾ͧçվҪ 稾ҹͧҿҨ çվлժöͺ㹡þй Сõҧ ʹҧ ա駾кǧҹǧʹҺչѺҡ ֧ôѴ ҪԸػҪɡ ػҪ Ҫѧʶҹ 駾Ҫҹйҧ蹴Թ лùѧä л վõҧ蹴Թ ͹稾йҪ ç¡ͧ稾͡ҷö Ҫ͹تػҪ駡ا ǵҧѡͧ㹹 "the second king" ҪԸػҪɡվҡѵ 2 ͧ Դ§Ѫŷ 4 Ѫŷ 5 ç¡ԡ˹ѧ˹ лٻкûͧ خҪ繼׺Ҫѵ

 

25 Ҥ .. 2411
ͧԹдǡ Դҹѹá ѧҡ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 çҪ ͻ 2409 ҡäҤҧا෾ - طҤ դͧԭ鹷ҧҤ ·ӡѭдǡ դͧҧا෾ - طʧ Ҫաдǡաѹҡ ·ҧӡդöФͧҡ觢 Ѫŷ 4 çô 稾Һǧ (ǧ عҤ) 繼ӹ¡âشͧ 稾Һǧ 繼Ǻ ش㹻 2409 ҡӷҨչdzҡͧҧҧ . ҹ . طҤ ͡Ѻͧ . ҧǡ . ҧ . طʧ ѧͧ Ҫ ЪҪ ʹçҹǨչѹش çҹǹ ͧѡͧç 㹡âشҳͧɨ֧ 鹧ҳ㹡âش 1,400 ͻҳ 112,000 ҷ ͧԹдǡ 840 ͻҳ 32 . Ѫŷ 4 çҤͧشç дǡ͡ѭ ֧Ҫҹ "ͧԹдǡ" Ѩغѹͧ觹觷ͧӤѭͧѧѴҪդ ҴӴԹдǡ

кҷ稾л (ҾѴŧҡ www.princess-it.org)


25 Ҥ .. 2504
Ϳ. ๴ (John F. Kennedy) иҹҸԺѰԡһСȨش· "ѧǧѹ觡Ѻšҧʹ" ("landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth") 觵 ç о (Project Apollo) ö ʵͧ (Neil Armstrong) ʹԹ "ѫ" ŴԹ (Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin) áºǧѹ繤áѹ 20 áҤ 2512 Ѻҹǡ ; 11 (Apollo 11)

  Ϳ. ๴ջСȨش·оԪԵǧѹ   Ϳ. ๴ջСȨش·оԪԵǧѹ

ͧԹдǡ ҴӴԹдǡ

˹ 26

26 Ҥ .. 2469
ѹԴ (Miles Dewey Davis III) ѡ絼黯ѵԴʪԡѹ ԴѰԹ ͫ繷ѹᾷͷҵ͹ 9 Ǻ ͹ 13 ҵǧաѺ͹ 㹻 2487 ¹շ Julliard School of Music Ѻʸѡٵá͹ͧç¹ ͡ҽҡͽҡǡѺ (Charlie "Bird" Parker) ѡǢ ˹㹼ԴǷҧ պ; (Bebob) ֡ͷǧԹ (Quintet-ǧ 5 ) ͧ ѴǹŤá 2488 Ժ⵷ҧբ ¡͡ҡ ͡ŧҹش Birth of the Cool 㹻 2500 繨ش鹢ͧ (Cool Jazz) ͧʷᵡᢹҡպ; ¡ùǴդԡҼҹ  ҡ鹡ǧԹҧŧҹʹªش੾ ‘Round About Midnight  㹻 2502 һѵǧա駴¼ŧҹ Kind of Blue ӤѭѺûҹ (Mode) ҡҡ Ŵ͹çҧͧŧŧ ѡը֧㹡ǫ (Improvise) ҡ ᢹ¡ (Modal Jazz)  㹪ǧ· 1960s Ƿҧ (Free Jazz) ѧԺ Ѻ͹ ֡ҡҶ֧ͧ仢  СͺѺŧ ͤ ͹ (Rock ‘n Roll) ԡҡѧѺҡ鹨繴աѡ᷹ ʡ绯ѵԴա ¡ùӫǴ촹硷͹ԡ ͧ俿 Ǫѹ (Fusion Jazz) 㹼ŧҹش Bi tches Brew ͻ 2513 觼ǧʷѧѺ ءǧôա ҡҡҧѹ š ǧʵաªش͹º仨ҡǧ˹ 㹻 2524 ҡѺҾѺŧҹش The Man With The Horn Ǵ촹շٴҴ Ѻ͹ͧ˹١᷹ º آ ֡ мŧҹش Live Around The World ѹ֡ʴʴ͹ҨªԵ ѹ 28 ѹ¹ 2534 ͡ҡҨ繹ѡͩҨիǴ੾еѧŧӹǹҡ ˹ǧҧ´ǧ 㹢зѡǹ˹ŧѺ§ ҧ֡ "ǵ" Ƿѹؤ ǷҧõҴ лѵԵͧʹش ҧŧҹз繴شѡͧªش 繹ѡʷԷԾŵǧҡش˹ȵɷ 20 ԷԾŵǧôҨءѹ ֧Ҵդ¡ͧ "Picasso of Jazz"

Birth of the CoolRound About MidnightKind of Bluebi tches Brew
 

26 Ҥ .. 2439
ҹʷ 2 (Nicholas II) ѺʶһҢ ҫ ʷ 2 (Tsar Nicholas II) ѵͧش¢ͧ ç繾ʢͧҫ 硫ҹ 3 ҪǧҹͿ (Romanov Dynasty) 鹤ͧҪѹ 1 Ȩԡ¹ 2437 ͧç繨ѡþôԷ͹ öѴáѺʶҹóͧȷѧ蹻ǹ ѧҡ ʧ- (Russo–Japanese War) ҧ 2447-2448 㹪ǧ ʧš駷 1 (.. 2457-2461) çʧͧѺա 觼ЪҪ㹾ͧФѰҡ ͡ҡѧç ʻٵԹ (Gregori Rasputin) й͡յ֡ѺԷԾҪӹѡ ǧԴԹ ɰԨҡ ҴŹ ЪҪʹҡ Դӷҧѧ٧ 觼ЪҪ㨨֧ءԹǺ͵ҹкѧѺͧҪѵѹ 15 չҤ 2460 ¡˵ءó㹤駹 "ûѵ͹Ҿѹ" (February Revolution--йѺԷԹẺ) ҡ鹶١仡ѡѧж١ŧЪҪǧա¾ͧ ѹ 17 áҤ 2461
 

 ҫ ʷ 2


26 Ҥ .. 2534
ͧԹ ԧ 767-3Z9ER ͧ¡úԹ Ҵ (Lauda Air) ʺغѵ˵Դҧҡеŧ㹻 طҹ觪ҵԾ . ҹҧ . ؾó ͧԹӹժ "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" ǺԹ 004 ҧͧ-¹ ҧҧоѡʹԹ͹ͧ ѧҡ෤Ϳҹ ͧ¹ѴͧԴҧҡ дѺ٧ 1,200 ˵ 213 ١ա 10 ªԵ
 

26 Ҥ .. 2448
ѹԴ ... ʹ ʹյ¡Ѱբͧ Դ . ä 㹾ǧ ͧҤú Ѻᴧ (عҤ) 繾ªͧ ... ֡ķ ֡ҹԵʵҡ The Inns of Court School of Law (Grey’s Inn Place) ا͹͹ ѧ Ѻ繤¤á繪¤áͺṹ繷˹ ԹҧѺѧ¡֡ԪҡѺ๵ԺѳԵ 繼Ծҡ çҹ˹Ң Ѻ觵͡ѤҪٵ»ШѰԡ ҧʧš駷 2 ҹСȹº 鹡ѺѰ㹻 ѰŨ . Ժʧ ѺлСʧ¾ѹԵ ҹǺԡҨѴ ǹ ͵͵ҹҧѺ ѧʧš駷 2 شŧ ҹԹҧѺ˹觹¡Ѱդ 6 ͧѹ 17 ѹ¹ 2488 ҧç˹觷ҹèûСʧѺ¾ѹԵ дԹèش鹨ҡҳѵԢͧѧ 觼赡繽¾ʧš駷 2 赡ͧ鹢ͧѧ ҹع¹繹¡ 4 ش Դ˵ءó 6 2519 ͡ ʧѴ ˹Ҥлٻûͧ蹴ԹִӹҨ ѧҡ鹵˹ ҹ͡ҡ˹˹ҾäЪҸԻѵ ҧͨҡͧ Եʧºʹ ҹ繼͵ äЪҸԻѵ (Democrat Party) ѹ 5 ¹ 2489 Ѻ ¤ǧ ǧ ˹Ҿä 2 ͨҡ¤ǧ ͻ 2511 ͡㹻 2522 ҹ繹ѡͧҾ 蹡ͧ¤ط ʤ˹ ͧҡҹй¤ǧ㹰ҹмӾäЪҸԻѵ ǹǢͧҧҡѺ »մ § ͡óäͧѪŷ 8 ա㹾äѡԴ ҹöǺþäѰ Ū֧駩 "§ԧ" "ҵ" ҹ֧ѭѹ 28 áҤ 2540 92
 
 ... ʹ

26 Ҥ .. 2499
ѹԴ ѭ ѧѹҹ Ңͧҡ "侱 ѭ" ѡ¹ҧūõ 2530 ҡͧ鹪ش ͧ͡ Դ . Ҫʹ . ѷا ֡ҨҡԷչԹò ʧ ¹ͧ㹹ҡ “侱 ѭ” ҵ·ѧ繹ѡ֡ ͹Ѻѡ¹»ѡ Ҥ 㹻 2521 ҡ繤ٷç¹㹾ѷا⢷ ŧҹá繡չԾͧǷ¹Ѻ͹㹡Ҥ㹻 2527 ͧ»ʴ յ ͡ŧҹͧá ͧ͡ Ѻҧ óҧäʹ¹ (SEA Write) Шӻ 2530 ҡ͡ŧҹա ͧ Ѻҹ (2530), ºԹ仨ҡ (2534), Ҥ (2537), Ըբͧͧ (2545) ǹ 駡Ѻŧ (2532) йǹ¢Ҵ ׹ (2547) ŧҹԪҡ ҡóó (2538), óԨó (2539), ͡˹ͨԹҡ (2540), ¹äҤԺѵ (2548) ѨغѹҨШҤԪҵѹ͡ ʵѧʵ Էä
 

侱  (Ҿҡ www.praphansarn.com)
 ͧԹԧͧҴ쵡

˹ 27

27 Ҥ .. 2449
ѹԴ طԡ (иҨ-- Թѭ) Һ ҹԪ Դ§ . . ɮҹ ͹ 8 Ǻ份ҡѴ§ (Ѵ) Ǫѹ 29 áҤ 2469 "Թѭ” Ҽջѭѹ˭ ѧҡͺѡ ҹԹҧ֡ҵͷا෾ 㹪ǧ 2 ͹ҹ龺繤͹Թ¢ͧʧ ֡ͨԴСѺҹ֡ ҹѺ͹ѡѴкҵ 2473 ١ú鹡ا෾ ա ͺ­ 3 ¤ͺ­ 4 դԴ͹ѺмԴѧѺк¹͹Ҵ ֧ѴԹ㨡Ѻҷʧͤ鹤Ҹ ѹ 12 Ҥ 2475 ͹褳ɮèзӡѵ¹ŧûͧ Ѻ ¸ () ҹԪ ͧѹ͵ӹѡԺѵԸѴҧеоѧԡ 駪 "ǹ” ҹ֡ҾûԮҧԧѧ·ʹ͡繧ҹ¹ "¾ѹ” ҡ "ط” µվ繵͹ ˹ѧ; طʹ ˹ѧ;طʹáͧ 觷ҹѺͧ͵駢͹Ҥ 2476 ҡ鹷ҹ֡һѪҵѹ͡ૹ͡ҵ 㹻 2486 ҹǹ ѧѴù ԧҾطͧ (»Ѩغѹ) ʶҹҹ黯Ժѵ ֡ ͹ ¹˹ѧШش ҹطóҾѹ 8 áҤ 2536 ҹط繼ԴԵطʹͧ ءҡ蹢ҾѺҧ Ҵ ʧ Ҽ餹Шҡ͡оͧطʹ йѡ͹㨢ͧطʹҷ١ŧ Ѻ͹㨧¢ öҶ֧ "ǹ" …ѹѧ¡ѧҹ ˹ǹҧѺ͹ͧҹ ?
 

ǧ طԡ

27 Ҥ .. 2450
ѹԴ ѹ (Rachel Louise Carson) ѡǴԡѹ ͧ͡ǹȵɷ 20 ԴѰྐྵ 稻ԭҢѵԷҨҡԷ¨ ͻԹ㹻 2475 ҨԷŹ Ѻ֡ҴҹԷҷҧ ͤ鹾ҵͧѡ繪ԵԵ¹˹ѧǡѺ ŧҹ㹪ǧá ͧѹǹҵ ҹԷҷҧ ѰѰ һҺѵپתдմշ (DDT) ӨѴŧҧ»ԴѧµͻЪҪ 㨵ѹ·Դ鹡ѺǴ ѹ֧͡ 躷ͧ͡١ʸҡԵ㹢й 㹻 2505 ¹˹ѧ Silent Spring (Ĵѹº˧) ʹͼ¢ͧҦŧ¢ŷ˹ѡöʸ ֧ԴԾҡԨóѹҧҧҧ 觼иҹҸԺ Ϳ. ๴ ͧ駤зӧҹشͺǹǷҧǺҦŧ 㹻չ˹ѧ֧ 250,000 ҧºѷմշҦŧŧҧعç Тж͹ɳҨҡ˹ѧͷء¹֧ ѹ繹ѡԷʵ줹á ءաҦŧҧҴѺԴͺ ͧѷԵҦŧ Ф¢ͧҧʺ֧ ¢ŷ˹ѡ ѹʶҹóҦŧŧ¹ ѺҤѹмŧҹͧèѺ¡ͧШ㹰ҹШش鹢ͧǹ͹ѡҵ з餹ѹͧǴѹҧԧѧ ѹªԵäѹ 14 ¹ 2507
27 Ҥ .. 2474
Һǧ ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ШѹչĹҶ ʹҺաзǧҳԪͧá 鹾Ъ й ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ç繵Ҫʡ "Եҡ" ٵѹ 8 Զع¹ 2417 繾Ҫͧ 12 кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ѺҨô ç繾Ҫáʴ֡ҵͷѧͻ 2428 Ѻ ǧҪմáķ (ͧþվѲѡ), ǧҨԳԵԺ (ͧһԵѲ⹴) ǧപ (ͧҨûѵപ) çҢҺþ֡ (Oriental Studies) ҡԷ (Balliol College) Է͡ 㹻 2437 çѺҪ㹡ҪŢҹء Ѻô 蹨ѹչĹҶ ç˹ʹҺաзǧФѧѵ 㹻 2463 Ѫŷ 6 çѺô ç˹ʹҺաзǧҳԪͧá çժö㹴ҹäѧСɰԨ Ѿ¨Ѵ駤ѧԹɮԹҽҡ çҧҧºԸաšҡ ç䢻Ѻاþҡѹ зçѴн觼١ҴͧѰ ÷кѧѺٺ觵ͧҵ » 2473 ШѹչĹҶʴѡҾͧا鹾Ъ
27 Ҥ .. 2480
(Jawaharlal Nehru) ¡ѰդáѰɢͧԹ ֧ѭ Դѹ 14 Ȩԡ¹ 2432 㹤ͺǷͧкѴ (Allahabad) ͹ 15 ¹˹ѧͷѧɨ稹ԵʵҡԷԴ ҡԹҧͧᶺû ѺԷԾǤԴչҨҡû ѺԹ㹻 2455 ҪԡäԵԺѭѵԹ (Indian National Congress) 㹻 2463 ҡѺҵ ҹ ¡ͧ͡Ҫҡѧɨѹ 15 ԧҤ 2490 ҧٶ١Ѻѧء 7 ѹ 10 Ҿѹ 2495 鹴ç˹觹¡ѰդáͧԹ ѧҡС͡繤áкͺЪҸԻ ٵͧҧҹѹ㹻ҧԹ 鹹º¾Ѳصˡ觾ѲɰԨͧ ǡѹ֡лѺاçҧкҪ зӧҹзªԵ ҡ١Ǣͧ Թ ҹ (Indira Gandhi) 繹¡Ѱդ ٹѺ˹㹼ӤӤѭͧǹ¡ͧҾͧԹ
 

 оҹഹࡷ
 
ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ШѹչĹҶ

27 Ҥ .. 2480
оҹഹࡷ (Golden Gate Bridge) Դҧ繷ҧ ҧ㹻 2476 »иҹҸԺçԹ . ʷ ǡä ૿ (Joseph Baermann Strauss) ؤ鹡ǡѹ оҹ觹Ȩҧǡ˹š· оҹǹ ǫҹҹ ҹҹ ѺԹҷ ѰԿ Ѱԡ зҧ 2,740 ͹ҧоҹ 1,280 ҧ 27 ٧ 223.5 ٧ҡдѺӷ 67 շҧö¹ 6 ҧ ö÷ء 3 ҧ ö 2 ҧ 駺ҳҧ 35 ҹ­Ѱ Ѩغѹ (2550) оҹഹࡵоҹǹѹѺ 8 ͧš ѹѺ˹觤оҹ ФҪ- (Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge) ͧົȭ蹷Ƕ֧ 3,911
 
  ѹ

˹ 28

28 Ҥ .. 2451
ѹԴ ¹ ԧ (Ian Fleming) ѡоѹѧ Ңͧŧҹªʹѧ ͹ 007 (James Bond 007) Դ㹵Сżշا͹͹ ¹ʵҡԷǹԤ Էਹ ҡ繹ѡǢͧٹ (Reuters news service) 价ӢǨá 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ѺҪἹǡͧͧͧѾѧ ѧҡʧʧ¹ҹѺ˹ѧ; (Kemsley Newspapers) 㹰ҹмѴâǵҧ 㹪ǧѧͧԵź觧ҹеѡѡҹȨ ŧ¹ѵԪԵͧѺ繨ش鹢ͧѺͧ Casino Royale վ㹻 2496 ҤáͧѺͧš ͹ ¹¹ 14 Ҥ ͡ҡѧ¹ǹ硪ش Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang ա ¹ªԵѹ 12 ԧҤ 2507 ͹ Фâͧҡչѡ¹ 繵Ф¹Ҥ͡աԺҤ 㹻 2505 ͹Ŵ躹´繤á ͵͹ ͡ (Dr. No) ҡ鹡աҧҾ¹ ͹ա 20 Ҥ ѺҾ¹ʺҡشͧ˹
 

 ¹ ԧCasino Royale

28 Ҥ .. 2386
(Noah Webster) ѡ¹ҹء (lexicographer) ԡѹ ֧ Դѹ 16 Ҥ 2301 Ѱ͹礷Ԥѵ ԵʵҡԷ Ƿӧҹ繷¤ ¹ҧͧ ѧҡҷ෤ʹ㨷ҹʵ쨹зǺѾШѴ繾ҹءѧɪ Webster's dictionary of the English Language ѹ 14 ¹ 2371 70 ҹءͧ͡ 2 ǺѾѧɡ 70,000 Ǻ 20 ѨغѹҹءաûѺاо㹪 - (Merriam-Webster) ѧѺ¡ͧ
"ԴԪҡС֡Ңͧԡ"

 
   -

28 Ҥ .. 2510
ҹ (Sir Francis Chichester) ѡͪѧ 65 ʺ㹡ͧ (ketch) ͺš 㺢Ҵ 54 صͧҪ Gipsy Moth IV ͡ҡͷͧѸ (Plymouth) ѧ ѹ 27 ԧҤ 2509 㹷ŷ 228 ѹ оѡԴ § ѧҪչԫຸ 2 çô 觵 ҹ ѧҡªԵ㹻 2515 㺢ͧѺëѡͧչԪ ѧ
 

 ҹ Gipsy Moth IV

˹ 29

29 Ҥ .. 2496
ع (Sir Edmund Percival Hillary) ǹǫŹ ෹ԧ (Tenzing Norgay) ١Һ 繹ѡǨáöԪԵʹ ʵ (Mount Everest) ʹҷ٧شš͡ dzᴹҧ๻šѺີ (Ѩغѹǹ˹觢ͧչ) ʹҹդ٧ 8,848 ˹дѺӷ 駹 ʹʵ٧鹻лҳ 6.7 ૹ ͡šѧ͹Ҫѹʹ Ǹີ¡ʹ觹 "ا” (Chomolungma) ǹ๻¡ "ʡҷ” (Sagarmatha) "ô觨ѡ” ʹյǵѹ¡
"ʹҷ 15” (Peak XV) ͹ (Andrew Scott Waugh) ѡǨѧ駪 "ʵ” ʡŢͧ տʵ (Sir George Everest—ҹʡŢͧͧ “տʵ”) ˹˹ҷǨѧɻШԹ ǵѹ͡͡þԹᴹ觹ҡ ʹʵʶҹѡԷʶԵͧм 繴ԹᴹѺǧح зǵѹ þԪԵʹҷ٧شš͡þ٨ѡҾͧ ʶԵԹѺ֧Ĵٻ׹ͻ 2549 չѡչҨҡš 2,062 Թҧ͹Ƕ֧ 3,050 ռԹҧ仾ԪԵʹʵǡҾѹ ռѧªԵ 203 ءѹš͹秺ʹʵ鹷ء зԨչҡԴж֧ 21 ѹ ػóҷش ѧ͡ਹ ͡ Ⱦѡ׹ Ѱ๻纤Ҹҡѡ׹Ҥлҳ 25,000 Ѱ
 


 
 ع  Ѻ෹ԧ
 

29 Ҥ .. 2435
к (Baha'u'llah) ͵ ʹҺ (Baha’i Faith) óҾ (Mirza Husayn-Ali) Դاҹ (Ѩغѹҹ) ѹ 12 Ȩԡ¹ 2360 ԴҢͧҹ ٫ء (Mrz Buzurg) ҹª鹼˭ͧ ҹѷʹԡª к; (Bab) Сʹ ҹԴѷǹâͧк; ҹ١Ѻѧء 2 㹤׹˹ҧ㹤ء ҹԹǨШҡ繤á ҷҹѺûŴж١ԺѾѵԷ Ƕ١仡اạᴴ 蹷ҹ 2 Ӿѧ͸ɰҹзҸ 㹷شصê¢ͧҹ Ѻź (Abdu'l-Baha) ҷҹѺѧͧʹ §ͧҹ͡ ͧҧǹѷ㹤͹ͧҹ 觤Ѵ֧ ͧкạᴴ ʶҹѡԷͧ 㹷شѰҹȷҹѧͧ͹ᵹ (Ѩغѹ͡اʵѹ ȵá) ҹʹҧԴ ѧҡ鹷ҹ١ա ѧ ǧ 12 ش ҹӹѡ (Bahj) ͧҤ (Acre) зóҾ ҹվԹ¡觵駾Ѻź繼׺ʹʹҵ Ⱦͧҹѧչ ҡʹԡͷԹdzͺ 駴 ʶٻѡԷ ǺμǧحҡšԹҧ͹ 駹ʹҺԴ㹻ҹ㹪ǧȵɷ 19 դվͧ ١¡㹹ᵡҧ͡ ʹҷ駻ǧ֧˹ǡѹ ªҵԡ˹ǡѹ ʹҺչѡǪͼʹ ʹԡФ֧ѺԴͺþѲҨԵ㨵ͧ Ѩغѹٹҧͧο ǡҳ 6 ҹ㹡 200 ȷš

29 Ҥ .. 2460
ѹԴ Ϳ. ह๴ (John Fitzgerald Kennedy) иҹҸԺդ 35 ͧԡ Դͧ٤Թ ѰʫҪ૵ ¹Է 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 һШ˹¹ԡ¸ԹѰ Ѻ­ҭҡá͹ʹԵҡ˵Ѻҧ ѧʧš駷ͧ ह๴ŧʹͧ㹹äõ 㹻 2489 Ѻ͡Ҫԡҷͧʵѹ ѰʫҪ૵ ͹Ҫԧ˹觻иҹҸԺ ҾԸҺҹѺ˹ѹ 20 Ҥ 2504 ह๴պûȴ¾ѧͧ˹ դ索Ҵͧš ѹ 25 Ҥ 2504 ŧçèŧǧѹ 觵 ç о (Project Apollo) 繼蹤ӢҴҾµ͹ҹԧջظ㹻ȤǺ (Cuban Missile Crisis) 㹻 2505 ͡ҡѧ͡ûٻѧ¡ʹѺʹعǹԷԻЪҪ (Civil Right Movement) ҧӹ֡ѺԴͺͻȴ»¤ "Ҷ ȪҵԨҹ 訧ͧ ҹȪҵҧ" ҧá Ҷ١Ԩóҧҡҡ㹻ԺѵԡúءǾԡǺ (Bay of Pigs) ѹ 15-19 ¹ 2504 ա駡ͷҧ´ ѹ繨ش ʧ´ ҧ 2502-2518 繤ͧԡա˹ ѹ 22 Ȩԡ¹ 2506 ह๴ն١ͺѧªԵ ҧ͹ͧ Ѱ硫 ա 80 ҷյҵǨöѺ Ŵ (Lee Harvey Oswald) ѧ ҵûʸ ա 2 ѹͻ׹¹٧ԧ ٺ (Jack Leon Ruby) ҷ͵ͧह๴ ҧáԡѹӹǹҡѧѡ˵ͺѧह๴դ駹еͧռ觡 Фչѧ繻ȹҨءѹ

 Ϳ. ह๴
 к ʹҺ

˹ 30

30 Ҥ .. 2452
ѹԴ ູ ٴ (Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman) ѡ絪ԡѹ Ңͧ "Ҫԧ” (King of Swing) ԴѰԤ 㹤ͺǪ;¾ҡŹ ¹յ͹ԺǺѺաͧ յҡǧẹ 繹ѡͧѺҧͧѴ ҡ緹ǹͧ չ (New Orleans Jazz) ͡ҵǧẹͧͧ áǧͧѺҡѡ ŧӹ ͺԡ 㹤׹ѹ 21 ԧҤ 2478 (palomar ballroom) ͧ ͧ蹴Ẻ 㹨ѧ͹ç ҡҶ١Όŧҧҡ ֧Ѻդ 㹤׹ͧ繨ش鹢ͧؤ ԧ (Swing Jazz) § 5 ѧҡҡǢŻԹдѺҹҪҵ §ͧҢâ价ԡû Ѻ¡ͧ㹰ҹ “Ҫԧ” Ƿҧúŧǧͧٴ鹤ºº աëѹҧա͹Ƿ ᵡҧҡǧẹ¹ѡռǴ 㹪ǧʴǫ (Improvise) ѡѡդѡ 仾ѡѧǷҪԡǧ 蹡ó չ ٻ (Gene Krupa) ͧ͡áǧʷ͡šͧ оѲҺҷͧͧҡͧѧҹ зӤѭٴ˹ǧẹ줹á Դ㨡ҧѺѡռǧ ҡѧԡѹ͹ѧա¡ռҧ ѡռ¤Դҡǧͧ ¹ (Charlie Christian) ͡յ俿Ҥáⴴǧ ѹ (Lionel Hampton) ѡǺ⿹ 紴 ѹ (Teddy Wilson) ѡ 件֧ ԷŴ (Ella Fitzgerald) ѡͧյӹҹա˹觢ͧ кҷ稾Ǣͧ ѧʴ价çաѺູ ٴԡ¤ ǧẹͧٴǧռ (Mixed Race Band) ǧá 繶֧ӤѭͧҧäФسҢͧŻ ʵͤҹ Ѻ§蹪ҧҧҧ ʡ繴շ “” ؤԧվѲҡõ 觼ŵѧҧҡ ٴªԵѹ 13 Զع¹ 2529
 

 ູ ٴ

30 Ҥ .. 1974
¹ Ϳ (Joan of Arc) ʵռͺȽ㹪ǧʧ»աѺѧ (Hundred Years’ War) ١ѴԹêԵ¡ҷ § 19 ѧҡͶ١ͧѾѧɨѺ Ϳ Ź (John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford) 繾ǡ͡յ 駹 ѹ 29 ¹ 1972 ⨹ӡѧʵͺͧѾѧ Ŵͧ ͧ (Orleans) ª㹷ش ⨹繤ʹ ѡǴʶ繻Ш 㹪ǧʧ» (.. 1880-1996) ѧִͧ ѹ˹⨹ 17 Թ§ҡ繼Ŵ½ ֧ͨӷѾ͡úѺͧѾѧɷءҹª㹷ش 24 ѧҡͶ١êԵ ѹһ ԡʷ 3 (Pope Callixtus III) Ӥբͧ͢ǹաػ繼ط ҡСõѴԹŧ 㹻 2463 ѹлһ๴ԡ 15 (Pope Benedict XV) 觵 ѡح⨹Ϳ (Saint Joan of Arc) ءѹ ѡح⨹Ѻ¡ͧʵռŴ½ мѷҧ蹤;
 

 ⨹ Ϳ  

30 Ҥ .. 2287
硫ҹ ⻻ (Alexander Pope) ժѧɶ֧ѭ ⻻Դا͹͹ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2231 ŧšҹ˹ѧ͵͹ 8 Ǻ੾мŧҹͧ (Homer) ¹պá͹ 12 㹻 2253 á The Pastorals ͧҡѺõվ 觼ժ§ ҡ鹡ռŧҹ͡ ⻻өѹѡɳͧդԡͧաеԹѧ 繺Ẻѧɷ§ ŧҹ Essay on Criticism The Rape of the Lock 㹪ǧ¢ͧԵբͧҨФ͹ҧ֡ ԧѧ ὧҷҧѪ蹤Դ Essay on Man ͡ҡ¹ѧӧҹ ੾мŧҹͧત ⻻Ѻ¡ͧ繡ժѧɷ˭شȵɷ 18
 

30 Ҥ .. 2317
ͧ ͵ (Francois Marie Arouet) Ңͧҡ (Voltaire) ѡоѹйѡѪҪǽ㹪ǧȵɷ 18 ªԵ Դѹ 21 Ȩԡ¹ 2237 㹵СŤ鹡ҧ ¹˹ѧͷԷ ͧ (College Louis-le-Grand) ҡ¹ ӧҹ繷¤ ˹ ҤҤѺѭҪ㹡ا оѹҹФ ŧ͹´ռӹҨ Ф·ҧʹ ١Ӥء ѧҡ¹Фö 15 (Louis XV of France) 繷١з ֧Ѻػ繡ջШҪӹѡ ҡͧҷѺعҧ˹ ֧ͧѧͧ һзѺѧѧɷաäҹӹҨѹҧ ҧʶҺѹѵѺѰ 觼ҹͧպҡȢͧҾҡ㹽 ͡ѺҨ֧¹ŧҹӤѭá Lettres Anglaises (¨ҡѧ) վ㹻 2277 ժ§觴ѧǧùѡ¹лѭҪ 㹺鹻ªԵ ͻҷѧ˹ᴹԵŹ лѡѡ蹹ҹ֧ 20 㹻 2321 ԹҧѺ͹ا ԭͧҪѳԵ Ѻõ͹ѺҡЪҪҧ˭ ҡš㹻չͧ ŧҹӤѭ͹ԷҹѪͧ ͧԴ (Candide ou L’optimisme) Ҵԡ (Zadig) ͧ繹¼´ѧ 繼պҷӤѭ˹㹤͹Ǣͧ ؤʧҧҧѭ (Age of Enlightenment) 㹪ǧʵȵɷ 18 鹡ѡ˵ؼŵẺԷʵ Ԩóûͧ ʶҺѹʹ кɰԨ ТླշҪҹҹ աѧ¡ͧԷҾ ЪҪ Դмŧҹͧҹ¹ŧ˭駷ҧҹͧ ɰԨ ѧʹ 繷ѡѹ㹹 "ûѵԽ” (French Revolution) 㹪ǧ 2332-2333


30 Ҥ .. 2457
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 ʴ Դ çҺŨŧó çҺ觹ҧ¾ҪԢͧѪŷ 6 ѧҡѪŷ 5 ҪҹкҪҹحҵѴ سᴧ"ҡҪҴ”) ѹ 26 ¹ 2436 ѺѡҾҺż ԢͧҹҪҵԷԭ ҡҪҴѧ稺Ժó ҨкԨҤѾҧçҺҡҪҴ 繾С ѹСͺ¶ûªҪʧͧ稾кҶ õҪҳҨѡ ·çд繾ͧѹѺôҾҪ ҪԴ㹾кҷ稾ШŨ ֧çԨҤѾѹ ѺعͧҡҪҴ ҧçҺŢ оҪҹл 稾кҶ "çҺŨŧó" Ѩغѹ˹§ҹѧѴҡҪҴ ´ԹҹѺᾷʵ ŧóԷ

30 Ҥ .. 2484
кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ʴää˷ ѧ çҪѹ 8 Ȩԡ¹ 2436 繾Ҫͧ 76 㹾кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 稾վѪԹҺҪԹչҶ й ҿҪ»ЪҸԻѡപ ç稡֡Ԫҡ÷û׹˭ ҡç¹ͧԪ ѧ ҡʴ稹ѵԻ㹻 2457 çѺҪ÷úҵ çػͻ 2460 Ѵѵʴ յɡʡѺ ˭ԧ侾ó ;кҷ稾خäѹ 26 Ȩԡ¹ 2468 ͧʴԧҪѵ׺ çվҪó¡ԨӤѭ ç鹿ŻѲ٧ͧҵ ·ç͵駡ʾ зçػŻԹ⢹ս ç֡Ңͧҵ ô ҧ;شѺй ç ҪѳԵ ҹɰԹ çѭɰԨѧʧš駷 1 çѴ¨·繢ͧҪ çغ˹ҪŴӹǹҪúҧ˹·ͨغ çеѴ͹¨ǹͧ ɮʹ͹ 䢡çҳͧ ҧʴ任зѺǹšѧ . Թ . ШǺբѹ 㹵͹״ͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 ɮ ִӹҨûͧШѺǾкǧТҪê٧繵ǻСѹ ҡ˹ѧ仡Һѧԭʴ稡Ѻй 繾ҡѵѰ٭ ͧʴ稡ѺйоҪҹ Ѱ٭ҪҳҨѡ ѹ 10 ѹҤ 2475 çҪѵѹ 2 չҤ 2478 ҧçзѺѧ ҤͧҪ 9 ʴää˷¾ԡ Ъ 48 㹻 2491 ѰѭԭкѰԢͧͧѺ

 

кҷ稾л һШӾͧ

кҷ稾л һШӾͧ
çҺŨŧó (Ҿҡ www.md.chula.ac.th)
 
硫ҹ ⻻

˹ 31

31 Ҥ .. 2362
ѹԴ ŵ Ե (Walter "Walt" Whitman) ժԡѹ ԴͧͧŹ Ѱ ͹ ԵѺԷԾŷҧԴẺչ зȹԴҹͧ ҡͧ͢ 繪ҧѺ͹ԡǡ (Quaker--ԡ¢ͧʵѡᵹ) ͹ 11 ǺҷӧҹѺШӹѡҹ ҡ§ ͹ӧҹ˹ѧ;繺óҸԡ㹷ش ¹ԾҡԨó졮¤ҷʢͧѰҧعç ¤㹾ѧͧЪҸԻҧҡ ŧҹҧ˹ѧժش Leaves of Grass վá㹻 2398 ժشʴ֧͡Եԭҳ ŧҹͧԵǹ˭ʴشդ˭ͧҵ سҢͧѨਡ ҾҴҾ ԵªԵѹ 26 չҤ 2435 Ѻ¡ͧ繡ժԡѹ˭ش ŧҹͧԷԾŵǧóҨءѹ
 

 ŵ Ե

31 Ҥ .. 2325
૿ Թ (Franz Joseph Haydn) յժ¼ءԡŧ⿹ ªԵ ԹԴѹ 31 չҤ 2275 ͧ (Rohrau) 繪ҧö Թ¹յ͹ 6 Ǻ 硷չ§Ш֧ռѡǹǧѺͧҹ§ʶૹʵ࿹ (St. Stephen's Cathedral) ا¹ 17 §ͧᵡ֧ͧ͡ҡǧ  ҢҴҵԵ÷觾ԧ֧ӧҹ§վҧҡӺҡ» 蹴բҧ ҹ觧ҹ ЧҹȾ й鹺ҡ㹡ا¹仴§ Թդѹлʺ㹷ҧ¹ ֧֡ɮմн֡ŧ (Clavier) ҧ˹ѡ 㹻 2300 ŧѺǧʵԧŧ⿹պá ҡ鹡˹ҽ´йѡŧШǧͧ ҷ Թ (Count Ferdinand Maximilan Morzin) ҡ˹ǧբͧС (Eszterhazy family) Сŷ觤ѡ觻ѧ Ǻǧշµͧ оѹŧ鹨ӹǹҡ駤͹ ʵԧ ⿹ Farewell Symphony D Major harpsichord Concerto Թժ§价û 50 Թ龺Ѻ (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) 25 ҷ駤դѹյ͡ѹ ¹鴹ըҡԹоѲҨ繤յշ˭ش˹šҵ 58 ԹѺ价ӧҹҧº ا¹ ͹͡Թҧ仾ӹѡا͹͹դ ŧ⿹ŧ 㹺鹻ªԵ ԹѺҾӹѡͧҺҹԴ ªԵŧ 㹪ǧ¹ִͧا¹ 駼ŧҹŧ⿹ҳ 104 ʵԧ 68 кŧ աӹǹҡ ԹѺ¡ͧ "Դŧ⿹" "Դʵԧ" (Father of the Symphony" "Father of the String Quartet")


31 Ҥ .. 2423
稾йҧعѹҡѵ кҪ (йҧ) Ѥ кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 稾١ ҿҡóóѵ ҪԴ ʴ稸ǧغѵ˵;з ;лº ҧٴ . ҡ . ҧʴþҪҹ任зѺ ҪѧҧԹ йظ ˵طй·;лº з᫧蹡Դغѵ˵ ͧç¹ çǧҪԴ ֧仪鹾Ъ仾ѹ 㹺dz鹨ժͭѧش á仪 çǡú еͧá¢ͧ ԩй鹨ж١÷駵С վԸն¾ԧȾѹ 16 չҤ 2423 㹧ҹաᨡ ˹ѧǴ 觾кҷ稾ШŨ çվҪᨡ繾Ҫ ӹǹ 10,000 Ѻ˹ѧͧҹȾáͧ ͡ҡѪŷ 5 ѧçҧ͹йҧҪѧҧԹ
 

31 Ҥ .. 2525
⼹ ྪ (Pone Kingpetch) ͪͨԧ ҹ մ͡Ǻ ѡš 蹿Ƿáͧ ªԵ ⼹Դѹ 12 Ҿѹ 2478 ֡ҪѸ֡һշ 6 ҡç¹ԹԷ Ҫͺ蹡੾ҡ ѹҨ繹ѡš Ǻҹ Ҿ¾份ҡѺ ҧͧ Թ÷ѵ Ңͧ "ྪ" ҹྪú ͧ͢ҾѲҢ öйͤ Զժ ǷͧǷҪԹ ⼹ѧ͹ʺóҡ ҪԧҤѹ͡ (OPBF) ö ᴹ Դ (Danny Kid) ҪǿԻԹ ⼹ժ͵ԴѹѺš 觹Ѻ繡á·ҧêԧšҵ ѹ 16 ¹ 2503 ⼹ǷմѴѺ "ѡ" ʤ ë (Pascual Perez) š蹿ǷਹԹ ǷԹ ˹Ҿоѡкҷ稾 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹչҶ öҪë 繹ѡš蹿Ƿáͧ ͪԹҹԴͧšê աèشةͧѹͧ ѧҡҡ鹪ա¤Ѵԧ׹Ѻ 㹪ǧѧ ⼹Դ ˹ի šê絡ŧ ǡѹѴ駡Ѻù мѴ 㹷شͧСԡ㹻 2509 31 ҡ鹪Եͧ⼹ҧҡ ѾԹԹͧͤҡê¡ ҪվҢ¡Ҵع äҹ 㹷شªԵäʹäá͹ § 47 ѧҤ͢ǡ觻˹ѹ 16 ¹ ͧء "ѹѡʹ" ͧҤ͢ǡ觻 աͺҧŶ¾Ҫҹ繻Шӷء 㹻 2535 ȺͧԹҧ͹ ⼹ ྪ ҴԹ ͹ó֧ʹյѡš

⼹ ྪ

31 Ҥ .. 2531
ͧ͹š (WHO) Сѹ ѹٺš (World No Tobacco Day) 繤á ˵ؼŷ˵Ӥѭͧä֧ 25 ä 移ʹ ا觾ͧ ʹ㨵պ ѨغѹռªԵҡٺѹ 11,000 ФҴա 20 բҧ˹Ҩ繻 10 ҹ͹ҷ 20
 
Secret behind Brokeback Mt.
稾йҧعѹҡѵ
 
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Դá | Views: 7096

ѹʹյ Զع¹ PDF
ҡԵ ä

˹ 1

1 Զع¹ .. 2489
ѹԴ ͧ ѳԵ˹еͧ繤㹶蹷áѹ Դ . ⢷ Ѹ鹨ҡ . žҵѸ· ç¹ǹҺԷ ͺҤФʵ ŧóԷ ¹ ûͧͧ༴稡÷ Է¨֧Ԩ èѴҹ ԵšѺ͡͡ҾѲҪ 2 繤繨ԧѧ ͢鹻 3 ҷӡԨҧԧѧ ੾ "¾Ѳҡ֡" ֡ ç¹ 觹Ѻ繤ẺͧùԵ Ӥѭͧ֡ҡͧʧ ͡áҧѵǺҹ 4 ҷӡԨ͡¹ŧ ѹ价ӡԨǹҷҧԴ з˹ѧԷ Ѻ֡͹ ¹㹻 2512 յ Ѵͧ . ҹͧ . § . ɮҹ ҹͧ˹ѧ ԷûԷȹ ѡɳ ѡ 繺óҸԡ ֧ѡǹҨѴ·ͧ ҡ鹤šѴԹ駤˹ҷͧ طȵҪվ仺ءԡç¹͹˹ѧͷ ç¹ͧ . ҹͧ . § 觢йѧ繾鹷ѹ ࢵԺѵԡâͧäǹʵ觻 觤š §Դҵͧ¤ط Դҵ繾 ¢ͧäǹʵʧҤѺ׺ҪѺͧѾ ֧ѡԧ͹١ѺӷҧªԵ ѹ 22 Ҿѹ 2514 § 25 дԹԵٵԸҹ֧ 10 ͹ ѧäǹʵ͡Ѻ繼ѧäŴ¤㨼Դ ȾͧŶҶ֧ا෾ ѹ 26 Ҿѹ ͹վԸվҪҹԧȾѹ 2 չҤ Ҩѡɳ¹㹤ӹ˹ѧͷ֡㹧ҹȾ
"觫š ѡ仨ش㹴ǧ㨢ͧ ءŧشó§ҧ” "԰͹á” еͧŧ԰͹ Ѻŧҧäѧբ ѧҡªԵ㹻ǡѹ աèѴ ŹԸŤͧ ͹óҹشԢͧ繨ԧѧ
 

  ͧ
 

1 Զع¹ .. 2451
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 çС ѡɳҭ ..127 觹Ѻ š Ѻáͧ Һǧ͡ǧҪմáķ ç繻иҹСáõǨҪ˹ ¡÷ ШѴҧº 繺÷Ѵҹ çӵ 2440 㹻 2451 Ҷ֧ 11 š©Ѻҹҹ֧ 49 繵Ẻͧšҭ 觻Сѹ 1 Ҥ 2500

1 Զع¹ .. 2523
(Cable News Network : CNN) ʶҹ͢÷ȹŢͧѰԡ ѭҳ繤á ʶҹ÷ȹ觹͵ (Ted Turner) Ѩغѹ ͢÷ȹʹ͢õʹ 24 Turner Broadcasting System (ѷ Time Warner) ٹǡҧͧͷŹ Ѱ ѺѹѺ˹㹪ǧʧ㹪ǧ 2533-2534 ѧҡʴش׹繡к͡§ͧзǧѰ 㹪ǧʧѰ -ѡͻ 2546 繡ѺԾҡԨҧҡ֧繡ҧ㹰ҹŪ ҧá ҡʶԵͻ 2547 ռԡѹҳ 88.2 ҹѧ͹ѺǨҡ ҡѹѺ ͧѰԡ ͡ҡѧҾ͡ѧҧ ռҳ 1.5 ѹҹ 212
 

CNN

кҷ稾ШŨ

˹ 2

2 Զع¹ .. 2489
ѹʶһ ҸóѰԵ (Italian Republic) ¹ŧûͧҡкͺѵкͺЪҸԻ ջиҹҸԺ ç˹觻آͧ չ¡Ѱշ˹ҷ˹ҽº սµҡ¡ СѰ٭Ѻáѹ 1 Ҥ 2491 ѧҨѨغѹ Եաҵѹ 17 չҤ 2404 Ե繤Һط͡㹷¹ ҧ͹ͧջû վ鹷 301,225 ҧ ѡɳҡẺ¹ Ъҡûҳ 58 ҹ (.. 2547) 繻Ҫԡ͵駢ͧҾû (Europian Union: EU) ѨغѹʡԹ Euro Ե¹ ҡҧ ͧǧ (Rome) ûͧǹͧࢵûͧ͡ 20 (regions) 㹴ԹᴹͧԵѧջա 2 Ȥ ҹ (San Marino) Ѱҵԡѹ (Vatican City) Եդѹҧ÷ٵѺµ 2429  ԵչѺ繹ŻѲ ٹҧԭҹŻ ʶһѵ¡ Էҡ ʹ ͧûͧ ҵ¨ѡôѹ (Roman Empire) öҤԭѧҡҹʶһѵ¡Ե

 

2 Զع¹ .. 2496
稾йҧԫຸ 2 (Queen Elizabeth II) çҾԸҪɡ Թ ا͹͹ ¤ͧѧ׺ͨҡкԴ Ҩ 6 (King George VI) 㹢վЪ 27 ҪԸҪɡ駹աҾ͡ҡȷҧ÷ȹ繤áҪҳҨѡ ͧçվй ԫຸ 硫ҹ (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) ٵ 21 ¹ 2469 ç繾ҪԴ㹾Ҩ 6 Ѻйҧԫຸ (Queen Elizabeth) çɡʡѺ خҪÿԻ (The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh) 㹻 2490 ʴ稢鹤ͧҪѹ 6 Ҿѹ 2495 ѧҡкԴʴää移ʹ ç繻آͧѰҧ ͨѡѧ 16 çͧЪҪ 128 ҹ 繼ͧ˹ͧЪҡš
 

稾йҧԫຸ 2

2 Զع¹ .. 2522
稾ѹһ 2 (Pope John Paul II) ʴ Ź 繺ҹԴͧͧ ·ç繾ѹлһҾͧáʴ͹Ȥǹʵ 駹ʹҷշçç˹觻آ觤ʵѡѹҷԡ ͧͧçԹҧ仾ʵʹԡ㹷š 100 зҧ 1,247,613 ԹҾͧԹҧͺš 27 ͺ ç 822 ѹ ͡ 2 3 ͹ 㹡Թҧѧʶҹҧ ͡ا çعþ 20,000 ͡ 100,000 ˹ çһЪѺӷҧͧ 1,600 件֧ҾѺآͧѰ 776 й¡Ѱա 246 çԹҧȹе͵ҹʧ ǹʵ ʫʵ ༴稡 ع ѵع ÷ СáзѹԴŸ ǡѹͧҧѹѺӢͧʹҵҧ

 

稾ѹһ    2

˹ 3

3 Զع¹ .. 2379
ͺѴ (Dan Beach Bradley) Ԫѹժԡѹ Դ觾쩺Ѻá㹻¤ ˹ѧͺѭѵԺС (The Commandments) ˹ѧ͹ʵʹշ 8 ˹ 駹þ鹢ѧҡͺѴԹҧҶ֧ѹ 18 áҤ 2478 ѺǾѡ蹾Ҩҡԧ ͺѴФԡѹ (American Board of Commisionary of Forein Missions : A.B.C.F.M.) ӹѡҹç鹷͡ѻѹت ҹԭا Թþ㺻 ԷԹ ˹ѧ͵ҧ ͡Ҩӹǹҡ شӤѭͧؤ觡þ ͺѴѺ¡ͧ
"Դ觡þ"

 

 ͺѴ

3 Զع¹ .. 2442
ѹ ѹ 2 (Johann Strauss Junior) յժ·Ѻ¡ͧ "Ҫŧū" (The Waltz King) ªԵ ١¤áͧ ѹ 1 (Johann Strauss I) յռ "Դŧū" (Father of Waltz) Դا¹ѹ 25 Ҥ 2368 㹢зǧբͧԴҡѧժ§ ªԵѡշͧҧ˹ѡҨժ§ѧͧӧҹ˹ѡ ͧ͢Ҩ֧ҡ١Թҧ ١ͨŵ ١ʹ觴 ֧ͺѴԹ ͹ˡǺͧŧūͧ ;֧ͺҧ еͧԹҧ索Ҵ ҡѧͺ¹ҧѺ ѺʹѺʹعҡ ͧҡͧ͢зѾԹǹ˭仡Ѻ¹ ͧҨ֧ʹʹѺʹع١ҧ ҾѲҽͨҢԴʴá Dommayer's Casino ͧηԧ (Hietzing) ѹ 15 Ҥ 2387 19 ջʺҡ ¹仴١ѹͧ 㹷ش龺Ҩŧū줹͡Դ ѧ§ͧŴŧ ١¢ͧҡժ§᷹ ŧͧ繡â 觾ͧ͢ҡ㹵١¤ ¾˹ҡѹз觾ͧ͢һªԵ㹻 2392 ١¨֧ǧͧҡѺǧͧ ʹԵŧӹǹҡ 緵 ŵ š ŧū ŧūͧѡɳ͹⿹ ռŧҹ˭ŧ ҷ The Blue Danube, Wine Woman and Song, Tales from Vienna Woods, Voises of Spring, Arstist’s Life Emperor Waltz


 
 ͹ó


3 Զع¹ .. 2467
ҹ ҿ (Franz Kafka) ѡ¹ª ˹㹹ѡ¹˭ȵɷ 20 ªԵ ҿ繺صê¤ǢͧͤҪ Դѹ 3 áҤ 2426 اҡ (Prague) ͧǧ (Bohemia) Ѩغѹͻ ¤Դô繪ǫ繪㹡اҡ 㹪ǧҷûͧͧҳҨѡ-ѧ ԴҢͧҿѺçѹҧѧ ѧհҹдբ ҵͧèõ ѺѺԴ˹Ҫٵѧ Ҩ֧觤ҿ¹ç¹ͧը֧дѺԷ ͧҡѹҢͧ鹻ͧ㹢й 㹵͹áҿ͡¹Ԫѹ֡ ǵͧ¹¹ԪҡкԴҺѧѺ Ҩԭ͡ҹͻ 2449 ֡ҹҹ˹觻 ѧҡ鹨֧ҷӧҹӹѡҹСغѵ˵آͧçҹ֧ 2465 ҵͧ͡ҡҹ͹ѹ ͧҡѳäʹ ªԵ㹷ش ʹԵҿҾҹͧ鹢ͧͧ§ͧҹ ͹ҡ͹ʹԷ ѡ ô (Max Brod) µ鹩Ѻ ӵ鹩ѺͧҿҨѴ訹ҡ֧Ѩغѹ ҿ¹ͧ鹷駢Ҵҳ 30 ͧ йǹ·ѧóա 2 ͧ "ǹ” (The Judgement) "ҷ” (The Castle) ǹŧҹͧ鹷Ӥѭ "” (Metamorphosis) "դ” (The Trial) ԵͧҿҵԷԾŢͧԴҫӹҨоСѧҧҹҧШԵ㨷秡 Ҩ֧ӷءҧԴͺ 觧ҹѺ˭ԧԴ繴 зӧҹоѹ觺ԴҤѴҹ ҿջѭҷҧҹäҤѺ Ҫͺ纵طҷѺ¹˹ѧ ʹʹ Ѫ ФǷԧͧǵѹ͡ ǨѺҡѺѧѧ蹺ԴҢͧ ҾԵ㨷ʧդѴҧعç çе鹷ӤѭҼԵŧҹʴҾͧš仴¤ѴҧѺٻ ҾѴ駹ѹлҹѹ ҹͧҶ·ʹо֧ѧ ҹФ÷ժԵⴴ š¡ ءҹ ͧ͢˵ءó˹ͨԧ½ѹ ҡȢͧͧѡѡɳ״ ֡Ѻ ͤҧҧ蹪Ѵ ͧҡҵͧ÷лءҹ֡ǹФҧŧʹ ѧ¡ “˹ѧͤè繢ҹѺ͡㹵…ҡ˹ѧͷҹ ֡͹ѺⴹغС Ҩҹ˹ѧ价ѹ” ˵عҹͧҿҨ֧ѧѡҹйѡԨó ҵդж§ҨѨغѹ

 ҹ ҿMetamorphosisThe Trial


3 Զع¹ .. 2516
кҷ稾 稾йҧ кҪԹչҶ 稾෾ѵҪش ҡ 稾١ҿҨó ѡɳ ʴ稾ҪԹ价çԴ ͹ó ͹Ӿ ͹๡ʧ͡üԵ俿ѡ ҧԴӹӾ͡Ңع dzǡ . 觾 . ͹ . 俿ҽ¼Ե觻 (.) Ѻ͹ѵԨҡѰҧ㹻 2512 㹻 2515 ѡɳ͹ẺԹ ᡹ҧ繴Թ˹ǺѴѺ蹴¡ǴԹ դѹ͹ 700 ҧ 8 ҹҧ 250 ٧ҡҹҡ 70 آͧҧ纹 188 ҹ١ȡ ջҳҧ» 165 ҹ١ȡ ԴͧԴ俿ҢҴ 20,000 ѵӹǹ 2 ش öԵ俿» 95 ҹѵ dz駢ͧ͹շǷȹ§ ֧ʶҹͧǷʹ˹觢ͧѧѴ 㹡ҧ͹觹ա÷¾鹷ҡҼ׹ҷ١ӷҧ纹Ӷ֧ 20 ա駹ӨҡӹӾ§§Ե餹ࢵ . ɵ-ó, . , . ҹ Ѻʹ͹ ͧҡҳӾҧ§Ŵŧ ͺʹӹӾ駢ʹ 觼ѹѵ٭ ԶժԵͧʹӹӾ¹ ʹ 20 һշҹ ɵáüʹ͹ͧԹҧ͹ó͢͹¹§͡Ѻ÷ӡɵҧ» 3 – 4 駨Դ "ླաõӢͧӾ" ɵáӾ "СêǺҹ䢻ѭӹӾ" (.) ׹ѹ¡ͧ㹡ѭӹӾ͹Ե ⾸ˤ ѰջШӹѡ¡Ѱ мҡá俿ҽ¼Ե觻 ѹ 10 չҤ 2542 ա䢻ѭӹӾҧԧѧ 訹֧ѨغѹѭҷԴ鹹ѧѺ

 

͹ó (Ҿҡ www.stjohn.ac.th)

˹ 4

4 Զع¹ .. 73
ѹԴ ʡҵ (Socrates) ѡҪǡաҧҡҹѪҵѹ Դ㹡اู ¡Ѻоط 㹪ǧá¹ŻШҡ ѧطȵͧѺ÷ҸС͹Ѫ»Ȩҡҵͺ᷹ ʡҵԸաʹҶ§˵ؼ Ը (Dialectic) ͧ㹡ʴǧҤԧ ¹鹪ǡա෾ҷ繼Ǻࡳҧ š ʡҵդẺ ǹ (Atheism) ʹͧ ʵ (Ethics) ҳԷ (Knowledge) "ͤ" ԵШѹͧҤ͡ʹҶ§ѭҷҧѪҡѺ ֧դ˹ǪͺǧѧҨӹǹҡ 줹Ӥѭ (Plato Ҩͧ --Aristotle) ʡҵʶ١§˹㹡اูѷʹ Ѻж١ŵѴԹêԵ ١ͧҧἹ˹ѺҨ ʡҵʡѺʸз蹹 лС Ҩҧá öҷзʹ駡Ϳѧ͡µҧ ͧȢͧ õѴԹѹ繹ѹͧ˵ؼŨ ͡ѺõѴԹ¡ôҾ (Hemlock) ѹ 7 Ҥ .. 144 ŧҹԴͧʡҵǹ˭١ѹ֡ ʡҵѺ¡ͧ
"Դ觻Ѫҵѹ"
 

 ʡҵ
 

4 Զع¹ .. 2513
ҪҳҨѡõͧ (Kingdom of Tonga) Ѻ͡ҪҡҪҳҨѡ ͧ ͵Ҷҹ "ⵧ" ҷ 繻˹طừԿԡ ҧȹǫŹѰ ͧѰԡ Ǿطȵɷ 14 ͧ鹨ҡûͧͧͧ ¾Ե (‘Aho’eitu) ʶһҵ繡ѵͧáͧͧ ͧ׺Ѫ ֧ 2316 Ѻѹ ء (James Cook) ѡǨѧԹҾе駪 “ԵҾ” (Friendly Islands) һ 2443 Ҩ ٻٷ 2 (King George Tupou II) çʹѭͧѰäͧͧҪҳҨѡ Ҷ֧ ҿ ٻٷ 4 (Taufa’ahau Tupou IV) çӹҨͧͧ׹ ѺҪԡͨѡ ͧ觡ûͧ͡ 3 Ф ͧҵһ (Tongatapu), (Ha'apai) (Vava'u) ͧǧ͹١ſ վ鹷 748 ҧ ջЪҡ 114,689 (..2549) ѡͿѡͧС÷ͧ ǵͧѲ繢ͧͧ Ҿٴ繢ͧͧ ҵͧ ѧҪ

ȵͧ 
 

4 Զع¹ .. 2516
͹ Ƿ (Don Wetzel), (Tom Varnes) (George Chastain) ԷԺѵ ͧҡ-͹Թʴѵѵ ATM (Automatic Teller Machine) ѵþʵԡᶺ硺ѹ֡ʻШӺѵ㹡ýҡ-͹Ѻͧͷ ա 4 յ ҤëԵầ (City Bank) Դ駵ͷͧáӹѡҹ㹡ا Ѱԡ Դԡýҡж͹Թѵѵ١ 24 ʹءѹѹش һҳ 6 ͹ԡͷͧԵ秤ö֧١ҨҡҤǹ觡õҴͺҵ ͹踹Ҥä觨ǵǷѹԡͷҧ Ѻ Ҥ¾ҳԪ áͷͻ 2526 ¡ "ԡԹǹ" ԡùӽҡ ͹ ͹Թ ͺʹѭ ؤáͷԡ੾㹺ѭոҤù зкͷ (ATM Pool) 觺ѵͷͧءҤö͹ԹͽҡԹҡͧҤ㴡
 


 ATM

4 Զع¹ .. 2532
Դ˵ءóͧʹ ¹ѹԹ (Tiananmen Square Massacre) اѡ Ȩչ ؤǼԧ繼кͺǹʵ ¡ͧѧõԴظöѧдԧ¡êͧѡ֡лЪҪзǧ͵ҹäǹʵչ¡ͧЪҸԻԷҾ êѹ 15 ¹ 2532 »ѭҪйѡ֡ҪǨչ ռѺ蹤 ûҺͧ÷ռªԵ 2,000 ҷա 7,000- 10,000 ¡ͧͧѡ֡һЪҪ駹 觼äǹʵʹҨءѹ ˵ءóѧ駹աԾҡԨóҧҡ ѰŨչԴԷªҧعç

 
êзǧ訵¹ѹԹ

˹ 5

5 Զع¹ .. 2524
ٹǺлͧѹäԴ (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) ͧѰԡ §ҹä鹾 äʹ (AIDS : Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) ҧ繷ҧäáš §ҹкҾ繪ѡȨӹǹ 5 ͧͧ Կ 繻ʹҡ ʵ Թ (Pneumocystis Carinii) 駷繤çҡҡ͹ ҡԵҹҹ šõǨҧͧԺѵԾ˹ҷǢͧѺԵҹҹö˹ҷ 駹äʹ繡ҡ纻·ԴҧѺ ʹ ͪ (HIV : Human Immunodeficiency Virus) 觨价ʹ ҧԤѹä ԤѹäŴŧ ä֧͡á͹ҧ¢ ҡ֡͹ѧ äʹյ鹡ԴҨҡᶺѿԡҵѹ㹻 2503 ѧε ջԡ û Ѻʹá㹻¹繪 28 Թҧ֡ҵͷԡվĵԡѡ ҡ㹻 2526 ѺõǨѡҷçҺ˹ԡ ҡ鹨֧ѺѡҵǷ㹻 2527 ªԵҵ ʶԵԢͧͧ͹š (WHO) кҵ 2524 褹äʹ쨹֧ 2549 ռªԵҡäǻҳ 25 ҹ ʶԵԨ֧ 2548 ռ·ѧժԵաҳ 2.4-3.3 ҹ 硻ҳ 570,000 ռԴѹҳ 60 ҹ (ӹǹЪҡ÷ͧ㹻 2550 ջҳ 65 ҹ)


 
 ʹ

5 Զع¹ .. 2460
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 çСسô ö˹ ö 鹡Ѻ öǧ ͧҡçԨóҡԨâͧö俷ͧ¡ѹ дǡúçҹ ͧ зçô ҹͧ СᾧѤ¸Թ 繼ѭҡáöǧͧá յ աáҧоҹҾҧöѺ˹ ¹ҧ㹷ҧ˹Ҫ ҧ 1 ҡѺͤдǡö俢Ҵǡѹǻ ա Сᾧྪ çöѡô 2 ѹҨҡԵŹ㹻繤á 㹻 2494 öǧ¹ ö觻 Ҩءѹ Ѩغѹö зҧԴԹö 4,346


 
 СᾧѤ¸Թ

5 Զع¹ .. 2231
ҾԪ¹ (Ԫ¹ ¹) عҧʹԷͧ稾й³Ҫ ١ ྷҪ غ͡任÷Ѵҡ ҧŪغ ͧž ҾԪ¹繽觪ǡա ͹ᵹԹ Ť͹ (Constantine Phaulkon) Դͻ 2190 ि (Cephalonia) ȡա ҷӧҹѺѷ East India Company ͧѧ ͡§⪤稾й³ ·ӡäҷҧšѺҧ 繪ǧɰԨԭͧҡ ¤觡ҨöЩҴ ҡǢ鹨ҡ ѤʹҺ§ 8 ôѡҪԹ "ҾԪ¹" ç˹ ˹¡ ѧѺѭҢҪþ͹ءͧͧ º˹觹¡Ѱ㹻Ѩغѹ 觪ǡաӹҨѺҧз¨ҡ稾й³ Ӿäǡѧ Сͧýا繨ӹǹҡ ¤ѧѺ ¡繻Ҫͧ 14 ҡا ¹稾й³çԴ͡ǵҧҵԷԾ駷ҧͧ ɰԨʹ ѧͧЪ 觼ѹ§ǵҧҵԨִӹҨ 㹷شྷҪоѹ͡觪ԧӹҨҪѧ ǡӡûҺТѺǵҧҵ ͧѾ йѡحʵѧ͡ҡ蹴Թ
 

5 Զع¹ .. 2510
ʧ 6 ѹ (Six Day War) 鹢 Ի ᴹ ҧҡ ʧ駹Ѻ ʧѺ- 駷 3 ѧҡԴ ԡĵԡóͧͫ (Suez Crisis) ͻ 2499 Ѻ (Gamal Abdel Nasser) иҹҸԺբͧԻִǹҫ (Gaza Strip) лԴ͡Һ (Gulf of Agaba) ԹҢͧ蹼ҹ 繼ͺѹ 5-10 Զع¹ 2510 ʧŧªªТͧ öִͧҺطëչ (Sinai Peninsula) dzǹҫ Թᴹ觵ѹͧӨᴹࢵʵầ (West Bank) зҺ٧ѹ (Golan Heights) 觹Ѻ繡ҧ蹤ҧԹᴹѺ ѺлͺСʧѹ ֧Ѩغѹ ѹҾáѧѧԴ աʧ駹ͧͫ١Դ աҹ ͹Դաѹ 5 Զع¹ 2518

"˻ЪҪҵͧǴͧ" (UN Conference on the Human Environment) اʵ͡ ഹ ҧѹ 5-16 Զع¹ 2515 ռЪ 1,200 ҡ 113 ѵػʧԨóҵá㹡䢻ѭǴҧ лҪԡѧʺҧ觴ǹ 觻Ӥѭ㹡͡ ء ҪԡҧͧԸաô䢻ѭ 蹵ǡѺԡĵóҹǴͧءҤšҧԧѧ áӡѺŢͧͧ˻ЪҪҵ (UN) 繡֧֡ش鹢ͧҧҵԷš㹴ҹǴ ͧ˻ЪҪҵԨ֧˹ѹͧء "ѹǴš" (World Environment Day)
 

ѹǴš
ʧ 6 ѹ


5 Զع¹ .. 2515
աûЪ

 ҾԪ¹ ()

˹ 6

6 Զع¹ .. 2487
ѹ - (D-day) ѹ鹢ͧ طùѧ (Battle of Normandy) 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ͧѧýѹԵèӹǹ 155,000 ¾ŴǷ . ૹ (Dwight D. Isenhower) ú 5,000 ͧԹա 12,000 ¡Ţ鹺½ͧѧ (Normandy) Ƚ 㹡ִͧͧͧѾҫѹ 觼ͧѾѹͧзèӹǹҡ١Ѻ Ժѵԡä駹 Operation Overlord Ժѵԡä駹Թ仨֧͹ԧҤ 2478 öŴ»㹷ش Ѻ繡ء˭شûͧѹԵ йѺ繡¡Ţ鹺˭ش»ҡ㹻ѵʵš

 

ѹ-

6 Զع¹ .. 2468
ѹԴ (Jin Yong) ҡҤ (Louis Cha) ѡ¹¡ѧ㨢ͧչѺҡش˹ Դͧ˹ԧ (Haining) § (Zhejiang) Ҫǧԧ µҧȨҡԷ´ (Dongwu University) ӧҹ˹ѧ;ҵʹ 鹷˹ѧ; Ta Kung Pao § ¹ҹա 㹪ǧ ʧҧͧչ (Chinese Civil War 2470-2493) 駵ͧ͡ҡչ蹴Թ˭ͧ ѧҡ¤ǹʵͧиҹҪ ҡѴԹ㨻ѡѡ Ѻ͹͵˹ѧ; “ԧ” (Ming Pao) 㹻 2502 дšԨ˹ѧ;ͧҨءѹ ¹¡ѧͧá㹻 2498 㨨ط (The Book and the Sword) Ѩغѹ¹· 15 ͧ ŧҹ褹¤·ش ѧ¡ (The Legend of the Condor Heroes) ǻ (The Deer and the Cauldron) ¢ͧ駨ͧԧѵʵ Фѡ繨طѡҵ о͡ѺҪӹѡͧѹ աԹҧ ʹءʹҹ ͹Ѫ֡ ͧͧ繷ҧҧҧ ١¤ ж١ԢԷҧҾ¹ش¤ աùҾͧ¤ зء駡դٵԴѹ 駶繹ѡ¹¡ѧ·ԷԾҡش˹觢ͧչ

ѧ¡

˹ 7

7 Զع¹ .. 2391
ѹԴ (Paul Gauguin) ŻԹӤѭͧ㹡 ʵ-ʪ蹹 (Post-Impressionism) Դا ͹ 3 Ǻͺǵͧ¡ͧ ͧ͢ªԵҧҧ ҡѺѺاͧ (Lima) ͧҧҾзѺʴ͡㹼ŧҹŻҵ ͹ 7 ¡Ѻ份ա ͹ 17 ҷӧҹ١Թط ѺҪ÷áѺҪս ҡ鹡 觧ҹ١ 5 Ѻ繤ͺǷդآ ҧ㹡¹ٻ ҹŻ зѡѺ ԫ (Camille Pissarro) ŻԹʪѹǽ йѡѺŻԹ й¹ٻͧͧ ᡧ֧ʵٴ¹ٻʪ蹹ҧ 2424-2425 աͧյҾҤͺͧ໹ࡹ ഹ ѹ˹ҡѴԹз駡çҹ蹤 ԵдǡкФͺ͡¹ٻҧԧѧ ͡¹ٻѺԫ, ૫ҹ (Paul Czanne) ǹ (Vincent Van Gogh) 㹻 2432 ᡧʴҹŻзժ§ йŻеѹ͡Ϳԡ㹵ѹ ੾Чҹ鹺ҹ (folk art) Ҿ ᡧդʹ㨧ҹŻо鹺ҹǨ֧ѴԹԵ¹ٻеԵ (Tahiti) ͧԴçѹ ѲҽҧäҹŻ͡š蹪繨ӹǹҡ ѧԵ Եǫ (Marquesas) 㹺鹻ªԵҵҺʹ ´äԿ ªԵ觹ѹ 9 Ҥ 2446 ͹ж١Ⱦ份ѧҹ˹觺еԵ ʶҹ ѡҡش ҾҴͧᡧѧҡ繪 ѡ仴ѹʴѴ ٻçº Դ ẹ 仴ͧԶժԵº¢ͧ ¡ŻẺ Synthetism  ᡧŻԹöҧҹ ҡѺçѹ㨨ҡҵ  ᡧŻԹ㹡ʵ-ʪ蹹 Ѻ ҹ ҹ ͡ ԷԾҧҡ;ѲҡŻ (Modern Art) йѺŻԹǢҹз駷ء觷ءҧͷӧҹŻз赹ѡ

 ᡧThe Yellow ChristIa Orana Maria

7 Զع¹ .. 1642
ʧʴ駷 1 (The First Crusade) 鹢ѧҡ ѹһѹ 2 (Pope Urban II) 觡اǺͧѾǤʵ (Crusaders) Թ 1,500 зա 15,000 ¨ҡûԹҧͺ ا٫ (Jerusalem) 繴ԹᴹѡԷͧ ʵ 㹢й鹻ͧª ʧʴ駹Թ仨֧ѹ 15 áҤǡѹ ͧѧͧѹ¤ ·ش ѡúʴöءЦҧءǤʵ쨹 ªԵҳ 4 蹤 §黡ͧѺ͹حҵ͡ 駹 ʧʴ (Crusade War) ʧҧʹ觪ԧا٫ 繴ԹᴹѡԷͧ ¹ Դ ؤҧ (Medieval Age) 8 ҧ 1639 – 1813 ǹҹ֧ 174 Ѵѹ骹 ʧش ͧѾöִԹᴹѡԷ׹ҡǤʵ ѺءҹҧԹᴹ͡ дçҵ׺Ҩ֧ءѹ աѹʧʴ ԧըش§觪ԧا٫ 繡ʴѧӹҨͧѹлһҼӤʵѡѹҷԡ ӹҨҧҡؤҧ աʧѧҴäظͧ 㹡ԹѾ价ʧѧաͺὧ价ӡäҴ
 

 ʧʴ


7 Զع¹ .. 2472
Ѱҵԡѹ (State of the Vatican City) ѺҾҡԵ ǤҷԡҾ«ͺ ѡح (Saint Peter) 繻آͧʵѡҡ ҹç˹繺Ԫͻͧا (Bishop of Rome) ֧óҾ ׺˹觺Ԫͻ֧Ѻ繻آͧʵѡäҷԡ 㹪ǧáѹлһҵͧԺѵԧҹҧء ͹ ҳҨѡѹ ͨѡþôѹӹҨŧ ѹлһҨ֧ӹҨͧ索Ҵ㹰ҹСѵҹѰ ҧѰ͡件֧Ҥͧ ѧҡ (Cavour) Ѱҧ 繻Ե稡ִاҡʶҺѹѹлһ ʶһҢ繹ǧͧ㹻 2413 ӡѴࢵѹлһաԷ੾ࢵѧҵԡѹҹ 觼Դ÷ѴҹҡǤҷԡš 㹷ش Թ (Mussolini) ֧ͧ;Ծҷ· ʹѭѹ (Lateran Treaty) Ѻӹѡҵԡѹѹ 11 Ҿѹ 2472 ѵҺѹѺͧФӻСѹ͸Ի¢ͧѰҵԡѹдǡա ҧ Ѱҵԡѹվѹлһ繻آ 鹾Ъ ѹлһͧѨغѹ 稾ѹлһ๴ԡ 16 (Pope Benedict XVI) ô¤ʧ觤ʵʹҹԡѹҷԡ 繻ȷբҴ硷شš վ鹷ҳ 250 2/3 ҧ 㹡ا ٹҧʵૹ (Saint Peter's Basilica) ͡Ẻѹ (Michelangelo) վͧ 783 (.. 2548) ҵԹԵ¹Ҫ ˹Թ (Euro)
 

Ѱҵԡѹ ҵҵԡѹ 

7 Զع¹ .. 2472
ѹ ԧ (Alan Mathison Turing) ѡԵʵ ѡáʵ ѡԷҪѧ "ԴԷҡä” ªԵ ԧԴا͹͹ѹ 23 Զع¹ 2455 ¹Եʵ ԧŨ ԷԴ 繤èԧѧҡ ¹´ҡ ͡ 觢ѹͧҤѡձѤ ѧҡ¹õԹѹѺ˹ ҡӧҹԨ֡ҤԵʵеáʵҧԧѧ öҧٻẺҧ繷ҧ ҧԵʵͧкšԷ (Algorithm) Сäӹdz ͧѡ÷ԧ (Turing Machine) ҡ¹ͻԭ͡ԷѺԹѹ ҧͧӹdzö͹ ͧ (cipher machine) ҧʧš駷 2 ǹӤѭ㹡öʹѺͧѹ ʧʧѹ价෤ʹ㨡Ѻ෤ ö͡ẺмԵͧ硷͹ԡöͧá ͧš ҡ͡Ẻ ¹Ԫҡôҹҵʹ 㹪ǧʧҡͺӧҹѺͧöʹѺͧѰ ͧѺ зդȾͧҫ觡ԹͺҺ乵 ҹѡ ªԵͧѧ繤Ѻءѹ Դҡæҵǵ Ͷ١ҧҨҡ˹§ҹѺҷӧҹ ҡ㹻 2509 աá͵ҧ Turing Award ͺդöҧҹԷҡä ҧŹº͹ѺҧҢҤ

 ѹ ԧ

˹ 8

8 Զع¹ .. 2410
ѹԴ ç ´ õ (Frank Lloyd Wright) ʶһԡԡѹ ԴͧԪŹ ૹ Ѱʤ͹Թ Ѱԡ ¹ǡʵԷʤ͹Թ ¹ 2 ա͡价ӧҹҹʶһѵ¡ ͡ẺҹǤԴ “Prairie Houses” ¶֧ “ҤäժԵ͡鹨ҡ׹Թ” ᷹§Ҥ÷ҧҧš¡Ѻҵ ŧҹѺ¡ͧҡش͡͡Ẻҹ˹͹ӵ˹ Һҹ Falling Water ҧ㹻 2482 Ѱྐྵ ͡ҡѧ繼͡ẺҤþԾԸѳ Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum ٻçعǹͧ͹Դء͡ õԴӹѡҹͧ͡ (Oak Park) ҹͧԤ ѰԹ Ҥ÷͡Ẻ 50 ҡŧҹҳ 362 觻ҳѹѧ 300 õªԵѹ 9 ¹ 2502  ç ´ õѺ¡ͧʶһԡԷԾҡش˹㹤ʵȵɷ 20

 
ç ´ õ Falling Water


8 Զع¹ .. 1175
ʴѴ (Muhammad) ʹ ֧ ҹԴѹ 22 ¹ 1114 ͧ ȫش ԴªԵзҹ㹤ô 6 ǺôªԵ ҹ֧Ѻا ͹硷ҹӧҹѺҧ§еԴا令Ң·ȫ ҡ鹡ӧҹ١ҧҢ¡ѺɰԹ ʹխ ҹѴդѵ դԧ ¨ҧͧҹ֧觧ҹѺҹҵ ҹѺ (ó--Revelation) ͡ô㨨ҡм㹶 40 ҡ鹷ҹ֧СҧѺ 3 СҵФԴ ҷҹѺͧèҡ觵ͫ ֧͡Сʹ㹡اѡ ǡêѺ 㨾ҡѹø 駵ѵ١Ѻҹҧعç ֧Ҵ͡ҵ͵ҹǡͧҹ ҹ֧ǡ;¾ͺ (͸) 㹻շ 10 ͧûС ҹ˹աáҴѹ 5 ҡ鹡ժͧдչ͡ҢѺҡ ԭҹдչ (Madinah) ЪҪҧ ʭԴغ ʭԴѧá١ҧ ҡ鹡ӡҴѹءѺͧ ҡ;¾ͧҹʴѴ繨شͧѡҪ ¡ ԨѡҪ (..) 㹻 1173 ҹԪԵͧФ׹ʹ͡价ǴԹᴹѺ

 
ʴѴ

8 Զع¹ .. 2352
(Thomas Paine) ѡѵջЪҸԻªѧɼԷԾŵ͡ûС͡Ҫͧԡ ֧ ྐྵԴͧ ѧ ѹ 29 Ҥ 2280 㹤ͺҡ ӧҹҵ ǡѹʹ㨻ѭҺҹͧҹ˹ѧ੾мŧҹͧ ͤ (John Locke) 㹻 2317 龺Ѻ ູԹ ŧԹ (Benjamin Flankin) Ǣͧྐྵ ֧ѡǹ§⪤ԡ 件֧ԡؤѧҳҹԤͧѧ ҷӧҹ繺óҸԡùԵ Pennsylvania Magazine ¹ԾҡԨó餹Ǵ繷 Էʵ ʹѺʹعԡ¡ШҡѧؤѧԡѧѺʹ ŧҹӤѭشͧҤ˹ѧ硪 Common Sense 觾ѹ 10 Ҥ 2319 觡çѹ㨪ԡѹʧҾҡѧɨ ྐྵͼԴͻѰԡ United States of America 㹻 2334 ¹˹ѧͧ Right of Man ʹѺʹعûѵԽ ѧ˹ѧӤѭա Age of Reason Agrarian Justice 㹪ǧ鹻ҡѺԵԡҧҡӺҡ ١´ѧ ١ ԴͧྐྵԷԾŵ͹ѡѵԡѹáСǡ˹ѧнҧҡ 繼شǹԡШҡѧ

 
 ྐྵ

8 Զع¹ .. 2353
ѹԴ 硫ҹ ѹ (Robert Alexander Schumann) յؤԡѹ ԴͧԤ (Zwickau) 鹫ѡ⫹ (Saxony) ͧѹ 繹ѡ¹ ҹ֧˹ѧҡѹҹ ͡ҡѧŧ 7 Ǻ աѧͺ¹к ͹ 16 վªԵ ѹѧҨ繹ѡ͹ѡ¹ ѴԹ ¹·ͧžԡ ºҡȢͧͧѺ仴´ ѹ֧ѡй͹ ѧ ҹ¢ͧત ¹ҧԧѧ͹ 20 աѺ ԴԪ Ԥ (Friedrich Wieck) ١繹ѡ͹Ҥ ѹ蹽֡ҧԧѧ ¼١ǹҧǹ騹оԡ Ҩ֧ͧشѹŧҧԧѧ ŧá Abegg Variations ¹Ԩóŧŧ㹹Եô 觧ҹѺ Ԥ (Clara Wieck) ١Ǣͧ⹢ͧ㹻 2383 ǧ繪ǧѹդآҡ ¹ŧ§͡Ҩӹǹҡ ҷ Spring Symphony ѹʺѭɰԨҡ ١鹶֧ 8 зѧѧʺҡѡ Ҩ֧Դ˹ѡ´ 㹷شҡâͧäҷ ͧѡҹ Ңͧҵͧ͹ҤҧҤ´ѧ ѧҾҤͺͧ (Dresden) ºʧҡȴ ҡâͧբ Ѻŧա 2893 繼ӹ¡ôշͧŴ (Düsseldorf) ҹзз觡Ѻҹʵ ֧ͧ͡ҡҹ آҾͧشŧ ͧѡҵǷçҺäҷͧ繹Ԫ (Endenich) ֧ѹ 29 áҤ 2399 ҡᢹͧ ŧҹͧѹѡмԴἡ͡仨ҡ ѡɳǡѺҹԵáʪѹ Һèѹѹͧŧŧ Ѻ繡ê费ؤԡ觢 ѹ繤͹ҧ ͹ǧش¢ͧԵ ҾǧԹ§Ҵͧ⨹͡ҡ§պ ҧء⹵͹֡ ͧ բͧѹѡԹ仺ẺἹ ҧ餹Ǩյ ŧҹͧѡ١º繼ŧҹͧ ʹԵҴçҧҡӺҡ äҷеҧ͹Ҷ ѧҨҡ š֧ШѡҺŧͧ˭§

 
ѹ

8 Զع¹ .. 2417
ѹҪ Һǧ ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ШѹչĹҶ ʹҺաзǧҳԪͧá й ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ç繵Ҫʡ "Եҡ" 繾Ҫͧ 12 кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ѺҨô ç繾Ҫáʴ֡ҵͷѧͻ 2428 Ѻ ǧҪմáķ (ͧþվѲѡ), ǧҨԳԵԺ (ͧһԵѲ⹴) ǧപ (ͧҨûѵപ) çҢҺþ֡ (Oriental Studies) ҡԷ (Balliol College) Է͡ 㹻 2437 çѺҪ㹡ҪŢҹء Ѻô 蹨ѹչĹҶ ç˹ʹҺաзǧФѧѵ 㹻 2463 Ѫŷ 6 çѺô ç˹ʹҺաзǧҳԪͧá çժö㹴ҹäѧСɰԨ Ѿ¨Ѵ駤ѧԹɮԹҽҡ çҧҧºԸաšҡ зç䢻Ѻاþҡѹ зçѴн觼١ҴͧѰ ÷кѧѺٺ觵ͧҵ » 2473 ШѹչĹҶʴѡҾͧا鹾Ъѹ 27 Ҥ 2474

 
ͧҡԵҡѡɳ ШѹչĹҶ

8 Զع¹ .. 2514
кҷ稾 稾йҧԡԵ ҪԹչҶ ʴ稾ҪԹçҧġáҧ Ѫɡ dzԧоҹا෾ѴѺԭا ¹繶ǧͺҡ¡Ҿмҹоҹا෾ 4 ྪúյѴ ǴѧԵ Һè¡Ҿ (ǧǹͺ) ադǻҳ 45 վԸԴ㹻 2519 Ѫɡҧ鹵ʾҪ㹾кҷ稾 ͻ 2514 Ŷ ԵԢ ¡Ѱ¹͡ҺѧͧҪԸѪɡ (Silver Jubilee) кҷ稾ǾҪҹǡѺ䢻ѭҡèҨ㹡ا෾ 繤á վҪʧҧ繶ǧǹ;Ҫҹ繢ͧѭЪҪ᷹ҧкҪҹ Ѱѹ 16 չҤ 2514 ҡѰҺѧŢ;ҪҹͶǧͺ "Ѫɡ" Ѩغѹ繶ǧǹͺ ҭɡ ͷҧǧŢ 9 繶ǧǹͺ͡

 
Ѫɡ Ѫɡ (Ҿҡwww.kalamung.com)

8 Զع¹ .. 2518
Ҿµ ҹ 9 (Venera 9) ǡ ͻԺѵԡǨءº÷ء١ҹŧʹ (Lander) ŧ鹼 ء ѹ 22 Ҥ 2518 ҹŧʹͧ 9 ҹǡȨҡšá ҾҾ鹼ǴءšҧԴ繤á 53 ҷ Ҿ鹼Ǵء駼ҡ 仴ԹС 9 Ѻšҧʹѹ 26 ѹҤ 2518

 
Lander ͧҹ 9 Ҿ´ء

8 Զع¹ .. 2547
ҡóءҹ˹ҴǧҷԵ (Transit of Venus) 繻ҡóҧʵԴͺ 122 ´ءлҡ繨شӡó͹ҧ ҹҹ˹ҢͧǧҷԵ ѡɳФ ػҤҢҴ 觴ǧѹ⤨ҺѧǧҷԵ쨹ǧ§ҷ ҡóءҹ˹ҴǧҷԵҨҹҹ֧ 6 дءкѧǧҷԵ§硹ҹ ͧҡءբҴ˭Ҵǧѹҡ ѹŨҡš֧ 100 觷ʹҡشͧ˵ءóԴʹء͹-͡ͺͧǧҷԵ лҡҾҴӢͧء 觴٤´ ¡ҡó ҡó´մ (black drop effect) ѡʵӹdzһҡóԴ鹤駵ѹ 6 Զع¹ 2555

 
ҡóءҹ˹ҴǧҷԵ

˹ 9

9 Զع¹ .. 2324
ѹԴ ʵ࿹ѹ (George Stephenson) Դ觡öš ԴͧǤ ѧ »ѵصˡȵɷ 18 ͧѡ͹պҷѧҡ ӧҹͧҹԹ˹ҪҧͧŹ ѹ˹Թ “͹ӵԴö” ѺҹԹͧ˹ Ҩ֧ʹ֡ͧѡ͹ 㹻 2357 ҧöѡ͹Ӣ鹪 (Blucher) 觺ҧç͹ö觶ҹԹҡ ѹ 27 ѹ¹ 2368 Դö俢ǹá ѹ (Locomotion) öѡ͹ӷҾѲҢҡ÷ء 32 ö÷ء 300 ѧյ÷ءҹԹա 12 ͡ԹҧҡͧҹԹŴѹѧԧѹ зҧ 32 Ӥ 39 õͪ ѧѰѧСҧҧöá- 颹ҴҧͧҧẺͧʵ࿹ѹ 1.435 ҵðҹءѹ 觼Ԩö ѺþѲһѺا觢㹻Ѩغѹ Ѻʵ࿹ѹ繺ؤáءԡԨöԴоѲջԷҾдǡʺ¨֧Ѩغѹ ʵ࿹ѹªԵѹ 12 ԧҤ 2391 ѧѧ
 

ѹ ʵ࿹ѹ

9 Զع¹ .. 2489
кҷ稾лҹѹԴ Ѫŷ 8 ʴä¾ʧ׹ з觺ҹ ҡ 稾ҹͧ ҿԾʹപ ʴ稢鹤ͧҪ繾ҡѵѪŷ 9 觾Ҫǧѡվй кҷ稾Ծʹപ Ѻл “кҷ稾лԹԾʹപ ԵҸԺ ѡչĺԹ ԹҸҪ ҶԵ” վҪԸպҪɡ кǹѹ 5 Ҥ 2493 ҪҹлҪͧ "ҨФͧ蹴Թ¸ ͻªآҪ" ͡ʹվкҪͧô й 稾ҪԹԡԵ 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹ 㹻 2530 աö¾Ҫѭ "кҷ稾ԾʹപҪ"  ç繾ҡѵͧҪ㹰ҹлآѰ ǹҹشšѧժԵ㹻Ѩغѹ
 

кҷ稾Ծʹപ

˹ 10

10 Զع¹ .. 2450
ѹԴ § ѡоѹѺ¡ͧ "Ҫͧ" ԴѧѴྪú ¹˹ѧ͡Ѻôҵ 3-4 Ǻ ¹㹡ا෾ ʹ㨿ص дըѴԹ㨷駵͡ .7 繹ѡ¡ ѵùѡ֡ ¹ зӧҹ˹ѧ; ҧ繤͹ԴҢͧþѹʹդ عҤ ŧѡԴçѹ¹ͧͧá "ءҡ" 㹹ҡ "." վ˹ѧ “ѹѹ” ͻ 2473 ѧ繤Եѹ㹷ش յا෾ ӧҹ˹ѧ; ѧͧ, ЪԵ-Ҿ ͧҺ »дɰ ԡ ͹͡繹ѡ¹ҧ §繹ѡ¹Ҫվؤáͧ·çվ¡¹˹ѧ ҧäŧҹسҾҵʹԵ ҳѹͧ鹷ͧջҳ 1,000 ͧ ͧաҳ 20 ͧ ҡªҷ . , Ĵ § ŧҹͧ Ӥѭ Ѻ, , ͹ᢹҧ äդ "Ҿ繺 36 ” ʶ֧ѹ 7 Ȩԡ¹ 2508 äѺ 58 ѧҤѡ¹觻¡ͧ § 1 15 ͧѡ¹ͧ鹴ͧФú 100 ͧ


 § (Ҿҡ www.praphansarn.com) ͧ Ѻ
 

10 Զع¹ .. 220
硫ҹҪ (Alexander the Great) ѡþôԼ˭¡աҳ ԪԵԹᴹͺ觤͹š ä й 硫ҹ 3 (Alexander III) 繾ʢͧҿԻ 2 ҫ (Philip II of Macedonia) Ѻйҧ (Olympias) ٵѹ 20 áҤ 187 ͧ (Pella) ҫ ҫմ͹ (Macedonia or Macedon) ͹˹ͧ͢ա ç֡ҡѺ (Aristotle) ѧç ͧöҺմӵ˹觷ûҺ кԴҶ֧Ѻطҹ "ҫ ԹѺ" ҵǹ硫ҹ ͧç駪 (Bucephalus) Ҥззç֡ʹ ;ҿԻ 2 ١ͺŧЪ ֧ͧʴ稢鹤ͧҪ繡ѵҫͧ 㹢оЪ§ 20 㹪ǧ§ 10 ѧҡ鹤ͧҪ硫ҹ öԪԵҳҨѡúҺŹ Ի ѡô ¡Ѿ件֧Թ㹻 217 öִͧ㹷ش ¸ա价ҧѹ֧͡Թ ѧҡ֡ҡԺ зâͧͧѧѺҹ ֧ҡѹ˹¡ú 硫ҹҪ֧ͧӾзԡѾ ҡѹ ֧ͧѺʧͷçҳҨѡԪԵա 㹻 219 äʹԷͧͧ ʪѹ (Hephaestion) ªԵ ͧáҡ ֧¹Өѹ֧ѹ紤׹ ˵ͧЪ 10 ѹǨ֧ʴä㹢оЪ§ 33 Ъѹ ǹҳҨѡâͧͧ§ 13 ѧҡͧä ҳҨѡõҧ ¡ǡѺ
 

10 Զع¹ .. 2325
кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ Ѫŷ 1 ѵҪǧѡ Ѵ ҪԸպҪɡҧ ա 3 յҨ֧վкҪͧô СͺҪԸպҪɡẺἹҳླ кҷ稾оطʹ çҪѹ 20 չҤ 2279 Ѵó ظ ¾Ǻ觡اظ й ͧǧ 繺صä 4 ͧ稾лҪ (ͧ) Ѥê (¡) çҺɡ鹤ͧҪ 繾蹴Թ觡ا ѹ 6 ¹ 2325 ç¡اҡ觸ѧ觵ѹͧ͡ҾзçʶһҡاѵԹ ӾԸ¡ѡͧا෾ ѹѹ 21 ¹ 2325 ʴäѹ 7 ѹ¹ 2352 ͧҪ 27
 

кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ
硫ҹҪ

˹ 11

11 Զع¹ .. 2313
ѻѹ ء (Captain James Cook) ѡǨѧ Ǻ Endeavour 仪ԹСѧҴ˭¡ õտ (Great Barrier Reef) ½觵ѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ 觼¨ͧҹ֧ 7 ѻ õտǻСѧǷشš 2,600 Թ鹷֧ 344,400 ҧ ¡͡й¡ 900 աǨСѧ 3 ѹԴ ѵӪԴҧ ա 1,500 Դ ǻСѧѰչŹ͹Ҥ˹ͧ͢ Ѩغѹ㹡ôŢͧطҹ觪ҵԷҧõտ (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park) ͻ 2524 ͧСôš (World Heritage Site) ԨþѲҴҹҧ ͧ âµǢͧ ͧ çҹصˡ ÷ͧǴӹӴٻСѧ š͹ ǻСѧ鹷ء

 

 õտ

11 Զع¹ .. 2507
. Ժʧ ʹյ¡Ѱ ֧ѭä ҹѡӺūҡ ҹا ¡ͧȭ 67 . Դѹ 14 áҤ 2440 š յѧ Դͧ ֡ҷç¹·ú ç¹ʹҸԡ ֡ҵͷç¹ʹҸԡ÷ú Ƚ ҡѺѺҪèзȾѹ պôѡҪԹ "ǧԺʧ" ҹ˹ ɮ ӡѵ¹ŧûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 աͧյ͹繾ѹ͡дç˹ͧѭҡ÷ú . Ҵç˹觹¡Ѱդ 3 ͧ ѹ 16 ѹҤ 2481 ¡ŧԢͧҼ᷹ɮ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 . ѴԹѺ­ СʧѺѹԵ ѧҡʧشŧ . ֧Դء㹰ҹҪҡʧеͧصԺҷҧͧ ҹѺ仾ӹѡҹ . ١ . ҹ ͹Ф׹ӹҨա㹻 3491 ͷá˹觷Ѱԭҹ繹¡Ѱ ǹҹͧ˹觹ҹ֧ 9 . ͧѲһԭͧѴѺҹл º ҵԹ ҷ 繪ҵ鹹ºɰԨẺ “· ԭ” С Ѱ ͻѵѲͧѧ ͧ Ե 觡 Թ ¹ͻ繻 դӢѭ "ͼ ҵԾ" Ҩ . ӡûѵѲ˭شͧ 觡ԴԾҡԨóҧҡ 㹢ǡѹաͺѧ÷ҹ¤ ʹشԴء Ѻ “šд١” 㹷ش ͡ɴ Ѫ Ѱѹ 16 ѹ¹ 2500 ҹ֧ͧ·ҧͧ价ȭ оӹѡ蹨ش¢ͧԵ
 

 . Ժʧ

˹ 12

12 Զع¹ .. 2472
ѹԴ ͹ ç (Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank) ˭ԧѹ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 Դͧç 㹻 2467 äҫѹӹҨ ФͺǨ֧ѧͧ Ź 㹻 2485 ͧѾҫѹִͧŹ Фͺǵͧź͹㹷ѡѺ ѧ١Ѻж١ѧ ¡ѡѹá-ૹ (Bergen-Belsen) 觤ѧ˭ԧ 8 ѹ 㹪ǧ͹չҤ 2488 Դä䷿кҴ ֧ªԵ ѻ͹ͧѾѹԵèִ觹 ҧź͹Ѻشѹ֡բ-ᴧ繢ͧѭѹԴ 13 ¹ѹ֡Шѹѹ شѹ֡ŧѹ 12 Զع¹ 2485 - 1 ԧҤ 2487 ѧҡªԵ ռ龺شѹ֡ǹҵվ˹ѧͪ "ѹ֡ͧ͹ ç" (Anne Frank : The Diary of A Young Girl) վá㹻 2490 Ѻҵҧ վҡ 25 ҹ ١ҧҾ¹á㹻 2502 㹪 The Diary of Anne Frank ʺ稷§ԾҡԨó Ѻ繺ѹ֡֡Фءҡ㹤¡ѡѹͧ硼˭ԧ˹ ҧ͹Ѻš

 

͹ ç

12 Զع¹ .. 2363
ѹԴ ... е ҧ ظ ؤӤѭͧ ʢͧҹѡ (Ҫ) ԭºԴ件µѺ ҿخصǧ áѵѵҪ ҿخçǪ Ҫǧе¡ʴѺµʹ ҿخçʹҪķѧ Ҫǧе¡֡ҡѺԪѹըդѧҧ ҿخʴԧҪѵԢ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 Ҫǧе¡ԴѤѺҪʹͧҡسҸԤسд¤öҧѧ ֧͹ "⪷" 㹻 2400 Ѫŷ 4 վҪѴҪٵԭҪʹͧҪóҡԭҪաѺѧ 稾ҪԹԤ ⪷ ͡Ѻǡçô͸ԺվԾҡŵҧ繤á ҧԹҧѧ⪷¹˵غѹ֡Թҧʹ ͡Ѻǡ "͹͹" Ѻ繹ͧáǶ֧ҹͧ㹻ȵѹ ͹͹繷ó Ш˵ؾǴêӤѭ ѧ⪷¢ԢԷͺѴҤ 400 觹Ѻ繡â¡Է˹ѧͤáͧ վ͡áѹ 6 Ȩԡ¹ 2404 ⪷¶֧͹Ԩѹ 31 áҤ 2410 43 кҷ稾ШôѴѺҪҹԧ ѴسҪ ѹ 19 ѹ¹ 2410

⪷

12 Զع¹ .. 2467
ѹԴ ͪ. Ѻ. ت (George Herbert Walker Bush) иҹҸԺդ 41 ͧѰԡ ԴҢͧ Ѻ. ت (George W. Bush) иҹҸԺդ 43 ͤѨغѹͧѰԡ تԴͧŵѹ ѰʫҪ緷 ֡Ҩҡ Phillips Academy 繹ԡ¸ԹѰ ͹ 18 ҽ֡ͺ繹ѡԹ ҡ¹ɰʵԷ (Yale University) 㹻 2488 ѧҡ¹ ҷӧҹ㹺ѷѹ硫 蹡ͧ㹻 2507 Ѥ觢ѹ͡ҪԡѰ硫 㹹äվѺԡѹա 2 յ ҡ繼ӹ¡ ˹¢ǡͧͧѰ (CIA) 繼»иҹҸԺ ùŴ ᡹ (Ronald Reagan) ͹Ѥêԧ˹觻иҹҸԺ ТѺ˹ѹ 20 Ҥ 2532 ç˹觨֧ 2536 ҧç˹觻иҹҸԺѰ ت觡ͧѾԡѹءȻҹиҹҸԺ ҹ ͡ (Manuel Noriega) 繼պҷӤѭ㹡ùӡͧѧҹҪҵԶѡ ʧ (Gulf War) ҧ 2533-2534 㹪ǧáѺ§蹪ҧҡ ҹʧɰԨšջѭͧҡԡĵԹѹ աѧ١ǹǢͧѺóͩ "ҹ-͹" (Iran-Contra) º¢ͧͧõҧȨʹ㨻ѭɰԨѧ ЪҪӹǹҡ֧ա¡ͧ͡㹷ش ҡ Թѹ (Bill Clinton) Ѻ˹觻иҹҸԺѰ ͨҡ
 
 ت

˹ 13

13 Զع¹ .. 2408
ѹԴ յ (William Butler Yeats) йѡ¹ФêԪ ԴͧѺԹ (Dublin) йͧŻԹժ§ ǹͧǷͧӧҹŻЧҹ յ֧Ժ㹺ҡȢͧŻҵ ͹ ͧѡͧйԷҹ鹺ҹѧ յ¹ժá ͻ 2482 ͹¹ʤ á Mosada: A Dramatic Poem վ㹻 2429 ŧҹ㹪ǧáѡ繺ԡԧѵʵеӹҹҢͧԪ 㹪ǧѧ¹ҹ˹ѡ֡觢 ҷ ͧ Sailing to Byzantium, The Tower The Second Coming ǡѺ¹ŧҧѵʵ ʹյѹ Ф ͵çФ觪ҵŹ (Irish Literary Theatre) 㹻 2442 زҪԡͧ Irish Senate ҧ 2465-2471 յѺҧҢó㹻 2466 ªԵѹ 28 Ҥ 2482 73 յѺ繼պҷӤѭ㹡ÿ鹿óԪ㨪ǧ¤ʵȵɷ 19 ֧ȵɷ 20

 
 յ


13 Զع¹ .. 2471
稾Һǧ ҿҳѧҧǧ ҳؾѹǧപ кԴɳ ʴ稷ǧ й ҿҳѧҧǧ ç繵Ҫʡ “ҳؾѹ” 繾ͧ 45 㹾кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 稾෾ԹҺҪԹ ٵѹ 11 Ҥ 2402 ç繾͹تǡѺкҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ͹ѪѪŷ 4 աõԴͤҢ¡Ѻҧҡ ʶҹŵҧҵ㹡ا෾ ѧɨ֧ԴѺ·仵Դ͡Ѻҧ ɳҡâͧ˾ѹѰԹ 任зѺѹԧ ½ҡ仡ѺԹҢͧѧ 㹻 2418 ҿҳѧҧǧçѴ˹ѧ;ѹ “˹ѧͤ͵Ҫ“COURT” ¨Ѵ˹ѧҪԡء ˹ѧҪԡ˹ öҡ¡Ѻ˹ѧ; Ҫԡ ¨еԴʵ¹ͷѺ-º ˹ѧ͢Ҫè֧Ѻ ɳ áաõԴʵ캹 Ѫŷ 5 վҪʧաɳŢ㹻 çҡҳؾѹǧപ վзͧɳ ֧վҪҿ ҳؾѹǧപѺҪ Ѵ ɳ Ţ ѹ 4 ԧҤ 2426 ·çç˹͸ԺաɳСŢͧá 㹻 2441 غ 2 繡ǡѹ “ɳŢ” Ѻҡҳؾѹǧപç繼ءԡԨɳ㹻 ѧçѺ¡ͧ “кԴ觡ɳ”

 
ҳؾѹǧപ

13 áҤ .. 2478
ѹԴ Ѥ عǪ ѡͧҨѴ ʹյ˹ҾäЪҡ Դا෾ 繺صâͧǡ͡ҺاҪ (¹ عǪ) Ѻس˭ԧ اê (Ӿѹ ʡ Եá) ¹йԵʵ Է¸ʵ ¹ͧŧ˹ѧ;ҧ 2500-2516 蹡ͧҪԡäЪҸԻѵ㹻 2511 㹻 2519 繨Ѵ¡ԷطʶҹԷҹ 繴਷պҷӤѭ㹡лءдŪ´ѧǹùѡ֡ Դ˵ءó “6 19” ˹ҷѰѧҺѡ֡ҧعçԷ¸ʵ ѧҡ˵ءó͡ҵ äЪҡ ѰҡáзǧҴ հҹṹ§ѡࢵا෾ 㹻 2543 Ѻ͡繼Ҫáا෾ҹ ¤ṹ§ 1,016,096 ṹ 繤ṹ§ҡشѺա͡駼 . Ѥ繼 . 13 ç˹ҧ 2543-2547 ռŧҹӤѭ͡ûѺاҧʹödz˹ҡáا෾ ¡ԡŻ¡ا෾ ¡÷ "仺" ¹˹ѧ “ѡ” Ѥ繹ѡͧ鹪繹ѡٴջҡѴҹ ӹǹþٴʹ ء駷ʹç͡仡ѡѺ§ԾҡԨóҧҡ շ駼蹪лг ˵ءó 6 19 ҷ 35 ˹عз ֧÷¡÷ʹѺʹع ѡԳ Թѵʹյ¡Ѱ Сջиҹͧ .. Գҹ ١¡㹷ش ҧá Ѥ عǪ繹ѡͧըش׹Ѵਹҡش˹ ੾Фѡ 繹ѡͧ “ҨѴ” ҡս͡ԾҡԨóѰ Ҩеͧ͡һͧҧʹء

 
Ѥ عǪ

13 Զع¹ .. 2529
ູ ٴ (Benjamin David “Benny” Goodman) ѡ絪ԡѹ Ңͧ “Ҫŧԧ” (King of Swing) ªԵ ٴԴ㹤ͺǪ;¾ҡŹ ѰԤѹ 30 Ҥ 2452 ¹յ͹ԺǺѺաͧ յҡǧẹ 繹ѡͧѺҧͧѴ ҡ緹ǹͧ չ (New Orleans Jazz) ͡ҵǧẹͧͧ áǧͧѺҡѡ ŧӹ ͺԡ 㹤׹ѹ 21 ԧҤ 2478 (palomar ballroom) ͧ ͧ蹴Ẻ 㹨ѧ͹ç ҡҶ١Όŧҧҡ ֧Ѻդ 㹤׹ͧ繨ش鹢ͧؤ ԧ (Swing Jazz) § 5 ѧҡҡǢŻԹдѺҹҪҵ §ͧҢâ价ԡû Ѻ¡ͧ㹰ҹ “Ҫԧ” Ƿҧúŧǧͧٴ鹤ºº աëѹҧա͹Ƿ ᵡҧҡǧẹ¹ѡռǴ 㹪ǧʴǫ (Improvise) ѡѡդѡ 仾ѡѧǷҪԡǧ 蹡ó չ ٻ (Gene Krupa) ͧ͡áǧʷ͡šͧ оѲҺҷͧͧҡͧѧҹ зӤѭٴ˹ǧẹ줹á Դ㨡ҧѺѡռǧ ҡѧԡѹ͹ѧա¡ռҧ ѡռ¤Դҡǧͧ ¹ (Charlie Christian) ͡յ俿Ҥáⴴǧ ѹ (Lionel Hampton) ѡǺ⿹ 紴 ѹ (Teddy Wilson) ѡ 件֧ ԷŴ (Ella Fitzgerald) ѡͧյӹҹա˹觢ͧ кҷ稾Ǣͧ ѧʴ价çաѺູ ٴԡ¤ ǧẹͧٴǧռ (Mixed Race Band) ǧá 繶֧ӤѭͧҧäФسҢͧŻ ʵͤҹ Ѻ§蹪ҧҧҧ ʡ繴շ “” ؤԧվѲҡõ 觼ŵѧҧҡ

 
ູ ٴ

13 Զع¹ .. 2535
ǧ ǧѹ ҪԹŧ١ ªԵ Ӿ֧ Եҭ ժ Դ . ͧͧ . ؾó ͺѺҧ ͪͺͧŧ١ҵ Թ»СǴͧŧ㹪 Ӽ ͹ 15 վ;份ҡ繺صúحͧ Ǿ ྪؾó ŧѴ§ŧá “;” 㹻 2519 Ӽ ͧؾó ҡѺǧͧ о ʹآ, ྪ ؾó ѭ ྪ ӴѺ 繷駹ѡͧҧͧ ѧ ͧ˹“ǧ ǧѹ” ǧբͧͧ ѧʺҡѡ ͧغǧ ҵѺ ҧ 㹪ǧ “-ǧ” ʺ稵ӴѺ ǧժ§شǧ 2525-2530 ҡ͡ŧͧ ž ѵ ŧʹء ֧ѺõͺѺҡΌŧ÷ ŧ ǹΌ, Ѵ˹, ͨѧ, ҫ, ͧ, ѧѧ, ѡͧҹ͡, ¢ѹҡ ͡ҡ ѧ繼ͧŧҪԾ稾෾ѵҪش Ҫդŧ “” ʴ˹ѧաͧ ʧŧ ѡѡŧ ѧǧ ä (SLE : Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) äͧ ªԵ§ 31 վҪҹԧȾѴѺдҹ . ͧͧ . ؾó ѹ 25 Զع¹ 2535 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ ʴ ͧиҹ㹾Ը ǧ ǧѹ繹ѡͧ١觷չ§ʹ͹ ҹ ͧӷ駷˹ѧ çѹẺѺѡͧ蹵

 
ǧ ǧѹ

˹ 14

14 Զع¹ .. 2471
ѹԴ (Che Guevara ͪͨԧ Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna) ѡѵԼ˭еԹԡ (źҧ觺͡Դѹ 14 Ҥ 2471 ôҵͧûԴ͵駤͹) ١Ԫ-໹ Դ㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧͧë (Rosario) ਹԹ ¹ᾷԷº (University of Buenos Aires) ͹¹شҡѺ͹ ҹ (Alberto Granado) 䫤 (Norton 1939, 500 cc.) ͧ价ᶺеԹԡ 龺繤ҡӺҡͧ餹㹪 ҡ ѴºСá˧ ǹ˵Ҩҡᵡҧҧ Ѱ༴稡 (ѹ֡Թҧ㹤駹Ѻõվ ѧ㹻 2539 ҧҾ¹㹻 2547 㹪ǡѹ The Motorcycle Diaries) ǡԹҧ駹¹Եͧҷᾷ˹͹Ҥ繹ѡѵԼ˭ҵ વѴԹ㨷͡ǹ Ѻǹûѵ㹻ȵҧ 龺Ѻ (Fidel Castro) 㹻 2498 ѹ͵駡 “26th of July Movement” һѵҧѰ༴稡âͧȤǺ㹻 2502 â繻иҹҸԺ ѰմŹº´ҹԹäѧ ºѧ-졫ҧѭɰԨͧǺҨ鹨ҡԡĵ 㹻 2508 ડШҡǺԹҧѵ㹻ȵҧ ͧ ๫ ´ зش¤ͻ 㹷شડ١ýѰ (ѺʹѺʹعҡ CIA ͧѰԡ) ѺԧªԵѹ 9 Ҥ 2510 ǡõ¢ͧҧŴеԹԡ ѧҡҡçѹѺѡ͡Ҫ ԷҾФҤ çѹ褹˹ǵѺصԸҨءѹ

 
  (Ҿ Alberto Korda 㹻 2503)


14 Զع¹ .. 2354
ѹԴ µ (Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe) ѡоѹԡѹ Դ㹤ͺʹҷѰ͹礵Ԥѵ Ѻ֡ҧúǹǡѺ¹ ¹繤Ѱ;ѡ˭ 24 ա觧ҹѺ«ҨҧҹԷ Фͧѡѹҧҡ ͹лʺ㹡¹ǹͧá觴ѧͩ ͧ з¢ͧا (Uncle Tom's Cabin) 觵վ繵͹ ҧ 2394-2395 ͹áѹ 20 չҤ 2395 ͧҴªԵͧ ا ʪҹ͹¹١Ы͵Ͷ֧ʹ ͹ж١¤ش·غը ǹͧ繻繷աö§ѹ˭ çеѧԡѹѹʹ㨻ѭҡäҷҧԧѧ Դ͹ԡؤиҹҸԺ Ѻ Թ Դʧҧͧҵ ֧ 300,000 3 ͹ 觼öԵ Թҧû֧ 3 ¹˹ѧա ҷ Dred: A Tall Of Dismal Swamp, The Minister’s Wooing Old Town Folks 鹻ªԵͻäҡ͹ ªԵѹ 1 áҤ 2439 չǹµվ 10 ͧ ͡ҡѧͧѺ § Чҹ֡ ҹ¹ͧѺӪ繡úءԡҹ¹ԧͧǧóԡѹ Թ¡ǡѺ “س§Ҿʵյ ҧҹ¹ͧسԴʧ˭”

 
µ  з¢ͧا

14 Զع¹ .. 2463
(Max Weber) ѡѧԷйѡɰʵͧѹ ªԵ 繼͵Ԫѧʵ Ѱʹʵ Դѹ 21 ¹ 2407 ͧ (Erfurt) Maximilian Carl Emil Weber ͹ 13 ¹§ 2 鹤 "ȷҧͧѵʵѹ Ѻҧԧɶ֧ش׹ͧѡþõѹлһ" (About the course of German history, with special reference to the positions of the emperor and the pope) "ҳҨѡѹ ǧͧ͹ᵹԹ˹ ֧ǧͧ;¾ͧ" (About the Roman Imperial period from Constantine to the migration of nations) 㹻 2425 ¹ԵʵԷ (University of Heidelberg) ԷԹԭ͡ҹ ͡ҡѧʹԪɰʵ ѵʵؤҧ (medieval history) Է (theology) ҷӧҹ繷ҨԷ ͡ҡ鹡ѧӧҹԪҡ¹͡աӹǹҡ ŧҹ鹢ͧҤͤ§ “¸ᵹШԵԭҳع” (The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism) §ʹҤʵԡᵹҡѺкع ش㹹ԡᵹ͡÷ӧҹ˹ѡСԹҧѴ ˵ԴѾ㹡ŧع ҹժ§ա鹤 “ͧ㹰ҹзҪ" (Politics as a Vocation) "Ѱ" Ҥ˹ͧ (entity) 觼١ҴѧҧҾ١ ֧ͧͧͧӹҨ ١㹡֡ԪѰʵѹҨ֧ءѹ

 

14 Զع¹ .. 2479
(Maxim Gorky) ѡоѹʹѧ ֧ ժͨԧ . ໪Ϳ (Alexei M. Peshkov) Դѹ 28 չҤ 2411 ͧͿʹ (Novgorod) 硡Ӿҵ͹ 11 ֧Ѻ ѧҡ鹨֧͡Թҧ价 5 ¹ҹ ǧҹʺóԵ觹Ѻҹ¹ҵ 繹ѡ˹ѧ;ͧ蹨ҡ鹨֧¹ҹó ǹͧá Essays and Stories Ѻõվ㹻 2441 ժ§ ŧҹͧѡз͹ԧҧѧ ءҡͧФҧѧ ͡ҡ鹡ѧ繼ʶһǤԴ Ѩѧ (socialist realism) 㹪ǧ 2449-2456 ŧҹӤѭǹͧ (Mother) The Lower Depths My Universities 繹ѡ¹ԷԾҡ˹ȵɷ 20

 

14 չҤ .. 2512
ѹ ѡ¹ѡ˹ѧ;줹Ӥѭͧ ֧ѭ Դѹ 18 Ҥ 2465 㹤ͺǪҧӾ ا෾ Ѻ ѹ ¹˹ѧͷç¹ا෾¹ ͺԪѧṹ٧شͧ ͺṹѹѺ 1 ͧѡ¹ǻ蹹 繤ѧѺԪѹ . ոҪ ҹҹ¡ǡѺا෾ ¹ͧҹŧ˹ѧ; ͺ ʵ ֧ѡǹǧ˹ѧ; ҡ鹡ӧҹ˹ѧ; Ҿ-ЪԵ ͧ Һ »дɰ ¢ǵҧ 价˹ѧ; ѳ ˹ѡҧͧ 繵ǨѡáӤѭ ҧ¹ǹͧ "ѡح һ" ˹ѧ;ԴŧҨ֧价ӧҹ˹ѧ;ա©Ѻ ԡѹҷԵ ԡ ͧѧ ͡Ҫ ԵѾ ѹ ҧ͡ 繹ѡ˹ѧ;繹ѡͤ繸ѧ ִ蹨Һóͧѡ˹ѧ;͹çѹҡ¹͡ 駨ҡáԨСͧ Ͷ֧ؤ 蹾١ ѧҡ ɴ Ѫ Ѱ㹻 2501 ǨѺѡ˹ѧ;觻Դ˹ѧ;ӹǹҡ йѡ˹ѧ;ǡ˹¤ؤ鹶١Ѻ ¢աáзѹ繤ǹʵ Դء 5 10 ͹ ١µ͹ѹ¹ 2507 СѺҷӧҹ˹ѧ; Թ ͨзªԵ ѹ 14 չҤ 2512 ¹˹ѧءٻẺ¹մ ռŧҹӹǹҡͧ ǹ ä ͧ ǹ Ҵ˧Фй, Ҩ ͧ Ҥ١ͧó, ؤ ҵ⡹ҹ¡Ѱ ҡª , ЧЧ, ԧ , ਴ ҧᴴ, ç Ѻ͡繹¡ Ҥѡ觻 á ç˹㹻 2499-2501 3 ʶҺѹ˹ѧ; Ҥ˹ѧ;觻, Ҥѡ觻 Ҥ˹ѧ觻 ѴЪѹѹ 26 չҤ 2512 ͡ѹѴ "ŹԸ ѹ" ͹ó áԨӤѭͨѴաûСҧżŧҹ˹ѧ; Ҿ˹ѧ; վԸͺҧŤáѹ 14 Զع¹ 2516 ѹѺ¡ͧ 繵ҧͧѡ˹ѧ; ըҷ ´蹼 ẺѺ觨¸ͧѡ˹ѧ;ԧ

 
 ѹ (Ҿҡ http://th.wikipedia.org)

˹ 15

15 Զع¹ .. 2505
š صԸҧ (International Court of Justice) اΡ Ź ԾҡҪҴ ջҷҾ 鵡繡Էͧȡ٪ ҷԹ觹ŻТ ҧͶ¾ ¾طȵɷ 16 ǻ 1545-1593 çѺѪ¢ͧ稾ѹ 1 ͧ ¡ " " (Phrea vihear) ǻҷ٧ 657 èҡдѺӷ 躹Ҿѡ觡ҧȡ٪ҡѺ ǻҷѹ˹价ҧ˹ ҹ˹зҧࢵ ǻҷǹ˭㹻ȡ٪ Һǧ ǧþԷԻʧ 鹾ҷ觹ͻ 2442 Ƿç֡йͧͧлշ鹾dzЧ͹µҴ “118 þԷ” ͧҡҾõçµͧ͢¡Ѻ٪ 觼ѴѹִͧԹᴹᶺ ѧʧš駷ͧ 觷ִͧ鹷dzҾ ҹô ˹ ֧蹿ͧšѹ 6 Ҥ 2502 ǹԨóҤҧͧǹҹ֧ 3 աùѴԨó׺ҹ 73 㹷ش šѴԹ٪繽ªФմ¤ṹ 9 3 § ѧµͧԹӵ¡ͧ 2 ͧ͢٪ Ѻ繡´ԹᴹشͧؤѵԹ ¾鹷价ҳ 150 ѧҡ餴 ɴ Ѫ Թѡ֡ԹǹзǧӵѴԹ лԴҧ鹻ҷࢵ 繡õͺ٪ §ҧ繪ͧ᤺ ٧ѹѹ ҧ㹤Ţͧ٪ Ҿá١觻Դ-ԴҪ¤駵ʶҹó㹻 ͹Դ͡ѹաҧѰ¡Ѻ٪ Դ͹ѺѡͧǨ֧Ѩغѹ ҾùѺʶҹͧǷӤѭ˹觢ͧ .

 

 ҷҾ (Ҿҡ region2.prd.go.th)
 

15 Զع¹ .. 2295
ູԹ çԹ (Benjamin Franklin) ѡԷʵѰɢͧѰԡ 鹾 Ш俿ҡ ѧҡѧࡵҡóź ͧ пҼ 鷴ͧѡǷԴ з轹Ҥйͧ Ϳҽ 俿żҹ»ҹ¡繵ǹ俿 ŧ袴Ǵ 㹷شçԹöػ˵آͧԴź ͧ пҼ Դ鹨ҡШ俿Һͧ Դҡ´ҧ͹Ѻҡ Դ俿ʶԵ 㹻 2295 ҡöдɰͿҢ繤á Ŵѹ¨ҡҼ ҡ觻дɰ鹹仨ԷԺѵ ͧҡ觻дɰѺ͹ ءöͧ


15 Զع¹ .. 2504
ͺѴ (Dr. Dan Beach Bradley) Ԫѹժԡѹ ԢԷ ͹͹ ͧ (... е ҧ ظ) Ҥ 400 ҷ Ѻ繡âԢԷáͧ ͺѴҧἧѹ 6 Ȩԡ¹ 2404 ͧ ⪷¹ҧԹҧѺзٵԭҪաѺѧ ¾ҪԹԤ ͻ 2400 Ѻ繹ͧáǶ֧ҹͧ㹻ȵѹ ͹͹繷ó Ш˵ؾǴêӤѭͧ
 

15 Զع¹ .. 2524
кҷ稾 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ ҪԹ价çԴ ͹չԹ ͹觹͹Թ᡹ԹǷ˭դҡش㹻 ҧԴ˭ dzҹ . ҡдҹ . ʴ . ҭ ҧͻ 2516 ҧ㹻 2523 ժ "͹" ѧҡҧ кҷ ҪҹкҪҹحҵԭ й 稾չԹҺҪ Ңҹ ͹դ٧ҡҹҡ 140 ѹ͹ 610 ҧ 15 ҧ纹վ鹷 419 ҧ դ 17,745 ҹ١ȡ ԴͧԴ俿 5 ͧ աѧԵ 720,000 ѵ ѧҹ俿»лҳ 1,250 ҹѵ ͹չԹ͹๡ʧ ѵػʧҹԵ俿 êŻзҹ ط ѡѹ С÷ͧ Ѱ͹ѵԤ㹡ҧ͹繨ӹǹԹ 1,800 ҹҷ ͡ҧ鹨ӹǹԹ 4,623 ҹҷ šзҡҧ͹觹觼ѹŴŧҡ 20 Դ 鹷Ҷ١ҡҺdzҷ١ӷ֧ 2 ͹չԹѺʹѺʹعҹ֡Թҡȭ բ͵ŧ еͧػóҡѷ ա駺ѷѺҡҧѺǧͺ繺ѷ Ѻ繵ҧ˹觢ͧü١Ҵҧúǧâͧصˡ͹ҡ

15 Զع¹ .. 2539
ԷŴ (Ella Jane Fitzgerald) ѡͧŧʪԡѹ Ѻ¡ͧ "ʵŢ˹ǧŧ" (The First Lady of Song) ֧ Դѹ 25 ¹ .. 2460 Ѱ ŧ§ҵ੾ ʵͧ (Louis Armstrong) ԧ ʺ (Bing Crosby) (the Boswell Sisters) ֡ͧŧҵ 21 Ȩԡ¹ 2477 ҢǷդá ; (Apollo Theater) ҹͧا ¹§ʴʢͧ ֧ᢡҨѺѻ Ҥյǧẹͧ Ԥ 纺 (Chick Webb) ѧҡ纺ªԵѹ 16 Զع¹ 2482 ҡ˹ǧ Ҷ֧ؤ ԧ (Swing) ͡ǧẹǹԡ ؤ պ; (Bebop) ǧ ԫ ʻ (Dizzy Gillespie) ҾѲҡͧẺ ʡ (scat) §ͧŧͧ繴ͧժ˹ǧ 㹪ǧ (Verve) ѹ֡ŧҹӤѭͧ (Cole Porter) ѡоѹŧ Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook 8 ش 觵Ѻ¡ͧ Great American Songbook ͡ҡѧǺŧҹͧ ԧѹ (Duke Ellington) ҹѺ (Antonio Carlos Jobim Թŧʫ (Bossanova) ͺҫ¹) 繹ѡͧչ§ ѴªѴ ҧ繸ҵ §ʹ դö㹡ôʴ (Improvise) Сᡵ ͡§ͧ§ 觹Ѻ繡ʴյҳͧѡͧ ͡ҡѧվѧ§öдѺ§֧ 3 ͡ൿ ŴѺҧ 13 ŧҧ A-Tisket a-Tasket Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye Ѻ¡ͧ繹ѡͧʹشѺҡ (Billie Hollyday) 繹ѡͧŧʷԷԾŵǧôԡѹȵɷ 20 ҡش˹
 

  ԷŴ
 ͹չԹ (Ҿҡ www.tv5.co.th)

 
 ͺѴ͹͹
 ູԹ çԹ  çԹӡ÷ͧШ俿ҡ

˹ 16

16 Զع¹ .. 2451
ѹԴ ɴ Ѫ ¡Ѱդ 11 мӨ༴稡âͧ ԴҹѴ ا෾ ֡Ҩҡç¹·ú Шӡ÷ͧѹ 1 Һ 2 ѡҾͧ 㹻 2484 ʧºþ (ʧš駷 2) ͹繾ѹ͡㹻 2495 ѺҪҹ繨ҵ ɴѰִӹҨ Ŷ ԵԢ ѹ 20 Ҥ 2501 (鵡ŧѹ) 鹴ç˹觹¡Ѱѹ 9 Ҿѹ 2502 㹪ǧûҧŧҹҡ ͡ԡʾШ˹½索Ҵ, »Һѡŧ ѹ, »äһdz ѴἹѲɰԨͧȩѺ 1 繼Ϳ鹡Ԩʴ֧͡ѡѡյʶҺѹҡѵ ѴҹͧѹҪ, ǹʹͧѡҾͧ СûдѺ俺ҪԹѹͧЪ ɴ Ѫ ç˹觹¡ ֧ѭѹ 8 ѹҤ 2506 ѧҡҹաâشͧäѻ ͹Ҩӹǹҡͧҹ лͧẺ༴稡 觨ɴ繼 Ѱ٭ҵ 17 ͻҺѭҪйѡ˹ѧ;ǡ˹ҤӤѭ¤ Һ »дɰ, Ե ѡ 繼͡ "ú. ǹʵ" 觼ԴûҺӪǹ㹢աáз繤ǹʵ ҫ觡ó "պŧ ŧ֧ᴧ" ѹ蹷Ƿء鹷㹪 繼ʶһкͺûͧẺ༴稡÷ 軡ͧµ 2500-2516
 

ɴ Ѫ

16 Զع¹ .. 2442
ѹԴ ǧšਹԵ ( ѵ) ҧҾ¹Ҫվպҷҡش˹㹻ѵʵҾ¹ Դ㹤ͺǷͧʹͧҾ¹ 蹾 ҹԵ ѵ ҧçҾ¹§áͧ .. 2465 鷴ͧҾ¹ͧáҾ¹ԧäդ "ӷ" .. 2470 Ҿ¹ѹԧͧ "⪤ͧ" 觶Ҿ¹ѹԧͧá͡ä зӵաͧ Ѻͧ͵ "ѷҾ¹§աا" ҧҾ¹§㹿ͧá "ŧҧ" .. Ԩԭش˹ҵӴѺзʧš駷 2 ǧšਹԵªԵšਹԵ㹻 .. 2491 ͧ͡ѧҧҾ¹
 

⪤ͧŧҧ


16 Զع¹ .. 2448
ѹԴ ҹ 觺ح ظ Ңͧҡ " ͧ” ѡоѹ줹Ӥѭͧ Դا෾ ¹˹ѧͷç¹ѸѴҪԸ èѹ¹ ӧҹѭҡҴ ҡ͡价ӧҹԹҧͧ仵ѧѴҧ ᶺҤҧ ʺó㹪ǧѵشԺҹ¹ͧҵ ˹ ѡҹ˹ѧҧ˹ѡᵡҹ ੾ͧѵʵ ŧ͹ ֧ҪԾء ¹˹ѧ 30 դ "§˹" "ͧ 13” ӹѡʹ 㨷 Ҩ֧¹ ҧͷ 㹷شѺõվͧá "" ͻ 2479 ѡҹѺ㹰ҹйѡоѹ͡ "ӹǹ١” ŧҹժ§ͧ ʹʺ, ҧШѹ йǹԧѵʵͧ˭ ع֡ Եѡоѹͧ ͧ ͹ ҵʹ ͻʺԴѧ Ҩ֧繷 աѧ͹٧ҡ 㹺鹻ªԵ֧äѧѧ¹˹ѧ֧ͨԹҷش º͡Ҥءҡ ªԵѹ 4 չҤ 2485 駼ŧҹ 30 ͧ ͧѺ¡ͧ繹ѡоѹ繵鹸Ӥѭͧǹ١ԧѵʵ

 
 ͧع֡


16 Զع¹ .. 2517
Һ »дɰ Ңͧҡ պþ ѡԴ ѡ¹ ѡ˹ѧ;йѡͻЪҸԻ¤Ӥѭͧ ֧ѭاѡ Ȩչ Դѹ 31 չҤ 2448 ا෾ ¹˹ѧͷç¹Ѵ෾Թ ¹˹ѧ͵ 17 յҡ觺 ҡպþ ˹ Ҿ ͡˹ѧ; Ҿ »ѡ ѹ 1 Զع¹ 2472 Ѻҧҡ ҡ鹡˹ѧ;ѹա©Ѻ ҷ ҧͧ͡ աا ɮ ҹ¹ҧͧŧվª ੾ͧ Ҿ 繡èش͹ͧ кͺóҭԷҪ С繺դӤѭشǧ˹ѧ;ª˹ ؤ 蹾١ 2495 ١Ѻ¢ҡ¹͡ҪҳҨѡ ѹҾ Ѻ㹻 2500 ͡ҡ˹ѧ; ҹѧ¹ 仢ҧ˹, Ҩоѹա, ١, ʧԵ ҧѧҾ ҹ֧äʹԵ㨵պѹاѡ Ȩչ ѹ 16 Զع¹ 2517 Фú 100 ժҵԡ㹻 2548 ҹѺ¡ͧҡ (UNESCO) 繺ؤŴ蹢ͧš 㹰ҹмҧسªҧѹҾš Шҡ˹ѧ 蹡Ѻ ¤˹觡
"ԴҾ ԴѺ"
 

Һ »дɰ

16 Զع¹ .. 2518
ѹʶһ Էᾷʵد (Ǿ.) Էᾷá㹻 ѨغѹԷͧ ԷԴ Է觹͡Ѻ çҺžد 㹾鹷ǡѹ Ǿ. ԴԹ¹͹ѡٵâͧǧԷ ֡ 7 ԵѳԵᾷͨѴáШҷѾҧ ǻͪ͡ѧ ͺ лЪҪ㹪ҧ
 

 Էᾷʵد

˹ 17

17 Զع¹ .. 2174
(Mumtaz Mahal) ҪԹ 觻Թ鹾Ъҧվлٵԡ Ҩѡô ѹ 1 (Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I) çҧ觨֧çҧȾ͹óʶҹйҧ "Ѫ" (Taj Mahal) ͧѤ (Agra) ʶһѵ¡ҹҧŻѺԹҧŧ ҤٻҴ˭ ҧԹ͹բ ҧǴҹ 100 ٧ 60 ͺҴ硡٧ѧ йҹ˹§ͧз͹ ҧ͡Ẻçҹ 20,000 ѧªҧ͡Ẻ١êԵ͡Ẻһѵ¡ ա ҧ㹻 2175 ҡҧ֧ 20 ó㹻 2230 ѪŹѺ˹ 7 Ȩͧšؤ ͧСôš㹻 2525 餹šҧ¡ͧҷѪʶһѵ¡觤ѡ§شš ˹ʶҹͧǷռҪҡشͧԹ
 

 Ѫ

17 Զع¹ .. 2463
ѹԴ س˸ٻ Ңͧҡ ɳ ԧ ѡ¹йѡŤӤѭͧ Դا෾ ¹˹ѧͷç¹Сح ¹ҧѧѴѺӧҹͧѧѴ ҡ鹡ӧҹ˹ѧ; ҡ ЪԵ, ҧ͡, , ʹآ Ѱ 繺óҸԡêǡا ʺѭͧآҾͧ͡˹ѧѺҹ纻ѧҵʹ 㹪ǧʧš駷ͧҹѺǹ ɳ ԧ繹ѡ¹鹪ͧ´оԶվԶѹ㹡͡¤ ҹ¹觴ѧ "ͧͧѹ ” ҹŷӤѭ šª (Tortilla Flat) ͧ (John Steinbeck) ǹͧ ش ͻ§ ɳ ԧ ªԵѹ 11 Ҥ 2531 68 ä
ɳ

 ͧͧѹ  šª

17 Զع¹ .. 2472
ѹԴ ʶ ⾸Թѹ Ҫǧþطʹ ءԡ طʹҹ 㹻 Դ㹤ͺǪǨչҹҪ ا෾ ʡŢͧôҤ “” 20 ֧¹ “⾸Թѹ” “Թ㹤” »ʧԴѺʹʡŹʹҨ֧ ¹˹ѧͷç¹ѸѴԵþآ֡ҪѸշ 5 ֧͡ 駷͡зعѾ ͧҡҹͺͺ еͧäлöҨ֡Ҥµͧҧ Ҩʶʹ㨾طʹҵ դᵡҹþԷҡ öҹоٴ֧ 7 繤˹ջѭ֡Ӵط 繷¡ͧͧؤŷ 繼仴¤سҧ筵ͻªآ Եҧѹɴç§⾸ѵ Ѻ¡ͧ "ûԮ͹" ŧҹӤѭ ѵʵоطʹ, оطʹҪҳҨѡ, Ѫҹ, طʹ¡ҧ мŧҹŻٵýҹ ѪûѪһԵٵ õԹٵ ҹ֧ѹ 10 ѹҤ 2509 ҡù͹Ѻҧá ˹ҵ觻 ͧ¤ءǷ ҷҹ֧仴§ 38 õԤسмŧҹѧô餹ѧ֧֡
17 Զع¹ .. 2487
ѹʶһ ҸóѰͫŹ (Republic of Iceland) ѧҡШҡ ഹ (Denmark) ѹ 1 ѹҤ 2461 ͫŹТҴ˭ ط͵Źԡ ҧѹ͡§˹ͧ͢û վ鹷 103,000 ҧ ջЪҡ 309,699 (.. 2550) ͧǧäԤ (Reykjavk) ͫŹԡ (Icelandic) Ҫ ʡԹùͫŹ (Icelandic Kronur - ISK) Թ͡Ӥѭ Եѳҡ Եѳ Եѳѵɵá ͫŹз˭ѹѺ 18 ͧš

ҵͫŹͫŹ

17 Զع¹ .. 2515
(Watergate scandal) ˹ҷǨͧѰԡöѺѡá 5 դСþäվѺԡѹ Ѵ仢͡Ѻͧäõ Ҥࡵ اͪԧѹ ͧ١Դ ѡǢͧ ˹ѧ;ͪԧѹ ʵ (The Washington Post) ͺ ٴ (Bob Woodward) ʵչ (Carl Bernstein) ׺ͺҾҡ зѡҹоҹ չ˹ѡ 觢Ӥѭ "վõ" (Deep Throat) óҸԡʹ͢ǹ ѧҡǤࡵҡ˹˹ѧ; ôҼǢͧ иҹҸԺ Ԫ ԡѹ (Richard Nixon) ҧ͡һʸ ͺǹҺô˹ҷǢͧѺԡѹҧǹǾѹ֧ͧ 40 ੾СõԴԹԴ 㹷ش ¤СҸԡصԸ ֧Դ ͺǹͶʹ͹иҹҸԺ (Impeachment) иҹҸԺչԡѹԧ͡͹ŧ ѹ 8 ԧҤ 2517 ˹ѧ;ͪԧѹ ʵ Ѵ¢ǹлԴ Ҷ֧ 26 ͹ ѺҧžԵ㹷ش 㹻 2548 觢Ƿ "վõ" ͡ԴµҤ ԴµѧҤ ŷ (William Mark Felt) ͧӹ¡ FBI 㹢й
 

 Ԫ ԡѹ
ʶ ⾸ԹѹѪûѪһԵٵ

˹ 18

18 Զع¹ .. 2485
ѹԴ 硤쵹 (Paul Mccartney) ͡յǧ (The Beatles) Դ㹤ͺǪçҹͧ ѧ ͧ͢繹ѡǧ ֧ʹѺʹع١蹴ҵ ͧժáͧŤͷٺ (Tuba) ¹繷 Ͷ֧ؤ ʡԿ (Skiffle) Ѻ ֧ͨѹҨѺյ᷹ ֧ؤ费ԡѹ͡ ͹ 觴ѧ Ź͹ (John Lennon) ֧ǹǧժ " " (Quarry Men) ¹ " շ" 觴ѧ价š ŧ觤Ѻ Ź͹ ѹѺŧԵӹҡ Lady Madonna, Here Today, Wanderlust , yesterday 駤Ѻ¡ͧ繤ѡŧѺҡشš ԷԾҡشѵʵ촹ͤ͹ ѧҡǧҷͧᵡ㹻 2510 ¡͡źѺ Թ 硤쵹 (Linda Mccartney) ͹¹ 2513 еǧ "ԧ" (Wings) ͹ԧҤյ ѧҡǧᵡҡ͡ŻԹҨ֧Ѩغѹ Ѻúѹ֡ Թ Ŵ 礤 (Guinness World Records) 繹ѡйѡŧʺ稷ش㹻ѵʵ촹ջͻ Ѻҧ§ͧ 60 100 ҹԧ ŧ Yesterday ѺŹ͹ŧ١Ҥѿҡشš ١Ҿ§ԡҡҹ ͡ҡ繹ѡ ѧ繨Եá ѡԨҹԷѵ ѡѧѵ Ѻ˹ "" ҡ稾ҪԹѧͻ 2539 

 硤쵹

18 Զع¹ .. 2455
úǧͤóԹ (H.T.M.S. Sua Khamronsin) ҧШӡ㹡ͧѾ Ѫŷ 6 úдѺ;Ԧҵ ͨҡҫҡ ͧ ȭ á¢ѺҨҡ .. ͤóԹҧѺ 375 ѹ 75.66 ҧ 7.15 Թ֡ 2 Դظ׹ 57 . 5к͡ ׹ 36 . 1 к͡ зԧ 45 . 2 ԧ ͧ¹ѧѹ͹ () ӹǹ 2 ͧ աѧ 6,000 ç աѧŻШ 73
 

 úǧͤóԹ (Ҿҡ www.navy.mi.th)

18 Զع¹ .. 2507
Է§ Դ͹á ʵ Էʵѧʵ ԷǹҤáͧ ѨغѹԴ͹ 19 վ鹷㹤ŷ 8,502 ͡ШʶҺѹ ͧ͡ ջШʶҺѹǧ ӢѭͧԷ¤ "͵ڵҹ ¹ڵ ڱԵ" ѳԵ֡ͧ
 

˹ 19

19 Զع¹ .. 2488
ѹԴ ͧ ҹ (Aung San Suu Kyi) ˹ äѹԺҵ觪ҵͻЪҸԻ (National League for Democracy : NLD) ӡ¡ͧҾлЪҸԻ´ѹԸ Դاҧ 繺صâͧ ¾ͧ ҹ (Aung San) 㹡è¡ͧ͡Ҫҡѧ й¡Ѱդáͧ 觶١ͺѧâЫ § 2 Ǻ 15 ͵ôѺ˹觱ٵһШӻԹ ¹Ѹ ¹ԭҵҢһѪ ͧ ɰʵԷ͡ ѧ ѡ觧ҹѺ (Michael Vaillancourt Aris) ѡԪҡԪ¸ີ 㹻 2515 ҹ˹˹ҷԨ¡зǧõҧȾ ͧ˻ЪҪҵ 2531 Ѻʹ觻˹ѡ й鹺ҹͧѧ͹ ѡ֡һЪҪѧ͵ҹѰ༴稡âͧ ¾ Թ (Ne Win) ִӹҨҡѰž͹Ҩҡ͡ ءһЪҪբѭѧ ¡ͧ͡Ҫ׹ҡѰ༴稡 ѡԧ༪ԭ˹ҡѺк͡׹ҧç ջ¤áͻЪҪѺ蹷਴Ǵҡͧѹ 26 ԧҤ 2531 Դ "äѹԺҵ觪ҵͻЪҸԻ" "Ŵ" оäͧ ӹǹҡ ͹áҤ 2532 ն١áѡҹѡ Ҥ 2533 äŴժ͡駴¤ṹ§ ûʸö͹ӹҨǡѡdz ѺҪԡäӹǹҡ令ѧءԹѹ˴·س 蹢ʹصԺҷҧͧ ͡͡仾ͺ ͻʸ ͡繡ѧЪҪ㹡õ¡ͧЪҸԻ ѹ 14 Ҥ 2534 СŻСȪͧ ҹ 繼ѺҧҢѹҾ 硫ҹ صê·ͧФͧҾôҢѺҧŷا ҧ§úõԡ֡ͧ Թҧ 1.3 ҹ­ ͺ繡ͧعآҾС֡ҢͧЪҪ ءѹ ѧ١Ǻ Ѻ͹حҵԸȾի觨ҡ仴ä §¡ͧͧҹҪҵ׹Ҿͧ ҹ Ѱŷâͧҡѧʹ
 

 ͧ ҹ

19 Զع¹ .. 2166
ѹԴ ʡ (Blaise Pascal) ѡԵʵ ѡԡйѡѪʹҪǽ Դͧ (Clermont) ¹˹ѧ͡ѺԴҫ繹ѡԵʵмԾҡ դѨзҧԵʵҵ ͹ 12 ѲâҤԵͧ鹴µͧ 16 ѲҷɮպӤѭԪҢҤԵਤտ (projective geometry) öѲͧԴŢ 19 㹻 2197 ҡѺ ҵ (Pierre de Fermat) ѹѲҷɮդҨ (Probability theory) ŧҹӤѭ Essay pour les coniques Traite du traingle arithmetique ԷԾŵǧäԵʵҧҡ ѧҡʺغѵöҨͺªԵѹ 23 Ȩԡ¹ 2197 龺ʺóҧʹ ֧ѹʹ价ҧʹ лѪ ŧҹѧ Ӥѭ Provincial Letters The Pensees (Thoughts) ŧҹش¡͹ªԵѹ 19 ԧҤ 2205 ʡ繤Եʵ˹ؤþѲԪҤԵʵ㹪ǧȵõ 16 – 17 ѧ Ԥ (Niklaus E. Wirth) ѡԷʵ Ѳе駪 "һʡ” (Pascal programming language) 㹻 2513 õ ʡ

  ʡ

19 Զع¹ .. 2389
ʺ (Baseball) ١Ѵ觢ѹ繤á顮 ͧࡹ Ѱ Ѱԡ ʺ繡ҷ͡Դ㹪ǧҧʵȵɷ 19 ¾ѲҨҡͧѧɷ¡ "ǹ” (Rounders) 蹷ͧ 15 ŧʹҧ 9 ʹǹ (Infield) ѡɳٻѴٻྪ ҧҹ 90 ص (27.4 ) ١ "ặ” (batter) ׹˹觢ͧʹǹ ¡ "ŷ" (home plate) ҧѧặռѺ١ "ᤷ" (catcher) ա 3 ¡ "" (base) çҧʹԹ Ѻ˹觼ҧ١ "Է" (pitcher) 觢ѹءҵշФӴѺ ҾԪҧ١ú 3 ặö Тҹ "ҷ" (out) еͧ͡ҡõͺ ặ١ еͧպ仵ʵҧ ǡѺѧŷ ֧ "ѹ" (home run) Ҽö١͡ Ѻ Ѻ١͹е֧ ըж١ҹҷ ҵǽѺ Ѻըѧʷ 1 2 3 ӴѺ ҽѺ١ѧҡз Тҧѧʷ 1 ͹ặ件֧ ặж١ҹҷ ͶҽѺ ١йеǽءѧ ءж١ҹҷ蹡ѹ ͽء١ҹҷú 3 ¹ặú 3 Ǩ֧Ҩ "Թԧ” (inning) ͨмѴء繽Ѻ нѺ繽ءҧ ·仨觡ѹú 7 Թ ǽ㴷Ӥṹҡҡ繼骹 ùѺṹ ҽء١Ѻ ö觨úͺʹء 1 "ѹ" (run) 1 ṹ ҽءöúͺ öشʵҧ ءҵǨ֧ͷӤṹ Ѩغѹ ʺ繡ҷѺ»ȷš Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ չ ѹ Э
 
 ʹʺ

19 Զع¹ .. 2521
Ŵ (Garfield) ǡٹǹǹ ҡǤá˹˹ѧ; Ѻҹ ʹ (Odie) Ѵ ͹ Ѥ (Jon Arbuckle) ҹ¨ ٹͧͧͧѹҧѺѵ§ ͧҾСͺ (Jim Davis) ѡ¹ٹԡѹ ͧôͧŴ੾ҫҹ ôٷ ͹ С駤 Ŵ繡ٹԡѹʺ稷شͧ˹ Ѻõվ˹˹ѧ;йԵá 2,570 Ѻ Թ Ŵ 礤 (Guinness World Records) ѹ֡ Ŵ繡ٹͧ (Comic strip) Ѻõվҡشš
 
 Ŵ

˹ 20

20 Զع¹ .. 2369
Ѱ ŧ ʹѭ (Burney Treaty) Ѻѧ ѺʹѭҷҧҪСþҳԪ쩺ѺáӡѺȵѹ ѵԹ 駹 ͡ι (Henry Burney) ٵͧѧ ԭѹաѺ 㹻 2368 çѺѪ кҷ稾й Ѫŷ 3 դʧТԴѹաѺ Тͤдǡ㹡ä ҵͧҶ֧ 5 ͹֧öʹѭҡѺ ¨ѴӢ 4 ѧ õ ʹѭӤѭ ͹حҵͤӡäҡѺͤѧҧ Ѱըҡͤѧɵҧͧҡ ҾѡҹԷŧ仵ǨͺԹҢͧͤҪѧ ЪѧɷҤҢ㹻еͧԺѵԵءС ÷ʹѭաԴâµǴҹäҵҧҡ ¹ŧӤѭçҧɰԨ 2 Сä ѰͧѺԸաǼŻªٻҡ СԴüԵ͡ä͡ 㹻Ѫŷ 3 ѰѹѺº¡äҼ١Ҵա 觶繡Դ͵ŧʹѭ ԴѭҷҧäҧѺѧ ÷ ʹѭԧ (Bowring treaty) 㹻 2398 çѺѪŷ 4 ͧѺкäբͧѧ㹷ش

 

ä
 

20 Զع¹ .. 2362
͡ ѹ (SS Savannah) Թҧͧ ѧ ͡á蹢طͷŹԡ ͡ҡѹ ͧ Ѱԡ ѹ 22 Ҥ 2362 ˹طͷŹԡ ҷ 18 ѹ֧֧ ҡԹҧǹ˭͡ ӹǺ¡Ѻѹ (Moses Rogers)

20 Զع¹ .. 2380
稾кҪԹչҶԡ (Queen Victoria) ҪҳҨѡ ͨѡ ʴҪѵ ׺ʹҡ 稾 4 (King William IV) ҪԵ ;Ъ 18 Ѫ¢ͧͧ¡ "ؤԤ" (Victoria Era) 觶ؤ觤ԭ֧մشҧҹͧ ÷ ѧ ɰԨ ෤բͧҪҳҨѡ Դ ûѵصˡ (Industrial Revolution) 㹤ʵõɷ 18 觼ѡô¡ҧ价š з觡ӹҨͧš ͧʴäѹ 22 Ҥ 2444 ;Ъ 81 ç繡ѵҪǧ (House of Hanover) ͧش зç繾ҡѵͧҪǹҹش㹻ѵʵѧ 63 7 ͹ 2 ѹ

 稾кҪԹչҶԡ

20 Զع¹ .. 2420
硫ҹ (Alexander Graham Bell) ԡ Ѿ (Telephone) ԧҳԪ繤á ͧŵѹ Ѱ͹ ᤹Ҵ (Hamilton, Ontario) 駹 дɰѾͧáͻ 2419 յ͵駺ѷ (Bell Telephone company) ͹ԴԡѾԧҳԪ Ѻҧ 㹻 2429 ռѾ 150,000 ͧԡ ѧһʺ稷ҧáԨҧҡ ɰ ӧҹѧ¡͵Ҥй͹پԡ American Association to Promote the Teaching of spech to Deaf ͡ҡѧդӤѭ㹧ҹԨ·ҧҹҡҹ ѺѾҾѲҢ 觼ԭ˹Ң ѾͧͷӤѭͧ㹻Ѩغѹ

20 Զع¹ .. 2498
ԴػҤǧ µѹ͡§ 㹡ا෾ ШѧѴ§ 10.19 . ҹ 7.08 ҷ ѧѴ ا෾ ҭ Ҫ ྪú ط¸ҹ ¹ҷ ԧ ҧͧ ͺҧԹ ѧѴйظ ҡóػҤҤ駹չѡʵҧԹҧһ ˹ѧ; ҴǢ˹ 1 ͡ʹ 稾Ҫ 稾оҧҿҡҹѲ ʴ稷ʹ๵ҷԵѺͺҧԹ ѧѴйظҴ ҡó¤ʤ駹ЪҪ͡繡ѹҡشйҹشա
 

շѺിdzͧ (Khyber Pass) Ȼҡʶҹ㹻 2516

20 Զع¹ .. 2520
кҷ稾 çŹǹͧ "ԹԴͧѧ" "A Man Called Intrepid” ͧ ʵǹѹ (Sir William Stevenson) ˹á ͹ѹ 23 չҤ 2523 óͧ¹ҡԵԧͧ "Թ" "Intrepid" 繹ʢͧ ʵǹѹ ˹˹ҪѺѤâͧѧ ʧš駷 2 պҷӤѭ㹡õ͵ҹἹ¢ͧ Ե (Adolf Hitler) ʺª㹷ش ͧԧѵʵ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 кҷ稾Ƿçջªªҵҧ ֧çоҪصŶ·ʹҡ鹩Ѻѧ ͧդǡ 600 ˹ ҹͧҹҹԴ окҷ稾Ƿç͡áԸ㹡ö·ʹҧʹ
 A Man Called IntrepidԹԴͧѧ
ԴػҤǧ (Ҿҡ http://thaiastro.nectec.or.th/royal/rama9.html)


20 Զع¹ .. 2513
ി ع (John Kunst & Dave Kunst) ͧͧԡѹ 鹡Թͺš Թͧٹ૿ (UNICEF) ͡ҡҹԴͧૡ (Waseca) ѰԹ⫵ ͺ÷ءЪ Է (Willie Makeit) Ҷ֧Թ ت (Hindu Kush) ѿҹʶҹ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2515 ǡҶ١û з 칶١ԧªԵ ǹԴѺҷ ͡Թҧ;ͧ¤شͧ շ (Pete Kunst) ѹ 1 չҤ 2516 ԹҧѺ֧ͧૡѹ 5 Ҥ 2517 ҷ 4 3 ͹Ѻա 16 ѹ зҧ 14,450 ҡѺӹǹ 20 ҹ ¹ͧ件֧ 21 ¹ 4 Ѻա 2 ി ع췹Ѻ줹áԹͺš

 ԴԡѾԧҳԪ繤á
 
͡  ѹ

˹ 21

21 Զع¹ .. 2483
ѹԴ ͧ (Jean Paul Sartre) ѡѪӹѡ ѵԹ (Existentialism) ǽ Դا µѧ Ҩ֧㹤ػТͧ ͹ҹóԡ ¹ Ecole Normale Superieure ʹ㨻ѪҢͧ ҹ (Immanuel Kant), (Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel) (Martin Heidegger) 繾 龺Ѻ (Simone de Beauvoir) Ե͹Ҥ ¹ԭ͡ҢһѪ Ҩ͹Ѫҷ Le Havre 㹻 2486 ¹һѪͧá Being and Nothingness ŧҹӤѭ ҹԪҡ L'etre et le neant (Being and Nothingness), Existentialism is a Humanism La Nausee (Nausea), Les mouches (The Flies) 繵ǤԴѪѵй ӤѭѺҾͧ㹰ҹлѨਡ ԴҾѺҾ㹡 "͡" ( "͡͡”) ͷá赹ͧö 㹢ǡѹ "Ҿ" ͧҾѺ "ѺԴͺ" "͡" ҡͧѺԴͺ㹼Ũҡ觷͡ Ҩա§ ǤԴͧ觼Դõ¡ͧҾͧ餹š֧Ѩغѹ ѺҧҢó㹻 2507 軯ʸеͧûзǧسҨҡѧ鹡ҧ ªԵѹ 15 ¹ 2523 74 繹ѡѪҵѹ˭褹˹觢ͧȵɷ 20

ͧ  Being and Nothingness
 

21 Զع¹ .. 2189
ѹԴ ͵մ źԫ (Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz) ѡԵʵ ѡԷʵ йѡѪӹѡ˵ؼŹѹ ԴͧŻԨ ¹Էµ 15 ԭҵմҹѪеáʵ͹ 17 ҡ¹¹ǡѺ 繼дɰͧԴŢöǡ ź ٳ жʹó ҵվŧҹá㹻 2227 "Nova Methodus Pro Maximis et Minimis" (New Method of the Greatest and the Least) źԫ繼Դ Ť Ѻ ᫡ ǵѹ ҧҧ§ѹ繤͹з觷ͧ¨ҡѹ źԫªԵѹ 14 Ȩԡ¹ 2259

21 Զع¹ .. 2405
ѹٵ 稾Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ ç繾Ҫͧ 57 кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 5 ѺҨôҪ ç繵Ҫʡ "ȡ” ٵ㹾кҪѧ ç¹˹ѧͪ鹵㹾кҪѧ ¹ѧç¹ǧ ;Ъ 13 çǪ÷Ѵѵʴ ҡç֡ҷç¹·ú ѺҪҹ繹µշҴ ѧѺͧǧ Ъ 15 çҹ˹µʹ ѺҡسҸԤسô ͹ "稾Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ" ͻ 2472 ͧçҹѴ֡繤á㹻 2425 ¹ "ç¹Ҵ” ç¹Ѻ͹ "ç¹е˹ѡǹҺ” ç¡֡Ѵ繾鹰ҹ 觼֡Ң͡ҧҧҧ ç͵ “ç¹֡ѴҪþ͹” 㹻 2442 觵¹ “ç¹Ҵ” “ŧóԷ” Էáͧ 㹷ش 㹴ҹҸóآ çվд "ʶ” ѺѺ˹ҷԵᨡɮ㹵Ӻҧ Ѩغѹ "ʶҹ͹” зçѴ "ʵ” ʶҹͧѹäعѢ 㹻Ѩغѹ͹ѧѴͧ ʶҹ ҡҪҴ ͡ҡѧç繼ҧҡҹԨþԾԸѳʶҹ觪ҵ ش觪ҵ ͧҹçйԾ˹ѧ ҵҧ ҹѵʵҳ 繨ӹǹҡ ҴçҪҹҾ鹾Ъѹ 1 ѹҤ 2486 ͧѺ¡ͧ "Դ觻ѵʵ" ͧʴشҴçҪҹҾ “ؤӤѭͧš” ҹҧŧҹӹǹҡ ôҧѭҢͧҨз觷ءѹ ѹ 27 Ȩԡ¹ 2455 Ѱԡ˹ ѹ 1 ѹҤ ͧء "ѹçҪҹҾ" ͹͹تѧ֧֡ͧ çդسٻõ蹴Թ๡͹ѹ׺

21 Զع¹ .. 2463
ѹԴ ͧ ѡ¹йѡŧҹóԹ Դҧ͡ ا෾ ֡Ҩҡç¹ʵѴЦѧ ç¹ອҪ ԭѡʵѳԵ ͹ػԭҤѸ ѡʵ ŧóԷ ѧҡ鹡ѺҪҨʹآ¡÷ӧҹ зӧҹ¹ ŧҹóԹ ǹ˭зӧҹѺ Ҩس Ե Ѩغѹ繡èѴѾó ҪѳԵʶҹ
 

21 Զع¹ .. 2526
... . ѡԳ Թѵ ͵ ѷ Թѵ ͹ ǹप ӡѴ (Ҫ) ·ع¹á 20 ҹҷ .. 2542 Ҩ¹㹵ҴѡѾ¹ ѷ Թ ê ӡѴ (Ҫ) ѹ 23 Ҥ 2549 ෢͵˭ 49 % Ŵԧ (Temasek Holdings) ع˭ҡԧ ѨغѹѷӸáԨҹäҤ áԨôиáԨҧ áԨɳ áԨԹ áԨúԹ
 

ѡԳ Թѵ Թ


21 Զع¹ .. 2547
ԭ Ѵѡ иҹѡͧ蹺͹͡ ᡹ӵ͵ҹáҧç俿Һ͹͡Թٴ ١ԧªԵ Ǻҹ˵Ҩҡ÷᡹ӤѴҹ͡͡ԷdzԹҸóкdz§ѵͧ¸ ͧäѴҹҧç俿Һ͹͡-Թٴ 觼ͧԡç ԷԾ٭¼Żª ªԵͧҡԴõ蹵ͧǹ㹡õѴԹ㨢ͧЪҪ㹷ͧ ͹º¡þѲҢͧѰ
 

 Ѵѡ
 Ҩͧ  (Ҿҡ http://www.geocities.com/siamintellect/intellects/ruangurai/biography.htm)
 ҴçҪҹҾ
 
 źԫ

˹ 22

22 Զع¹ .. 2507
ѹԴ ᴹ ǹ (Dan Brown) ѡ¹ԡѹ Ңͧŧҹ "ѺԹ” (The Davinci Code) ǹ¢´շç͹件֧ʵѡ ԴԺ⵷Ѱ ١㹾ͧ 3 繹ѡҪվ 蹴ʶ 繤͹Եʵç¹Ѹ ͡໹ѧ ҡԷʷ (Amherst College) ӧҹѺ硾Ѻ繤͹ѧ ӧҹ¹㹻 2529 ͹¹á㹻 2537еվ㹻 2541 "ó" (Digital Fortress) ͧǡѺ෤ؤ觤 ҵѴԹ㨷ӧҹ¹ҧǵ 2539 ͡ҹ¹ա 3 "ҡѺҵҹ" (Angels&Demons) 㹻 2543 ͧǢͧԷҵʹ 繨شͧФê " ŧ͹" յ͡ Deception Point ͧԷʵǡѺ NASA 㹻 2546 "ѺԹ" (The Da Vinci Code) ͧǡæҵ ׺ǹ ˹ѧͷҧͧ͢ᴹ ǹ ҡش ش㹻 2550 ͡ The Solomon Key ͧѺԹբͧ١ҧҾ¹ͻ 2549 紻ѵʵʹҷҧ˹зҷ¤ ҧҨҭ ҧȶ֧Ѻẹ ¢ҷ蹾« ҧǤʵö Ѻҹͧͧҧç蹤͹ʵѡѷҢͧʵʹԡҡش˹ҷ


 

ᴹ ǹѺԹ
 

22 Զع¹ .. 2514
.. ԷԾ Ĵҡ ;ǧзе˹觡çҹѹè繡ԡ 鹪վԵѡ ç繾ͧ 4 㹾Һǧ ͧҡɴԹ йķ ѺҾ Ĵҡ ظ ٵ÷ا෾ ѹ 11 ¹ 2426 ¹˹ѧͷѧɵç֡ҵʹҹǡͧŨҡԷ͹͹ ѧ ҡ鹡ѺͧѺҪõ˹ŢҹءѰաзǧõҧ ͸Ժա㹡зǧäѧ ͸Ժաһ (ѡ㹻Ѩغѹ) ҧԵҪáѧè ҹ֧֡ͨѴԹз駪ԵҪɵá÷ "ҧԴ"  . ҧԴ . ҧоҹ . ШǺբѹ ѹ 4 չҤ 2463 ¹ɵáѧѡ÷ӹ Фѧ蹵ͧɵ ¤ɵá;鹰ҹӤѭͧȷҹ֧ءԡӿ 駻١ת §ѵ Сö дѺ٧ҼҹѺʺóҡ÷ͧ öԵżԵѹըҡҧԴ仢·ا෾ лչѧ ᵧѹҧԴ ѹ ٺѹ ҹ繼ɵеͤ繸ͧɵáҵʹ Ѻ¡ͧ "Դ觡ɵἹ" ѧѺ ҧ ҢҺԡҸó 㹻 2510 ҹ駤Ӿٴ¤˹ "Թͧ繢ͧ ǻ繢ͧԧ" ѨغѹҧԴ "ʶҹԨԷԾáĴҡ"


 

 .. ԷԾ Ĵҡ


22 Զع¹ .. 2415
稾оزҨ ( ѧ) ࡨҨٻӤѭ觵ѵԹ óҾ ҹѹ 17 ¹ 2331 .ԨԵ Ǫ÷ѴѴ .ԨԵ 13 ѧ֡ҸСѺ ѭԡ (ǧ) Ѵҧع͡ (ѴԹ) ҡ֡ҾлѵԸͷ ѴЦѧԵ ҹùѡȹҵǨѺҡ ʴ֡Ҷ֧Ե㨪Ǻҹ 㹻 2352 Ѻػ Ѵ .ͧԨԵ շҹ ҤسиҨ Ѵǧ 繻иҹػѪ ѧҡ ҸԺ ¹Ҵǧ ԡⵡѺҧ͡ ¹лѵԸѴЦѧ ԡդᵡҹ֡㹾ûԮ 繷þʢͧЪҪ֧ҹª鹼˭о蹴Թ Ѫŷ 3 ҹشԡ仵ͽ֡Եҹ֧ 15 Ͷ֧Ѫŷ 4 çҹѺҧ͡ѴЦѧԵ ѧҡ 稾оزҨ (ʹ) Ѵ ֧óҾ ֧ô ʶһҢ 稾оزҨ ͧ 5 ѵԹ 76 ҹ繼鹾ҳѴ˹觵¡ ҶҪԭѭ ҹԡآ鹪ͧȹҸ ¨͡СѺؤ ҧ駡繻ȹҸ ö餹ѧ֧Ѻ ͧ 㨸

 

稾оزҨ ( ѧ)

22 Զع¹ .. 2512
ٴ Ź (Judy Garland) ͨԧ ҹ (Frances Gumm) ѡʴԡѹªԵ ŹԴѰԹ⫵ѹ 10 Զع¹ 2465 繹ѡʴ˭ԧԡѹ㹪ǧؤͧͧ˹ѧŧ (Golden Era of musical film) Ѻ ø (Dorothy) Ҿ¹ͧ The Wizard of Oz ( 2482) 觼繢ѭ㨤¹ աѧͧŧСͺ˹ѧͧ Over the Rainbow Ҿ¹ͧʺ稨͡繴ǤҧٴѺ ش¢ͧԵ ͡ҡѧʴ˹ѧաͧ Babes in Arms, Strike Up the Band, Babes on Broadway º仨ǧ˹觡͹СѺ觴ѧա駨ҡҾ¹ͧ A Star Is Born
 

ٴ ŹThe Wizard of Oz

22 Զع¹ .. 2529
(Diego Maradona) ѡصŷҵਹԹ ӻе "ѵͧ" (Hand of God) ԧеٷҵѧ ਹԹöͺ 仪ԧѺҵѹ Сصš㹻 .. 1896 㹢зš蹵֧ зءµҷҪ觢ѹšͻѴ١ աҾ觢ѹ١ҩ« ΌŨѺⴹͪ㹡ԧе٨ԧ ҵǡ͡Һ͡ҹ蹤ͨѧзҨͻѴ١ աä˹ѹѧࡵ ⴹҨ֧ҹҨ繾лʧͧҡ йͷҢͧ "ѵͧ" ѹ ҧ纻ǴʹΌŷҵѧҨ֧ءѹ Ҿѡɳͧ “” “Ҩ” ֧Դⴹ Ѻ
 

 ѵͧ

˹ 23

23 Զع¹ .. 2466
"ҧó" (Suvarna of Siam) Ҿ¹ͧáͧ ͡繤á㹡ا෾ Ҿ¹ͧҧҧ¡Ѻٴ ӡѺ ι (Henry MacRae) ¹ 觺ѷٹ ·ͧµʹͧ кҪѧ Ѵѵʴ ѴسҪ Ѵવؾ Թ ҧԹ § ·Ӵ¿ 8 . Ҿ¹º ͧǡѺѡͧ˹Ƿդͺػä ҾҡȪԵͧ ҹͧ Ѵ ʶҹͧ ʹླյҧ ¹ Ҥʴ ҧʧ ʶ “ҧó” عõʵ ( Źѯ) “¡ҭ” ǧõ ( ѯ) “¡ͧ” ҧ͡-͡- áͧͧ ´·鹩Ѻ٭

 
ҧó

23 Զع¹ .. 2416
ͺѴ (Dr. Dan Beach Bradley, M.D.) Ԫѹժԡѹդسٻҧ˭ǧ蹴Թ ªԵä䷿´ ͺѴԴѹ 18 áҤ 2347 ͧ Ѱ Ѱԡ ¹Ԫᾷ College of Physicians 㹹 ѤҡѺ A.B.C.F.M. (American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions) ҡ觧ҹѺ « (Emilie Royce) ҹѺͺСԨԹҧʹҷͧ ҹҾѺԡѹ Թҧ (Cashmere) ͡ҡͧʵѹѹ 2 áҤ 2377 Ҷ֧ͧѹ 18 áҤ 2378 ѹԴúͺ 31 վʹ ҧҧҹ͵Ǿ蹾Ҩҡԧ Դçdz͡Ѻѹت ҹԭا Դ觾á ˹ѧͺѭѵԺС (The Commandments) кҪͧ СٺФҽ ԷԹ 繤á ˹ѧ ѡ ͡˹ѧ;͹Ѻá ҧ͡դ (Bangkok Recorder) ԢԷ ͹͹ ͧ (... е ҧ ظ) 㹻 2404 ͡ҡѧԹþ㺻 ԷԹ ˹ѧó͡Ҩӹǹҡ ͡ҡ鹷ҹѧդسٻôҹ "ᾷἹ” üҵѴ á ѡ ä͡Ш ١ջͧѹþ Դ ҹ ѺͺѴҧҡҹҹآ͹ ѧҡҶ֧ͻ 2388 ҹѺԡ觧ҹѺ š (Sarah Blachley) Ѻա㹻 2394 ѧҹ͡ҡԡѹ Ѻ A.M.A. (American Missionary Association) ͧҡͧùհҹзҧԹ ͺѴ֧ͧ§վ¡ԨçҨз觶֧ Ѫŷ 5 觾ͧҪҹҪѾ §ҹѧȾзȾͧͺѴҹᵹ㹡ا෾ ʹ 38 շͧ ͺѴӧҹҧ Ԫѹ ᾷ Ңͧç ֡Ѱ ͡ѤҪٵѰ ҧ繷ҧ áԨͧҹ͡ʹ 觶դ¹仹Ѻͤʵʹ§ 10 ҹ ҹѺҧسٻѹ˭ǧ ੾дҹᾷСþ Ѻ¡ͧ “Դ觡þ”

23 Զع¹ .. 2455
ѹԴ ѹ ԧ (Alan Mathison Turing) ѡԵʵ ѡáʵ ѡԷҪѧ "ԴԷҡä" ԧԴا͹͹ ¹Եʵ ԧŨ ԷԴ 繤èԧѧҡ ¹´ҡ ͡ 觢ѹͧҤѡձѤ ѧҡ¹õԹѹѺ˹ ҡӧҹԨ֡ҤԵʵеáʵҧԧѧ öҧٻẺҧ繷ҧ ҧԵʵͧкšԷ (Algorithm) Сäӹdz ͧѡ÷ԧ (Turing Machine) ҡ¹ͻԭ͡ԷѺԹѹ ҧͧӹdzö͹ ͧ (cipher machine) ҧʧš駷 2 ǹӤѭ㹡öʹѺͧѹ ʧʧѹ价෤ʹ㨡Ѻ෤ ö͡ẺмԵͧ硷͹ԡöͧá ͧš ҡ͡Ẻ ¹Ԫҡôҹҵʹ 㹪ǧʧҡͺӧҹѺͧöʹѺͧѰ ͧѺ зդȾͧҫ觡ԹͺҺ乵 ҹѡ ѹ 7 Զع¹ 2497 ªԵͧѧ繤Ѻءѹ Դҡæҵǵ Ͷ١ҧҨҡ˹§ҹѺҷӧҹ ҡ㹻 2509 աá͵ҧ Turing Award ͺդöҧҹԷҡä ҧŹº͹ѺҧҢҤ

23 Զع¹ .. 2437
(Pierre de Coubertin) ѡҪǽ (Demetrios Vikelas) ѡáԨǡի ѹ͵ СԤҡ ͫ (International Olympic Committee : IOC) ͧ캺͹ Ƚ ըشͿ鹿١觢ѹԡؤҷ觢ѹѹاู ȡի 繻иҹСäá ǺҪԡ 203 ȷš ͨѴ觢ѹԡáѹ 6 ¹ 2439 اู ȡի ѧҡش仡 1,500 ҡաèѴ鹷ء 4 յ 1 Ҫԡع¹Ѵ¹ѹҾ


 
ͫᵧ

 

23 Զع¹ .. 2477
ԧ (Singha Beer) Ѻá 㹧ҹͧѰ٭ͧäɮ ѡ (حʹ ɰص) ͧͨѴ駺ѷԵ㹻 2473 ҧçҹ㹻 2476 ˹¤á㹻 2477 ͡˹µҧͻ 2513 ѨغѹԹáԨ㹹 ѷ حʹ ӡѴ 繼Եԧ ԧŷ ⫴ҵԧ Ӵԧ Ъ çҹѧѴҹ Т͹ çû١Ǻ çҹٻŷҧҤ˹ ѷحʹ ѡҾ㹡üԵ֧ 800 ҹԵõͻ

ԧ

 ѹ ԧ
 
ͺѴ

˹ 24

24 Զع¹ .. 2475
Դ "ûѵ 2475" ɮ ؤŷСͺ·ú о͹ӹǹ 115 ѹ͡ Ҿžžʹ ( ¸Թ), ͡ ǧԹʧ ǧдɰٸ (»մ §) ӡ "Ѳ" ¹ŧûͧҡкͺóҭԷҪ кͺЪҸԻ ѹվҡѵ繻آѰ٭ ¹ŧ駹 ˵»С ҷ ѭ ɰԨ Ѱкͺ ö ԷԾŤԴҧͧ ẺЪҸԻ 㹻ȵѹ ѡ֡㹵ҧ ʡ кͺѵ Դ鹷š Ҩ չ ֡ҵԹ ١Ѵº ҡʹѭ 繸 Ѱ Ѻ ӹҨ ѹ Ѵ ҧ · Ѻ֡ ҡҧ Ѻ· 繾кǧҹǧ Ф ͧкͺ óҭԷҪͧ ҹ ǹ˵Ӥѭ Դûѵ 2475 ûѵԤ駹ŧ»Ȩҡùͧʹ Ѱ٭ ѡСѹԷԢͧɮ ׹ѹӹҨ٧ش繢ͧɮзӤѭ ؤŷءҤѹ
 

ɮ · о͹ ˹ѧ ʡѹ شͧͧѧҹкٻç ش׹ҹŧóѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475

24 Զع¹ .. 2475
. ԺʧСѰѺ 1 ¹ͻȨҡ "" "" ѧ¹ҡ "Siam"  "Thailand" ǹЪҪѭҵԡ "" (Thai)"" (Siamese) ͵ͧҧҵл١ѧ֡ҵԹЪҪ 餹ѡͪҵ

 . Ժʧ
 

24 Զع¹ .. 2485
. Ժʧ ӾԸԴ ͹ ͹觹 ҧ͹óͧêЪվͪҵ 㹡óվԾҷԹ⴨չ ʧºþ (ʧš駷 2) ѺاࢵᴹѺԹ⴨չ ͡ Ҿžžʹ 繼ҧġѹ 24 Զع¹ 2484 ٻҺ»׹ ͹٧ҡ鹴Թ ҹҺ»׹ٻ鹷ú ҡ Ǩ о͹ dzҹ͹ٻ鹨֡ͼЪվͪҵԨҡʧҧ 2483-2497 801

͹ 


24 Զع¹ .. 2488
ѹԴ تҵ ʴ "ԧʹǧ" ѡ¹ ѡԨóó ʹյóҸԡùԵ š˹ѧ, ˹ѧ, ѧʵԷ, ҹ ͡ࡴ ͺҹ˹ѧҵŧšóҵ ¹Ңһѵʵ줳Żʵ . ʵ ҨԷ ͵駡ó ͵ҧŪ͡ࡴ ͵ӹѡҧó   ͡ҡتҵѧӧҹŻ 駨ԵáҾ¹ ԴҹʴҾ "تҵ" (Such-artopia) "تҵ" (Such-artmania) ռŧҹͧͧ "ҧ" "º" ѨغѹӧҹŻ¹˹ѧ зǹҹ
 

تҵ ʴѧʵԷتҵ ʴ Ѻŧҹ تҵ

24 Զع¹ .. 2498
"ʶҹԷ÷ȹ · ͧ 4 ҧع" Ҿ÷ȹ繤á㹻 . Ժʧ ¡Ѱ 繻иҹ㹾Ը ʶҹ÷ȹ觹ʶҹԷ÷ȹáͧ çҹ ѷ ÷ȹ ӡѴ ¨¹Ѵ駺ѷѹ 10 Ȩԡ¹ 2495 ѧҧع (ӡâͧҤ觻»Ѩغѹ) 㹪ǧá աҾ͡ҡѹѧ, ʺ, ҷԵ ҧ 18.30 .-23.00 . ͧ Ҵ 10 ѵ ҾǴ к 525 鹵Ҿ 30 ҾԹҷ ѹ͡ҡҡ 㹻 2519 ¹к͡ҡȨҡҾǴк 525 Ҿ к 625 ҧó Ѻ¹ "ʶҹԷ÷ȹ · ͧ 9” յѰ͡ҪɮաҨѴ ͧŪ觻 (....) ͹Ԩâͧͧ 9 Ҵ ¹ "·ժͧ 9 ...." ¹ "乹 " (Modern 9 TV) 㹻 2545 ͹ҨѨغѹ
 

ҡͧѹ͡ҡȤá (Ҿҡ www.geocities.com/kanitt_88/lesson1.htm) 

˹ 25

25 Զع¹ .. 2459
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 ʴ稾ҪԹçԴ ʶҹö信ا෾ Ǻҹ¡ ʶҹö⾧ ͤͧн٧觡ѹҧ֡йͧҧ觨֧¡ "Ӿͧ" ¹§ "⾧" ѧ ҧѹɰҹ繪ͧ͢骹Դ˹觤 "⾧" ҡ㹺dz ʶҹö⾧ҧ㹻 2453 Ѫŷ 5 ʶһѵ¡ͧʶҹö⾧Ե¹ѺŻ๫ͧ դ¤֧Ѻʶҹö俿ѧ ͧç ͡ẺʶһԡԵ¹ ҹ վ鹷ҳ 120 ҹ˹ǹйӾ ҧ͹ طǹŶоطǧ 㹻дѺԹ͹ ྴҹաѡ¹ٹҧ شҧ˹觤 Шշͧкҡ 駴ҹ˹дҹѧ觻дѺҧҹ׹ѺҤ չԡҢҴ˭ Ҵ鹼ٹҧ 160 ૹë觷繾 Դҧ׹ Ѩغѹʶҹö俷ش ʶҹöѡͧ ͧѺö俻ҳ 200 ǹѹ ҡö˹ µѹ͡§˹ ҧͧѺèҡǷء÷Ȣͧ лѨغѹʶҹö⾧ շҧ͡Ѻ ö俿ҹ ö俿Թ
 

 ʶҹö⾧ʹյ ʶҹö⾧㹻Ѩغѹ

25 Զع¹ .. 2493
˹ѧ; Ѱ Ѻġ͡ҧἧ ˹ѧ;Ѱ˹ѧ;ѹҤ ʹ͢Ƿ Ỵ˹ Ҥ 50 ʵҧ ͵͹չҤ 2493 ... ֡ķ 繼ӹ¡йѡ¹ШӤ “˹ 5 ǹ” ԢԵ 繺óҸԡäá դӢѭШ˹ѧ; "Ԥڤ Ԥڤ ڤ ڤ" 繾طԵ "ê â" ѨغѹѧԵ˹ѧ;ѹ ѻ ӹѡҹ Ţ 12 Ҥ 6 . ҪԹ ࢵй ا෾ Ѩغѹ Ѫ ش ͡ԨһиҹдԹõҨءѹ

25 Զع¹ .. 2498
ʧ (Korean War) 鹢 ͧ͡Ѿ˹ͻҳ 60,000 ѧѺѭҢͧ ͧ ع (Choi Yong-kun) ʹѺʹع»ȨչҾµ ء鹢ҹ 38 Դҡءҹ ִا ѹ駵 ִաͧѹ ѹ 29 Զع¹ 2498 ͧѧ˻ЪҪҵٻͧѧ 15 ͪҵԹ Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ ҪҳҨѡ 駻 ֧ԺѵԡҪ 駹 ѧʧš駷 2 ¾ѹԵ觴Թᴹͧ͡ 2 ǹ鹢ҹ 38 ͧ˹ ǹ˹Ҿµ ǹѰԡ 㹻 2491 Ѱ 蹢ʹ͵ͧ˻ЪҪҵ ʶһҪҵ͡Ҫ ¨Ѵա͡˭ǻ Ҿµ ѰŤǹʵ 駾áԷԾ зءҹʧ 觹Ѻ˹ʧ᷹ͧ “ʧ” ҧ¤ǹʵѺЪҸԻ ʧըŧѹ 27 áҤ 2496 ͷͧµŧèشԧ зѭʧ֡ѹͧѹع͹ (Panmunjon) ªԵʧ 1,066,000 ǹªԵҳ 941,356–1,139,518 件֧ý¨ӹǹ 1,294 ѧѺطªԵкҷաӹǹҡ Ѩغѹѧ¡ͧ͡Ȥ ˹ ҸóѰЪҸԻ»ЪҪ (Democratic People's Republic of Korea : DPRK) ҸóѰ (Republic of Korea : ROK) 鹢ҹ 38 ͧ˹

25 Զع¹ .. 2446
ѹԴ ԡ (Eric Arthur Blair) Ңͧҡ (George Orwell) ѡ¹ѧ ١Թ-ѧ Դວ Թ·ѧҳҹԤͧѧ 1 ǺҡѺѧ ѧҡ¹յѹ Ũ (Eton Collage) ͺԹ¹Է Ҩ֧ͧ͡ҷӧҹþѴҧ 褹 ͷҹ ҧҹ 㹷ش繵Ǩ ·ѧҳҹԤͧѧ 繡áٴմ ѴºҡҢͧҳҹԤ Դ֡´ "ѷԨѡôԹ" (Imperialism) ֧ѴԹ㨡Ѻѧ㹻 2470 еѴԹ繹ѡ¹ ѵشԺҡʺóԵѹ⪡⪹ҹ ¹ͧá Burmese Days 㹻 2477 ҡ繷ʧҧͧͧ໹ (Spanish Civil War) 㹻 2479 㹪ǧʧš駷ͧ繼ԵԷآͧ BBC ͹¹ªӤѭ “Animal Farm” ¹ͧ ͵ҹѷʵԹ վ㹻 2488 ҧἧѹ͹êйҧҫҡԨж١Դҳ աùҧҾ¹Сٹ¤ ԧ ´ (Pink Floyd) ǧʫտͤ㹵ӹҹͧѧ ѧ价繤͹绵ź駪ش "Animal" 㹻 2520 աͧӤѭ "Nineteen Eighty-Four" (1984) 觡Ƕ֧ "" (Distopia) ԹᴹաǺӹҨҧҾ зա "Ẻ" ¡кǺӹҨ㹡äͺӤԴ ªԵѳä ѹ 21 Ҥ 2493 § 46 ҹ¹ͧѡйʹͻѭҷҧѧͧ ѡʴش׹ͧԷҾͧѨਡҡá˧ءٻẺ ¹Եҡ÷ӧҹѺçҹ ж·ʹʺóҹ͡繧ҹ¹Եվѧ 觹ǹ˭ѡз͹ӹҨҧͧФ¢ͧѷ༴稡 ͡ҹ Ѻ¡ͧ繹ѡ¹§ (Essayist) Ѻҡش˹㹤ȵȵɷ 20

 
  Animal FarmNineteen Eighty-Four
 

25 Զع¹ .. 2497
ѹԴ ҵ ͺԵ (Chart Korbjitti) ѡ¹ҧūõ 2 ŻԹ觪ҵҢóŻШӻ 2547 ԴҹͧعѢ͹ . ҹ . ͧ . طҤ “تҵ” ͷ ֧¹ “ҵ” ¹жç¹Ǻҹ ¹Ѹç¹ ШԪҾҡç¹Ъҧ ͧͧáվ "ѡ¹ѡŧ" ¹ŧ˹ѧ͹ó컷㹻 2512 觧ҹͻ 2520 Ѻ ب ൪žԷѡ ͹Ъҧ 觵¡ѹӡ˹ѧ份ҡµҧþԹ ҧáԨҡѧ ҡ¹ͧйҵʹ ͧ "ӾԾҡ" ҧūõ㹻 2524 ҵԡѴԹ͡¹˹ѧҧ ͧ͡鹵ա繻Шͺء ֧ 2537 ͧ "" Ѻҧūõͧ ҵԨ֧繹ѡ¹Ѻūõ줹áͧ ͡ҡѧչͧ Ӥѭ "ѹҺ" ͧ鹷Ӥѭ ҧ, ͡, մШӵ, , ԡѺǴ˹ ŭǹ鹹 Ѩغѹ ҵԾӹѡҹ㹻ҷҡͧ Ҫ еӹѡͧͧ “ӹѡ͹” ŧҹͧҵ੾ͧ "ӾԾҡ" ѡɳ "ȡҮѭ" 觵͡繼١зӨҡѧ ͡еԸաõҧ ѡԨóҧ ҵ Ѫѵй (Existenrialism) һءҡѺҡȢͧѧҧŧйҪ ¢ͧҵԨ֧Ѻ繾Ѳҡâͧǹѡɳ¡Ѻóҡ ŧҹͧͧҨ֧١ҵҧ ѧ չ ѹ ѺԨѹҧҧҧ㹵ҧ ¡ " '͡' 繤¹˹ѧ ѹ駪Ե ҷ駪ԵšѺѹ"

 ҵ ͺԵ (Ҿҡ www.culture.go.th)ӾԾҡ Time ()

 ʧ

˹ 26

26 Զع¹ .. 2362
Ѻ. . ѹ (W. K. Clarkson, jr.) ԷԺѵ ѡҹ ¹¡ "velocipede” Ѱ Ѱԡ ´·ԷԺѵê鹹٭㹤Ƿӹѡҹ١ ֧ҺҨѡҹͧѹѡɳҧ 駹 ѡҹ觻дɰԴ㹪ǧѵصˡ㹤ʵȵɷ 18 㹤ȵȵɷ 19 鹡Դͧѡҹ¤ ˹ ѡҹ鹷㹻 2330 Chevalier de Sivrac ѡɳ͹˹-ѧ Ӵ ѺеͧФͧ ա˹ ѡҹѹáԴ ͻ 2360 Baron Darl de Drais de Sauerbrun ¡ "Laufmaschine" ͧ ѡɳФ¨ѡҹѨغѹ ˹-ѧ դѹѧѺ շ ͧһФͧ͹ѹ Baron Darl de Drais de Sauerbrun ֧ “ԴҢͧѡҹ” Ҩءѹ зԻ ѡҹѲҨҡԴͧþɾǡ Ҿ¹ҳشѡҹҧԧ ǹ ͹ Թ (Leonardo da Vinci) ͡Ẻ觻дɰѡɳФ¨ѡҹ㹻Ѩغѹ Ըշç͡ 觡˹ҡؤ 㹻 2382 ѡҹѹáѡɳóҧ ᾷԡ Ź (Kirkpatrick Macmillan) ҧ硪ʡ͵ յǶѧ (Frame) Ӵ ˹ѧҴҧѹҧ պѹѺպ ҡ鹨ѡҹѺþѲҵ ᶺû Ѩغѹ ¤˹ҷҧ෤ ѡҹ繾˹зҡ» öѡҹҹ “ѡҹ” “ͺ” (Rode Bike) "ѡҹ” (Mountainbike) "ѡҹκԴ” (Hybrid Bike) "ѡҹԧ” (Touring Bike) "ѡҹ᷹” (Tandem Bike) ʴ㹡üԵҧҡ (´) 硸 (Chomoly) ᡹ ͹ 仨֧ ䷷ (Titanium) ֧ 30 ҴѹҷšըѡҹӡҾѹҹѹ ѹҡ㹻ᶺû ԡ ੾Э չ ´

 velocipede ѡҹؤѡҹ Trek ͧŹ ʵͧ ѡҹ Cannondale f3000 sl (2002)
ѡҹ (Downhill) Kona stab supreme ѡҹԧ thorn nomadѡҹ͡ࢹ͹͹ (Recumbent Bike) Bacchetta Strada


26 Զع¹ .. 2329
ѹԴ ع () ع ͡觡اѵԹ ԴѪŷ 1 ¹˹ѧͷѴջТ ѨغѹѴش ҧ͡ ѺҪ¹㹡Фѧǹ ҹѡش͡¹͹ Ѫŷ 2 ҧѺҪ㹡ѡɳ ͧӤء Ѫŷ 3 ع͡ҡҪ仺Ǫ ԡǶµѺͧѡҹؤس˹ ҹ¾ͧ鹾Ъ ֧ҴѺӺҡҡ ͧ˹ѧ͢§Ե 㹻 2394 ҡѡɳ ¾Ҫѧ պôѡ "ع" ʹԵҧŧҹҡ·駹Էҹӡ͹ Ҿ͹ҧ 繨ӹǹҡ , ҷͧ, Ⱦкҷ ͧ⡨֧СõԤس繺ؤӤѭͧš 㹻 2539
 
 ع

26 Զع¹ .. 2471
ѹԴ Ӿٹ ح ѡ¹乵줹áͧ ٳ Դҹ ͷ ѧѴʸ ¹˹ѧͷҹ. 6 ӧҹҧ 繡Ѻҧ ˹Ҥǧ Թҧҡا෾ 繡 § ö з繤ٷҤ 11 ͹¹繼͹ ¹˹ѧͤá .. 2513 ͧͧá "ѡ֡" "Էҹ١" ǹͧá " 100 ء" 㹻 2520 ǹͧ "١ҹ" Ѻҧ ÷ 2520 繹ѡ¹ҧūõ줹áͧͧ Ӿٹ ح Ѻ¡ͧŻԹ觪ҵ ҢóŻШӻ 2544 ͹ªԵҡѹ 4 ¹ 2546

Ӿٹ ط ١ҹ

˹ 27

27 Զع¹ .. 2475
ɮ С Ѱ٭ͧ蹴ԹǤ طѡҪ 2475 ѧҡɮ÷ӡѵԹûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 СѰ٭ (Constitution) 繡٧ش㹡ûͧ 觹ѺѰ٭Ѻáͧ ҧ »մ § ѹͧͧɮ ਵ¹ŧûͧȹ繢ͧ "ЪҪ" ҧԧ Ѱ٭Ѻըش蹷кؤسѵԢͧŧѤѺ͡繼᷹ɮ еͧ 20 ШеͧͺԪҡͧѡٵë駢 (աõԷ¸ʵСͧͧѺ) зӤѭԴ͡Ȫ˭ԧԷҡѹ㹡͡§͡ 駷¹ ҧû ˭ԧѧԷҧͧ« Ѱ٭Ѻҵ Ѻ繵ẺͧѰ٭ѺСѧ "Ѱ٭ͧ蹴ԹǤ طѡҪ 2475" ֧Ѱ٭Ѻáͧȹ "Ѱ٭ҪҳҨѡ طѡҪ 2475" 觻Сѹ 10 ѹҤ 2475 ҧ褹ǹҡ ֧Ѩغѹ (.. 2550) кͺЪҸԻ 75 ¹ЩաѰ٭Ƕ֧ 17 Ѻ ش Ѱ٭ҪҳҨѡ طѡҪ 2550 (Ѻ 18) ѧҧкǹҧ 㹢зȵ鹡ԴЪҸԻҧ ѧѰԡ 觹Ѻ֧ѹ Ѱ٭ͧ 792 [Ѻҡ ѵҤ (Magna Carta)] 220 ӴѺ ͧȹѺѰ٭§詺Ѻ ҨաûѺا лЪҪ ѡͧ зâͧҵҧþ˹ҷͧ

 

 ͹ЪҸԻ

27 Զع¹ .. 2404
кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 çСسô ҾվԾѲѵҪ ( عҤ) ˹ҤҪٵ ùҶ ( ʧ-) ػٵ гçԪԵ ( عҤ) 繵շٵ ӷžҪʹͧҪóҡԭѹաѺ ҹ¹ 3 觻Ƚ (Napoleon III of France) ¢ǹͧͧ͢Ѿ ҹ¹ 3 ôѺͧзٵҧ
 

ҹ¹ 3 ôѺͧзٵ (Ҿҡ www.sainampeung.ac.th)

27 Զع¹ .. 2477
ѹʶһ Է¸ʵ (.) (Thammasat University : TU) ͵駤 ԷԪҸʵСͧ (.) ԴҡԴͧ ʵҨ . մ § (Ѱҡ зǧ Ҵ 㹢й) ҡ֡дѺش֡㹢йѧ§ ѧҡա¹ŧûͧ㹻 2475 ֧ͧúؤŷդҧ ûͧ ѧ ѺȪҵ´ǹ ֧ʹҧ "ҪѭѵԷ ԪҸʵСͧ .. 2476" ʵҨ .մ § Ѻ觵 "ʹ" áФǢͧԷ ʶҺѹ֡觹͵駢·֡ҧɮ "ҴԪ" "ԷԴ" áͧ 㹻áռѤ֡Ҷ֧ 7,094 㹪ǧ Է¸ʵç¹ ԧоҹҹ ѹ 9 ¹ 2478 Է¢ͫͷԹdzҾШѹ ѧҡѰִӹҨѹ 8 Ȩԡ¹ 2490 ʵҨ մ §ͧ¡ͧҧ Է¶١Ѵ "ͧ" ͡ ¹ "Է¸ʵ" Ф繵ҴԪ ҡ㹻 2518 ʵҨ . ҡó ͸ԡú ¡֡ҴҹԷʵ ЫͷԹѧԵ ͡ҡ ѧ价 Է¸ʵ ٹӻҧ Է¸ʵ ٹѷ 躹鹰ҹû١ѧԵԭҳ繸ʵ "Եԭҳʵ ҾШѹ" ѨغѹԷ¸ʵԴ͹ 20 ջШԷ¤ͧᴧ ¶֧ʹЪҵ ШԷ¤͵ҧ٧ ѪҢͧԷ¤ "...Էػ дب͹ ӺѴ¢ͧɮ ѤǧҤ ѹԷ͡ Ҥդ ѡҾͧ֡..." Է¸ʵ觼ԵѳԵ ѭҪ ѡԪҡ Ӥѭ˹觢ͧ ʶҺѹ֡ҷ׹§ҧЪҪ˵ءóӤѭ ͧҹͧµʹ ˵ءó "14 16"
"6 19"

 

Է¸ʵ ͹ . մ § ˹ҵ֡ Է¸ʵ ҾШѹ (Ҿҡ www.thai-toku.com)

27 Զع¹ .. 2497
çҹ俿Ҿѧ APS-1 (APS-1 nuclear power plant) ͧͺԤ (Obninsk) ا ԹͧԵ俿 Ѻçҹ俿ҹášԴԹԧҹԪ çҹ俿ҹ觹ԧ -235 (uranium-235) ѧҹ俿 5 ѵ §Ѻ 2,000 ͹ һԡóẺ繴¹ (water cooled) ˹ǧǹǵ͹俵 (graphite moderated) ͧẺͧͧԡóẺ "᪹俵" (graphite channel reactor) APS-1 俿Ҷ֧ 2502 ҡ鹡㹧ҹԨ·ҧҹѧҹҵʹ ͹ԡҹͻ 2543
 

çҹ俿Ҿѧ APS-1


27 Զع¹ .. 2511
"ŧ͹ʶҺѹ" ͧ Էҡ § վá˹ѧ;٧ͧͧԷ¸ʵ з͹֡㨵Է·觼Ե "ԭҪ" ҡ "ѭҪ" ҵվ˹ѧͧкժ "ѹ֧Ҥ" պ鹵 "ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ֧Ҥ ѹѧҡ شдɩѹ"

27 Զع¹ .. 2519
СԵز (෾Ե ѭҤس) ɳ ˹ѧ; æҾǡǹʵһ Ѻح º͹æһ͵ѡҵö¾ 觼¢ҹ繤Ӣѭ "Ҥǹʵһ" СԴ´ѧ´鹹ѡ֡ ûҺѡ֡ҧعç˵ءó "6 19" ¡Եز˵ؼ áªҵ ʹ ҡѵ ѧ鹡æҤǹʵ֧һ 繡æ 觶˹ҷͧ·еͧ æҹҡ繡÷ͻȪҵ 繺һ حͧûͧѹȨҡѵҡҨһ Եزººæҹ͹ѺæһҶ¾ æһ繺һ ùӻҹҵѡҵö¾ حҡ 駹Եزԡٻ˹觷ǹ㹡á͵ "ǹùǾ" ˹ʧԵԷ ӧҹѺ "зԧᴧ" ¾Ǻ·عԡط繴¡Ѻ¹ŧҧѧ ѹ͵ҹѧѡ֡С Ѻ繢ǹ÷ǹҧҡ㹡Һѡ֡˵ءó "6 19"  ѧʷ ѴԵѹ ѧѴź ͵ ԵѹԷ ʶҺѹ֡ҷҧطʹ 觶١ԾҡԨóҧҡ͹ѡԴ¹仨ҡǷҧطʹ աҧʶҧ дعҧ͹ⴸ ѧѵػʧ ªԵ¡͹ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2548
 

 Եز (Ҿҡ www.komchadluek.net) ˵ءó 6  19

Էҡ § (Ҿҡ www.rsu.ac.th)  ѹ֧Ҥ

˹ 28

28 Զع¹ .. 2457
ҹ Թҹ (Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria) ѪҷҪѧ-ѧ оЪ ١ͺŧЪ ҿ ԹԻ (Gavrilo Princip) عç ʴ͹ë (Sarajevo) ͧǧͧȺ ˵ءó繪ǹԴ ʧš駷 1 (World War I) 繤Ѵ駷ҧ÷ҧ ѹԵ (Allied Powers) ѧ, , , Ե Ѱԡ Ѻ ӹҨҧ (Central Powers) , -ѧ Шѡô͵ҹ ˵Դҡ觢ѹҧ¡Ѻͪԧ˭˹ͤҺطúŢҹ ФѴҧʡѺ ѧҡ줴ء¶١ͺŧЪ ȵҧ ԡѹҧҫ觡ѹСѹ 㹷شСʧ͡ѹ١ 㹪ǧáӹҨҧ繽ժ з㹻 2458 ʹӹѹâͧѧɫռêԡѹ ԡҨ֧ѴԹʧ㹻 2460 ¾ѹԵè֧ºҡ ¡͹͡ҡʧ ӹҨҧ繽§ 㹷شյͧèʧ֡ ŧ ʹѭ (Versailles Treaty) ѹ 28 Զع¹ 2462 觹Ѻѹصʧš駷 1 ʹѭҩѺкյͧѺԴͺ¤һԡʧӹǹҡ ١Ŵѧظ ١ִԹᴹҳҹԤ ѹøҡ Ե (Adolf Hitler) ǢӹҨ ҧʪҵԹ繨ش鹢ͧ ʧš駷 2 (World War II) ա 20 յ ʧš駷 1 Ѻ繤Ѵ駤˭дѺšá ռªԵҳ 8 ҹкҷա 16 ҹ

ҹ Թҹ ʧš駷 1

28 Զع¹ .. 2255
ѹԴ ͧ-Ҥ (Jean-Jacques Rousseau) ѡѪѧ ԷԾŵ͡ ѵԽ (French Revolution) ӤӤѭ ؤʧҧҧѭ (Enligntenment) Դاਹ ԵŹ ôªԵѧҡԴ§ 9 ѹ Դ繪ҧԡҷʺ ͹ 6 Ǻ ͧ͢ҵԴء ֧ͧѺا Ѵҹ˹ѧҵ¹µͧ ͹ 16 ͡ҡਹ Թҧͧҧҹ 繼·ٵ 㹻 2293 ҵվ˹ѧ Discourse on the Arts and Sciences 觻ʺҧҧҡ աԺ紻յҡվͧá Julie, ou la nouvelle Heloise (The New Heloise) ҡ鹡ռŧҹ͡ͷ˹ѧԪҡй ŧҹժ§ The Social Contract, or Principles of Political of political Right The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau ҵԢͧ繤 ѧỴ͹ ҾҵӡѴ ѧ֧ͧաèӡѴԷҾҧǹҡ÷ "ѭһЪҤ" (The Social Contract) ԴԴ͹ԷҾͧѹСѹ ҡ "ԴҾҾ ء˹ء ҵͧͧѹҡ" ԴԷԾŵ͡ûѵԽ 㹻 2332 оѲ繷ɮѧ (socialist theory) ǹӤѭͧѲҡ÷ҧǤԴ ԡ (Romanticism) 㹪ǧʵȵɷ 19

28 Զع¹ .. 2475
⹻óԵԸҴ (͹ صԧ) Ҵç˹ ¡Ѱ áͧ ¹¡ "иҹСɮ" ʹª Сɮ Ѱ شáͧ ѧҡûЪҼ᷹ɮäá з͹ѹҤ ѹ 10 ѹҤ ǡѹ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ҪҹѰ٭Ѻ ֧¹ҡ "иҹСɮ" "¡Ѱ" ѹ 1 ¹ 2476 ҹ⹻ó ҺѧѪŷ 7 çСȾҪɮաһԴЪҼ᷹ɮ Ѱ٭ҧҵ ˵ؼҤѰդᵡ¡ 㹡ó “çɰԨ觪ҵ” ҧ »մ § ѡɳˡóٻẺ ¡Է㹷ѾԹͧ͡ ѰͷԹҡҢͧ¾ѷѵ մ͡»Шӻ ûСѹɮõԴ ⹻ó Тعҧҧǹͧ¹ŧçҧɰԨ ҹ»մ繤ǹʵ ͡ѹ 12 ¹ 2476 ѴҧѰաѺɮعçҡ 㹷ش Ҿžžʹ ǧԺʧ ( . Ժʧ) Ѱѹ 20 Զع¹ 2476 (Ѱäáͧ) Ŵ⹻ó ͡ҡ˹ѧչѧ ӹѡ蹨֧͹Ԩѹ 1 Ҥ 2491

28 Զع¹ .. 2509
ʹ ѺûС "طҹ觪ҵʹ" طҹ觪ҵӴѺ 4 "طҹ觪ҵԷҧ" áͧ ࢵ . ҳ . º . ШǺբѹ طҹ觪ҵʹҾ鹷ҡ ͺ駷 Ҵ ҴŹ ҪŹ ҪҴ ҾعӨ״ ˭ Թٹ 鹷ǹ˭繾鹷 駹Ө״ ӡ й ֧Ѵ繾鹷ӷӤѭкҡҡش˹觢ͧ ͷҳ 98.08 ҧ 61,300 ҾԻԹٹؤ¹ ػҳ 280 - 230 ҹ ࢵطҹѧתҡ ѧת辺㹾غ֧Ө״ ҪŹ лҪҴ ¢ͧѵѵҡªԴ ੾ԧ ԧ ҧ蹶 ѵ § Ш ٪Դҧ ҧخ ѧǺҵúdz½觷Ŵ зӤѭdzʹѧҡ֧ 316 Դ 駹ШӶй;¾ طҹ觪ҵʹ֧Ѻ觷ͧ֡ҸҵԷӤѭ˹觢ͧ 觴ٹӤѭ˹觢ͧš
 

طҹ觪ҵʹ

⹻óԵԸҴ
 
ͧ Ҥ

˹ 29

29 Զع¹ .. 2443
ѹԴ ѧǹ ᫧-ൡ (Antoine de Saint-Exupery) ѡԹйѡоѹǽ "Ҫ¹" (The Little Prince) Դͧͧ (Lyon) ҧѹͧ͡ ¹ʶһѵ Ecole des Beaux-Arts ا ѺҪ÷㹻 2464 ١份֡ѺͧԹͧʵ١ ͹͹حҵ繹ѡԹҪվ ҡءԡúԹɳ 㹻 2469 繹ѡԹШ鹷ҧ -ҫҺѧ ǵҶ١˹˹»ШʶҹշҧٺͿԡ »ʺä駹¹ͧá "" (Courrier sud) 㹻 2472 ѧҡ份֡ Ѻ觵繼Ѵúѷ觷ҧҡȺѷ˹觷اԡ աͧյҡ͡ŧҹ 2 "ǺԹҧ׹" (Vol de nuit) ҧҾԹʶԵҧ-͹ ͧԹԴѴͧ ͧ͹ŧҧŷ·Ϳԡ Ҩ֧աͧ "蹴Թͧ" (Terre des Hommes) վ㹻 2482 ͡ҡѧŧҹ˭ "Ҫ¹" (Le Petit Prince) վ㹻 2486 óҪԡʹ ҴҾСͺµͧ ͧͧҪµǹͧ˹觷ŧѧš ͺ͡Ҥԧҧҧ͹ Ѻ繼ŧҹ觴ʹ 㹷شҪ¹¨еͧµ ǡѺ᫧-ൡ Һ٭ кԹҴǹ˹͹ҹͿԡͤѹ 31 áҤ 2487 ҧǧʧš駷 2 觤ҴͧԹͧҨж١ѹԧ

᫧-ൡҪ¹蹴Թͧ (Terre des Hommes / Wind Sand and Stars)

29 Զع¹ .. 2424
ѹٵ 稾Һǧ ҿҺԾѵآѹ йäþԹԵ ͧ 33 кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 稾йҧآ ѤҪ ç繵Ҫʡ Ծѵ ç֡Ҫ鹵鹷е˹ѡǹҺ ͷçԭվЪ 13 ʴ价ç֡ҵͷзѧ ֡Ԫҷ÷ѹ ǹͧ֡ԪҴҹҹ§Сûоѹŧ͹ʴ稡Ѻ ʴ稡ѺҡûçѺҪäá㹵˹ʹС÷ú ͻ 2446 оЪ§ 23 çҧäԭ˹Ԩ÷ҧҹ÷ ûͧ Ҹóآ ֡ çҧҡҹԭͧͧѾ ͧѾ зǧ СзǧҴ дç˹ʹҸԡ÷ú ¹ "ҡҹú" "ҡҹ" çѴͧԹҪӹǹѹҡ ѴաʴúԹ աҧͧԹͧ Ѵ駡ͧԹҧ ҧʹԹ㹵ҧѧѴ Դ¡úԹɳҧҡ仵ҧѧѴӡúԹԭѹǴ㹵ҧ ԭǹЪҪդѷҺԨҤͧԹҪ繨ӹǹҡ ͡ҡѧçлժö㹧ҹ çйԾŧ ŧ ŧӹǹҡ ͷԵ, ͷ, شʹ, ŧġ, ŧȡ з觷çѺâҹй "кԴŧ" 㹻 2474 鹾Ъ¾äо˷ ӹѡʺѹ ͧѹا Թⴹ ѹ 18 Ҥ 2487 Ъ 63 ѹ
 

йäþԹԵ

29 Զع¹ .. 2445
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 С ҪѭѵԸѵ .. 121 ͧҡäҢ㹾ҪҳҨѡԭ ͻªͤдǡͧЪҪ ֧çСسôѴ츹ѵâͤдǡ㹡 Ǩ Сþ ѵáҨҧѷ (The De La Rue Company Limited) ͧѧɨѴ ¡ "ѵẺ 1" 繸ѵêԴ˹ ͡áСʹҺաзǧФѧѵ ŧѹ 7 ѹ¹ 2445 շ 5 ԴҤ 5 ҷ, 10 ҷ, 20 ҷ, 100 ҷ 1,000 ҷ  з觻 2512 Ҥ觻 Ѵç츹ѵè֧츹ѵͧ㹻 дԹҨѨغѹ 駹èѴйӸѵ͡ع¹кɰԨ͡Է੾ТͧҤ觻§ ͡鸹ѵèеͧ仵衮¡˹ Ǥ ͧշعͧԹ˹عѧŤҢͧѵ͡
 

ѵẺ 1 ԴҤ 1,000 ҷ (Ҿҡ www.siambanknote.com)

29 Զع¹ .. 2481
ǧԹط, ǧª, ǧѨҳ (ӷ 2) ǧس ʹӹӪشáѰ觵Ҩҡȭ ԹҧҶ֧ ʹӹӷ 4 ӵͷ ѷ ԵٺԪ ͧ ͻ 2479 ʹҤ 882,000 ҷ ҧд١лŧ¡ѹҧ͹Ҥ-Ҥ 2479 ѧҡҶ֧ ҧШӡþѹѹ 19 áҤ 2481 лŴҧШӡþѹѹ 30 Ȩԡ¹ 2494 ͤ駡óվԾҷԹ⴨չ ѧҡ ǧ ͵ ١ͽԧ ǧѨҳ ǧس ǧԹط ǧª Ҵǹ 4 ˹ҺdzҹѾͧԹ⴨չ Ҵӷ 12 仹Ѻ繡ôӷҹش ǴʹӹҨз١غԡ ѨغѹǧѨҹ١ѡԾԸѳ

ԸѺǧѨҹ ǧس ͧ ͹ѹ¹ 2480 (Ҿҡ www.wing21.rtaf.mi.th)

29 Զع¹ .. 2494
Դ˵ءó "ѵѹ" ѧѺǧ⢷ ء . Ժʧ ¡Ѱ СѧӾԸѺͺ "͢شѵѹ" Ѱԡͺ Ҫô԰ (֧繷Ңͧ "ѵѹ") ҡԭǨ . 仢ѧǧظ 觨ʹ˹ҡͧѭҡáͧѾ ˹Ҽ͡ä ͡ҹ حԡҴ ˹·йִӹҨ лСȵ ʹоѹ 繹¡Ѱ Դúѹ㹾й ҧ·͡ѺѰŤͷҡ úеǨ . Ժʧ֧öź˹͡ 㹷شѰ¡
 
 . Ժʧ

˹ 30

30 Զع¹ .. 2448
͹䵹 (Albert Einstein) 躷ͧ "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" ʹ "ɮѷҾ" (special relativity) ѡ鹰ҹ㹷ɮѷҾͧ 1. ҧԡٻẺǡѹ㹷ءͺ 2. ѵǢͧʧحҡդҤѺء㹡ͺ ҡѡþ鹰ҹͧͷ͹䵹좺Դɮչ͡ ɮչբػѹһҴҧ觢ѴѺѭӹ֡ ö٨¡÷ͧ աѧҧǤԴͧ໫óóͧǵѹ ¡׹ѹ зҧҢѺѧࡵ ҡѺ໫鹶١Ѻҧѹ仢Ѻѧࡵ ҫѡŢͧоѧҹ öʴ͹š E = mc2 ѧҹ = X ѵǢͧʧ¡ѧ 2 ѡù֧ѡͧ鹢ͧ ɮѷҾ (theory of relativity)
 

 ͹䵹
 

30 Զع¹ .. 2479
ǹͧ ҹ (Gone with the Wind) ͧ Ե (Margaret Mitchell) ѡ¹ԡѹ ͡ҧ˹繤á յҹǹͧѺ ҧžԵ (Pulitzer Prize) ҹ˹˹ѧ͹ԡѹѺҡش Ѻ˹ѧͻըӹǹ˹ͧҡ 㹻Ѩغѹѧ˹лҳ 200,000 ҡ鹡١ҧҾ¹㹻 2482 ö٧ش㹻ѵʵͧٴ СҴҧʡ (Academy Award) ֧ 8 ҧ

 

30 Զع¹ .. 2503
ҸóѰЪҸԻ¤ͧ (Democratic Republic of the Congo: DRC) Ѻ͡Ҫҡ ѧҡҳҹԤ 2428 Ȥͧ⡵㹷ջͿԡ 繻ȷբҴ˭ѹѺ 3 ͧջ "ͧ" “ѡ” ҨҡҵԾѹ “Ҥͧ” (Bakongo) dzӤͧ Ȥͧվ鹷 2,345,410 ҧ ջЪҡûҳ 60 ҹ ͧǧ “Թҫ” (Kinshasa) һШӪҵԤ “ԧ”, “ҤԤͧ”, “” “Ҫٺ” ҽҪ ˹Թѧͧ

 

ἹȤͧ


30 Զع¹ .. 2514
ͧùҫ (NAZA) ͧѰԡ ҹǡ 9 (Mariner 9) 鹺ҡ ҡҹ¨Ǵҹ ͧͧѾҡ (Cape Canaveral Air Force Station : CCAFS) ѰԴ ҹ 9 öǧ⤨âͧ ѧ (Mars) ѹ 13 Ȩԡ¹ 2514 Ѻҹǡáö⤨ͺǴǧ蹹͡ҡš 9 Ǩҹ֧ 349 ѹ ͹ԧŧѹ 27 Ҥ 2515 ҹ 9 öҾ´ѧáѺǺáѺҶ֧ 7,329 ٻ ͺ鹷ҳ 80 % ͧѧ 觻Сͺ仴 غ ¡ѴТͧ ͡ дǧѹ÷ͧǧͧѧä (Phobos) (Deimos) ҹ 9 ҹǡ ç (Mariner program) ͧѰԡ çǨء ѧдǾط
 
 9 Ҿ labyrinth ҡҹ 9 Ҿǧѹ  ҡҹ 9

 Ե˹ѧҹ Ѻվá ҹ ѺҾ¹ 

Դá | Views: 7512

ѹʹյ áҤ PDF

ҡԵ ä

˹ 1

1 áҤ .. 2455
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 ô ͧ١ վҪʧн֡硪դҧͻ ·çվҪ ͽ֡˭ͻ (çѴ駡ͧͻѹ 6 Ҥ 2454) 㹡êͪҵԺҹͧ 繤÷աý֡硪»դҧͻҴ Ժⵢ鹨ѡ˹ҷлоĵԵ繻ªͪҵԺҹͧ µͧԵԸླ 3 С ѡҵԺҹͧйѺʹ Ѥ㹤 «觡ѹСѹ Сùҡҹ觤蹤 зҵҴç ҪҹԾ褳١ "ªվѵ" ١ͧ͡áѴ駢鹷ç¹Ҵǧ (ç¹ǪظѨغѹ) ١¤á ªѾ عҤ 16 觵 ѺҪҹôѡ "ԢԵʹͧ" ѺһѴ駡ͧ١ӴѺ 3 š ѧҡѧѰԡ
 

кҷ稾خ ªѾ عҤ

1 áҤ .. 2109
ʵҴ (Nostradamus) ᾷйѡҡóǽ Ѻâҹ "Ҫš” ªԵ ʹ (Michel de Nostredame) 繪ǽ Դѹ 14 ѹҤ 2046 ͧ᫧ ͧ (Saint-Remy-de-Provence) Ƚ 㹤ͺǾͤҪ ֧Ѻ֡ҧ դͺᢹҧ ó ѵʵ ᾷ ع ʵҴʨ֡Ҵҹᾷ ҡԷ (University of Montpellier) ·ääѧкҴ ·ѧ˵ ʵҴʨ֧֡оѲҨ㹷شͧ١ ҡҨ֧͡Թҧ价ǽԵ 鹤ͧҨѡա駷ͧͧ (Salon) 觧ҹ÷ӹ͹Ҥ µСŢͧ׺Ҩҡҳʫҡ դǪҭҧҹʵҡ öդҡó ҵԵҧ ҡͧ ʵҴԸաþҡó¡äӹdzҧʵ зӹ¨ҡԵ ѹ֡ŧ¡ "Centuries" ŧҹժ§ "Almanac" "Prophecies" ӷӹ¢ͧʵҴѡդҡеդ ҹ᷹ͤʶҹԧ ҧӷӹ¢ͧʵҴ Եʧ ˵ءóյ֡ô ʧš駷 3 ªԵäҵ
 

1 áҤ .. 2377
ͺѴ (Dr. Dan Beach Bradley, M.D.) Ԫѹժԡѹդسٻҧ˭ǧ蹴Թ ͡Թҧҡʵѹ Ѱԡ ѺԪѹ A.B.C.F.M. (American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions) ˹ "ᤪ" (Cashmere) ͹㹷 6 ͹ Ҷ֧ԧѹ 12 Ҥ 2378 оѡԧա 6 ͹ ͹Թҧѹ 18 áҤ 2378 ѹԴշ 31 վʹ

 
 ͺѴ

1 áҤ .. 2439
µ (Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe) ѡоѹԡѹ Դѹ 14 Զع¹ 2354 㹤ͺʹҷѰ͹礵Ԥѵ Ѻ֡ҧúǹǡѺ¹ ¹繤Ѱ;ѡ˭ 24 ա觧ҹѺ«ҨҧҹԷ Фͧѡѹҧҡ ͹лʺ㹡¹ǹͧá觴ѧͩ ͧ з¢ͧا (Uncle Tom's Cabin) 觵վ繵͹ ҧ 2394-2395 ͹áѹ 20 չҤ 2395 ͧҴªԵͧ ا ʪҹ͹¹١Ы͵Ͷ֧ʹ ͹ж١¤ش·غը ǹͧ繻繷աö§ѹ˭ çеѧԡѹѹʹ㨻ѭҡäҷҧԧѧ Դ͹ԡؤиҹҸԺ Ѻ Թ Դʧҧͧҵ ֧ 300,000 3 ͹ 觼öԵ Թҧû֧ 3 ¹˹ѧա ҷ Dred: A Tall Of Dismal Swamp, The Minister’s Wooing Old Town Folks 鹻ªԵͻäҡ͹ ªԵ㹷ش չǹµվ 10 ͧ ͡ҡѧͧѺ § Чҹ֡ ҹ¹ͧѺӪ繡úءԡҹ¹ԧͧǧóԡѹ Թ¡ǡѺ “س§Ҿʵյ ҧҹ¹ͧسԴʧ˭”
 
µ    з¢ͧا

1 áҤ .. 2494
. Ժʧ ¡Ѱ ԨóèѴ駡Ԩö͡ ֧ʹҧ Ҫѭѵԡö觻 .. 2494 Ѱ վкҪͧ繾ҪѭѵԢСҪԨҹມ Ѻŧѹ 30 Զع¹ 2494 öǧ֧¹ҹѰˡԨ Ҹóٻ "ö觻" (ÿ.) ѹ 1 áҤ 2494 繵 ͡٭ ѵ ԧķ 繼ҡö觻¤á

͡ ѵ ԧķѡɳͧö觻

ʵҴ

˹ 2

2 áҤ .. 2420
ѹԴ ѹ (Hermann Hesse) ѡ¹ó¼˭ѹ šѹҡѺšѹ͡ Դͧ ַ (Wurttemberg) 繺صâͧԪѹᵹ ͹áҵ㨨ԹºԴ ¹ç¹ʹ ¹§ͧաͧ͡ зҾç¹ "ͧ繹ѡ¹ " ջѭҷҧآҾԵ ¾ҵǵ¤ 觵ͧҿ鹿» ҧ鹡¹硽֡ҹçҹӹԡ ͹份֡ҹ˹ѧͷҹ˹ѧͧͺԧ (Tubingen) ӧҹҹ˹ѧ (Heckenhauer) ҧ㹪ǧ֡ó ¹㹻 2442 աͧյԹҧԵ¹ժ Hermann Lauscher 㹻 2447 ͧáѺõվ " Թ" (Peter Carmenzind) ҧ ҡ鹨֧͡繹ѡ¹ ¹ŧ˹ѧ;йԵ©Ѻ 㹻 2545 ԹҧԹ¤á ʹ㨻Ѫҵѹ͡ ҡ鹡Եҹ͡ҧ "¹" (Beneath the Wheel), "ͷٴ" (Gertrude), "Ŵ" (Rosshalde), "Ż" (Knulp) з觻 2458 ͧ͢ªԵ ԡŨԵ١» ҵͧ͡Թҧҵͧ ѺѡҷçҺäҷ ١ͧ ا (Carl Gustav Jung) ҡ鹡աͧ "Էö" (Siddhartha), "ൻ໹" (Steppenwolf), "ʫʡѺŴع" (Narcissuss and Goldmund), "ͧѹ͡" (Journey to the East), "١" (The Glass Bead Game) ѺҧҢóҧ㹻 2489 觧ҹ駷 3 㹻 2474 ҤʧҹҺͧ͹ ԵŹ 蹨ش¢ͧԵ ѹ 9 ԧҤ 2505 ҹ¹ͧͧʴ繶֧ҧ֡ͻѪҵѹ͡ ԹШչ 觨ҧѺþѲҨԵԭҳ㹢ͧ ԴͧҡѺԷԾŨҡŹѡѪѹ 繹ѡ¹´͹֡šҵ ʹ Ѫ Ż 繹ѡ¹Ҷ֧繻Ѩਡͧҧҡҹѡ¹º§ к٪Ҥ繻Ѩਡ Եѹ¡ҡѧ ѧʴѡյšҹҹ¹ ҹ¹ͧѺäҧ٧ Ѻҵҧ š

 ѹ  Siddhartha Steppenwolf

2 áҤ .. 2321
ͧ-Ҥ (Jean-Jacques Rousseau) ѡѪѧ ԷԾŵ͡ ѵԽ (French Revolution) ӤӤѭ ؤʧҧҧѭ (Enligntenment) ªԵ Դاਹ ԵŹ ѹ 28 Զع¹ 2255 ôªԵѧҡʹ§ 9 ѹ Դ繪ҧԡҷʺ ͹ 6 Ǻ ͧ͢ҵԴء ֧ͧѺا Ѵҹ˹ѧҵ¹µͧ ͹ 16 ͡ҡਹ Թҧͧҧҹ 繼·ٵ 㹻 2293 ҵվ˹ѧ Discourse on the Arts and Sciences 觻ʺҧҧҡ աԺ紻յҡվͧá Julie, ou la nouvelle Heloise (The New Heloise) ҡ鹡ռŧҹ͡ͷ˹ѧԪҡй ŧҹժ§ The Social Contract, or Principles of Political of political Right The Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau ҵԢͧ繤 ѧỴ͹ ҾҵӡѴ ѧ֧ͧաèӡѴԷҾҧǹҡ÷ "ѭһЪҤ" (The Social Contract) ԴԴ͹ԷҾͧѹСѹ ҡ "ԴҾҾ ء˹ء ҵͧͧѹҡ" ԴԷԾŵ͡ûѵԽ 㹻 2332 оѲ繷ɮѧ (socialist theory) ǹӤѭͧѲҡ÷ҧǤԴ ԡ (Romanticism) 㹪ǧʵȵɷ 19


2 áҤ .. 2476
ا çҾ¹çʾѹ·ش˹ 㹢й Դԡѹá ¡éҾ¹ͧ "" ѧҤ÷ ͧѺҡ [к͹ (Chilled Water System)] á㹻 ѹջЪҪ仪ѹҧͧ蹨èҨõԴѴ价 駹 ¹鹷ǾйçҾ¹ҳ 20 ç çҾ¹좹Ҵ Ҥ ѧاѧ Ҿҷش кҷ稾кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 觷çôҾ¹繾 ֧çվҪԷʶҹʾҴ˭ ѹ·Ѵҧѡ˹㹡ا෾ 繷ӹ¤ѹԧЪҪ繷Դ˹ҪٵҢͧͧ´ ʶһԡ͡ẺФǺҹҧ Ĵҡ ¹ö ⾸Իҷ ǡ ʶһѵ¡Ẻº ҹҧѹѺ Ѫŷ 7 çҪҹҪѾǹͧ 9 ҹҷ㹡áҧ çСͺԸҧġѹ 1 áҤ 2473 ¾Ҫҹ "ا" õ͡Ẻ ͹ó觧ҹͧйäú 150 ( 2475) ا鹴¡觹Ѵͧա֡ Ҿ¹Ѻ ا ֧¹ҷٹҧͧѹԧŻԹҹᢹ ѧ觼鹷ͺԴ ѲҾҹáԨäӤѭҡա 觺ѹԧ ԴҡǴ͡ ШǺѺѧ¹ѹ اͧشôԹҹǤ㹻 2536 ԴѺاԴա㹻 2538 Ѩغѹ اѧԴԹ úâͧ ѷ اշȹ ӡѴ Ҿ¹͹çҾ¹ؤѨغѹ ١¡дѺçʾ觪ҵ ѴҾ¹ԴʴʾӤѭ ͡ʵҧ

 

ا (Ҿҡ www.salachalermkrung.com)

2 áҤ .. 2480
(Amelia Mary Earhart) ԡԹǪԡѹ ˭ԧáԹǢط͵ŹԤ µҧͧ¾ͧԹ Lockheed L-10E Electra dzطừԿԡ Դѹ 24 áҤ 2440 ͧͷԫѹ Ѱ᤹ ͺǢͧջѭͧҡ͡Ѻͧŧ¡ѹ 㹤Ţͧҵ ¹Һ繾Һ㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ͹ѹʹ㨡úԹҧԧѧѧҡ ç (Frank Hawks) ѺͧԹҴ⼹ ¹úԹáѹ 3 Ҥ 2464 ʹԹԹ (Kinner Field) ͧͧժ  աˡ͹ ͧ͡Թաͧͧͧе駪 "᤹" (The Canary) ҹ ҡѹ 22 Ҥ 2465 ͺԹ٧֧дѺ 14,000 ص (4,200 ) ʶԵšѺѡԹʵ ͹Ѻ͹حҵúԹҹҪҵѹ 15 Ҥ 2466 繼˭ԧ 16 ҡѤҪԡҤúԹ觪ҵ ҢҺʵѹ ҧʹԹ硢ͧͧ繵᷹ͧԹ仴 㹢ǡѹ¹ǡѺúԹŧ˹ѧ;ͧ ժ§繷ѡ㹷ͧ Ѻ¡ͧҡ˹ѧ;繹ѡԹʵշշشѰ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2475 ͡繹ѡԹ˭ԧáԹǢط͵ŹԤ ͡Թҡë ͧǿǴŹ ᤹Ҵ ˹ا Ƚ ͧԹͧ¹ Lockheed Vega 5b ͹鹷ҧ Թ (Charles Lindbergh) ·稡͹˹ѹǡѹͻ 2470 ѧҡԹ 14 56 ҷ ͵ͧѺҡը֧ͧŧʹҧ˭ͧ Culmore ͹˹ͧ͢Ź ѧҡ͡ʴ͡úԹա¤ ѺӡԨóçԷʵ ѹͧͤ͡úԹͺš 쵾Ѻ ô ṹ (Frederick Joseph Noonan) ˹ (navigator) ͡ԹͧԹ Lockheed L-10E Electra ҡԿѹ 20 Ҥ 2480 ͹Һ٭㹷ش Ѱ Թ֧ 4 ҹ­㹡ä·駷ҧзҧҡ Ѻ繡äҷҤᾧش㹻ѵʵؤ ෤Ԥ㹡äؤѧ͹ҧҳ äҨ֧ؼ աõ駷ɮǡѺµǢͧйṹҡ ҧҶ١ͧԹ蹴ѡѧѺŧ䫻ѹͶ١ԧ Ѩغѹ͡ѡҹǡСä·繷ҧѧ١Դ繤Ѻ

 
 

2 áҤ .. 2504
ʵ ԧ (Ernest Miller Hemingway) ѡоѹԡѹ˭ зѵԺҷ ԧԴѹ 21 áҤ 2442 ͧͤ ѰԹ Ѱԡ 蹤 "һ" (Papa) Դ㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧ Դ ͹ 10 ǺѺͧѭҡ繻׹١ͧ 觵ѵԷѡҡش ͹ Ҫͺѵ о ء駷 ҡѡ¹ͧǷ ͹ 19 ҢͤͺǴ¡ ¹Է ѺѤ繤ѺöҺ˹¡ҪҴԵ 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 觵͹áҢѤ繷١ʸջѭҷҧµ ҡ鹡˹˹ úµç 繤ҡش 㹪ǧʧҧͧ໹ ҵԴµ˹¨طͧ໹价Ӣ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ԹҧûԴúҧԴ 㹰ҹм͢ʧ ԧ繹ѡ¹褹ͧšҹüҷءٻẺ ҨѤþҺ ѡʧ Ѻҷ¹¤ ͡ҡѧ繹ѡ ѡǡзԧ ҹ ѡ ҡʺóԵѹ ⪡⪹ ǹ ԡѵشԺ鹴ҹ¹ͧ "Ǵǧѹѧʧ" (The sun also rises), "ѡҧú" (A farewell to arms) "֡໹" (For whom the bell tolls) ͧⴴ蹷ش͹ǹ ˭
"Ҽ" (The Old Man and the Sea) 觵վ㹻 2495 յѺҧž ͹ѺҧҢó㹻 2497 ԧ繹ѡ¹Ѵ¤ҡ ѡ ЪѺ աþóҧ ͡äӤǭҧ ФáѡҾٴ Ѻѡɳᵡҧҧ觨ҡѡ¹ؤǡѹ ҧ ԧѴҵ鹩ѺѺԺ 駨Ҩŧҹշش ҹ¹ͧѡͧСͺӤѭ 2 Сä "ѵ͢稨ԧ" Ҩйʹšҧѹ Ҩдͪ Ҩ繩ҡعç ˴ Ƿͧ餹 ͧСͺաС˹觤 "ѡɳ٧" 㹷ȹТͧ 觨еͧ༪ԭ˹ҡѺءҧⴴ ͧҹ鹷еͧҪФءҡҧ 騧 ѧ¤˹觢ͧҫҹ "Ҽ" "…Ҩ١ Ҩ١" 㹺鹻ªԵһѧ ѧҡʺغѵ˵ͧԹͧ ҧҨ鹤׹ѧ Ҩ֧͡ԴҡԵͧͧẺȡүö (Tragic Realism) ǡѺҹ¹ͧ ¡ԧǵ »׹١ͧк͡
 

ԧ  The Old Man and the Sea
ͧ Ҥ

˹ 3

3 áҤ .. 2426
ѹԴ ҹ ҿ (Franz Kafka) ѡ¹ª ˹㹹ѡ¹˭ȵɷ 20 繺صê¤ǢͧͤҪ اҡ (Prague) ͧǧ (Bohemia) Ѩغѹͻ ¤Դô繪ǫ繪㹡اҡ 㹪ǧҷûͧͧҳҨѡ-ѧ ԴҢͧҿѺçѹҧѧ ѧհҹдբ ҵͧèõ ѺѺԴ˹Ҫٵѧ Ҩ֧觤ҿ¹ç¹ͧը֧дѺԷ ͧҡѹҢͧ鹻ͧ㹢й 㹵͹áҿ͡¹Ԫѹ֡ ǵͧ¹¹ԪҡкԴҺѧѺ Ҩԭ͡ҹͻ 2449 ֡ҹҹ˹觻 ѧҡ鹨֧ҷӧҹӹѡҹСغѵ˵آͧçҹ֧ 2465 ҵͧ͡ҡҹ͹ѹ ͧҡѳäʹ ªԵäѹ 3 Զع¹ 2467 ͧԧ ا¹ ʹԵҿҾҹͧ鹢ͧͧ§ͧҹ ͹ҡ͹ʹԷ ѡ ô (Max Brod) µ鹩Ѻ ӵ鹩ѺͧҿҨѴ訹ҡ֧Ѩغѹ ҿ¹ͧ鹷駢Ҵҳ 30 ͧ йǹ·ѧóա 2 ͧ "ǹ" (The Judgement) "ҷ" (The Castle) ǹŧҹͧ鹷Ӥѭ "" (Metamorphosis) "դ" (The Trial) ԵͧҿҵԷԾŢͧԴҫӹҨоСѧҧҹҧШԵ㨷秡 Ҩ֧ӷءҧԴͺ 觧ҹѺ˭ԧԴ繴 зӧҹоѹ觺ԴҤѴҹ ҿջѭҷҧҹäҤѺ Ҫͺ纵طҷѺ¹˹ѧ ʹʹ Ѫ ФǷԧͧǵѹ͡ ǨѺҡѺѧѧ蹺ԴҢͧ ҾԵ㨷ʧդѴҧعç çе鹷ӤѭҼԵŧҹʴҾͧš仴¤ѴҧѺٻ ҾѴ駹ѹлҹѹ ҹͧҶ·ʹо֧ѧ ҹФ÷ժԵⴴ š¡ ءҹ ͧ͢˵ءó˹ͨԧ½ѹ ҡȢͧͧѡѡɳ״ ֡Ѻ ͤҧҧ蹪Ѵ ͧҡҵͧ÷лءҹ֡ǹФҧŧʹ ѧ¡ "˹ѧͤè繢ҹѺ͡㹵…ҡ˹ѧͷҹ ֡͹ѺⴹغС Ҩҹ˹ѧ价ѹ" ˵عҹͧҿҨ֧ѧѡҹйѡԨó ҵդж§ҨѨغѹ

ҹ ҿ MetamorphosisThe Trial

3 áҤ .. 2540
ٹ ɨ ѡҾ鹤٢ͧͧ ŻԹ觪ҵ ҢҷȹŻ (ŻҾ) ֧ Դѹ 15 Ҿѹ 2464 . ͧྪú 繹ѡáФáͧԷŻҡ (ŢШӵǹѡ֡Ţ 1) 稡֡ز͹ػԭŻѳԵ ҢҨԵáлеҡ ҡѺҪ繤͹Żзç¹Ъҧ ʹ㨡öҾ ֧֡Ҥ鹤Ҵµͧ ҧäŧҹҾ͡ç (Ǵ) ӹǹҡ ҾԶժԵ ҾǷȹ (Źऻ) ҡҨἹԪҪҧҾ Է෤Ԥا෾ ͹ѡ֡ҪҧҾáз㹻 2525 ҡѺ觵ʵҨ Է෤Ҫ֡ (Էࢵ෤Ԥا෾) Ѩغѹ Է෤Ҫšا෾ ŧҹͧҹ繷ѺѺǧŻҾ· ռŧҹ ҹѺõԹҡҤҾ觻 ҤŴ ˾ѹŻСöҾҹҪҵԻԵŹ 繹¡Ҥз֡ҤҾ觻 Ѻԭʴŧҹ㹡ʴҾ¢ͧҤҾ СʴҾ¹Ҿ¢ͧ¹ ҹŻԹպҷԡѧҧҧҧ ͡ҡѧŻԷҡҾ·ҧŪҧͧҹҹ 20 ҹѺ¡ͧԴõŻԹ觪ҵ ҢҷȹŻ (ŻҾ) ШӻվطѡҪ 2531 ͡ҡöҾ ҹѧդöҹȹŻء ҾԵáչѹ еҡ ҹ繼˹觷ʹѺʹعŻҾͧѺ¡ͧ繧ҹԨԵŻ (Fine Arts) ǡѺŻҢ ҹ¡ "ҹŻͤҧǡ ҡ͹ŧѧлȪҵԭ˹ҧա"

 

ٹ ɨ (Ҿҡ www.culture.go.th) ҹǻ Ҵ (Ҿҡ www.culture.go.th) ѹ Ѵ (Ҿҡ www.culture.go.th)

3 áҤ .. 2547
кҷ稾 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹչҶ ʴ稾ҪԹçԴԹö çö俿ҹ ÿ. (Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand : MRTA) Ѫ (չԹ) ö俿Թáͧ ҧ繷ҧ çö俿¹Թ ѷ ö俿ҡا෾ ӡѴ (Ҫ) Ѻҹҡ ö俿ҢŪ觻 ÿ. Ѵ駢鹵Ҫѭѵԡö俿ҢŪ觻 .. 2543 ҧ㹻 2542 ԴҸóͧҹѹ 13 ¹ 2547 ö俿ҹ¹ҡʶҹ ⾧-ҧ 20 . ʶҹշ 18 ʶҹ ըش͡Ѻö俿Һշʷʶҹ / ᴧ آԷ / ȡ ǹبѡ / ͪԵ ö俿ҹ¹öͧѺԡ 80,000 ͷȷҧͪ çҧҧҧҺ еǴ 鹼ٹҧ 5.7 ѧ鹴Թ֡ 15-25 кҧҧ袹Ҵҵðҹ (Standard Guage) ҧ 1,435 ҧ 3 ҧҹѹ仡Ѻҧ Ѻ俿ö кöö俿ҢҴ˭ (heave rail) 觺ҧ öѺҡȢҴҧ 3.2 19.23 ٧ҳ 3.8 320 / ѹ 3-6 ѹ͢ǹ 俿 750 ŷ ʵç͹кѺ͹ö俿ҡѺѺ͹öǺԹöкѵѵԨҡٹǺ ٧ش 80 . / ͡ҡ ͹Ҥ ÿ. ѧѺͺԹҹçǹ͢ зҧ 94 . Сͺ çö俿չԹ ǧҧ-Ҿ Ъǧ⾧-ҧ çö俿 ǧҧл-ҧ çö俿ǧ ǧҧ˭-ɮó
 

çö俿ҹ (ÿ.)

˹ 4

4 áҤ .. 2319
ѹҵѰԡ (Independence Day) ҳҹԤͧҪҳҨѡ 13 㹴Թᴹԡ͡ "ӻС͡ҪҡҪҳҨѡ" (Declaration of Independence) ѧ Դ "Ѱԡ" (United State of America) ҧӻСȴѧǤ ਿѹ (Thomas Jefferson) 觵繻иҹҸԻդ 3 ͧ ӻСȴѧ繾鹰ҹкͺЪҸԻ¢ͧȹ Թᴹᶺժԡѹͧ "Թ¹ᴧ" (Indian) ;¾Ҩҡջ͡ 25,000 ҡ ѡǨ໹áԹǨҧҤеѹ͵ȵɷ 16 㹻 2150 ѧɡá;¾ҵ駶蹰ҹͧǹ (Jamestown) ҡû ;¾ҾѺӷʼǴӨҡͿԡҴ Ǣ͡价ҧҹѹҧǴ ¡âѺԹ¹ᴧ͡ ѧҡ ʧСҾ (American War of Indepence) 㹻 2318-2326 ҧѰ 13 Ѱͧ͡ҪѺ 21 Ѱ˹ͷûͧͧѧ ѧҡªТͧ ѧɨ֧Ѻ ѧԴ ʧҧͧ (American Civil War) աҧ 2404-2408 ҡѰԡҡҳࢵͧͧբҴ˭֧ 4 ҵ СѰ٭ѹ 17 ѹ¹ 2330 ѧҨѨغѹ ɰԨͧѰԡԺҧǴ 繻ӹҨӹҨҧԹС÷÷˭شš Ѩغѹ Ѱԡվ鹷 9,631,418 ҧ ˭ѹѺ 4 ͧš ͧҡ ᤹Ҵ Шչ  ͧٻẺ˾ѹѰ (Federal Republic) СͺѰ (State) 50 Ѱ ͧǧͪԧѹ, .. (Warshing, D.C.) ѰѺԴͺ㹡͡¢ͧͧ  ͧкͺЪҸԻ ջиҹҸԺ繻آ˹Ѱ Ѱ٭ ջЪҡ÷ҳ 300 ҹ (.. 2550) ѧҪ ˹ԹҴѰ (USD $ )


 ҵѰԡ Сͺ´ 50 ǧ᷹ӹǹѰ ᶺ 13 ᶺ᷹Ѱ 13 Ѱ ͹෾Ҿ (Statue of Liberty) ҡѵѹ ҹù

4 áҤ .. 2387
"ҧ͡դ" (Bangkok Recorder) "˹ѧͨ˵” ˹ѧ;쩺Ѻáͧ Ѻġ͡ҧἧ ˹ѧ;쩺ѺѴ ͺѴ (Dr. Dan Beach Bradley, M.D.) Ԫѹԡѹ Ǿ¡ “Ѵ” Ѵѧ á͡Ѻ͹ ¹»ѡ¤͹ ͡§ͧաͧԡԨ ˹ѧ;ҧ͡դԸա§ҹС¹ẺԾҡԨó 繢ͧ¹Ҵ
 

 ͺѴҧ͡դ
 

4 áҤ .. 2477
(Maria Sklodowska-Curie) ѡժŹ鹾 ѧ (radium) ˭ԧáѺҧ ªԵ Դѹ 7 Ȩԡ¹ 2410 ا Ź Դ繤͹Էʵ ѡоͧͧ ŧѡԷʵҵ ҧ¹ԡФԵʵԷ«͹ (ѨغѹԷ») ӧҹ繼ͧԺѵԡ÷ҧ ͧʵҨҧԡ (Pierre Curie) ѡ 觧ҹ ١¡ѹ ѧҡ¹ ͡ʵҨ˭ԧáͧԷ«͹ ͡Ѻѹ鹤ҷͧ鹾ҵ (Radium) 㹻 2441 ա 4 յҷͧöʡѴ ô (radium chloride) ҡ鹾öѡä˹ѧä ֧Ӽŧҹ鹹͡Ҹó 觼駤Ѻҧ Ңҿԡ㹻 2446 ѧҡջªԵغѵ˵ͻ 2449 աѧ֡Ҥ鹤ǡѺҵͻªҧᾷ ѺҧŤ駷 2 㹻 2454 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ͨѴἹ͡͹͵ǹѡҷ÷Ҵ纵˹µҧ öѡҷôѧ͡ (X Ray) 100,000 ѧҡʧš駷 1 ʧŧ Ѻҷӧҹա 㹷ش͡ѺšзҡѹҾѧբͧ 䢡д١١¨ªԵ㹷ش Ѻҡä鹾ʡѴͧѡԷʵͧҹջªǧᾷҧҡ С͹˹ҹռªԵҡäҡش äöѡ աä鹾Ըաѡ¡éѧ

4 áҤ .. 2489
ҸóѰԻԹ (Republic of the Philippines) Ѻ͡Ҫҡԡ ѧҡ鵡ҳҹԤͧѰԡѧʧš駷 2 ͹˹ҹҳҹԤͧ໹ ѨغѹաûͧкͺЪҸԻ ջиҹҸԺ繻آ վ鹷ҳ 3 ʹҧ Сͺй¶֧ 7,107 ͧǧ͡اй ջЪҡûҳ 87 ҹ (.. 2548) ǹ˭Ѻͤʵʹ Թ͡Ӥѭ о պء ͧҡҳҹԤͧѹҹҹ֧ѺԷԾŨҡѲѹ ֧ѡɳзҧѲ¡ѺеԹԡ


4 áҤ .. 2540
ҹǡ ҷ俹 (Mars Pathfinder) ͧͧùҫ Ѱԡ ŧʹѧ繼 Թҧҡš֧ 7 ͹ աͧѹö¹ "” (Sojourner) ŧǨ͹ԹҾǢͧ šǨкض֧ ͻҳ 2 ѹҹǴѧչҡ͹

4 áҤ .. 2548
"վ ᾤ" (Deep Impact) ҹǡȢͧͧùҫѰԡ ǡ "ᾤ" (Impactor) һзСѺ "ҧ -1" (Comet Tempel-1) 繼 駹 "Ժѵԡôվ ᾤ" (Deep Impact Mission) çǡȢͧԷŹ (University of Maryland) Ѻعش˹عҡҫ 㹡ҧҹǡȢǨҧ 1 ¡觡¾Ҫ ҹǡȴվᾤ١觢ǡȴ¨Ǵ ŵ 2 (Delta II) ѹ 12 Ҥ 2548 ҧ 1 ǧ⤨ٻǧҧǧ⤨âͧѧдǾʺ ҹǡԹҧҳ 6 ͹ ˹֧ҧ-1 ѹ 3 áҤ 2548 ѧҡ˹ѹ ҹзӡ¡ 2 Ӥ “ᾤ” չ˹ѡ 370 š Ҫʢͧ-1 ¤ 10.2 / Թҷ ԴçԴºԴ繷 (TNT) ӹǹ 4.8 ѹ ԴҴҳ˭ 10 – 200 ֡ҵ֡ 2 – 14 㹢зҹ "” (Fly By) кԹҧҳ 500 ͧ÷ȹԴŢͧáᷡ ͧ໤蹫Դҡáᷡ §ҹѺѧš ǹҧ-1 鹤鹾ѹ 3 ¹ 2410 ¹ѡʵǽʪ (Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel) 繴ҧҴ 鹼ٹҧҳ 14 ǧ⤨ǧҧ ⤨ͺǧҷԵ 5.5 ѡԷʵҴ þ觪駹зԴѵСҫ駡Ш ͡Ҩҡçҧ 觪㹡䢻ȹҳͧáԴк 4,600 ҹա͹ Ժѵԡä駹ռ餹ҤѺš 繤ա˹觢ͧ ѡԪҡա½¡Ѻͧ Ժѵԡôվ 礤駹§ʴʹҹҾͧ “Сѹ” СǨҡ “š” “Ǩѡ” ѹҵԢͧͧҹ ա駴ǧѵԢͧҵ㴪ҵ˹ ҡ繷ѾѵԢͧѡŹ ǡѺ ǽ蹼ʡáҧҨԷ÷СзӵʹǴǧ šǧѧ§ա ?

 

ᾤ觪ҧ-1
 ҵԿԻԹ ѡɳȿԻԹ

˹ 5

5 áҤ .. 2230
᫡ ǵѹ (Sir Isaac Newton) ѡԡ йѡԵʵѧ վŧҹӤѭ "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" "Principia” ͡繤á ͸Ժͧ ǧҡ (law of universal gravitation) 繡ҧҡҹ ʵ (Classical mechanics) ҹ ͹ (Law of Motion) ͧ 㹼ŧҹ鹹 ǵѹСҴǧдǧ͡ǹç֧ٴ觡ѹСѹ ·ç֧ٴѧǨ鹵Ţͧдǧ çѧǹçԴǡѹѺçѵصҧ ͧŧš 觡 "çǧ" ͧ 觴ǧҧҡѹ ç֧ٴ觹ŧ ˵طҧ Զ⤨ͺǧҷԵǧ ͸Ժ·ѴਹҹͧẺͧѡŢͧл ա駤ͧѵط׺ʹҧǹҹͧѺش СԴԪҿԡдʵؤ᷹ 㹻 2535 ʵѡѹҷԡСѺҧ繷ҧ ǤԴǡѺкШѡŢͧ͹鹶١ͧ Principia ͧǵѹѺ¡ͧ繼ŧҹӤѭҡش˹觢ͧǧÿԡ

᫡ ǵѹ Principia

5 áҤ .. 2410
͹ ǹ (Anna Leonowens) ʵժѧ ټ͹ѧ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 оҪʸԴ Թҧ͡ҡ¡ѺѰԡ ˹觻ա͹Ѫŷ 4 ʴä ͹ԹҧҡԧҶ֧ا෾ 㹻 2405 ԭǹͧѪŷ 4 ҹѴúѷǻШԧ͹ ʹѹ “Ҩ” ͹ѧҪӹѡ ͹ 4 6 ͹ºѧͧ͡ҡջѭҴҹآҾ ԹҧѺѰԡоѡѧŹ ¹äǡѺʺóŧԵ Atlantic Monthly 觵Ѻõվ ˹ѧǡѺԵ͹㹾Ҫӹѡ 2 "The English Governess at the Siamese Court” վá㹻 2413 "The Romance of the Harem” 觵ҡ˹ѧ͢´ҧ§Ѻҧҡ ѧҡ ͹͹ (Margaret Landon) ӪԵͧ͹繹¢´ժ "Anna and the King of Siam" 㹻 2487 աͧ (John Cromwell) ӪǻѵԢͧ͹ҧФŧҾ¹㹪ǡѹ ҡ˹ѧͷͧͧ͹Դ§ԾҡԨóҧ٧ 㹡óշʵժûԷԾŵҪӹѡ ͧҡ˹ѧͺҧǹ͹ŧǹ㹡üѡѹͪйºҧҪӹѡ ੾ͧԷʵ աùӪԵͧ繹ҧҾ¹ ռԷԾŵҪӹѡԧ աͺǹͧ¹ѡԪҡ 麷ػ͡ѹ͹ԧպҷҡ仡Ҥ͹ѧ зѡԪҡúҧǹѺͧҧҵ ء件֧͹ˡ ͡ǧ д蹾õԾҡѵ ҨѺӹԹͤԭԹͨҡ餹ؤѧ ҧáͧǡѺԵͧ㹾Ҫӹѡѧ繷ʹͧ餹 ش 2543 ͹ ෹ṹ (Andy Tennant) ҧҾ¹ա ʴ Թ (Yun-Fat Chow) “ԧخ” Шٴ (Jodie Foster) ͹ ·ǹ˭㹻 觡繢Ǥ֡ж١ẹ㹻繷º
 

͹ ǹ ˹ѧ The English Governess at the Siamese Court ͧ͹˹ѧ Anna and the King of Siam ͧ ͹͹Anna and the King of Siam Ҥش
 

5 áҤ .. 2489
(Louis Reard) ǡҹ¹ǽ Ҥ (Jacques Heim) Ὺ蹴ǽ Ӫش¹Ẻͧ͡ԹẺá㹻ѵʵῪ蹷 Piscine Molitor 㹡ا ҵ駪 ԡԹ (Bikini) лСѧԡԹ (Bikini Atoll)طừԿԡ ԡ觷ͧԴ (ǧ 2489-2501) ¤ԴҪش¹ẺдѧԴ蹡ѹ ¹鹡ѺչҧẺҪվ㴡شԡԹբͧ 촨֧ͧҧѡкҡ㹻ʪ Թ Թ (Micheline Bernardini) ԹẺ ҪشԡԹաѺ繷駪ش¹繪شѺҺᴴ աѧ繪ش㹧ҹСǴҧҧ ͷͧç֧ٴҧ ѨغѹԡԹ͡» “Tankini”, “Mankini”, “Microkini” “Monokini”
 

  Թ Թ㹪شԡԹ


5 áҤ .. 2505
Ũ (Algeria) ͪ ҸóѰЪҸԻ»ЪҪŨ (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) С͡Ҫҡ “Algeria” Ҩҡͧǧ "" Ѻ “al-jaza’ir” (ŭЫ) “” ¶֧ 4 ͡½觢ͧͧ ͹ǹ˹觢ͧ蹴Թ˭ͻ 2068 Ũµҧ˹ͧ͢ջͿԡ վ鹷 2,381,740 ҧ բҴ˭Ѻ 2 ͧջͿԡ ͧҡȫٴҹ ѨغѹͧкͺЪҸԻ ջЪҡ÷ҳ 32,531,853 (.. 2548) ѺҪ ҽ㹡õԴͷҧä Ъҡǹ˭Ѻʹԡ«ع Թ͡ӤѭѹСҫҵ Թʡ “չŨ” (DZD)

ѡɳͧŨ  ҵԢͧŨ

˹ 6

6 áҤ .. 2478
ѹٵ 稾෹Թ ѵ ( "") ͧ 14 (His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso the 14th Dalai Lama) ӷҧʹ ӷҧͧ мӷҧԵԭҳͧǸີ й ͹ػ (Lhamo Thondup) ͡Դ㹤ͺǪǹҹ ҧҤѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ີ Фҫ繾ʷѺͧ͹鹾硪 ͹ػ 2 Ǻ ͼҹþ٨ີúǹ 硹¡Ѻʶһ繷ͧ 14 ѹ 13 Ҥ 2483 ͧçѺԴͺҹͧµçվЪ 16 ѹ 7 Ҥ 2493 չ觡ѧִҤѹͧ͡ີ 鹻 2502 ԴԡĵҧչѺີҧعç Ш֧çѴԹзʴѧԹѹ 17 չҤ 2502 çѴѰžѴ蹷ͧ ҧ͹˹ͧ͢Թ ҡ鹷ҹçԹҧ价šͺ¸ ç͹ͧҸС Դ͹¡ͧ͡Ҫີ价š çѺҧҢѹҾͻ 2532 Ѩغѹີࢵûͧɢͧչ Ƿີ駹͡㹷ີѧѺҹС繼ӷ駷ҧзҧšͧͧ ТླѲ׺ʹǹҹ Ǹີ "ǵ" (reincarnation) ͧ "š⾸ѵ" 觪Ƿີ¡ "હի" (Chen-re-zi) હիԨǵԴҧͧ ͪªǷີЪš鹨ҡء Ш֧繼طա çѺԴǤҧͧͧ ¤ ʧТþѵ仨ҡѯʧ Ԥͧ͢طʹҹ

  ෹Թ ѵ
 

6 áҤ .. 2428
(Louis Pasteur) ѡժǽ ʺ㹡÷ͺѤչͧѹ äعѢ (Rabies) 繤á ѡѺ硪 ૿ (Joseph Meister) 9 Ǻ ¹ äعѢҨäкҴçҧʹ͹Ѻ餹ҡ ͼ㴷١عѢҡѴǵͧªԵء ѵ´äеͧԸѡͻͧѹ ҡä鹤һ쾺عѢ㹹 ѧͶ١¢ͧعѢäҨж١Ͷ١Ѵ ä㹹¡Ы价ҧҧ Ѥչ ǹ价ͧѺѵ ҡҧ ҡѧҹҷͧѺ зѹ˹硪١عѢҡѴ ˹ еͧ ֧Ӻصê췴ͧѡ ҡ硹äعѢ ä鹾駹ժ§繷ѡҡ ҡ㹻 2431 ͵ "ʶҺѹ” (Pasteur Institute) 鹷ا Ƚ ʶҺѹѧȵҧ š 㹻 “ʶҹ” ͵㹻 2455 ¾Һǧ ҴçҪҹҾ Ѩغѹ˹§ҹѧѴҡҪҴ

  (Ҵ A. Edelfeldt 㹻 2428)

6 áҤ .. 2450
ѹԴ Դ (Frida Kahlo) Եáêʹѧ硫ԡѹ Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderon Դѹѧ¹ ô໹Ѻ¹ մһ͵ 6 Ǻ 觼ҫպ硡ҢҢ 18 ö÷͹һʺغѵ˵تѺöҧ ͺҴʨд١ѹѧСд١˻ѡ 硷١ ͧ͹ѡҵçҺŹҹ֧ 9 ͹ з͵ͧѺüҵѴ֧ 35 ѧ觼ŵ͡õ駤 ǧ͹躹§ҺŹͧ֡з仡ѺŻ ѡѺ (Diego Rivera) ŻԹժͧ͢硫⡷ͪ蹪 ҡͶ֧ 20 駤ҧзѺ㨫觡ѹСѹ ѹѲҨ觧ҹѹ㹻 2472 ¤عç¡ѹ駤 դͺդѹѺͧǢͧԴ 駤֧¡ҧѹ شѺ觧ҹѹա ŻԹҧѷԤǹʵ ҧŧҹʴ֧͡ǤԴ«ҧѴਹ ·ԴѺ ʡ (Leon Trotsky) 繼դѹѺմ ŧҹͧԴؤá ԧҡ鹡Ѳѭѡɳ (Symbolic) ˹ͨԧ (Surrealism) ŧҹǹ˭ʴ繶֧Ե蹷駨ҡѹѺ غѵ˵طͻʺ ФѹǹͧѧʹԵ Ҿ Henry Ford Hospital, Diego And I, Accident, Broken Column, Suicide of Dorothy Hale The Love Embrace of the Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl 鹻ªԵմҡá͢ҵ ͵ͧ͹ 躹§ա ҨѴʴŧҹŻҧԴ зͨҡ仴˵طѴ ѹ 13 áҤ 2497 ռѹɰҹҿմҨЦҵǵ С͹˹ҷͨҹ ŻǼŧҹŻТͧ١Ҿ˹ͨԧ ͻʸѺ
“ǡҤԴҩѹ¹Ҿ˹ͨԧ ԧ ѹ Щѹ¹Ҿҡѹ¹ҡԧ”

 
 մBroken Column (2487)The Love Embrace ofthe Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl (2492) 


6 áҤ .. 2489
ѹԴ Ѻ. ت (George Walker Bush) иҹҸԺմդ 43 ͧѰԡ (Ѩغѹ) ѧѴäվѺԡѹ تԴ㹵СŹѡͧйѡáԨ͹ѹ С˭ͧѰԡ ͧ͢Ҥ ت (Geroge Herbert Walker Bush) 繻иҹҸԺդ 41 ͧѰԡ йͧ ਺ ت (John Ellis "Jeb" Bush) 繼ҡѰԴҤѨغѹ تԴͧ ǹ (New Haven) Ѱ͹๤Ԥѵ ¹ԭҵԪһѵʵҡԷ ǡѺԴ ҧʧ´ һШӡáͧѧͧѹȷҧҡ Ѱ硫 Ѻý֡㹡ͧѧͧ С¹ѺͧԹ㹪ǧͧ Ѻ觵ҡ͡㹻 2513 تѺҪ繹ѡԹ֧ 2515 ҡ¹ͻԭⷺøáԨ (MBA) Է ǡѺ෡ʷӸáԨ͹ѹͧͺ Ыùʺ ෡ ù (Texas Rangers) 㹻 2532 ت蹡ͧдѺͧ繼ҡѰ෡ʤ 46 㹻 2536 ҡ鹡窹С͡иҹҸԺյ (Al Gore) 㹻 2543 ҺҹѺ˹ѹ 20 Ҥ 2544 ҡѺ͡繻иҹҸԺ· 2 ҺҹѺ˹ѹ 20 Ҥ 2548 Ҫ (John Kerry) ҡäõ ҧ繻иҹҸԺá ѧҡԴ˵ءó 9/11 تС "ʧ͵ҹá͡" (War on Terrorism) ºءѿҹʶҹ㹻 2544 ͤҹҵ Թ ഹ (Osama bin Laden) ҡ鹡ءѡ㹻 2546 Ѵ ૹ (Saddam Hussein) ¡ҤͺͧظҹҾ÷ҧ٧ ѧҡѡѺ ѴӶ١Ѻж١ǹ ѧ辺ظѧ١Ѱ ҧ ʧҧҧѾԹ ЪԵ餹ӹǹҡ աԾҡԨѹҧҧҧʧѡռŻªҹáԨѹСäظͧѧ ͡ҡتѧ繼ʹѺʹع§㹡ûêԵ ҧç˹觼ҡѰ硫 ռ١êԵ֧ 152 Ѻ٧ش繻ѵԡó˹Ѱ Ҵç˹觻иҹҸԺ ʹѺʹعɻҧͧ 㹻 2545 ت黯ʸŧ Ը (Kyoto Protocol) ŴسԢͧš ºت˵ؼ “繵ǢѴҧԭԺ⵷ҧɰԨͧѰ” ҹ˹繪¼ʾ㹪Ե աҹ˹觡١༴稡šع Ѻ§ԾҡԨóҧҧҧ Ҩ º´ҹʧ Էª Ǵ ͹º¡ä


6 áҤ .. 2497
ѹԴ ѹѹ ѡ¹ ѡ ѡǧ Ѻâҹ "觻Ҥ͹յ" 繤ا෾ ¡Դ 2517 ¹Է¸ʵ ¹§ǡ͡ǧ 2 ҡ鹡ͺ褳Фʵ Է¸ʵ診 ͡令ҪԵ ҹ˹ѧ ¹˹ѧ ¹ зӧҹŻ ѡӧҹҧº »ҡǵҸó ռŧҹ¹Чҹҡ੾зҧѪҵѹ͡лѪҸҵ , ª, 㹷ҧ¸ء͹, Զ, حૹ, ˹, ҹ¹Чҹǹ˭ͧѡʴ繶֧١ѹѺҵ Фºҧ֡ ͪѡǹҹǵѹ˹ǡѺҵ
 

 ѹѹ (Ҿҡ www.geocities.com/jiriki_n/p/p.html) ˹ (ɳõ)
  Ѻ. ت

˹ 7

7 áҤ .. 2480
ʧչ-蹤駷 2 (Second Sino-Japanese War ҧ 2480-2488) ͷǨչ¡ "ʧ͵ҹѡôԭ" (War of Resistance Against Japan) ǹ˹觢ͧ ʧš駷 2 (World War 2) 㹷ջ Դҡ ͧ͡Ѿͧѡôԭ蹺ءһзСѺͧѧԹ맢ͧչ dz "оҹ١" (Lugou Bridge) "оҹ " (Marco Polo Bridge) ¡ûзСѹ駹 "õоҹ١" (Battle of Lugou Bridge)  觼ͧѧͧäԹ맵ͧѺ͡Ѻäǹʵչա ͵ҹҹ 駹 ִͧµ 2474 ʶһ ѡþôԻ (Pu Yi) ѡþôͧشҪǧԧ () 鹻ͧ Ѱ蹢ͧ ҡ鹡ͧѾ蹫աѧظѹ¡ءҹԹᴹչ öִاѡдԹᴹ ͧչͺ 觼չͧ繽ѹԵ ǹҡѺѡ ѧҾµöִ¨ҡ ʧչ-蹤駷 2 ŧѺʧš駷 2 ѧҡԡҷԴҳٶͧêйҧҫҡ 蹨֧ѹ 15 ԧҤ 2488


 ʧչ-蹤駷 2 ʧչ-蹤駷 2
 

7 áҤ .. 2417
ҷ ˹ѧ;쩺Ѻáͧ ͡ҧἧá ˹ѧ;쩺Ѻ ͧѹҤ 繾͹تҢͧѪŷ 5 繺óҸԡҢͧ (觢й鹷çվЪ§ 18 ) ʧҷ˹ѧͺ͡ ѵػʧѴҷӢѭҢͧ˹ ˹͡ѻ ҹʹͤФѹԧ բ÷еҧ Էҹ ŧ ͹ Ե ä ɳ͡ä ͡˹§ǡͧشлʺѭҢҴع “ҷ” “͹ͧ硤˹” ˹ѧ;ٻ硪Һҧ §ѹ繵ѡ ҷպҷӤѭ㹰ҹ繵Ẻͧ˹ѧ; ЪҪе ǷáѺ·繹ѡԴ ѡ ѡ йѡоѹʴö
 

7 áҤ .. 2430
ѹԴ ҡ (Marc Chagall) ŻԹ Դͧ ǹ˹觢ͧѡô ҡŻԹؤ Դͧ ֡Żзૹ ͻ 2450 ҡ任Ѻ ͧ (Avant – gard) ռŧҹҾ¹ Ҵ ЧҹдѺШ (Stainglass) ŧҹͧҡӡѷ ʵ Ѻ Ǻ ʴѡɳоɢͧǷͺҧҹŻШҡԷҹͧ蹷ǹѹ šҴ ʴ֧ͺ ͧš ѡɳš觤ѹ Ѻط ŧҹͧҡ繡ʴ֡ǹ蹪Ѵҡ ҡªԵѹ 28 Ҿѹ 2528
 

 ҡ  I and the village Le poisson dans le ciel du village
 

7 áҤ .. 2445
"ѵ” “Թд” ͧ ͡á ѧҡ кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 С ҪѭѵԸѵ .. 121 ѹ 29 Զع¹ 2445 ѵáҨҧ ѷ (The De La Rue Company Limited) ͧѧɨѴ ¡ "ѵẺ 1" 繸ѵêԴ˹ շ 5 ԴҤ 5 ҷ, 10 ҷ, 20 ҷ, 100 ҷ 1,000 ҷ з觻 2512 Ҥ觻 Ѵç츹ѵè֧츹ѵͧ㹻 дԹҨѨغѹ 駹èѴйӸѵ͡ع¹кɰԨ͡Է੾ТͧҤ觻§ ͡鸹ѵèеͧ仵衮¡˹ Ǥ ͧշعͧԹ˹عѧŤҢͧѵ͡
 

ѵẺ 1 ԴҤ 1,000 ҷ (Ҿҡ www.siambanknote.com)


7 áҤ .. 2473
⤹ѹ (Sir Arthur Conan Doyle) ᾷѡоѹѧªԵ Դѹ 22 Ҥ 2402 ͧʹԹ ʡ͵Ź ¹ᾷԷʹԹ Ƿӧҹᾷ ҧҡ¹ͧŧվԵõҧ ժ§㹰ҹйѡ¹͹ 27 ѧҡͧ A Study in scarlet Ѻõվ ͧյФ͡ ͤ (Sherlock Holmes) 繼䢻ȹҦҵ ҡѺҡͧ¹Ҷ֧ 12 ͹ ѹ˹֡˹¡¹ͧ ֧¹ͤ 餹ҹԴѧҡ֧Ҵҧ ТҺҹ ҵͧ¹¹ͤ 鹤׹վҡա ѧԡҪվᾷ¹˹ѧҧԧѧ ŧҹͧҡ·駹 ͧ ä ԧѵʵ 繼ҧͤ Фùѡ׺ժ§شءѹ
 

7 áҤ .. 2501
Ƿ . ૹ (Dwight D. Eisenhower ) иҹҸԺѰԡ ŧ㹡Ѻͧ ʡ (Alaska) Ѱ 49 ͧѰԡ ѰѰ ʡҨҡѹ 18 Ҥ 2410 Ҥ 7 ҹѰ ©ѺռźѧѺѹ 3 Ҥյ ʡѰࢵᴹ¡ҡ蹴Թ˭ͧԡ ҧ͹˹᤹ͧ͢Ҵ վ鹷ҧ˭ش 1,717,855 ҧ ·شͧҡ觹ѹͧҴ˭Ǫ½ط졵ԡ դҡ·ҧͪҵҡش ջЪҡûҳ 626,932 ( 2543) ͧǧͧѰʡҤͨ (Juneau) Ҷ֧੾зҧзҧҡҹ ǹ “ʡ” 鹹Ҩ¹Ҩҡص ҷͧ "Alyeska" "Թᴹ"

7 áҤ .. 2510
оҹԹ Դҹҧ繷ҧ оҹ觹ҧͧҡҧ絺dzҩѵ¡Ѻҹ蹨ѧѴѧ դ 660 оҹ繤͹յѴç 300 ҧ 11 繷ҧö觡ҧ 8 ҧҢҧ 1.5 ҧǧ繼ѺԴͺáҧ Թõº㹻 2494 ԴѷѺҡҧ ҡҡáҧջѭФӹҭ 㹻 .. 2508 ֧ŧ͡ҧա ѷ ¹й () ӡѴ 鹧ҳ 28,770,000 ҷ оҹ͵ʡŢͧ ¾ Թ ѰҡáзǧѲҡ觪ҵ㹢й оҹԹ繷ѡǻ ȡүѡҧ鹢ͧ˹ǷҢҼ١Դѹǡⴴҡоҹŧ鹹 ѹ 22 Ҿѹ 2516 ҡͧǢͧѡ١ҧҾ¹ "оҹѡԹ" ѧաáҧ “оҹ෾ѵ” оҹͧҧ絡Ѻѧ 袹ҹѺоҹԹ Ѩغѹ оҹԹ˹оҹ͡ҡѧѴ ǹоҹ෾ѵоҹѺöԹҧҨҡѧѴѧ
 

оҹԹ
 ʡ  ʡҤ;鹷բ˹᤹Ҵ

   ⤹ѹ
ҷ

˹ 8

8 áҤ .. 2040
(Vasco da Gama) ѡǨõʾ١ 265 Ѻͧ 4 ͡Թҧҡاʺ͹ õ˹ѧԹ Ѻͺ¨ҡ ҹŷ 1 (Manuel I of Portugal) õ令Թ«觪ǵѹ¹繴Թᴹ¹ ԴҴäҡѺšѹ͡ ੾ͧ Թ仵鹷ҧ (Batolomeu Dias) Ǩ͹˹ ҹ λ (Cape of Good Hope) Ҷ֧½Һ (Malabar Coast) ͧԤѵ (Calicut) ҧѹ§ͧԹѹ 20 Ҥ 2041 繪ûá鹾Թ ¹鹵ûͧͧѡô (Mughal Empire) ҡѺԹա 2 ͹лªԵͧ⤪ (Kochi) Թѹ 24 ѹҤ 2067 ҹѺ繹ѡǨûʺҡش˹ؤ觡Ǩȵɷ 15 ֧ȵɷ 17

    ͧͧ͢

8 áҤ .. 2238
¹ ࡹ (Christiaan Huygens) ѡԵʵ ѡʵ йѡԡǴѷ ֧ Դͧҡ (The Hague) Ź ѹ 14 ¹ 2172 ١¢ͧ ͹ᵹԹ ࡹ (Constantijn Huygens) йѡоѹŧ ͹á¹·Է ഹ (University of Leiden) ͹ѹʹԷʵѧ 繼˹觷ǹ㹡ûѵԷʵ ŧҹӤѭ þѲŤ 鹾ʧҧѡɳ繤 ͻ 2197 鹾 ䷷ѹ (Titan) ǧѹâҴ˭شͧ ѧࡵ絪Ҿ Orion Nebula ͧ÷ȹдɰͧ о٨๺Ҥ͡ҫǡǧҧ ͡ҡѧ繼дɰ ԡ١ (pendulum clock) 觻дɰ 件֧¹˹ѧǡѺʵաӹǹҡ

 

 ¹ ࡹ

8 áҤ .. 2382
ѹԴ ͤ (John Davison Rockefeller) ѡáԨѹԡѹ ͵ ŹԸͤ (Rockefeller Foundation) Դا ѡԹҵ ¡â١Ǵç¹ ѧҡʤ¹øáԨ繤 㹻 2048 ӸáԨѹѺ ͹ (Samuel Andrews) ι š (Henry M. Flagler) ҡ繺ѷ Standard Oil Եѹ ESSO ͤ繻иҹѷ ѧҡ͹٤鹾෤Ԥá蹹ѹ鹷ع áԨͧҨ֧µҧǴ ҡ鹡͡Ԩçصˡѹ öǺáԨѹͺѰԡ㹻 2423 ҵͧ͡ºѷͧҡԡü١Ҵ ͤɰդá·شš ͻҳ 14,000 ѹҹѰ ҴԹáԨѹз觡³㹻 2454 ͤªԵѹ 23 Ҥ 2458 ͤ繹ѡáŤӤѭͧԡ ԨҤ 10 % ʶ ʶҺѹ֡ çҺ ʶҺѹԷʵ Ż СԨҸó ԹҺԨҤ 500 ҹѰ ͡ҡѧ繼͵ŹԸͤͷӧҹҹҸó㹻 2456

 
  ͤ ŹԸ ͤ


8 áҤ .. 2536
طԡ (иҨ-- Թѭ) Һɼ óҾ ҹԪ Դѹ 27 Ҥ 2449 § . . ɮҹ ͹ 8 Ǻ份ҡѴ§ (Ѵ) Ǫѹ 29 áҤ 2469 "Թѭ" Ҽջѭѹ˭ ѧҡͺѡ ҹԹҧ֡ҵͷا෾ 㹪ǧ 2 ͹ҹ龺繤͹Թ¢ͧʧ ֡ͨԴСѺҹ֡ ҹѺ͹ѡѴкҵ 2473 ١ú鹡ا෾ ա ͺ­ 3 ¤ͺ­ 4 դԴ͹ѺмԴѧѺк¹͹Ҵ ֧ѴԹ㨡Ѻҷʧͤ鹤Ҹ ѹ 12 Ҥ 2475 ͹褳ɮèзӡѵ¹ŧûͧ Ѻ ¸ () ҹԪ ͧѹ͵ӹѡԺѵԸѴҧеоѧԡ 駪 "ǹ" ҹ֡ҾûԮҧԧѧ·ʹ͡繧ҹ¹ "¾ѹ" ҡ "ط" µվ繵͹ ˹ѧ; طʹ ˹ѧ;طʹáͧ 觷ҹѺͧ͵駢͹Ҥ 2476 ҡ鹷ҹ֡һѪҵѹ͡ૹ͡ҵ 㹻 2486 ҹǹ ѧѴù ԧҾطͧ (»Ѩغѹ) ʶҹҹ黯Ժѵ ֡ ͹ ¹˹ѧШش ҹط繼ԴԵطʹͧ ءҡ蹢ҾѺҧ Ҵ ʧ Ҽ餹Шҡ͡оͧطʹ йѡ͹㨢ͧطʹҷ١ŧ Ѻ͹㨧¢ öҶ֧
"ǹ"
…ѹѧ¡ѧҹ ˹ǹҧѺ͹ͧҹ ?

ǧطԡ

8 áҤ .. 2529
ͧѾ觻 [Ѩغѹ ѷ ȷ ê ӡѴ (Ҫ) (TOT Corporation Public Company Limited)] ԴԡѾ͹ " 470” (Cellular 470) Ѿ͹ѵѵкá çк NMT (Nordic Mobile Technology) ҹ 470 硡쵫 á ͧѾ͹ “ѾͶ” ѧẺǷբҴ˭ ˹ѡҡ Ҥ٧Ѻʹҷ ੾ࢵا෾ лҹ 駹 ෤Ԥͧ͡觾鹷ԡ繾鹷 ¡ (Cell) ͻͧѹúǹ ػóѺ-ѭҳʶҹհҹҡѺѾ͹ еҡѺçѾѡ (Public Switched Telephone) 470 Ѿաѧ٧ աõԴ͡ҧ٧ش ͧҡʶҹçµԴ駤ͺѡ о鹷ҧ ǻ §ء§١·ʹѭҳҹк 470 ֧դѴͧʹСԹҧ 㹷ͧáѹ Ǫᴹ ͷŽзѹѹҧǹ ѨغѹҧþѲҹ෤ CDMA 2000 IX ᷹к NMT к 470 Ѻҡѡ ͧҡͧѾҡҤ٧ աѾ͹к蹢ͧ͡дǡ յ͡ҡ Ҥ١  ͡ҡͷѧç 470 ҾѲԡٻẺ ԡѾҸó, Ѿ鹰ҹ͡ ѾҸóзҧŪ Ѿ֧ ػóͧкѾ͹ 470 MHz ᷹ 餹͡ѾǶ֧ѹ Ҩǹ㴢ͧ
 

ѾҸóзҧŪ (ѧҹʧҷԵ) к 470 (Ҿҡ http://phoenix.eng.psu.ac.th/eec/jn36.html)

˹ 9

9 áҤ .. 2524
Թ ѺûСȨѴ "طҹ觪ҵԹ" طҹ觪ҵӴѺ 29 ͧ ѺзǻСѧӵй֡§óشͧͧ·ժ§ԴѹѺš ʹյ觹繻ʧǹ觪ҵ 繾鹷ҹ ¶١ʹ繤­ǹ;¾ ͧҡҵԷ駺դشóҡ ֧ʹطҹ觪ҵ ʺ㹷ش طҹ觪ҵԹ㹷Žѹѹ . зͧ . к . ѧ վ鹷 135 ҧ (84,357 ) 76 ͧ鹷繷 ǹ蹴Թ Сͺ 5 Թ˹ Թ еԹ (Һ) лҨ (ѧ) ʵ () 㹺dzѧաͧԹ鹹ա 2 ԹԹͧ СͧԹ "" 繨شӹӤѭش˹ ѨغѹѧǡҡѺطҹ觪ҵԹ طҹ觪ҵԹѺͧ¹ҵԷó駺㹷 շ駻ҴԺ ҪҴ ҪŹһШѺǻСѧ ֧դҡ·ҧҾ٧ҡ ҡٹ 件֧ҢҴ˭شšҧ ʩǹ ᵼժҴ һ˹ ѵ§١¹ ҧ ͡ҡѧҹͧ "᡹" "Ժ觷ͧ" ҳ 200 繪šش·ѧçѲҡش ʹյ᡹ "͡Һҧ" С͹һ价ǹҹѹѹ ѨغѹҹԹ ¢ͧ֡ѡͧ кҧǹӧҹ١ҧͧطҹ

 

ԨӹӴٻСѧ ͷ. Թ Һͧش¢ͧ᡹

9 áҤ .. 2359
ਹԹ (Argentina) С͡Ҫҡ ໹ ԹᴹᶺѺ蹻ա͹ʵѡҪ ûáǨ㹻 2059 ͹໹ִͧ㹻 2123 ҡѧɡִͧ㹻 2349-2350 2353 ѧҡ ѵԹҹ 8 ໹ (Ferdinand VII of Spain) ҹ¹ (Napoleon I of France) ѹ 25 Ҥ 2353 Ǻ ֧͡¡ͧ͡Ҫ¡ "ûѵ͹Ҥ" (May Revolution) еѰ "Primera Junta" ͧؤҹ (Tucuman) ҧҤѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ਹԹ ա 6 յ ѨغѹਹԹժ "ҸóѰ ਹԹ" (Argentine Republic) ҧ͹ͧջԡ վ鹷 2,766,890 ҧ ˭ѹѺ 2 㹷ջԡ ͧҡҫ ѹѺ 8 š ͡͹ʷʹ仵Ǵҹѹ ط͵ŹԡҺҹѹ͡ ͧǧͧ˭شͺ (Buenos Aires) кûͧẺҸóѰЪҸԻ ջиҹҸԺ繻آ ࢵ 23 ѧѴ (Provinces) 1 ࢵͧǧ˾ѹ (Federal Capital) ջЪҡûҳ 39.44 ҹ (2548) ໹Ҫ Ъҡ 92 ѺʹҤʵԡѹҷԡ ˹Թ "" (Argentine Peso: ARS) Թ͡ӤѭԵѳҡͧ ѹԺ ⾴ ѵ ʶһҤѹҧ÷ٵѺ¤á㹻 2498

ҵਹԹ Һࢵҵ (Patagonia) 
 

9 áҤ .. 2534
кҷ稾 çСسô ҪҹкҪҹحҵѴ "ŹԸҧԴ 㹾кҪٻ” Ѻ “ҧҿԴ” Ͷ繾ҪҹóҪõԤس 稾ԵҸ ʹപԡ úҪ кԴ觡ᾷἹѨغѹСҸóآͧ áͧѹѹҪ 㹾кҪú 100 ѹ 1 Ҥ 2535 ŹԸҧŹԴҡͧᾷʵҪҺ ԷԴ 㹻 2540 ¹ŹԸ "ŹԸҧҿԴ 㹾кҪٻ" ǹҧҿԴҧǷкҷ稾 çСسô Ҫҹҧ Ѻҧ л ¾ͧͧ ա駷çСسô 稾෾ѵҪش Ҫ ͧиҹͧŹԸ ҧҿԴҧŹҹҪҵ աҧ繻Шӷء 2 ҧŤ ҧŷҧᾷҧŷҧҸøآ ºؤ кؤ ͧ šöʹͪͼѺҧ Ҩ繺ؤ кؤͧ ŢŹԸ ҡ鹤СҧŹҹҪҵԨоԨó餳СŹԸ繼ѴԹ ҧŻСͺ­ҧ СȹºѵԹҧա 50,000 ­Ѱ ͺҧŤá㹻 2535 ԹҨѨغѹ
 

ŹԸҧҿԴ 㹾кҪٻҧҿԴ

˹ 10

10 áҤ .. 2528
"ù " (Rainbow Warrior) "ѡú" óçáͧͧ͹ѡǴ չի (greenpeace) ١ͺҧԴ ШʹͤŹ ȹǫŹ ԹҧѺ觡÷ͧԴͧʷ (Moruroa) Դ駹Դ鹡ҧ֡ ѧ§Դ 2 "ѡú" ŧҧǴǾҧ㨢ͧ ҹ (Fernando Pereira) ҧҾõªԵ ǡͺҧԴ駹ҧ蹵֧价š 繡á͡·ҤѰѡͧѧ ѰŽʨ͡һʸҧ繷ҧ §ѹҡ鹵ǨǫŹöѺ ŧ ҿ (Alain Mafart) Թ (Dominique Prieur) ͧѺǽ 㹢ǹǾѹѺ˵ͺҧԴԴ ˵آͧͧǷ֧Դ͡ դ觵çҡѰŨҡاͺù нͧչիзǧ÷ͧҧ͹ͧطừԿԤ ҡ٭ӹ ù ӷͧͧ㹻 2532 Ѻ᡹ "ù ѹ" "You Can't Sink A Rainbow" ǹ١ѧ繻Сѧҵ ǫŹ ѡúѧ㹻 2535 ͺպصԡ÷ͧ 㹻 2538 蹡Ѻ价աͻиҹҸԺ Ҥ Ѥ (Jacques Chirac) 觪 ͡Ҵ С÷ͧͺ ûзǧ駹鹻ءʡõ͵ҹШ价šҧǴǨʵͧصԡ÷ͧ㹵鹻 2539 Դࢵӡ÷ͧ㹷ش ѨغѹѡúѧШӡ㹹ҹš 駹 “ù ” “ѡú” Ҫԡ蹡͵駢ͧչիҨҡӹҹ ͧԹ¹ᴧͧ˹ Ҷ֧ӷӹ¢ͧ˭ԧҷ š١зӪ ¤ͧ ͹ӷšմӤ ¹Ӷ١ҧҾ ѵҾҡѹ... ͹ءҧԹ ѡú駨лҡǢ ͻͧš ͹餹þçͼ׹蹴Թ ЪѡǹçԵ §ѡú駴¡ѹ
 

ѡúáѧͤŹ  ѡúӻѨغѹ㹹ҹͻ 2543

10 áҤ .. 2480
ѹԴ Ңͧҡ "ѹ” ¹ªʹѧ “” Դҧ ا෾ оҳԪʵСúѭ ҡԷ¸ʵ ѹѺý֡ͧҹ¹ҵ ¹ͧ鹤á͹ 14 "꡵ʹѡ” ͹ҹǪͺ ŧԵ “ѻ” 繼ŧҹͧվŧ˹ѧ ¹ͧ ա 5 յҡ¹ͧá "㹽ѹ” ҡ "ù” ͡ҡѧչҡ ա "â” "ѡɳǴ” ѧҡ¹ӧҹ繤¹˹ѧ仾ѹ ѧҡͧáѺõվ¹ͧ蹵 Ңͧ, , , , ŷԹ ѧҡ鹷ѹա§ҡ ѹ繹ѡ¹㨷ӧҹ դгյ㹧ҹ¹ҡ ͹¹ͧ еͧ鹤ԧǡѺͧ¹¡͹ ö¹ҡ Ҩ繹ѡ ԧѵʵ ´ѧ Էʵ ͹ͧ ѹ繹ѡ¹ʵդ˹觷Ѻ٧ش öִͧҹ¹Ҫվ Ѻҧ ŧҹͧѹաѺѺҡЪҪҧҡ 㹡¹ѹչӹǹẺ ǧԨԵҷ йѡ¹ʵ . ѹ Ѩغѹѹѧӧҹ¹ йͧѧѺվ ͵鹻 2548 ѹѺҪҹͧҪóŨдѺ鹨صŨ ӹ˹ "س˭ԧ"

 

10 áҤ .. 2490
ѹԴ ѡ¹óҧūõШӻ 2524 Դ㹤ͺǪǻԹ . ШǺբѹ ѧҡ . 4 繚ѧ ֡ҵͷç¹اԷ ا෾ ҡ鹷ӧҹ١ҧǤǷӹѡҹʶԵ觪ҵ ͺ¹йʵ ŧóԷ ҧ¹ 2 ¹ͧͧá "ӹ֡ͧ" ѺäѴͧ͡ѹѺ 3 ҡûСǴͧ鹪ԧҧ Ѻ ͧóŻ 2515 ¹˹ѧ͡Ѻ͹ ҡ鹡ӧҹ˹ѧ;ҵʹ “Ъҡ”, “ЪҪҵ”, “ҵ” “Ѱ” ¹Фҡ "" ͧ͢¤ ѧ˵ءó "6 19"ԡѺ¹ͧҧԧѧա "ѧժԵҧ¡㨩ѹ" Ѻõվá ѰѻԨó ҡ鹡¹ͧ աͧ վáͻ 2521 "عͧ ҨСѺͿҧ" ѺҧūõШӻ 2524 ŧҹ Ӥѭ "šչԹ" ѺҧŪ§ҹѻ˹ѧ觪ҵ 2529 "ˡ㹷ͧ” ѺҧŪ§ҹѻ˹ѧ觪ҵ 2530 ѧѺԴ "ѡ˹ѧ;蹷¡ͧ" ѺõŻԹ觪ҵҢóŻ Шӻ 2543 繹ѡ¹դöԧóŻ ҧ´´ ֡ ͧ鹢ͧѺ¡ͧ “” лʺóԧѵشԺ㹧ҹ¹ Եŧҹ͡ҧͧǹҹ ҹ¹ͧ ⪵ §˹ѧҹ蹻ͧҹ ҡѧ繺ѹ֡ҡóͧԵѧ 繤繨ԧا ҹըԵ͹¹ءͺԴѧ վѧ ༪ԭѭҵҧ ҧз Ѻءҡʹ͹ͧ͹ѧ¤

 ⪵ (ҾѴŧҡ www.mfcfund.com)عͧ ҨСѺͿҧ (Ҿҡ www.noknoi.com)

10 áҤ .. 2534
ŪԹ (Boris Yeltsin) Ҵç˹觻иҹҸԺդá ˾ѹ (Russian Federation) Ҩҡ͡ ç˹觨֧ 2542 ūԹ繤ӤѭóçԴҾлЪҸԻ 袳ǡѹҡʹѺʹعɰԨẺع 觻ٻҧǴǢѧҡԴѧҡûٻͧԡ ҪͿҧͧ ѧҡѺ˹觻иҹҸԺ öҺѰáҪͿ 㹻 2536 ԴѭɰԨͧ յһСغͧҡº»ٻѰ Դعç ¡͵ҹѰźءִѰ Ҩ֧觻Һҧعç 㹻 2539 ūԹѺüҵѴ оѡѡҵçҺ͹ ͡ʻҡǹŧ 㹪ǧūԹç˹觻иҹҸԺչ ͧʺѺѭҡ·ҧҹɰԨͧѺ¹Ѱ 㹪ǧ鹻 2542 ūԹеҧҵԻҴ ¡ûС͡ҡ˹觻иҹҸԺ 觵駹Ҵ ٵԹ 觢й ç˹觹¡ѰѺǧ ѧآҾͧ͹ 㹷شªԵҡѹ 23 ¹ 2550 çҺ ا
 

 ūԹ

ѹ (Ҿҡ www.matichon.co.th)  (Ҿҡ www.nabaanwannagum.com)

˹ 11

11 áҤ .. 1948
(Zheng He) عҧҡѹբͧҪӹѡչ ͡Թҧ "ŵѹ" (Western Ocean) á ѺͧҨӹǹ 317 շ͵Ǩó ͷ ͻ١ѡ ͢ѾԹҧ ÷ءûҳ 27,000-28,000 ͸ͺѭҡù ѡԪҡäӹdzѹҴҴբҴʹص· ֧ͧͧͨ͢բҴ˭شš¹ Ѻͧèҡͧѡþô ѡþôͧ 3 Ҫǧ ӡͧкപҹҾѧҹͧҧ ͧͧ͢Թº½觨չŧҳҨѡè (͹ҧͧ´) Ъ ҵ С ѴطԹ˹ѧѧ 价ҧ觵ѹͧҺطԹ ֧·ҧͧԡѵ ҧԹҧ 7-8 ͧͧ͢͹ҡ Ҥµѹ͡§ ѹ ѧ Թ ᴧ Ϳԡҽ觵ѹ͡ ֧ͧ᤺ԡ ͻ 2548 Фúͺ 600 觡Թҧáͧ ҹҹ͡繷ѡ价š ѧҡ Թ (Gavin Menzies) ʹյ·ѧ鹾ἹҧѺҤ鹤ҡ 15 ֧Сȷɮբͧ˹ѧ˹Ҫ "1421 The Year China Discovered the World" ʹҡͧͨչäǺͧ繼鹾ջԡҵ 1964 ͹ʨФ鹾֧ 71 (ʤ鹾ԡ㹻 2035) Ф鹾ջ¡͹˹ҡѺѹ ءա 350 ѡԪҡúҧǹҢʹͧ͢繹ҡ ǨչѰŨչԹաѺɮչ ҵӹҹͧͤ鹾ջԡҨ§ “ӹҹ” “ԧ” ҡ绯ʸҾͤҨչ繡ӤѭͧäࢵͿԡҵѹ͡Ҩ֧ҳ 200 ͹ͧͽ觨طҳҹԤ

ѵ ͸ͧͧ
 

11 áҤ .. 2231
稾й³Ҫ ѵͧش觡اظ ҡѵ˭ͧ˹㹻ѵʵ ʴä зط Ҫѧ³Ҫ ͧž ѧҡЪ˹ѡ㹪ǧ ྷҪ зӡêԧҪѵ 稾й³Ҫç繡ѵѪŷ 4 ͧҪǧҷͧ ç繾ʢͧһҷͧойҧԡҹ Ҫ㹻 2175 ʴ稢鹤ͧҪѵѹ 15 Ҥ 2199 վй֡㹾ؾóѯ "稾ҸԺշ 3" 繾ҡѵӴѺ 27 觡اظ зçվЪ 25 ѧҡзѺاظ 10 ͧçô ҧͧžբҪҹ觷 2 㹻 2209 ʴ任зѺء ҹҹ͹ зʴä㹻 2231 оЪ 56 ҷçͧҪѵ 32 ͧçҧԭͧاظҧҡ ¾лժö´ҹͧͧ 駴ҹûͧ ÷ çӹҭҹ֡ çҺͧҧ ѡ͡اظ繨ӹǹҡ ҹ÷ٵ çҧѹѺҧҧҧҧ ѧ ѹ չ ҹ ͧçô 觤ҪٵѹաѺ äҡѺҧȨ֧ԭҡ ժǵҧҵѺԴͤҢ кҧǹѺҪ㹾ҪҳҨѡô աѧçѺԷҡ ͧٴ ط⸻óҧС ҧкͻл㹾Ҫѧա ͡ҡѪ¢ͧͧؤóŻԭ֧մش էҹóժӤѭԴª ҷ طɤөѹ, өѹҧ, ͹طөѹ Թ ͧҸԺ 觨Ѵ繵¹áͧ


11 áҤ .. 2436
⤤Ԫ ԡ (Kokichi Mikimoto) ö§ ء (Pearl) 繤áš 駹 ء (Pearl) ԹԴҵ 觨ѴѵҵԷѺ٧Ѻ¡ͧ "ѭ觷ͧ" ء觻觡Դ ءӨ״ (Fresh Water Pearl) ء (Salt Water Pearl) ͡ ءҵ (Natural Pearl) ء§ (Cultured Pearl) ͡ҡѧ ء (Imitation Pearl) ҡʴѧʵԡ դ ء ءշբǹ բ ᴧ մ ءҵԴҡѵӾǡͧ¹ҧʡ Margarututera ʴš ժԵ ش㹵 ֧¹͡ (Nacre) ͡ͺͻͧѹФͧ ҹѹʴšж١ͺ繡͹١Ѵ 觡ء (áԨ 3-5 ) ءѹǧ繨֧ԴҡӤҭͧ¹ͧ ԡ鹷ӿ§آ 2431 ¡عҨҡҤ ӡ֡ҪԷҢͧآзͧ͡ª 㹵 ǹ§㹡çҢ ҧ㹷ŷͧԹ (Shinmei) ѧҡʺ¤駨 ҡö§ء ءáٻǧ ҵͧա 12 ը֧ö§ءç դسҾФسѵ§ءҵҡش Դҹءҹá㹻 2442 ҹԹ㹡ا ҡ鹡Ңѧ͹͹ ͧӤѭ š
 

11 áҤ .. 2522
ʶҹǡ ʡ (Skylab Space Station) ͧͧùҫ (NASA) Ѱԡ ŧҺdzطԹᶺѹͧ ѧҡǧ⤨âͧšҧ 2516-2522 ¶١仡Ѻô᫷ 5 (Saturn V) ѹ 14 Ҥ 2516 ʶҹǡ觹ʶҹǡȢҴ˭áͧѰ ǡöԹҧ任Ժѵԡ ʶҹǡʡըشʧѡͷͧԵǢͧҧç֧ٴǡ ʶҹ֡Ҵҹǡдʵ ʶҹǡʡչ˹ѡ 75 ѹ 㹻Сͺͧͧç֧ٴ (Weightlessness) Сͧ÷ȹǨǡ ʡ纻Ժѵԡ躹鹺ҡȷ 2,249 ѹ ⤨ͺš 34,981 ͺ ǡȢ任Ժѵԡ 3
 

ʡ ʶҹǡʡ
 ⤤Ԫ ԡ  ¤ء (§) ͧԡ
͹稾й³Ҫ  . ž

˹ 12

ѹ 12 áҤ ѹ 193 ͧ (ѹ 194 㹻͸ԡ÷Թ) ԷԹ¤Ẻá¹ Ͷ֧ѹѧѹա 172 ѹ㹻չ


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  ˵ءóӤѭѹ

.. 2086 (.. 1543) – ѵι 8 ѧɷçҪɡ駷 6 ҪԹͧش, ᤷչ ѧѹ

.. 2518 (.. 1975) – ҵлԹԻ С͡Ҫҡõ

.. 2522 (.. 1979) – СѺ͡Ҫ繷ѡ㹪ͤԺҵ

.. 2536 (.. 1993) – 蹴ԹǢҴ 7.8 ԡ ͡½͡ ȭ Դֹ 202 Եͤت

12 áҤ .. 2360ѹԴ ι Դ (Henry David Thoreau .. 1817-1862) ѡ¹йѡԷʵҵԪԡѹ ŧҹͧ ഹ (walden) ͧ繡úѹ֡Ե㹸ҵԷȨ

12 áҤ 2397 ѹԴ ʵ (2397-2475) ԡѹ ͵駺ѷ ⡴ѡ 繼дɰͧҾ⡴ѡ (Kodak) բҴ ˹ѡ 駿´ʧ пǹ ŧҹͧҷöҾͧС繧ҹʹáͧѺҹ


ؤӤѭԴѹ


100 ա͹ .. – ի ӷҧСͧ (ªԵ 44 ա͹ ..)

ѹӤѭѹشȡ

ҵлԹԻ – ѹС͡Ҫ

Ժ – ѹС͡Ҫ

˹ 13

13 áҤ .. 2436 (.. 112)
Դ "úҡҾ" (The Naval Action at Paknam) 繨ش鹢ͧ “ԡĵԡó .. 112" "óվԾҷ- .. 112" ¾кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 ͧ͡Ѿú 2 ͧͧʵͧ (Inconstant) (Comete) Թ ". . " (Jean Baptist Say) ͹ͧ ءӽѹ͹ҡҾ ׹˭ШŨúǻͧѹͧԧʡѴ١Թ úͧʨ֧ԧͺ ⴹخҪâͧ зªԵ 8 кҷ 40 ǹýªԵ 3 кҷա 3 ҡúʷͧ蹽ҷʶҹŽ ԭا ŨҡûзСѹ駹 ѧѺŧ "ʹѭѹҾ" ѹ 3 Ҥǡѹ ʹѭҩѺѧǡ˹Թӹǹ 3 ҹѧ Թ»ҳ 1,560,000 ҷ (ѵš¹¹) 駺ѧѺѰдԹᴹ觫⢧ ʹ֧⢧ 繾鹷 143,000 ҧ нִͧѹѡҹҹ 10 (ҧ 2436-2447) Ъ¨ú ŨҡóվԾҷѺʤ駹ͧ ´Թᴹ繤駷 2 觹Ѻ繡ͷ˭ش ѡԪҡѧ繾ͧͧѹ ѨӤѭС˹觷˵ӵͧ٭´Թᴹ㹤駹 ͡âҴἹ кࢵᴹͧҧѴਹ ҴӪͧ㹡ѹºŷҧ÷ٵҧû ա駡ͧѾͧ͢鹢鹨֧ͧҧõҧҵҪ ǹâͧ¹ѧҴԹ¢ͧ ТҴӪͧ㹡ظط⸻óѹ¨ҡѹ աѧظͨе͵ҹͧѧ 駻׹˭ úҧ ";зҨѡ" ҴǹԴ׹ʵͧ ҧѺ 2,400 ѹ ͷ骹 ҧѺӢͧӹ٧ͷͧѹ ͷö٧ӹѺú դҧǴ͹ 繵ͧ繾Ҫ˹ҹ
 

 úҡҾ Ҿҡ˹ѧ; Le Pepite Parisien ͧ

13 áҤ .. 2452
кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 5 СȾкҪͧ ô آԺŹӹ㹾йõẺҧԻȡ ѴӷӢѧͧ§ҡ ǧͧҹ شͧ¡ҡѧӹ繷ҧŧҶ֧ͧʹ˹ Ƿҧö еçٺǡͧҴ ͨ˹¹㹷ҧ ͧͧࢵй Ѫŷ 5 çСسô ¡ѹʡĵ ͨ繤 "ûл" ѹ 14 Ȩԡ¹ 2457 кҷ稾 Ѫŷ 6 ʴҷçԴԨժ¡㹤駹 "ûлҡا෾” աآԺ зǧú繼ѺԴͺԹҹ Ԩûл˹ҢӴѺ ҡ¨˹੾ࢵй ¡è˹ѧ觸 ա͹Ԩûл俿ѰˡԨ Ѱ͡Ҫѭѵԡûлҹǧ ͹Ԩûлҡا෾ ûлҹ ûлȺŹø ллȺطûҡ 繡Ԩǡѹ¡ "ûлҹǧ” ѹ 16 ԧҤ 2510 ѨغѹûлҹǧѲҤسҾӻлդسҾҵðҹ ѺѺͧҵðҹüԵ ISO 9002 ѧӢѭ
"ӻлҴ "


13 áҤ .. 2497
Դ (Frida Kahlo) Եáêʹѧ硫ԡѹ ҧҹŻ͡Ҩҡ蹢ͧԵ ªԵ ԴԴѹ 6 áҤ 2450 Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderon Դѹѧ¹ ô໹Ѻ¹ մһ͵ 6 Ǻ 觼ҫպ硡ҢҢ 18 ö÷͹һʺغѵ˵تѺöҧ ͺҴʨд١ѹѧСд١˻ѡ 硷١ ͧ͹ѡҵçҺŹҹ֧ 9 ͹ з͵ͧѺüҵѴ֧ 35 ѧ觼ŵ͡õ駤 ǧ͹躹§ҺŹͧ֡з仡ѺŻ ѡѺ (Diego Rivera) ŻԹժͧ͢硫⡷ͪ蹪 ҡͶ֧ 20 駤ҧзѺ㨫觡ѹСѹ ѹѲҨ觧ҹѹ㹻 2472 ¤عç¡ѹ駤 դͺդѹѺͧǢͧԴ 駤֧¡ҧѹ شѺ觧ҹѹա ŻԹҧѷԤǹʵ ҧŧҹʴ֧͡ǤԴ«ҧѴਹ ·ԴѺ ʡ (Leon Trotsky) 繼դѹѺմ ŧҹͧԴؤá ԧҡ鹡Ѳѭѡɳ (Symbolic) ˹ͨԧ (Surrealism) ŧҹǹ˭ʴ繶֧Ե蹷駨ҡѹѺ غѵ˵طͻʺ ФѹǹͧѧʹԵ Ҿ Henry Ford Hospital, Diego And I, Broken Column, Suicide of Dorothy Hale The Love Embrace of the Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl  鹻ªԵմҡá͢ҵ ͵ͧ͹ 躹§ա ҨѴʴŧҹŻҧԴ зͨҡ仴˵طѴ ռѹɰҹҿմҨЦҵǵ С͹˹ҷͨҹ ŻǼŧҹŻТͧ١Ҿ˹ͨԧ ͻʸѺ
"ǡҤԴҩѹ¹Ҿ˹ͨԧ ѹ Щѹ¹Ҿҡѹ ѹ¹ҡԧ"
 

 մBroken Column (2487)The Love Embrace ofthe Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl (2492)


13 áҤ .. 2528
͹ ʹ (Live Aid Concert) Դʴ鹷 ا͹͹ (Wembley Staduim) 12.00 . ҡ 13.51 . Դ͹ſʹͿ. ͧ (Philadelphia) Ѱԡ ŻԹҧǡͧպͧԹաǷ˹觷ѹ ѧҡ鹡仨Ѵʴ Դ (Sydney) з (Moscow) ͹쵤駹աö·ʹʴҹ·ʹ͡ҡ价š ռҳ 1.5 ѹҹ㹡 100 ȷš ͹쵹Ѵ͹仺ԨҤʹҡҿԡ ѴǺŻԹ ͺ ŴͿ (Bob Beldof) Դ (Midge Ure) ͹쵤駹繡ǡѹͧѡͧѡ͡ӹǹҡ ͺ Ź (Bob Dylan) չ (Queen), 2 (U2), Դ (David Bowie), (The Who), 礤췹 (Paul McCartney), Թ (Phil Collins) ͹ſʹ駹öԹԨҤ֧ 150 ҹ͹

 
ѡɳ͹ſ ʹ͹ ʹ

 
ѡɳͧûлҹǧٻóպպ¼

˹ 14

14 áҤ .. 2332
ЪҪǽ ء ءʵ (Bastille) ͻŴ¹ѡɫ§ 7 Ѻ繨ش鹢ͧ "ûѵԽ" (French Revolution ҧ 2332-2342) 駹 ءʵ㹡ا ҧȵɷ 14 ѧѡɡͧмͧ ѡ١ŧзҹաǹ ЪҪǻʨ֧ء¤ء觹ѭѡɳͧкóҭԷҪ ҰҹѹѹСͺµ᷹ҡ鹵ҧ ͹ѵԡâբͧѰ ͧҡ㨷 16 (Louis XVI) йҧͧ (Marie Antoinette) ҪԹռ ЪҪǽʨ֧ѹ觪ҵҧѰ٭Ѻ ¤ءʵ ¡ԡԷͧ٧ ִԹͧʹѡ ͡СҴԷª ͹лС¹ŧûͧҸóѰ ѵҪԹն١ѺԹ㹢ҷȪҵ ж١ɴ¡µԹ㹻 2336 з㹻 2342 ¹ ⺹һ (Napolean I) ִӹҨ ûѵԨ֧֧شش Ҫǽʨ֧ѹ 14 áҤͧء "ѹҵԽ" "Bastille Day" ֧֡ѹ繨ش鹢ͧ¹ŧûͧҡкѵкͺЪҸԻ (ѹ 24 Զع¹ͧء "ѹҵ" ҵ 2481 㹻 2503 ɴ ѵ С¡ԡ¹ѹҵѹ 5 ѹҤ ǹѹ 24 Զع¹¹ "ѹ١觪ҵ" ͹ѹ١ѹҾѹ )

 

ЪҪǻʺء¤ءʵ
 

14 áҤ .. 2405
ѹԴ ʵҿ (Gustav Klimt) Եáѳҡü˭ Դͧ෹ (Baumgarten) ا¹ ¹ç¹ءŻ (School of Applied Art) ʶҺѹءŻѹ·شͧ ҹ繪ҧ¹ҾҼѧҤзӧҹŻҵʹ 㹪ǧҹ Ż (Art Nouveau ŻٻẺ˹觷ҹ͡Ẻʶһѵ¡ҼҹѺҹԵá Ѻ㹪ǧɷ 1890 ҧ 2433-2443) ѧ͡û 㹻 2440 ˹㹼͵繻иҹáͧ Wiener Sezession (Vienna Secession) ͧâͧŻԹ͹ʹͼŧҹŻ ǡ͡ҨҡͺླաҧҹŻẺ 觤ǺҤԷȡŻТͧ Ѻçѹ㨷ҧŻҨҡ ÷ (Albrecht Durer) Եêѹؤҧ ҹŻؤҧ Ҿҡ (Ukiyo-e) ŧҹͧⴴ蹴¡շͧлдѺдҴѹ ٻçз͹ҡѹз͹ѭѡɳҧ ҧ駡෾ԴҨҡ෾ҳ ŧҹͧѹѹ׹͹ҹ ὧԴлѪҷ֡ ŧҹͧʴ繶֧شҧŻлءҧ͡õ ѺҹԨԵŻŻԹҧʹФس㹵ǧҹ ŧҹժ§ The Young Girl, The Kiss, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I, Danae Judith and the Head of Holofernes ѧҡªԵѹ 6 Ҿѹ 2461 ŧҹͧҤҾ٧ԴѹѺҹŻзᾧشš Ҿ Adele Bloch-Bauer I ͧҤ٧֧ 137.6 ҹխѰ ᾧѹѺ 3 šͧҡҾ No. 5, 1948 ͧ ѹ ͤ (Jackson Pollock) Ҿ Woman III ͧ ٹԧ (Willem de Kooning)


 ʵҿ  Danae Adele Bloch-Bauer I


 ʵҿ  Danae Adele Bloch-Bauer I


 ʵҿ  Danae Adele Bloch-Bauer I


 ʵҿ  Danae Adele Bloch-Bauer I


14 áҤ .. 2440
ѹԴ . Ժʧ ¡Ѱդ 3 ͧ š յѧ Դ . ͧ ֡ҷç¹·ú ç¹ʹҸԡ ֡ҵͷç¹ʹҸԡ÷ú Ƚ ҡѺѺҪèзȾѹ պôѡҪԹ "ǧԺʧ" ˹ ɮ ӡѵ¹ŧûͧѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 աͧյ͹繾ѹ͡дç˹ͧѭҡ÷ú . Ҵç˹觹¡Ѱդ 3 ͧ ѹ 16 ѹҤ 2481 ¡ŧԢͧҼ᷹ɮ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 . ѴԹѺ­ СʧѺѹԵ ѧҡʧشŧ . ֧Դء㹰ҹҪҡʧеͧصԺҷҧͧ ҹѺ仾ӹѡҹ . ١ . ҹ ͹Ф׹ӹҨա㹻 3491 ͷá˹觷Ѱԭҹ繹¡Ѱ ǹҹͧ˹觹ҹ֧ 9 . ͧѲһԭͧѴѺҹл º ҵԹ ҷ 繪ҵ鹹ºɰԨẺ “· ԭ” С Ѱ ͻѵѲͧѧ ͧ Ե 觡 Թ ¹ͻ繻 դӢѭ "ͼ ҵԾ" Ҩ . ӡûѵѲ˭شͧ 觡ԴԾҡԨóҧҡ 㹢ǡѹաͺѧ÷ҹ¤ ʹشԴء Ѻ “šд١” 㹷ش ͡ɴ Ѫ Ѱѹ 16 ѹ¹ 2500 ҹ֧ͧ·ҧͧ价ȭ оӹѡ蹨ش¢ͧԵ ҹ֧ѭä ҹѡӺūҡ ҹاѹ 11 Զع¹ .. 2507 67



14 áҤ .. 2466
ѹԴ Ѳ ôš ѡ¹ǹ Ңͧҡ "þվ" ŻԹ觪ҵҢóŻШӻ 2534 繺صâͧعáԨѡáѺҧ (ǡҹ) Դا෾ ֡ҪѸ¨ҡç¹ອԵ ҡ¹Է¸ʵСͧ Ԫҡ Է¸ʵСͧ ǧ˹ѧ; 繹ѡǢͧ ˹ѧ;͡Ҫ ҡ鹡¹ͧ ¹Թͧ ҪԹպʹ ŧ Ե ѻ ͧͧѺҧҧҧ Ѳ ¹Ф ӨԹ·ͧͧ价ФǷ 觻ʺҧ٧ 㹻 2500 ѲӤŻԹ ԹҧʴȨչѰ . Ժʧ ԹҧѺ ɴ Ѫ ӡûѵӹҨ . Ѳ֧١Ѻѧ 4 ҧ͹¹ Ф÷ȹ ФԷ ҧͧ ;ɡѧӧҹҹ¹ʹ Ѳ繹ѡ¹ռŧҹҧͧʹ 40 շ ͧ ǹ Ф÷ȹ ФԷ Ҿ¹ ä ҡش͹ǹ 88 ͧ ŧҹӤѭ ǹ ͧ Һᴧ, ͨӨѹ, 鹺Թ֧, ҪԹպʹ ͧ ˹ͨѧը ҡҷ þվ, , ɳ, , óԵ, ѹ, ٸ ŧҹͧѲ繧ҹóҧäͷȹѹ֡駵ͪԵѧ 鹶֧ѭҷ١Ѻѧ੾ ҡѡɳТͧشóѹҡ 繷觢ͧѡ¹ء蹷ء 繻٪ºؤŤ˹觢ͧǧóӧҹǹ繼˹觷óհҹѹçõѡѧѨغѹ ѲѺԭŻʵɮպѳԵԵѡ ҡԷ¸ʵ ѺûСõԤسŻԹ觪ҵ (ҢóŻ) Шӻ 2534 ͡ҡѲѧ繼ǹӤѭ㹡á͵ ѡ¹ 5 Ҥ Ҥѡ¹觻 ´ç˹觹¡Ҥѡ¹觻 ѲªԵҡǴ 84 ҹѡ . Ҫ . ź ѹ 16 ¹ 2550 ѧҡҹԵͧҹ ѡͧШǧع ŻԹ觪ҵ ҢŻСʴ (ŧҡ-Ѻͧ) Шӻ 2534 ªԵѹ 14 Ҥ 2550

14 áҤ .. 2501
Դ ûѵѡ (Iraqi Revolution) ¾Ѻ (Abdul Karim Qassim) Ӥз÷ӡûѵѰŢͧ ѵ 俫 2 (Faisal II of Iraq) Ѻͧ ЪҭокǧҹǧêԵ ¹ŧûͧҡкͺóҭԷҪкҸóѰ ҡ鹨֧駵繻иҹҸԺդá ͧẺ稡÷ ҫѴ ૹ (Saddam Hussein) ѺäǡҧἹѧ稵ͧ˹Ի ѧҡͧ 5 ¾š١ִӹҨж١ѧѹ 8 Ҿѹ 2506 ¾Ѻ ÿ (Abdul Salam Arif) ѧҡ¾ÿªԵغѵ˵㹻 2509 ͧ¢ͧҤ ¾ Ѻ ҹ ÿ (Abdul Rahman Arif) 鹤ͧӹҨ ͹ж١ ¾ ʫҹҤ (Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr) Ѱա㹻 2511 Ѵ ૹ (Suddam Hussein) ʹ ҡ鹫ѴѴ駡ͧѧѺ ͡Ҵҧ繻ԻѡѰ 繼çӹҨشѡ ѧҡӹҨͧѧ¾ź 11 Ѵ繼ӻȵ 2522 繵 ҷӡûҺµçҧعç繨ӹǹҡ ҵѴԹ㨷ʧѺҹ㹪ǧ 2523-2531 һ 2533 ءִǵ ҹ¡ʧ㹷ش 㹷شѰԡоѹԵѧúءѡ㹻 2546 öѺѴѹ 13 ѹҤ 2546 (Ѵ١žԾҡŧɻêԵ¡ǹѹ 30 ѹҤ 2549) աͺӹҨ͸Ի¤׹ѰŪǤǢͧѡѹ 28 Զع¹ 2547 ҡաҧѰ٭ ѹ 22 ԧҤ 2548 иҹҸԺդѨغѹ Һҹ (Jalal Talabani) ç˹ѹ 6 ¹ 2548 ѰŻѨغѹѧʶҾ ѧջѭҡѺµҧ աͺҧԴءѹ
 


14 áҤ .. 2466
ѹԴ Ѳ ôš ѡ¹ǹ Ңͧҡ "þվ" ŻԹ觪ҵҢóŻШӻ 2534 繺صâͧعáԨѡáѺҧ (ǡҹ) Դا෾ ֡ҪѸ¨ҡç¹ອԵ ҡ¹Է¸ʵСͧ Ԫҡ Է¸ʵСͧ ǧ˹ѧ; 繹ѡǢͧ ˹ѧ;͡Ҫ ҡ鹡¹ͧ ¹Թͧ ҪԹպʹ ŧ Ե ѻ ͧͧѺҧҧҧ Ѳ ¹Ф ӨԹ·ͧͧ价ФǷ 觻ʺҧ٧ 㹻 2500 ѲӤŻԹ ԹҧʴȨչѰ . Ժʧ ԹҧѺ ɴ Ѫ ӡûѵӹҨ . Ѳ֧١Ѻѧ 4 ҧ͹¹ Ф÷ȹ ФԷ ҧͧ ;ɡѧӧҹҹ¹ʹ Ѳ繹ѡ¹ռŧҹҧͧʹ 40 շ ͧ ǹ Ф÷ȹ ФԷ Ҿ¹ ä ҡش͹ǹ 88 ͧ ŧҹӤѭ ǹ ͧ Һᴧ, ͨӨѹ, 鹺Թ֧, ҪԹպʹ ͧ ˹ͨѧը ҡҷ þվ, , ɳ, , óԵ, ѹ, ٸ ŧҹͧѲ繧ҹóҧäͷȹѹ֡駵ͪԵѧ 鹶֧ѭҷ١Ѻѧ੾ ҡѡɳТͧشóѹҡ 繷觢ͧѡ¹ء蹷ء 繻٪ºؤŤ˹觢ͧǧóӧҹǹ繼˹觷óհҹѹçõѡѧѨغѹ ѲѺԭŻʵɮպѳԵԵѡ ҡԷ¸ʵ ѺûСõԤسŻԹ觪ҵ (ҢóŻ) Шӻ 2534 ͡ҡѲѧ繼ǹӤѭ㹡á͵ ѡ¹ 5 Ҥ Ҥѡ¹觻 ´ç˹觹¡Ҥѡ¹觻 ѲªԵҡǴ 84 ҹѡ . Ҫ . ź ѹ 16 ¹ 2550 ѧҡҹԵͧҹ ѡͧШǧع ŻԹ觪ҵ ҢŻСʴ (ŧҡ-Ѻͧ) Шӻ 2534 ªԵѹ 14 Ҥ 2550

14 áҤ .. 2501
Դ ûѵѡ (Iraqi Revolution) ¾Ѻ (Abdul Karim Qassim) Ӥз÷ӡûѵѰŢͧ ѵ 俫 2 (Faisal II of Iraq) Ѻͧ ЪҭокǧҹǧêԵ ¹ŧûͧҡкͺóҭԷҪкҸóѰ ҡ鹨֧駵繻иҹҸԺդá ͧẺ稡÷ ҫѴ ૹ (Saddam Hussein) ѺäǡҧἹѧ稵ͧ˹Ի ѧҡͧ 5 ¾š١ִӹҨж١ѧѹ 8 Ҿѹ 2506 ¾Ѻ ÿ (Abdul Salam Arif) ѧҡ¾ÿªԵغѵ˵㹻 2509 ͧ¢ͧҤ ¾ Ѻ ҹ ÿ (Abdul Rahman Arif) 鹤ͧӹҨ ͹ж١ ¾ ʫҹҤ (Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr) Ѱա㹻 2511 Ѵ ૹ (Suddam Hussein) ʹ ҡ鹫ѴѴ駡ͧѧѺ ͡Ҵҧ繻ԻѡѰ 繼çӹҨشѡ ѧҡӹҨͧѧ¾ź 11 Ѵ繼ӻȵ 2522 繵 ҷӡûҺµçҧعç繨ӹǹҡ ҵѴԹ㨷ʧѺҹ㹪ǧ 2523-2531 һ 2533 ءִǵ ҹ¡ʧ㹷ش 㹷شѰԡоѹԵѧúءѡ㹻 2546 öѺѴѹ 13 ѹҤ 2546 (Ѵ١žԾҡŧɻêԵ¡ǹѹ 30 ѹҤ 2549) աͺӹҨ͸Ի¤׹ѰŪǤǢͧѡѹ 28 Զع¹ 2547 ҡաҧѰ٭ ѹ 22 ԧҤ 2548 иҹҸԺդѨغѹ Һҹ (Jalal Talabani) ç˹ѹ 6 ¹ 2548 ѰŻѨغѹѧʶҾ ѧջѭҡѺµҧ աͺҧԴءѹ
 
¾Ѻ
 Ѳ ôš Һᴧ
  . Ժʧ

˹ 15

15 áҤ .. 2457
ѹҪ ǧ ͧҾþҳപ ͷ褹šѡѹ㹹 ". " Ҫҹѡö§ ѧի 3 ի͹ҧ 2479-2481 ç繾㹨 ҿҳѧҧǧ ҳؾѹǧപ Ѻ §ط ٵ ѧþ ѧҡôҡ֧;ͧ Ъѹ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ѡ繾ɰ çѺ㹤ػҧԴ ç֡ҷç¹෾Թ з觾Ъѹ 13 ç֡ҵͷç¹յѹ ѧ ͧçѺ ǧ ͧҨŨѡþ ЭҵԷվЪѹҶ֧紻 պҷҧ٧㹡á繹ѡöͧͧ ҵ ҧ֡ кԴҢͧͧʴ稷ǧ㹻 2472 այҡԴ¹ŧûͧ óҭԷҪ ͧҨ ֧çѺػо᷹ͧ ͧ ç繹ѡ ͺҪ ç蹡ء շѧçդöҧŻд ش鹢ͧѡö ͧçѺö¹ҾͧҨ ʴѧҧ çѺö¹ͧǴлʹ ;ЪѹҤú 19 ͧ ֧çöʻ (MG) зҹ繢ͧѭ ͧ оͧ çôö 㹪ǧĴ١öû ͧͧѡ͡仪 ੾оͧ ѡлͧ ҡ͡ŧʹ觢ѹ 㹷ش͵Ĵ١ö͹չҤ 2477 ͧ ѴԹ㨵駤͡ö "˹٢" (White Mouse Racing) й "˹" ͧͧ ǹö "" (Riley Imp) ö տ 觾ͧ ŧʹ㹹 ". " (B.Bira) çöáʹ觺Ź ҡҹѡ˹鹪ѹѺ 8 ö öҨºѺö觨ԧ Ф駨֧ѹѺ仡ҷ 5 ͧͧ͢繷Ǣѭ˹˹ѧ;©Ѻй ;ЪѹҤú 21 ͧ ç觫öѧ "" (ERA) Ҵ 1,500 ի. ö觢Ҵ ֧ 130 /. зҹͧ ç駪 "" (Romulus) ҡѹ 20 áҤ 2478 ". " öѹ觷ҹ鹪ѹѺ 2 㹡觢ѹͧͻ ҧ֧褹ͺʹ ҡ鹡ѹѺ 2 㹡觢ѹا ԵŹա 㹻 2479 ͧ ö͢Ҵǡѹաѹͧ "" (Remus) ѹ 11 ¹ 2479 ". " ѡѤ Ѻè֡ŧ㹻ѵʵöš Ѻç⺡кѴ躹ʹ 㹰ҹФФ¤áöҪª㹡觢ѹöҹҪҵ¡ Circut de Monaco (MC)  㹻 2479 ç觢ѹ纤ṹ٧شеԴ͡ѹ֧ 2481 ի͹ ҧ "ʵεԡ" "ҷͧի͹" Ѻ繤áѧ ѧӤṹ٧شͺ 10 ռ . դöѺö㹷ҧ ҡ繷ҧçöѹͧçҨ᫧ҹ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ͧ оͧ Ѥ "" ˹ҷѡҴԹᴹͧѧ ͧ ç͡繹ѡԹ ѧҡʧʧ ç繹ѡԹͧѷԹҡ ҹ ԭҳѡö¡ͧѺûա 㹻 2497 çö "õ" (Maserati) 鹪ѹѺ 4 ¡áѧիȽ (1954 French Grand Prix) Ĵ١觢ѹش ͧѹѧҪվѡöվЪѹ 40 Ѻͧҵ駺ѷö¹µ (Fiat) ʺ 㹻 2511 駺ѷ Ҵع 㹺鹻ªԵҹѹԵѹ ѡТѺö仵 ֡ҪԵͧǹҪ ҡç͵ŹԸ "ҳѧ" ¡дѺͧǹҪҡբ 13 աѧͧҡԴѴͧԹع ҹ֧ѴԹԹҧѧ͵ԴԹعʹѺʹعŹԸ 㹤׹ѹʵ ѹ 24 ѹҤ 2528 ҹ鹪ԵҧǴ·ҹöԹ㹡ا͹͹ ä 71 ԴҡԵҪ¼¡ش٧ش㹰ҹʹѡöдѺš Եǡ»Իҡͤͨҡ ѧоҡѹŧҹ ҡѧѹӵԸҹЪѧҧԧѧ Ǻش

 

ͧҾþҳപ.СѺ
 

15 áҤ .. 2149
ѹԴ ѹ ҹ ù (Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn) ˹ŻԹͧ͡šǴѷ Դ "ؤͧͧŻдѷ" (Dutch Golden Age ҧ 2127-2245) ͧഹ Ź ١ͧҢͧç ç¹еԹ¹Է·ҹԴ ǡѹʹ㨡ҴҾеѴԹҨԧҨѧҧ ҡ ٹҧŻŹ ¹ѺŻԹժ¤ ҽ֡ͨԴʵٴѺ¹Ҿ͹ ʺ㹰ҹШԵá ռҨҧҴҾӹǹҡ зöͤʹҤᾧԺ öԹ 仡ѺͧӾǡظ ͧ ͼ ТͧдѺҳ ֧١պ繺ؤ ͧҺҹѧ ١ªԵ ѹ 50 ա繺ؤ ͺҾ¹ͧҡѺǹҧ ѹŻԹǢ ʹ㨸ԺѵԢͧѧ ᷹ҴҾҴͧ㹵ӹҹҳ ؤ㹻ѵʵ ҾʹҷçҨҡ ҧ ҡѺˡ ҴҾعѢѧ ׹ ѴͧСͺҾẺ Ѵҷͧͨк觺͡ ˹ҢͧФʴҧѹ ͧСͺš عѢ ͷҹ Ҿ ѴǷѺʹ º ѧ㹼ŧҹͧ͡Ҥ "The Night Watch" "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp" Ҿ͹ͧ (Self Portrait) Ҵ繾ǡ ٻªǹ ǵὧ ѹѺԷԾͧèѴʧҨҡ Ҩ (Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio) ŻԹԵ¹ ءʧ͡ѡɳӤѭẺͧͧ Ѻ¡ͧŻԹѨҾ㹡èѴͧСͺҾҧվѧ Ѵʧҧչ˹ѡԵ աѧ繨Եá÷դö㹡ҴҾ͹ ͡ҡ繨Ե͡ ѹѧŻԹҾѴô (Etching) ˭ش㹻ѵʵŻТͧû ѹªԵѹ 4 Ҥ 2212 63 ôҧŻӹǹҡ ҾԵáչѹͺ 800 Ҿ Ҿҳ 500 Ҿ Ҵ鹻ҳ 100 Ҿ
 

Ҿ͹ͧͧѹ The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes TulpҾõ˹ (Portrait of a young Jew)



15 áҤ .. 2427
ѹԴ ⹻óԵԸҴ ¡Ѱդáͧ ͹ صԧ 繺صͧǴ Ѻҧ صԧ Դا෾ ¹Ѹç¹ѭԷ 繡зǧصԸ(๵ԺѳԵ) ֡ҵͷ¹Դ (๵ԺѳԵ) ѧ ѧҡûѵѹ 24 Զع¹ 2475 ɮ觵駾⹻óԵԸҴ иҹСɮ 繵˹٧ش㹡ú ºҡѺ˹觹¡Ѱ㹻Ѩغѹ Ҵçѹ 28 Զع¹ 2475 Ѻʹª Сɮ Ѱ شáͧ ѧҡûЪҼ᷹ɮäá з͹ѹҤ ѹ 10 ѹҤ ǡѹ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 ҪҹѰ٭Ѻ ֧¹ҡ "иҹСɮ" "¡Ѱ" ѹ 1 ¹ 2476 ҹ⹻ó ҺѧѪŷ 7 çСȾҪɮաһԴЪҼ᷹ɮ Ѱ٭ҧҵ ˵ؼҤѰդᵡ¡ 㹡ó “çɰԨ觪ҵ" ҧ »մ § ѡɳˡóٻẺ Է㹷ѾԹͧ ͡ ѰͷԹҡҢͧ¾ѷѵ մ͡»Шӻ ûСѹɮõԴ ⹻ó Тعҧҧǹͧ¹ŧçҧɰԨ ҹ»մ繤ǹʵ ͡ѹ 12 ¹ 2476 ѴҧѰաѺɮعçҡ 㹷ش Ҿžžʹ ǧԺʧ ( . Ժʧ) Ѱѹ 20 Զع¹ 2476 (Ѱäáͧ) Ŵ⹻ó ͡ҡ˹ѧչѧ ӹѡ蹨֧͹Ԩѹ 1 Ҥ 2491

 

 ⹻óԵԸҴ

˹ 16

16 áҤ .. 2488
Ѱԡ ͧԴҳ (Atomic Bomb) 繤áš 㹪 "ἹԺѵԡ÷ԹԵ" (Trinity Test) dzŷͧҡ (Alamogordo) Ѱ硫 ÷ͧԴҳ٤駹ǹ˹觢ͧ "çѵѹ" (Manhattan Project) 繪ʢͧçѺͧѰ 㹡þѲظͧѰԡ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ѺͨҡҪҳҨѡ᤹Ҵ çùѺԴͺ¹ѡԡ ͻྐྵ (J. Robert Oppenheimer) ѧҡʺ㹡÷ͧԴ١á Դաͧ١١ "Եź" (Little Boy) "῵" (Fat Man) ١件ͧêйҧҫҡ ȭѹ 6 9 ԧҤǡѹ çѵѹԴҡҴǡþѲظͧҫѹ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 Ԩ㹻 2482 ͧçҹйѡԨ¡ 130,000 駺ҳ 2 ѹҹ­Ѱ ¹ Դͧ١ªԵ仡 880,000 㹷ѹ ʧش ҳժǭªԵҡ 2 ҹ ѧѺҴ纨ҡѺѹҾѧ 繺һ˭㨢ͧ駽ªн·ʧҨءѹ
 

 ͧԴҳ١á

 
16 áҤ .. 2415
ѹԴ Ŵ عૹ (Roald Amundsen) ѡǨǹ¹ ؤáöԪԵ š (South Pole) Դͧ (Borge) ʵŴ (Ostfold) ȹ ԴҢͧ繡ѻѹҢͧ 㹵͹áͺǢͧҾմѹҧҡСѹҴշҧ ѧҡôªԵ͹ 21 عૹӵѹ͡ԹҧǨԻ ͡Ǩ СչŹ (Greenland) 㹻 2431 ҧ 2440-2442 ҡѺѡǨѹǨ ջ͹줵ԡ (Antarctica) 繤á ʺ այҡѺ١ա褹Թҧҡط͵ŹԡѧطừԿԡ ҧ觷ŷҧҤ˹᤹ͧ͢Ҵ ͵鹷ҧ¡ "ʵ ʨ" (Northwest Passage) ҧ¹Ըաôçվࢵҡ˹СعѢҡ͹ ҡʡ "ԡ Թµ" (Netsilik Inuit) ͹áҵ㨹Ǩš˹ (North Pole) Թ ôԤ (Frederick Albert Cook) (Robert Edwin Peary) 鹾º㹻 2452 Ҩ֧¹ἹǨš᷹ 件֧ "" (Bay of Whales) ѹ 14 Ҥ 2454 駤¨ѴС͹͡ԹҧҢšѹ 8 ѹ¹ سŴӵԴź 51 ͧ վж˹ѡ 餳еͧѺ͡ ͡Թҧաѹ 19 Ҥǡѹ ͹ 4 ǡѺعѢ 52 عૹա 4 عѢѹչŹ ʡ (Greenland husky) 16 件֧šѹ 14 ѹҤ 2454 ͡Ǩ "" (Norge Airship) 件֧š˹ѹ 12 Ҥ 2469 á ǹعૹ줹áԪԵš˹ աͧյ ҡµҧͧ ҧ仪ͤйѡǨлʺغѵ˵غdzš˹ ѹ 18 Զع¹ 2471 ѧҡ鹷ҡ͡Ǩ辺Ⱦ֧ѹ ͡ѹͧԹͧعૹҨлʺغѵ˵ͧҡ͡ŧѴ
 
 Ŵ عૹ

16 áҤ .. 2512
ͧùҫ (NAZA) ͧѰԡ ҹǡ ; 11 (Apollo XI) 鹺ҡȷҹԧǨ๴ ѰԴ ¨Ǵ᫷ 5 (Saturn V) ; 11 件֧ŧʹǴǧѹ繤á㹻ѵʵ ŧʹdz "觤ºʧ” (Mare Tranquilitatis) ѹ 20 áҤ 2512 ١ͧ͢ ; 11 Сͺ ʵͧ (Neil Alden Armstrong) ѧѺ, ʹԹ ŴԹ (Adwin Aldrin) Թ (Michael Collins) ʵͧ줹áŧһзѺҺǧѹ ҴŴԹ ͧԴͧѴ蹴Թ ШͧѴ "" 纵ҧԹ-Թ 20.8 š ӡѺš 躹ǧѹ 21 36 ҷ ҹѺ͡ԹҧѺ֧š 195 18 ҷ 35 Թҷ Ѻ֧šѹ 24 áҤ 2512 ҹǡ; 11 ǹ˹觢ͧ "ç;” (Apollo Project) ԴҡöҢͧиҹҸԺ Ϳ. ๴ (John F. Kenedy) ͧèѧǧѹ СѺѧšҧʹ »ѧҡçù騺ŧ ռ餹͡駡ºǧѹ駹ͧʵͧͧˡ ¡ҹҫ»ʺ㹡ºǧѹ Ҿ繹鹶·ӢʵٴͶҾ¹ ˵ؼ ҾѴդسҾԹҨж㹺ҡȢʹǧѹ ҵѰ ⺡кѴ 躹ǧѹ ҢͧǡҨ蹪ѴҴ ҫйѡԷʵҧ͡׹ѹա͸Ժ ǧѹպҡȤ¡ͧʧ ᴴ֧ҡҷءš ѧѺͧѺʧҡ ФǪѵ٧ҡ Ҩ֧繿״ҾҡǧѹءҾ Ҹѡ躹ǧѹѺǹ йҫҷҺҶ ῺԴ ·ǹ 鹡Ҽ׹硹 蹹Դ˹ ͹ѧ⺡кѴ лͧ ҡȺǧѹʹԷ 蹺ǧѹѺºš͹ѹ 蹴ǧѹԴҡ͡ǧѹ١ءҺҵ˭¾觪Ѻǹ 紽´ԺҺٻç 紽蹶١º ˹ҢͧѹҹǵԴѹ ҧ ֧ٻ

 

ҡ仢 – ʵͧ, Թ ŴԹ   ʵͧ 줹áºǧѹ

˹ 17

17 áҤ .. 2537
ҧ - 9 (Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 : SL9) 觻Сͺ´ҧӹǹ 21 ͹ѹ͹ǹö Ҫ Ǿʺ (jupiter) ¤ǡ 60 õԹҷ ԴԴºҡѺԴ繷 6 ҹѹ ºԴҳٷê 100 ҹ١ çԴաШ件֧ 8,000 Դ蹴ҧ٧˹㹪鹺ҡ¹֧ 3,000 ҡ 駹ҧ- 9 ١鹾ͤ׹ѹ 24 չҤ 2536 ٨չ (Eugene M. Shoemaker) Դ (David Levy) ͧѡʵԡѹ 9 繴ҧǧ⤨ ⤨ͺǾʺ ᵡ͡繪 ӹǹ 21 Ъ鹼ٹҧҳ 3-4 ԷԾç֧ٴͧǾʺͻ 2535 з觶١ӹdzǧ˹ҡһ ҨЪǾʺҧѹ 16-22 áҤ 2537 ѡʵŪ֧ҡ㹡ѧࡵóлЪѹ ҡͧٴǺšöѹ֡ҾЪ·ѹ ͧ÷ȹǡѺ (hubble space telescope) ͹ͺš ҾѭҳŧѧʶҹѺҤ鹴Թ ͧ¢ͧêҡѴਹҾ 觡ͧѺźѹ֡ѧҡҧ١á 90 ҷ ҵԴ鹴价š Ѻ繤稢ͧѡԷʵӹdzҧ⤨âͧҧҧ ʹյǾʺչҨ¶١ҧдª繨ӹǹҡ ѧµǨФӹdzҧ蹤駹 þ觪Ǿʺբͧҧ- 9 ֧Դ鹤˹¾ѹآ¢ͧöѧࡵ

 

ҧ - 9 ҪǾʺ dzմ 4 觴ҹҧͧҾ ͧ´Ǿʺշ١ҧ ¡ͧ÷ȹǡѺ


17 áҤ .. 2461
ҫ ʷ 2 (Tsar Nicholas II) ѵͧش¢ͧ ١ŧЪҪǧա¾ͧ䫺 ·äлѵԢͧ졫عç ԡ (Bolsheviks) 觹 ŹԹ (Vladimir Lenin) ҫ ʷ 2 ç繾ʢͧ ҫ 硫ҹ 3 ҪǧҹͿ (Romanov Dynasty) й ҹʷ 2 (Nicholas II) 鹤ͧҪѹ 1 Ȩԡ¹ 2437 ѺʶһҢ繾ҫѹ 26 Ҥ 2439 ͧç繨ѡþôԷ͹ öѴáѺʶҹóͧȷѧ蹻ǹ ѧҡͭ ʧ- (Russo–Japanese War) ҧ 2447-2448 ҡ㹪ǧ ʧš駷 1 (.. 2457-2461) çʧͧѺա 觼ЪҪ㹾ͧФѰҡ ͡ҡѧç ʻٵԹ (Gregori Rasputin) й͡յ֡ѺԷԾҪӹѡ СͺѺԴԹ ɰԨҡ ҴŹ ЪҪʹҡ Դӷҧѧ٧ 觼ЪҪ㨨֧ءԹǺ͵ҹкѧѺͧҪѵѹ 15 չҤ 2460 ¡˵ءó㹤駹 "ûѵ͹Ҿѹ” (February Revolution--йѺԷԹẺ) ҡ鹶١仡ѡѧж١ŧЪҪǧ

 
ҫ ʷ 2

17 áҤ .. 2498
ǹʹء "ʹŹ" (Disneyland) Թᴹ觤آ ʹء Όҫ ášԴԡͺŪ ͹Դԧѹ ǹʹءʹŹͧ͹ (Anaheim) ѰԿ ԴҡԴͧŵ ʹ (Walt Disney) ѹ˹觷١ԹǹҸó ҤԴҡʶҹѡ˹觷˭Ѻ öʹءѹ ǹʹء觹֧١͡ẺѺءȷء 觾鹷͡ 4 ǹ Main Street USA , Adventureland, Frontierland, Fantasyland Tomorrowland 駹ӵǡٹҧ ͧʹҨѴ͡⫹ 餹ҧдǡ 㹻 2541 ǹʹء觹¹ "ʹŹ ” (Disneyland Park) Ѩغѹ ʹŹҢͧкçҹ The Walt Disney Company չѡͧҡ 515 ҹͻ ҵ 1 ѹѺ˭褹 63 ­Ѱ ( 2549) ͡ҡѧǹʹءʶҹҡҡʹʹա 5 觷š "ŵ ʹ Ŵ ” (Walt Disney World Resort) ͧҹ Ѱô Ѱ ҧ㹻 2514 " ʹ ” (Tokyo Disney Resort) ȭ Դԡ㹻 2525 "ʹŹ ” (Disneyland Resort Paris) Ƚ "ͧ ʹŹ ” (Hong Kong Disneyland Resort) Դԡ㹻 2548

 
ʹŹ


17 áҤ .. 2502
   "Ŵ " (Billie Holiday or Lady Day) ѡͧ繵ӹҹ˹šͧ ªԵ Ŵ Դͧ Ѱԡѹ 7 ¹ 2458 Ź (Eleanora Harris) Եͧѹ ѺѺ͹Ѻ˹㹵ӹҹТͧ ԺҷҧѵѴѴʹ ͧѧ ͷ駤ͺ仵ѧ ͹ 11 Ͷ١׹ ҡ鹪Ե蹢ͧ͡״㹫ͧ ѧҡѧ§ͧ ʫ Է (Bessie Smith) ʵͧ (Louis Armstrong) ͧçѹͤ鹾äҡ§ͧͧ ѹ˹͹ ١ѺҤ͹ ѧ鹤Դ ͨѺѺѡ⿹Ǻҹ ǹͧŧ ¹йӹʡž " " ⴴ㹹§ͧҧзѺѺ ͹ (John Hammond) ôʹѧ˹ ءҧǢ鹹Ѻ׹ ˹㹹ѡͧ褹׹͵ҹصԸ ʴ͡¹§Ժ ·ʹ ǡѺԴѧФѡѹ ͡ŧҹѺŻԹ͡ªش ŧҧ͡׹˹šͧꫤ Strange Fruit Ź (Lewis Allan) ¹鹨ҡ͹ʶҹó´ҧعçѧԡѹ ѧԴʾԴªԵ㹷ش 繵ӹҹѧ ˹㹹ѡͧ褹դ “ŻԹ” 㹡 “§” ҧԧ

 
 Ŵ

17 áҤ .. 2510
ù (John William Coltrane) ѡ⿹ʼ˭ԡѹ ªԵ ùԴѹ 23 ѹ¹ 2469 ͧ Ѱ Ź ·ѧա¡ռǡѹҧعç ùԺҴ¡ͺ§Ẻ鹡ҧҧ ¹ʹҼҹͧŧǴʶ ͧͧ͢ª ù-ŵ (E-Flat Horn) ¹繤ǧШç¹ʤ ¹鹴ԧ (Swing) кẹ (Big Band) ѧ觺ҹԡ ùӤѡʼҹҧԷ ÷ȹ Ҿ¹ еŧҧ ѹʹ㨴ҧԧѧ ҧ¹ʤŻشҡ¹-⿹ çѹ㨨ҡ ѧ (Lester Young) 칹 ʹ (Johnny Hodges) ͧѡռҧǵ⿹ⴴǷ 㹻 2486 ҡͧ Ѱྐྵ ¹ з觶١¡Ѻҵ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 Шӵ˹觹ѡ觡ͧѾͷҧ 2488-2489 ѧҡʧ¹-⿹ 觵ǹ˹觢ͧҵҺش¢ͧԵ ѧʧ͡ҷӧҹҧ 蹴仴 ǧͧ 紴 “չδ” Թѹ (Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson) ҡ鹡蹡Ѻǧẹͧ ԫ ʻ (Dizzy Gillespie) ʾѲҶ֧ؤ "պ;" (Bebop) Ǣǹ繹ѡ- Ǣҧ (Charlie Parker) ǧͧʻը֧ͧͧǧҴ㹻 2494 㹪ǧùչ (ԡ㹻 2500) ѧҡ͡ҵǧѺ յ (Jimmy Heath) ͧǴ촹 Ѵ§źáͧͧ Blue Train 㹻 2500 Դ (Miles David) 繽֧ͨѡǹǧԹ (Quintet--ǧҪ) 㹻 2501 㹪ǧùҡŧҹʹªش㹹ͧǧ " Դ Թ" (Miles David Quintet) ੾ 'Round About Midnight Kind of Blue ԹԶ (Modal Jazz) ԶշҧõҴ ùǷҧ 㹻 2503 ҡ͡ҿǧ (Quatet—ǧ) ͧͧ Ѻ (McCoy Tyner) , Թ ⨹ (Elvin Jones) ͧ ѹ (Jimmy Garrison) ѧ Ԥ ſ (Eric Dolphy) - (Pharoah Sanders) ᷹ ͡ŧҹдѺԤª My Favorite Things, Impression Giant Steps ѧѹ˹ʹ ÷Ҹ ⿹繾˹Եԭҳ źеʹŤ A Love Supreme ͹ѹҤ 2507 ѧҡù觢 "ǵ" Զտ (Free Jazz) ͡ź˹͡աª ҷ Transition, Sun Ship, Ascension, Meditations źش¤ Interstellar Space ͹ªԵä秵Ѻ§ 40 ùѺ˹㹹ѡǡ˹ (Avant-garde Jazz) ҡҧԶ觿费 йѺ繹ѡ⿹ԷԾҧҡǧô дᢹ Һءѹ

17 áҤ .. 2510
ù (John William Coltrane) ѡ⿹ʼ˭ԡѹ ªԵ ùԴѹ 23 ѹ¹ 2469 ͧ Ѱ Ź ·ѧա¡ռǡѹҧعç ùԺҴ¡ͺ§Ẻ鹡ҧҧ ¹ʹҼҹͧŧǴʶ ͧͧ͢ª ù-ŵ (E-Flat Horn) ¹繤ǧШç¹ʤ ¹鹴ԧ (Swing) кẹ (Big Band) ѧ觺ҹԡ ùӤѡʼҹҧԷ ÷ȹ Ҿ¹ еŧҧ ѹʹ㨴ҧԧѧ ҧ¹ʤŻشҡ¹-⿹ çѹ㨨ҡ ѧ (Lester Young) 칹 ʹ (Johnny Hodges) ͧѡռҧǵ⿹ⴴǷ 㹻 2486 ҡͧ Ѱྐྵ ¹ з觶١¡Ѻҵ㹪ǧʧš駷 2 Шӵ˹觹ѡ觡ͧѾͷҧ 2488-2489 ѧҡʧ¹-⿹ 觵ǹ˹觢ͧҵҺش¢ͧԵ ѧʧ͡ҷӧҹҧ 蹴仴 ǧͧ 紴 “չδ” Թѹ (Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson) ҡ鹡蹡Ѻǧẹͧ ԫ ʻ (Dizzy Gillespie) ʾѲҶ֧ؤ "պ;" (Bebop) Ǣǹ繹ѡ- Ǣҧ (Charlie Parker) ǧͧʻը֧ͧͧǧҴ㹻 2494 㹪ǧùչ (ԡ㹻 2500) ѧҡ͡ҵǧѺ յ (Jimmy Heath) ͧǴ촹 Ѵ§źáͧͧ Blue Train 㹻 2500 Դ (Miles David) 繽֧ͨѡǹǧԹ (Quintet--ǧҪ) 㹻 2501 㹪ǧùҡŧҹʹªش㹹ͧǧ " Դ Թ" (Miles David Quintet) ੾ 'Round About Midnight Kind of Blue ԹԶ (Modal Jazz) ԶշҧõҴ ùǷҧ 㹻 2503 ҡ͡ҿǧ (Quatet—ǧ) ͧͧ Ѻ (McCoy Tyner) , Թ ⨹ (Elvin Jones) ͧ ѹ (Jimmy Garrison) ѧ Ԥ ſ (Eric Dolphy) - (Pharoah Sanders) ᷹ ͡ŧҹдѺԤª My Favorite Things, Impression Giant Steps ѧѹ˹ʹ ÷Ҹ ⿹繾˹Եԭҳ źеʹŤ A Love Supreme ͹ѹҤ 2507 ѧҡù觢 "ǵ" Զտ (Free Jazz) ͡ź˹͡աª ҷ Transition, Sun Ship, Ascension, Meditations źش¤ Interstellar Space ͹ªԵä秵Ѻ§ 40 ùѺ˹㹹ѡǡ˹ (Avant-garde Jazz) ҡҧԶ觿费 йѺ繹ѡ⿹ԷԾҧҡǧô дᢹ Һءѹ
 Blue TrainA Love SupremeInterstellar Space

˹ 18

18 áҤ .. 2347
ѹԴ ͺѴ (Dr. Dan Beach Bradley, M.D.) Ԫѹժԡѹդسٻҧ˭ǧ蹴Թ Դͧ Ѱ Ѱԡ ¹Ԫᾷ College of Physicians 㹹 ѤҡѺ A.B.C.F.M. (American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions) ҡ觧ҹѺ « (Emilie Royce) ҹѺͺСԨԹҧʹҷͧ ҹҾѺԡѹ Թҧ (Cashmere) ͡ҡͧʵѹѹ 2 áҤ 2377 Ҷ֧ͧѹ 18 áҤ 2378 ѹԴúͺ 31 վʹ ҧҧҹ͵Ǿ蹾ҡԧԴҴ ͹Դçdz͡Ѻѹت ҹԭا Դ觾á ˹ѧͺѭѵԺС (The Commandments) кҪͧ СٺФҽ ԷԹ 繤á ˹ѧ ѡ ͡˹ѧ;͹Ѻá ҧ͡դ (Bangkok Recorder) ԢԷ ͹͹ ͧ (... е ҧ ظ) 㹻 2404 ͡ҡѧԹþ㺻 ԷԹ ˹ѧó͡Ҩӹǹҡ ͡ҡ鹷ҹѧդسٻôҹ "ᾷἹ” üҵѴ á ѡ ä͡Ш ١ջͧѹþ Դ ҹ ѺͺѴҧҡҹҹآ͹ ѧҡҶ֧ͻ 2388 ҹѺԡ觧ҹѺ š (Sarah Blachley) Ѻա㹻 2394 ѧҹ͡ҡԡѹ Ѻ A.M.A. (American Missionary Association) ͧҡͧùհҹзҧԹ ͺѴ֧ͧ§վ¡ԨçҨз觶֧ä䷿´ѹ 23 Զع¹ 2416 Ѫŷ 5 觾ͧҪҹҪѾ §ҹѧȾзȾͧͺѴҹᵹ㹡ا෾ ʹ 38 շͧ ͺѴӧҹҧ Ԫѹ ᾷ Ңͧç ֡Ѱ ͡ѤҪٵѰ ҧ繷ҧ áԨͧҹ͡ʹ 觶դ¹仹Ѻͤʵʹ§ 10 ҹ ҹѺҧسٻѹ˭ǧ ੾дҹᾷСþ Ѻ¡ͧ
"Դ觡þ"
 

 ͺѴ

18 áҤ .. 2441
(Marie Curie) (Pierre Curie) չѡԡŹ СȡäҵءѹѧժԴ µ駪 (Polonium – Po Ţе 84) õҹԴͧ͹ͧ駤 ͻŹ (Poland) ·ͧӡ÷ͧҤ ͧ线׹ͧҤԪҿԡ Է«͹ ͹˹ѧ ҡա 6 ͹ ǡҡ鹾ҵ (Radium) áѹѧ蹡ѹ Ѻ繸ҵҡԴ˹ ҳ硹㹸ҵ ǹ˭оԹ ѡɳ繢ͧԹ ըش 254 ͧ Шشʹ 962 ͧ 㹡ôͨҧ (dilute acids) ·Դ鹨 ҵöѧſ㹻ҳҡҸҵ֧ 5,000 ҡҧ¨ѹҡ乴 250 ҹ
 

18 áҤ .. 2461
ѹԴ ѹ (Nelson Mandela) ѡԷФҤͧ лиҹҸԺդáͧͿԡ ҢͧҧҢѹҾШӻ 2536 Դͧҷ (Mthatha) ١¢ͧ˹ (Thempu) ªԵ͹§ 9 Ǻ ͡Ѻ֡Ҵա硼ǴӤ ¹·ԷԷù (University of the Wi*****ersrand) ҧԨҧͧѺä繫 (African National Congress : ANC) äͧ ǹäѰŤ;ä繾 (Nationalist Party : NP) 繾äҨѴͧǢ ͿԡѺ͡Ҫҡѧɵ 2453 ¹ ǢǡѧԷԾҧ٧㹻ȹ ЪҪǹ˭繤ն١ͧ¤Ǣǫ繪 ա¡ռҧعç աѧ͡¡誹աӹǹҡ ѧҡ¹ Ҩ֧Ѻ͹Դӹѡҹ¤ͤá ͧѹ Դͪ;ä繫ͨзͧиҹä ä繫Ǣǹ㹡¡ͧ͡Ҫ ԷҾ ФҤͿԡ áԸաѹԸҧҵФҹ 繼Ũ֧ѹԸաعçҡ ըѴ駡ͧѧ ЪҪ͡Թǹ·ѾԹͧҪ ѰСä繫繾äͧԴ Ҷ١Ѻѹ 5 ԧҤ 2505 44 Դءǹҹ֧ 27 ١µѹ 2 Ҿѹ 2533 ѧҡҡǢ繼Ӿä繫 ¡ͧԷҾա͡ҧ ѺҧҢѹҾ㹻 2536 ͹Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺդáͧѹ 9 Ҥ 2537 ͡㹻 2542 ͡ҷӧҹͧѧ 繷ٵ㹡èѹҾ ¡ͧЪҸԻͿԡա» ա駷ӧҹóçѭäʹáԨҹԷª Ϳԡ ¤ҧçҷͧèҾͿԡѧЪҸԻ·Ȩҡáմѹҧռ
 

18 áҤ .. 2521
ѹʶһ ˹·þҹ 繡ͧѧͧͧѾ˹˹觷ըشԴҨҡЪҪ ¡ͧѾѺ͹ѵѡèҡЪѭҡҷѾ Թ "çêشԺѵԡþɷþҹᴹ - ٪" ͧҡʶҹóá͡¤ǹʵdzᴹ -٪ҷդçҡ 㹢зѧûШӡǹ˭ͧШӾ鹷 Ҩ͹ѧһͧءҹҡ¹͡ ͧѾ֧Ѵ駡ѧѡɳз˹Ѥþɢѭ ¹ӡѧŨҡͧͺͧѧ ˹·þҹ֧١Ѵ駢鹵ǤԴ “þҹҢͧЪҪ” “ѡúЪҪ” ˹·þҹѺǹӤѭ㹡ЧѺѺ駡âԷԾŢͧ͡¤ǹʵ ͧѾ֧ͺ˹·þҹӡûͧѹȵǪᴹѺ˹·ûШӡ ѵҡèѴͧ˹·þҹ͹ͻ 2526 ѨغѹѧŻСͺҡûШӡзþҹѺѤèҡؤŷ ҧ 18-39 㹾鹷 ҡͧѾѹ 18 áҤͧء "ѹѹʶһ˹·þҹ"

18 áҤ .. 2538
稾չԹҺҪ
"” ʴäçҺҪ Ъ 95 ʴ稾Ҫѹ 21 Ҥ 2443 ç繺صä 3 Ъ Ъդ й ѧ ѯ »ҳ 7-8 Ǻ ͺӾͧ份ҡ سѹ ʧ 繾о§㹾кǧҹǧ¾ͧ ç¹Ѹç¹ʵԷ ҡç¹ᾷ켴ا ˭ԧҺҪ ѧҡ稡֡ ҧ¹ 1 çѺ ҿ عʧҹԹ (кҪ) ֧ç١з Т;ҪҹҪҹحҵ鹡Ѻ ҧѧ ҡ鹷çѺäѴ͡价ç֡ԪҾҺŵͷç¹ᾷԷ Ѱԡ çվԸɡʡѺ 稾ԵҸ ʹപԡ кҪ ѧлѹ 10 ѹ¹ 2463 çվҡسҸԤسͻЪҪҧҡ ੾дҹᾷ çѴ˹ᾷԹҧѡҼ㹶蹷áѹ÷ǻ çŹԸԢ͡ѴӢԡ ͡ҡѧçþѲҴҹɵǴҡҷ⤧ɵǧµا ѧѴ§ äѹ 18 áҤ 2538 Ъ 95 աá˹ѹ 21 Ҥͧء "ѹҺ觪ҵ", "ѹѧʧ觪ҵ", "ѹѹҸóآ觪ҵ", "ѹѡ觪ҵ" "ѹѤ"
 

˹·þҹ (Ҿҡ www.geocities.com/taharnpran4/history.htm)
 
ѹ

˹ 19

19 áҤ .. 2519
͡ dzҹͧ ʹʵ (Mount Everest) ࢵ๻ѺûС "طҹ觪ҵԫҡҸ" (Sagarmatha National Park) "ô觨ѡ" այ ͧ (UNESCO) Сطҹ觪ҵ觹 "鹷ôš" (Natural World Heritage Site) طҹ觪ҵԫҡҸվ鹷 1,148 ҧ дѺ٧ 2,845 è֧ 8,850 繨ش٧شšʹʵ  תóࢵطҹ СͺӾǡʹ СҺѹ Ǩҧ 118 Դ 件֧ѵ§١¹оת੾жҡաӹǹҡ ͹ҧѹسԵӡ 5 ͧ ӹѡҹطҹ 躹ʹ " ҫ" (Namche Bazaar) ٧ 2,835 ѵҤҸҪѺѡͧǪǵҧҵԵ 13 ­Ѱ (ѵ㹻 2545)
 

 طҹ觪ҵԫҡҸ

19 áҤ .. 2377
ѹԴ 紡 ഡ (Edgar Degas) Եáлеҡêǽ ˹㹼ءԡŻêѹ (Impressionism) Դا㹤ͺǹѡҤ÷ ʹŻҧԧѧҵ ͧ¹µͧâͧ ѧҡ¹¨ҡԷ»㹻 2396 龺Ѻ ͧ (Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres) ԵáѷԹ-ԡ (Neo-Classicism) Ҫ蹪 ͧйҴ (Drawing) ¹ç¹ԨԵŻ (Ecole des Beaux-Arts) ֡͡Ҵҧ˹ѡ 2399 ԹҧԵ ʹշӹѡ֡ҧҹŻ๫ͧ (Renaissance) ¤Ѵ͡ҹͧŻԹ鹤ҧ ѹ (Michelangelo Buonarroti), ҿ (Raphael Sanzio) ¹ (Tiziano Vecelli) 觼ҡŻԹշѡ෤Ԥҡ ҡѺҤѴ͡ҹԻؤҧԾԷѳٿ ͡ʴҹŻФá㹻 2408 ŧҹáͧҾ¹ǻѵʵ ѧҡʴҹԴ͡ѹաһҡ й鹤͹ǢͧŻʪѹ鹢㹽 ͡龺Ѻ (Edouard Manet) ѹҷӧҹʪѹ֡ҧҹҾ ᷹͡¹ҾǷȹ㹪ҧŻԹ ͡Ѻͺ¹ҹʵٴ ¹ҾԵͧ ŧ觷褹ѡӤѭ ҧ ˭ԧǡѧ Һ ҡԵ㹤 ੾ҧ ѡ鹺ŵ 繼ŧҹͧ¡Ҥ ŧҹͧ͡ʴ繶֧ԶվԶѹ㹡ҴҧժԵ ŧ㹤͹ ҧ ʧ ʴ͡ҹҧѺ硵繻ШӤ͹ѡ鹺ŵ ŧҹͧʴ繶֧þ蹪ҧ֡駵ͧҹŻФԡŻԹ蹤 ੾ͧҤ (Eugene Delacroix) ͡ҡѧӧҹеҡ жҾ 㹪ǧ鹻ªԵѧҡջѭҷҧµҨͧش¹Ҿ ѹŻ੾мŧҹͧͧ, Ҥ, ᡧ (Paul Gauguin) Ҿ ǡѺŻԹ˭褹 §ͧ͡繷ѡҸóѺ¡ͧҧ٧ ѧҡªԵ ѹ 27 ѹ¹ 2460

  紡 ͡Le Foyer de la danseDancers Practicing at the Bar
19 áҤ .. 2490
¾ ͧ ҹ (U Aung San) кɹѡѵм㹡¡ͧ͡Ҫͧ¹ (Myanmar)ԴҢͧ ͧҹ ٨ (Aung San Suu Kyi) ١ѧþѺѰա 6 СѧҧѰ٭㹷ЪѰŪǤ ½ͧ͢ (U Saw) ѡͧ ѹҵǨѧ㹾ҡöѺѹҾǡա 19   ͧ ҹԴ㹤ͺǪҵԹ͵ҹѧ ѹ 13 Զع¹ 2458 اҧ (Rangkoon) ¹ 觶١ѧִͧҳҹԤ 2428 ͧ ҹ¹Ԫóѧ ѵʵ СͧҡԷҧ ҧ¹Ѻ͡繼Ӣǹ͹Ƿҧͧͧѡ֡ 繺óҸԡ˹ѧ Owei (Pea*****'s Call) ¹ԾҡԨóͧ 㹷ش١͡͹Ҿѹ 2479 ѧҡҡѺ͹ǷҧͧдѺҵ ѺѡôԹѧ ¡ͧ͡Ҫ¹ ͵ "äǹʵ" (Communist Party of Burma : CPB) ͹ԧҤ 2482 Դʧš駷 2 蹡ʹѺʹع駡Թظ㹡á͵ "ͧѧŴ¾" (Burmese Independence Army : BIA) 㹻 2484 ͭöִҡѧѹ 1 ԧҤ 2486 С͡Ҫ 觵駹¾ͧ ҹ繹¡Ѱ ;͡Ҫѭ繤ԧ 㹪ǧʧš ֧ѺѺѹԵ͢Ѻ͡仨ҡ ѹ 27 Ҥ 2490 ͧҹ繵ѭҡѺ ͵ (Clement Attlee) ¡Ѱâͧѧ ѧԹͺ͡Ҫ 1 ҡѹ 12 Ҿѹ 2490 ͧ ҹŧ "ʹѭһҧŧ" (Panglong Conference) Ѻ˹ҪҵԵҧ Ǵ ʹѭк ;Ѻ͡Ҫú 10 Ъҵ § ù ͭ ˭ ФЩ ʶһ͡Ҫͧͧ ʹѭҩѺ ѡͧзúҧ ͧҡѾҡøҵԨӹǹҡ㹴Թᴹͧҵ ѧҡա¡ǾҨջѭ㹡þѲɰԨ 㹷شͧѧ֡Ѻ֧ءѧù¾ͧ ҹ ªԵ§ 32 ·ѧѹ͡Ҫͧ Ѻѹ 4 Ҥ 2491 ѧҡ (U Nu) 繹¡Ѱ᷹ ҧѭһҧŧ§÷ѭҧ¡Ѻͧҹҹ ֧աʹѭҷ Դ͹Ǣͧͧѧͧҵеҧ ʧҧͧѧ͹Ҩءѹ ѧҡͧ ҹªԵ ١Ǥ ͧ ҹ ٨ ԹҾ ͡ҵ äѹԺҵ觪ҵͻЪҸԻ (National League for Democracy : NLD) 繼ӡ¡ͧҾлЪҸԻ´ѹԸ ١Ѱ༴稡÷áѡ 2532 ֧ءѹ ʹ§¡ͧͧҹҪҵ׹Ҿͧ ҹ
 

 ¾ ͧ ҹ 

19 áҤ ..2504
Ѱǵ (State of Kuwait) Ȥǵ Ѻ͡Ҫҡѧ ǵ繻 ҡ ѵʵͧǵȵɷ 18 ͪ͹ᶺѹ͡ҧҵáҡ㹺dz “Ǥǵ” (Kuwait Bay) ūͺ 1 (Al-Sabah I) ѺʶһҼ黡ͧ ҡҼ黡ͧҪǧ ūͺ (Al-Sabah) 黡ͧ׺͡ѹҨ֧Ѩغѹ ǧȵɷ 19 ͪӹҨҡ㹴ԹᴹҺط ǵ֧ͤͨҡѧ㹻 2442 ત ٺѤ ūͺ (Sheikh Mubarak Al Sabah) ŧ㹢͵ŧѺѧ м׺ʹӹҨԹᴹе͹Ѻ᷹ͧҧ Թҡѧ¡͹ ǹѧɡ鵡ŧԹͻШӻત ҺѤзҷ Ѻͧ дżŻªҹäҵҧѺǵ 㹻 2504 ѧ͹ԷҾ͡ҳࢵ͡仨ҡǵ ѰŤǵ顮¢ͧͧ¡ҧ¹ѡªԻ ͹ѺҾóѹ 19 Զع¹ 2504 㹪ǧ ʧѡ-ҹ (Iraq-Iran War) 㹻 2531 ǵ繾ѹԵáѺѡ աͧյѡءִǵ ҧҤǵǹ˹觢ͧѡ ԧ ǵͧ觹ѹ ѰԡҪ¨ ʧ (Persian Gulf War) 㹻 2534 ѨغѹǵͧкͺѵѰ٭ Ҽ黡ͧͧѨغѹ ત ͺ Ѵ ŨҺ ūͺ (His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah) ͧ 15 Ҫѧūͺ ǵ繻 վ鹷§ 17,818 ҧ ǵ繻¨ҡ͡ѹԺ ( 2.3 ҹŵѹ) ҫҵ صˡ ЪҡЪҪҵԵ 29,880 Ѱ ( 2548 㹢з 91,000 Ѱ) ǵ͡ 6 ࢵҪ (Muhafazah) ͧǧͤǵԵ (Kuwait City) ջЪҡûҳ 2.6 ҹ ( 2549) Ъҡ 95 Ѻʹ ѺҪ ѧѧɡѹҧ Թʡ “ǵչ” (Kuwait Dinars : KWD) Դѹҧ÷ٵѺѹ 14 Զع¹ 2506
 

 ҵԤǵ  ѡɳͧѰǵ ǵԵ ͧǧͧǵ
 

19 áҤ .. 2528
͹ ʵ (Val di Stava Dam) ͧ (Trento) 㹻Ե ѧ ¹ӡ 2 ʹ١ȡ žѺŹŹŧҹ͹¤ǡ 90 õͪ ·ء觷ءҧҧ˹ ҪԵ餹仡 268 Ե ºҹ͹ 53 ѧ ç 3 ѧ ҤþҳԪա 6 ѧоҹա 8 ѧѺ鹷ɵлѵաӹǹҡ ŹŹ٧ҳ 20-40 ૹ㹾鹷 4.2 ҧ ŤҤ»ҳ 155 ҹ Ѻѹ¤çشͧԵ ѧաͺǹ˵ к÷ӧҹҧ ͧ͹ѺúاѡҾվ ɴԹŹ仵С͹㹷觹Өкѹ شѹ 觼ԴçѹŨѹ͹ŧ㹷ش
 

ͧ͹   ʵҶ

˹ 20

20 áҤ .. 2512
ҹǡ ; 11 (Apoll XI) ͧͧùҫ (NAZA) Ѱԡ ҹǡáŧʹǢͧǧѹ ; 11 ١觢鹺ҡ¨Ǵ᫷ 5 (Saturn V) ҹԧǨ๴ ѰԴ ѹ 16 áҤǡѹ աѹҡöŧʹdz "觤ºʧ” (Mare Tranquilitatis) ١ͻСͺ ʵͧ (Neil Alden Armstrong) ѧѺ, ʹԹ ŴԹ (Adwin Aldrin) Թ (Michael Collins) ʵͧ줹áŧһзѺҺǧѹ ҴŴԹ ͧԴͧѴ蹴Թ ШͧѴ "" 纵ҧԹ-Թ 20.8 š ӡѺš 躹ǧѹ 21 36 ҷ ҹѺ͡ԹҧѺ֧š 195 18 ҷ 35 Թҷ Ѻ֧šѹ 24 áҤ 2512 ҹǡ; 11 ǹ˹觢ͧ "ç;” (Apollo Project) ԴҡöҢͧиҹҸԺ Ϳ. ๴ (John F. Kenedy) ͧèѧǧѹ СѺѧšҧʹ »ѧҡçù騺ŧ ռ餹͡ ºǧѹ駹ͧʵͧͧˡ Ҿ繹鹶·Ӣʵٴ ˵ؼ ҾѴդسҾԹҨж㹺ҡȢʹǧѹ ҵѰ ⺡кѴ 躹ǧѹ ҢͧǡҨ蹪ѴҴ ҫйѡԷʵҧ͡׹ѹա͸Ժ ǧѹպҡȤ¡ͧʧ ᴴ֧ҡҷءš ѧѺͧѺʧҡ ФǪѵ٧ҡ Ҩ֧繿״ҾҡǧѹءҾ ǹҸѡ躹ǧѹѺǹ鸧ῺԴ ǹ鹡Ҽ׹硹 蹹Դ˹ ͹ѧ⺡кѴ лͧ ҡȺǧѹʹԷ 蹺ǧѹҧҡ蹺š 紽´ԺҺٻç мǴǧѹ١ءҺҵ觪Ѻǹ 紽蹶١º ˹ҢͧѹҹǵԴѹ ҧ ֧ٻ
 

ҡ仢 – ʵͧ, Թ ŴԹ   ʵͧ 줹áºǧѹ

20 áҤ .. 187
ѹҪ 硫ҹҪ (Alexander the Great) ѡþôԼ˭¡ա-ѹ ԪԵԹᴹͺ觤͹š й 硫ҹ 3 (Alexander III) 繾ʢͧҿԻ 2 ҫ (Philip II of Macedonia) Ѻйҧ (Olympias) ٵԷͧ (Pella) ҫ (Macedonia) ͹˹ͧ͢ա ç֡ҡѺ (Aristotle) ѧç ͧöҺմӵ˹觷ûҺ кԴҶ֧Ѻطҹ "ҫ ԹѺ" ҵǹ硫ҹ ͧç駪 ٫ (Bucephalus) Ҥззç֡ʹ ;ҿԻ 2 ١ͺŧЪ ֧ͧʴ稢鹤ͧҪ繡ѵҫͧ 㹢оЪ§ 20 㹪ǧ§ 10 ѧҡ鹤ͧҪ硫ҹöԪԵҳҨѡúҺŹ Ի ѡô ¡Ѿ件֧Թ㹻 217 öִͧ㹷ش ¸ա价ҧѹ֧͡Թᴹٷջ (Ѳûٻþ෾ͧҧ ʹԹٹѺ˹ԷԾŷ赡ʹҨҡա) ѧҡ֡ҡԺ зâͧͧѧѺҹ è֧ҡѹ˹¡ú 硫ҹҪ֧ͧӾзԡѾ ֧ͧѺʧͷçҳҨѡԪԵա 㹻 219 äʹԷͧͧ ʪѹ (Hephaestion) ªԵ ͧáҡ ֧¹Өѹ֧ѹ紤׹ ˵ͧЪ 10 ѹǨ֧ʴäѹ 10 Զع¹ 220 оЪ§ 33 Ъѹ ǹҳҨѡâͧͧ§ 13 ѧҡͧä ҳҨѡõҧ ¡ǡѺ
 

20 áҤ .. 2480
(Guglielmo Marconi) ǡ俿йѡдɰԵ¹ªԵ ѹԴ 25 ¹ .. 2417 Դͧŭ (Bologna) ͹áʹԷʵ硷͹ԡ 㹻 2431 һдɰеǨѺԷ 觵Ѳк Ţ (wireless telegraph) ԷŢ (radiotelegraph) 觪㹡ŢҹҧԷ᷹俿ҧ ҷͧ˹Ҹóͻ 2438 աͧյԷŢͧҡաҹ 19 ҡ͵駺ѷ ի-⡹ 硷͹ԡ (GEC-Marconi Electronics Ltd.) 㹻 2444 öѭҳԷآط͵Źԡ繤á ҡͧŴ (Poldhu) ѧɶ֧ͧૹ (Saint John’s) йǿǴŹ кިաþѲǡ 50 ⡹繼Ѳо٨ѹöҹԧѧʺ稷ҧáԨա 觼Ѻҧ Ңҿԡ㹻 2452
 

  ⡹

20 áҤ .. 2516
٫ (Bruce Lee) ˹Թᴹѧ ҨŻСõš´ ªԵ§ 32 Դѹ 27 Ȩԡ¹ 2483 çҺҹ䪹ҷǹ Ѱҹҹ Ѱԡ ҧͧ͢ҾѺЧǡҧ仵ǹʴԡ Ҩ֧Ѻѭҵԡѹ ҧҺŨ֧駪 “٫ ” ¡пѧ繽 ҡ鹾ͧ͢ҡҡѺͧ š´ 6 Ǻ Ҿ¹ͧ "The Beginning of the Boy" ҡ鹡˹ѧ 蹡 ¡ǡաѺǺҹ价 ѹ˹觶١Ѵ Ҩ֧份ҡͧӹѡԧع (觪ع) зç¹ѹҨԧҨѧҧѧ ¹ ͧ͢ҡ ͧѺ꧹ѡŧ˭ͧ 19 ը֧١觵Ǣԡ ҷӧҹҹâͧҵ㹫ҹҹѡ˹ 仫͵ 繤͹ӪҪҪ ͧҡ͹ ҡ鹡Դ͹Żлͧѹ ҡ¹ѪҷԷͪԧѹ ¹Կ ʶҺѹ͹Żлͧѹ ͹¨չѺءҵ ѹ˹觡ռӡѺ˹ѧ繽ͧ͢Ҩ֧ǹ˹ѧժش "The Green Hornet" ˹ѧش 30 ͹ ѧҡ ժ§ⴴ觡Ҵҹա ҡ鹡˹ѧաͧ ͹СѺ͹ѧٵ ѧҡԴѧٴ ҡѺͧ㹻 2514 Ѻ ͹ (Raymond Chow) Ե˹ѧͧ Դҡ "˹Թ" (The Big Boss) ҡ鹡ʹ "˹Թҧ" (Fist of Fury) ҴǴ¾ѴẺҡ͹ СѡҢͧ н觵ҤӤ 觼աͧͧµѹ͡§ ˹ѧͧҷ 繡ԴѡҪͧ˹ѧѧ ҡҵ駺ѷ˹ѧͧͧ ŧع件·ӷا Ե ͧ "˹Թ ءا" (The Way of the Dragon) ˹ѧʺҡشͧ §ͧ觴ѧ件֧ٴ ͧҨ֧عҡԡҤ "˹Թ ѧûШѭҹ" (Enter the Dragon) ˹ѧ¡ͧҹ­ ˹ѧѧͧͧáҧҡó˭ǧҾ¹ աѧԴʤ˹Թ价š ͡ҡѧѪŻСõ֧ 26 Դе駪 "Եع" (Jeet Kune Do) ¤繤ç ѹ㹵ͧ 蹷ӧҹҧ˹ѡ ѡ͹дҧ·١ҹҧ˹ѡ ¤Ҷ֧ѺԹ 㹷شҡդҧʵԢͧ˹Թ꧷ҹѡͧ 絵 ԧ (Betty Ting Pei) ͧ Ҷ١ӵçҺªԵ ǧáªԵѧ繻ȹ ѡǨ֧仵ҧ ҹ ҡԹҪ١ѧªԵзѡѺ Ͷ١ҧἹҵá ᾷ͡ŧҧ繷ҧ ªԵͧͧҡǴԧԹ͹ҨѺ 繡õغѵ˵ҵ ѧ˹ªԵǡԺ ҡѧ٢ͧҡѧҵ֧㨼Ҩءѹ

 

20 áҤ .. 2541
Ҿ üѴ ѷ ҧҡ ӡѴ (Ҫ) Ѻҧ (Ramon Magsaysay Award) ҢҧҹԡҸóлШӻ 2541 觹ѺҧŻСõԤسͧؤ͹ԵԺؤżҧäҹѹ繤سªѧ㹷ջ ͹˹ҹ㹻 2539 ѺҪҹ ҧźؤŴ觪ҵ ҢҾѲɰԨ ͼء鹡Ԩùѹҧҡ ҡ¢Ҵع 4 ѹҹҷ һöҧҡ鹵ä׹ 5-8 ҹҷͻ Ѻҧش׹㹴ҹǴ ʹѺʹعԶռԵẺ ɰԨ§ Դͧ͡ǹ㹡ҢͧԨ ѧͺҧҡ繺ѷѹͧҧԧ ¾ѡѹʹ͢鹺ҧҡѺЪҪѴǹ 32 % ҡѺʹҧҡ ѷöԹ мдѺ٧駽¡ͧн¢ҪûШӫӹҨõѴԹ ੾СзǧäѧӹѡҹСùº¾ѧҹ觪ҵ (ʾ.) դ鹺ҧҡâѺѡŧعҧҵ ШªԹӹǹҡҡâѺ ѧҡѡѹº¹ҵʹ˹觻 ѴԹ͡ѹ 14 Զع¹ 2542
 
 Ҿ

˹Թ˹Թ ءا ˹Թ ѧûШѺҹ

 硫ҹҪ

˹ 21

21 áҤ .. 2442
ѹԴ ʵ ԧ (Ernest Miller Hemingway) ѡоѹԡѹ˭ ԧԴѹ ͧͤ ѰԹ Ѱԡ 蹤 "һ" (Papa) Դ㹤ͺǪ鹡ҧ Դ ͹ 10 ǺѺͧѭҡ繻׹١ͧ 觵ѵԷѡҡش ͹ Ҫͺѵ о ء駷 ҡѡ¹ͧǷ ͹ 19 ҢͤͺǴ¡ ¹Է ѺѤ繤ѺöҺ˹¡ҪҴԵ 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 觵͹áҢѤ繷١ʸջѭҷҧµ ҡ鹡˹˹ úµç 繤ҡش 㹪ǧʧҧͧ໹ ҵԴµ˹¨طͧ໹价Ӣ 㹪ǧʧš駷 2 ԹҧûԴúҧԴ 㹰ҹм͢ʧ ԧ繹ѡ¹褹ͧšҹüҷءٻẺ ҨѤþҺ ѡʧ Ѻҷ¹¤ ͡ҡѧ繹ѡ ѡǡзԧ ҹ ѡ ҡʺóԵѹ ⪡⪹ ǹ ԡѵشԺ鹴ҹ¹ͧ "Ǵǧѹѧʧ" (The sun also rises), "ѡҧú" (A farewell to arms) "֡໹" (For whom the bell tolls) ͧⴴ蹷ش͹ǹ ˭
"Ҽ" (The Old Man and the Sea) 觵վ㹻 2495 յѺҧž ͹ѺҧҢó㹻 2497 ԧ繹ѡ¹Ѵ¤ҡ ѡ ЪѺ աþóҧ ͡äӤǭҧ ФáѡҾٴ Ѻѡɳᵡҧҧ觨ҡѡ¹ؤǡѹ ҧ ԧѴҵ鹩ѺѺԺ 駨Ҩŧҹշش ҹ¹ͧѡͧСͺӤѭ 2 Сä “ѵ͢稨ԧ” Ҩйʹšҧѹ Ҩдͪ Ҩ繩ҡعç ˴ Ƿͧ餹 ͧСͺաС˹觤 “ѡɳ٧” 㹷ȹТͧ 觨еͧ༪ԭ˹ҡѺءҧⴴ ͧҹ鹷еͧҪФءҡҧ 騧 ѧ¤˹觢ͧҫҹ "Ҽ" "…Ҩ١ Ҩ١" 㹺鹻ªԵһѧ ѧҡʺغѵ˵ͧԹͧ зѹ 2 áҤ 2504 ҧҨ鹤׹ѧ Ҩ֧͡ԴҡԵͧͧẺȡүö (Tragic Realism) ǡѺҹ¹ͧ ¡ԧǵ »׹١ͧк͡
 

 ԧ The Old Man and the Sea
 

21 áҤ .. 2367
кҷ稾оطҹ Ѫŷ 2 ʴä Ъ 57 çͧҪҹ 14 9 ͹ ͧç繾ҪӴѺ 4 㹾кҷ稾оطʹҨšҪ Ѫŷ 1 稾Թҵ çվй "" ʴ稾Ҫѹ 24 Ҿѹ 2310 ҹ . ҧҧ . طʧ 㹪ǧкԴѺҪõ˹ǧ¡кѵ Ҫ ʴ稢鹤ͧҪѹ 7 ѹ¹ 2352 ͧçԴЪҶѧç Ҿҡѵ֡ 价ʧ·ء ֧ͧçվлժöҹú ͡ҡѧçлժöҹŻᢹҧ ó չԾ еҡ үŻдҧŻ çҪԾóͧҧ 繨ӹǹҡ ੾ͧ ˹ õ ѧͧ ÷ͧ ҢعҧعἹ ҹҹêҧѡ½վѵ ѧջҡҺҷءѹ ҾѡҹеʶѴطȹ෾
 

кҷ稾оطҹһШӾͧͧкҷ稾оطҹ


21 áҤ .. 2367
кҷ稾й Ѫŷ 3 ʴҪѵԵͨҡкҷ稾оطҹ Ѫŷ 2 ͹зçСͺҪԸպҪɡѹ 1 ԧҤ 2367 ͧʴ稾Ҫѹ 31 չҤ 2330 çҪʾͧ˭ кҷ稾оطҹ Ѫŷ 2 Ѻ Ҩô ͹Т鹤ͧҪçѺҪµ˹ ҷ ӡѺҪáСǨ çҪáФѧѵ ͧӡѺ١ع ǧеҡ÷ء çҢ·ҧҨչ ԹҷͧФѧ繨ӹǹҡ ʴҪѵѹ 21 áҤ 2367 ç鹿پоطʹ ǺþԷҡõҧ ѲҡɰԨ ҹ ¡ԭѭҷҧҪաѺҧ Ѱ觤ѹҡ ʴäѹ 2 ¹ 2393 Ъ 67 çͧҪҹ 27
 

кҷ稾йѡɳͧкҷ稾й

˹ 22

22 áҤ .. 2460
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 çСʧѺ ӹҨҧ ѹ -ѧ ʧš駷 1 çСͺҪԸջСʧ çͧѧµ ҸҪ Ǵѡҡ٩ѵ з觨ѡһҷ ѡҤѡԷѭҹҹһȫ觷͡ѹ ûСʧ駹 ô觷úû ʧ駹ԴŴ ͽѹԵժʧ 㹰ҹм骹ʧöèҡѺӹҨ ʹѭҷ繸ҧ ©Ѻ

Ѫŷ 6 çͧѧµ ҸҪ Ǵѡҡ٩ѵ

22 áҤ .. 2476
ʵ (Wiley Post) ѡԹԡѹ ʺ㹡úԹͺš繤á ͧԹͧҪ "Թ " (Winnie Mae) ҡѺҶ֧ʹԹ´ ູ๵ (Floyd Bennett Field) 㹹 ҷ 7 ѹ 18 49 ҷ

 ʵԹ

˹ 23

23 áҤ .. 2541
ǹ 500 ͹ǻзǧ˹ʶҹٵԡ óբ "ҵ" (Jasmati) ͧ "ë෤" (RiceTec) ѷ¢Ѱ硫 Ѱԡ ¡¡ͧѰѰ ͹ͧ¡ä صԤШԷԺѵþѹоתѹҡš 駹 “ҵ” ԴҡùҤ "Թ ë" (Jasmine Rice—Ԣͧ) Ѻ "ҵ" (Basmati—ժ§ͧԹ) ʡѹ ɳ "ҵԤ͢ԡѹ" (Jasmati is the American Jasmine Rice) ¾ɳþس͹Ѻ 駹зǧɵâͧѰԡ . . ط ˹çûѺاѹͻԡ Ӿѹ 105 ͧ任ѺاѹѺҡȢͧѰԡ зͧ١Ѱ硫ʻʺ繷Ҿ㹢èԷԺѵ繢Ǣͧԡ л͡Իҳ 7.5 ҹѹ һȻ˹觹Ѻʹҹҷ ͡ҳ 80 Ѱԡ кäշѰԡѹѺзš ѰʴҷջͧҧѴਹ
 

 jasmatijasmati

23 áҤ .. 2457
кҷ稾خ Ѫŷ 6 çСسô ҾҪɮաҵ "ó" ʹѺʹعԪ˹ѧ١ͧѡ ʹѺʹعͧҹлª »ҡҹ鹼˹ѧ º§͡ѡ¹Ẻҵҧ ѹ繡÷ ͡ҡѧûоѹô 駤СǨѴ͡˹ѧͷ觴ѺҪҹҧ ѺҧóѰҧ繷ҧ繤á 㹡èѴóù ôҧҪѭâ ٻФ ͧ¢ͧóô
 

 кҷ稾خ

˹ 24

24 áҤ .. 2454
ԧ (Hiram BingHam III) ѡҳժԡѹ 鹾 "Ҫ ԡ" (Machu Picchu) ҳͧԹ (Inca) Һ٭仹Ѻȵ ҳʶҹ觹躹͡͹ дѺ٧ 2,350 èҡдѺӷ ҧҡͧ价ҧѹ͡§˹ͻҳ 70 ҧѹ͡§ͧ վ鹷ҳ 325.95 ҧ ա͡ẺԷȹ ʶһѵҧ§ŧ 觡ҧ ҷ ʶ ҧ纹 о鹷л١ Ŵ蹡ѹ繢鹺ѹ ʴ繤öԧҧʶһѵ¡ͧԹȵɡ͹ҧ Ҫ ԡ١ҧ㹪ǧ 1993 ªԹ ҳ¡͵ ѡôԹ (Inca Empire) ͧӹҨͺԹᴹᶺԡ ֧ͧմش㹪ǧȵɷ 15-16 ѧ١ͧѾ໹ءҹ ִͧ Ҫ ԡ٨֧١ҹȵ 繹Һ٭ з觺ԧҤ鹾㹻 2454 աͧյҤʵҹҪҵ (National Geographic Society) Ǩйʹ㹹Ե "๪ѹ ͡ҿԡ" (National Geographic) ÷Һ٭觹֧ѡǧҧ һ 2491 ԧ¹˹ѧͪ "Lost City of the Incas" ˹ѧ͢´շѹշҧἧ 2526 ͧ (UNESCO) С繾鹷ôš شѹ 7 áҤ 2550 Ҫ ԡ١ѺǴҡš˹ "Ȩͧšؤ" (New Seven Wonders of The World) ѨغѹҪ ԡҳʶҹӤѭ觴֧ٴѡͧǢͧջԡ չѡͧǡ 4 ʹͻ (ʶԵ㹻 2546)
 

  ԧҪ ԡ
 

24 áҤ .. 2440
ѹԴ (Amelia Mary Earhart) ԡԹǪԡѹ ˭ԧáԹǢط͵ŹԤ Դͧͷԫѹ Ѱ᤹ ͺǢͧջѭͧҡ͡Ѻͧŧ¡ѹ 㹤Ţͧҵ ¹Һ繾Һ㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ͹ѹʹ㨡úԹҧԧѧѧҡ ç (Frank Hawks) ѺͧԹҴ⼹ ¹úԹáѹ 3 Ҥ 2464 ʹԹԹ (Kinner Field) ͧͧժ¤١úԹ ͹Ե ʹؤ (Anita "Neta" Snook) ѡԹʵ蹺ءԡ աˡ͹ ͧ͡Թաͧͧͧе駪 "᤹" (The Canary) ҹ ҡѹ 22 Ҥ 2465 ͺԹ٧֧дѺ 14,000 ص (4,200 ) ʶԵšѺѡԹʵ ͹Ѻ͹حҵúԹҹҪҵѹ 15 Ҥ 2466 繼˭ԧ 16 ҡѤҪԡҤúԹ觪ҵ ҢҺʵѹ ҧʹԹ硢ͧͧ繵᷹ͧԹ仴 㹢ǡѹ¹ǡѺúԹŧ˹ѧ;ͧ ժ§繷ѡ㹷ͧ Ѻ¡ͧҡ˹ѧ;繹ѡԹʵշշشѰ ѹ 21 Ҥ 2475 ͡繹ѡԹ˭ԧáԹǢط͵ŹԤ ͡Թҡë ͧǿǴŹ ᤹Ҵ ˹ا Ƚ ͧԹͧ¹ Lockheed Vega 5b ͹鹷ҧ Թ (Charles Lindbergh) ·稡͹˹ѹǡѹͻ 2470 ѧҡԹ 14 56 ҷ ͵ͧѺҡը֧ͧŧʹҧ˭ͧ Culmore ͹˹ͧ͢Ź ѧҡ͡ʴ͡úԹա¤ ѺӡԨóçԷʵ ѹͧͤ͡úԹͺš 쵾Ѻ ô ṹ (Frederick Joseph Noonan) ˹ (navigator) ͡ԹͧԹ Lockheed L-10E Electra ҡԿѹ 20 Ҥ 2480 ͹µҧͧ¾ͧԹ Lockheed L-10E Electra dzطừԿԡ ѹ 2 áҤ 2480 ѰԡԹ֧ 4 ҹ­㹡ä·駷ҧзҧҡ Ѻ繡äҷҤᾧش㹻ѵʵؤ ෤Ԥ㹡äؤѧ͹ҧҳ äҨ֧ؼ աõ駷ɮǡѺµǢͧйṹҡ ҧҶ١ͧԹ蹴ѡѧѺŧ䫻ѹͶ١ԧ Ѩغѹ͡ѡҹǡСä·繷ҧѧ١Դ繤Ѻ
 

24 áҤ .. 2479
ǧͧ Ѻ÷ӾԸҧд١ 10.45 . ҧ ͧء ȭ 觡ͧѾҨҧѷԵºتѹ䡪繼ҧ ŧѹ 27 Ȩԡ¹ 2479 վԸѺͺѹ 10 Զع¹ 2480 ԹҧѺѹ 26 ѹ¹ 2480 зǧѴԸյ͹Ѻ ТҧШӡѹ ѺСسô Ҫҹ “ǧͧ” ͧͧ͢ ӤѭͧѧѴطʧ úӹҧѺ 1,400 ѹ 85 ҧ 10.5 Թ֡ 3.7 ͧѡ͹ 2 ͧ աѧ 2,500 ç Ӥ٧ش 17 ͵ (/) öԺѵԡ 5,700 ظШջ׹Ҵ 120 . ӹǹ 4 к͡ ׹ 20 . 2 к͡ 45 . 2 2 ͧԹ ӹǹ 1 ͧ ûШ 173 ШӡѺȪҵ㹡ûͧѹҳࢵҧҧҵʹ ѧ¨Ѵ;з 㹾кҷ稾 ¤ ŴҧШӡѹ 17 չҤ 2538 յҡͧѾѴҧ “ԾԸѳú” 鹺dzШŨ ѧѴطûҡ ͹ õԻաҭɡ ¡˹йǧͧ͹ѡЪҪҷҪ Ѩغѹǧͧúشͧ ѹѺ 2 ͧš ͧҡú GOANA JUATA ͧ硫

24 áҤ .. 2508
˧ʡ (Apasra Hongsakula) ҧ¤ 14 Шӻ 2507 Ѻ͡ "ҧѡ” “Miss Universe" ǷջСǴҴ ѰԴ Ѱԡ Ѻ繹ҧѡŤ 14 繹ҧѡŤáͧ 繤 2 ҡ (ѧҡ ҡ ⤨ ҧҡȭ㹻 2502) 㹢йǹ٧ 164 . (5 ص 7 ) Ѵǹ 35-23-35 . 㹻չͧҧѹѺ 1 ͹ҧҡʿԹŹ ͧ ѹѺ 2 ҡѰԡҺҹ ͧ ѹѺ 3 ҡഹ ͧ ѹѺ 4 ҡŹ ѨغѹҷӸáԨҹا෾
 

24 áҤ .. 2548
Ź ʵͧ (Lance Armstrong) ѡ蹨ѡҹԡѹ Ҩѡҹվ鹪¡觢ѹ ͧ Шӻ 2548 (2005 Tour de France) ͧ Դѹ 7 «͹ 2542-2548 繤áФš ͹˹ҹѡ蹺Ҿѧҡ硫á蹼˭ 12 Ǻ ͹繹ѡáҪվ͹ 16 ͡ҧ价硫 繹ѡձҷҵԵ͹ 18 ҡ鹡ѹҴպѧҹ繡ҷҶѴش 㹻 2535 ѹѺ 14 㹡ԡĴ͹ ҢҧǴ յҡš (UCI Road World Championships) ѧҡ鹨֧ͧ Ѥ¡÷ "Թ" شš " ͧ" ¤ "Ҿѧ" áöҪ¡觢ѹѺ Ъǧ ͧѧ ФǺ˹ҡ硫ѧѡʵŻͧѡҹ ҽ֡˹ѡ͡ҧ价û һ㹵١ҡѹ 2 Ҥ 2539 ҵͧҷӡúӺѴ¤ ǧ ҧС͹ äԴŹСѺҢѧա ١Ό ʻ͹ͧҵҧ¡ԡѭ ¨Ե㨷 Сѧ㨨ҡѡҡش “” öҪäСѺһ蹨ѡҹա ֡ѹйԴ ѡҡա 4 ҡ٨š " ͧ" 㹻 2542 繤á зšҤҧԴ͡ѹ֧ 7 «͹ ѧҡҡСǹͧҤԻ "ŹԸŹ ʵͧ" (Lance Armstrong Foundation) ѺʹѺʹعҡ乡 óçͼä 繼 "Ѵ" (Wristband) ѡ "Livestrong" ("ժԵҧ") Թͼä Ѩغѹѧóçͼä 繾ૹͧ乡Шѡҹä (Trek)
 

Ź ʵͧ Ź ʵͧ
 ˧ʡ
 
 ǧͧ (Ҿҡ www.navy.mi.th)

˹ 25

25 áҤ .. 2521
ǹ (Louise Joy Brown) ʹ (Test-Tube Baby) áͧš͡Դ çҺ Royal Oldham Hospital ½ͧ͢ᾷͧ (Robert Edwards) ᾷԤ (Patrick Steptoe) ҡԷԴ ѧ Ѩغѹǹӧҹӡɳͧʵ ѧ 觧ҹ㹻 2547 Դصê¤áաͧյ 駹ʹǤ෤Ԥâͧûʹѧ¡ “In vitro fertilization” "IVF” ¡ùبԢͧͧҷӡûʹʹͧ ҡ鹨֧¹ӵ͹份ѧ١Ժ⵵ҵԵ Էҡ÷ҧҹԭѹԭش˹ҧǴ ÷ͧʺҡ 㹢ǡѹաûзǧ÷ͧʹǡѹҧҧҧ ʹѡúҧ觶֧Ѻ͡һгѡԷʵ “ҵҹ” ѧҨӵº§ “” 㹡Դ ҧá෤Ԥ÷ʹǡ٨׹ѹһʹ Ӥѧջѭպصҡ ءѹüʹǡͧҢͧʷšöպصôԸոҵ ǹ㹻 ʹáԴçҺŨŧó ѧҡǹ 9 ½ͧ͢ ʵҨᾷ صʹ

 ǹáԴ ǹ

25 áҤ .. 2342
ѹԴ Դ ѡ (David Douglas) ѡġʵʡ͵Ԫ Դͧ (Perth) ʡ͵Ź ͹ 繤ǹ ¹ʵҡԷ¡ (University of Glasgow) 㹻 2367 ͡Ǩóת㹴ԹᴹᶺطừԿԡҹѹ§˹ 觹Ѻ繡Ǩҧġʵ˭ աä鹾תԴҳ 240 Դ (species) ੾оתӾǡʹ ҷ Douglas-fir (Pinaceae Pseudotsuga), Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana), Western White Pine (Pinus monticola), Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) ªԵҧ͡Ǩóת㹻 2377

25 áҤ .. 2437
ʧչ-蹤á (First Sino-Japanese War) ԴҡҴdzͧѡôԭԧ׹úͧչ ʧչ-蹤áԴҧѹ 1 ѹ¹ 2437-17 ¹ 2438 繡úѹҧ Ҫǧԧ (Qing Dynasty) ͧչѺ ѡþô (Meiji Emperor) 觭 ͤͺͧ Һط (Korea) ¹鹭Ѳһȷ駷ҧصˡѹµẺҵԵѹ ֧ͧâ´Թᴹѧµѹ͡੾кdzҺط 繨شطʵӤѭѺͧѹȨҡѡôԹѹ աѧشó仴жҹԹ ʹյ繻Ҫͧչǹҹ֧Ҫǧԧ չ͹ŧ ѧҡѧ ʧ (Opium Wars) ʧչ- (Sino-French War) 㹢з蹡ѧçè Ңعҧը֧յ͡ҡչ ҧѹѺЪҵԵѹ 蹾ԷԾҤͺըԴзСѺҵԹի觨չʹѺʹع 㹷شչѺ蹨֧ŧ ʹѭҡѧ (Treaty of Ganghwa) 㹻 2419 ѧѺԴҴäҡѺЪҵ 觹Ѻ繡ûСҹҪҵ䷨ҡչ ͧաѧդѴҧ͹ѡչѺ¡˹ҷ ѴҧչѺ蹡֧´ з㹻 2436 ع (Kim Ok-kyun) ѡѵԪշ蹶١ͺѧͧ§ 繡͹ǡ͹ ˵ءóҧͧѺҧҡ ҡʶҹó͹ç ͨѡþôբͤչ觷Ҫ»Һ 觷èչ 2,800 ùӢͧ ǹ (Yuan Shikai) ­蹶ҡáзӢͧչ駹繡Դ͵ŧҧعç ֧ͺչ¡˹͹Ỵѹѧ蹡ѹ íִҪѧШѺѡþô ¹Ѱ繾ǡ ТѺչ͡ҡ 㹷شͧͧͧ͢¡зСѹ Ũҡʧ駹չ繽¾ չͧèʧ֡ ŧ ʹѭҪૡ (Treaty of Shimonoseki) Թ¡㹤Ţͧ еͧ 200 ҹ֧ (Kuping taels) ¨չªԵкҷ 35,000 ­ªԵ 13,823 ҷա 3,973
 

 ʧչ-蹤á

 Դ ѡ

˹ 26

26 áҤ .. 2418
ѹԴ ا (Carl Gustav Jung) Եᾷ ѡԴ͵ӹѡ "ԵԷ" (analytical psychology) Դͧ (Thurgau) ᶺѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ԵŹ 硾͡Ѻͧ¡ҧѹ ѧҡ¾ͧ͢Ҩ֧Ѻ ا֧Ժ硷ͺ纵Ф蹤Դ褹 ҷҧ͡¡ѡԹ¹͵ͧɡдѺ 觷Ե㨢ͧʧ ͹áҵͧ¹ҳ ҹʹѺʹع Ҩ֧ѹ¹ᾷԷº (University of Basel) 㹪ǧѧ ѹʹ㨨Եᾷ ҹçҺäԵͧԤ 2449 ¹˹ѧá "Studies in Word Association" ´ (Sigmund Freud) ѡԵԷ蹾ѧժ§ ҷͧ͹ʹԷҹѹҹ 6 ͹դѴ駷ҧԴѹѧ 㹻 2456 اվ˹ѧ "The Psychology of the Unconscious" з͹Դͧ繴¡Ѻɮբͧ´ çѺҧçѡѹ鹰ҹ㹡ôԹԵͧ ա駺ؤԡҾ֧١˹ҵҧ´Դ ¹ŧʹ ѧСͺ»ҧ ͧ͡çФ֡Դ Ժ繼˭ Ҿмҹҹ繺ؤԡ੾Тͧͧ ѧҡاѹҾѲҷɮբͧͧ ¾Ӥ㨨Եӹ֡¡ѭѡɳ֡ŧ㹻ʺóҧʹ ӹҹ Фѹ اѭѡɳҹǹ˭Դҡ "Եӹ֡ͧªҵ" (Collective Unconscious) ҤԴФسҵҧ Ѻʹ ԸաúӺѴͧاФ 餹 ֡˹ǡѺ 㹺鹻ªԵѧʧš駷 1 ͡Թҧ¹ѭҭҳͧ㹴Թᴹҧ ԡ˹ ह Թ ¹ʹ ԻѭФԴѹ֡ ҷ Фʵ Թ ط ѷ˵ؼŹ (Gnosticism) СԹҧ龺Ѻ "ǵ" лʺó٧شʹ اеͧըش·š§ͧͧѵ ͵֧ͧԵԭҳ ͧբմö͹֡ ǡѺ١ꤷöԺ繵 ʹѡöԺ繼ͻա اªԵѹ 6 Զع¹ 2504 ͧԤ ԵŹ
 

 ا
 

26 áҤ .. 2399
ѹԴ (George Bernard Shaw) ѡоѹйѡԨóջҡҪԪ ԴͧѺԹ Ź 繤ѡջѭҡѺк¹ͺ㹢¹ ͡ҡç¹͹ 16 ҷӧҹ¹ ѧѺ͹͹ ءͧشоԾԸѳ ҹ˹ѧ֡¹˹ѧҧԧѧ 繹ѡ¹ (ghost writer) ҡ鹡¹ ԨóŻдըö§վ Ҫԡͧ "Fabian Society" ѧѧ ʹѺʹعԷʵѧѵ աѧ繹ѡٴջҡ ¡ "ЪҸԻ¡͡͡ӹǹ˹繵᷹ ¤ҡ" Фͧáͧ͡ʴ㹻 2433 ҡ鹡¹˹ѧ§վҵʹ ¹Ф÷ 60 ͧӤѭ "Candida", "The Devil's Disciple", "The Irrational Knot" "An Unsocial Socialist" ͡ҡѧդ§ Ԩóó ŻСͧաӹǹҡ ѺҧҢó㹻 2468 աѧѺҧͤ ҡФͧ "Pygmalion" (ẺͧФŧͧ "My Fair Lady") ФâͧѺ¡ͧҤ㨵ͻѭѧŸ ªԵѹ 2 Ȩԡ¹ 2493 94
 

26 áҤ .. 2471
ѹԴ ᵹ Ǻԡ (Stanley Kubrick) ӡѺҾ¹ԡѹ ˹㹼ӡѺҾ¹˭ȵɷ 20 Դ㹤ͺǷͧѵѹ Ѱ Ѱԡ ͹ 12 Ǻ ͧ͢͹ҡء 觵ҡŧҵʹԵ ͹ 13 վͧ͢ҫͧ͡ٻ Ҩ֧ʹ㨡öҾ ͡ҡѧͺŧ Ҵͧ͡ǧѡ˹ 繤¹ ҧ¹ʤҨ֧Ѻ˹ҷ繪ҧҾͧç¹ ҡ鹡ҾŧԵ "Look" 繪ҧҾШ˹ѧ ҧѡҧç˹ѧ㹾ԾԸѳ ʹҾ¹Ѻçѹ㨨ҡӡѺѹ 硫 Ϳ (Max Ophls) 2494 ͹ͧʹҷä 㹷شҡͧ˹ѧͧá "Day of the Fight" ѧҡҡѴԹ͡ҡҹҷ˹ѧҧԧѧ ŧҹäͧͧ "Flying Padre" ͧ㹻 2496 Ҿ¹ͧá 30 ҷդ "The Seafarers" այ˹ѧͧáѡʴзҹҪվ "The Killing" ˡ˹ѧ¹ ¡ͧ§ӴѺ ˹ѧͧʺ稷§ԾҡԨó ѧҡ鹤Ǻԡҧ˹ѧ͡ҧ ͧ§ԾҡԨóҧҧҧ "Lolita", "Dr. Strangelove : How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb", "2001: A Space Odyssey", "A Clockwork Orange", "The Shining", "Full Metal Jacket" ͧش "Eyes Wide Shut" 㹻 2542 ѧҡѴ˹ѧͧ Ǻԡ 70 աªԵä й͹Ѻ㹤׹ѹ 7 չҤ 2542 ʹԵǺԡ˹ѧ 13 ͧ Ѻ˹ѧ 3 ͧ ӹǹҡ˹ѧͧҡѺҡշء ˹ѧä ˹ѧõԡὧǤԴҧԵԷ ˹ѧš´ʧ ˹ѧҡҾǡ ˹ѧԧѵʵ ˹ѧͧѭǨԵԷҤ ˹ѧз͹عçҪ Ҿ¹ͧǺԡѺ¡ͧդ֡ҧѪ ԵԷ з͹´ѧԡѹҧʺ ֧šҾ¹ͧͧշ駤¡ͧе͵ҹ ѺԾҡԨóա駡ѹҧҧҧ
 

ᵹ ǺԡDr. StrangeloveA Space Odyssey


26 áҤ .. 2495
ͧ (Maria Eva Duarte de Peron) "Ե" (Evita) ʵŢ˹觢ͧਹԹҧ 2489-2495 Ҽͧѧ稢ͧиҹҸ ǹ ͧ (Juan Domingo Peron) ªԵä١ § 33 ԵԴѹ 7 Ҥ 2462 㹪ͧਹԹ ԴªԵ͹ 7 Ǻ ͧǧ ا ʵ͹ 15 Ҫվ繹ѡʴФǷ ͡ҡԷ 繹ҧẺ»Ե ʴҾ¹쨹繴Ҵѧ㹷ش 㹻 2487 Դ蹴ԹǤ˭ਹԹ ùѡͧŻԹҧҪͼʺ ԵҾѺ¾ǹ ǹӧҹҹçҹʴԡѧ 觼ŵͪԵͧçҹФҡբ ǹѺҧҧҧ ˹ͧиҹҸԺ յҷͧ觧ҹѹ ҡǹ١Ѻ㹢ҡ ЪҪਹԹ͡һзǧѹҧҧҧѰŵͧµ յǹѺ͡繻иҹҸԺԵʵŢ˹ § 26 ӧҹ㹡зǧçҹФ蹤ѧ طȵ͡ûٻѧҧѹ ͧ֡ ʴԡѧ ѡҾҺ Էʵ㹡ŧṹ§͡ ˹˹ ԵҨ֧繢ѭ㨢ͧЪҪ 㹴ҹ ǩҴ Ф㹡÷ӧҹ ѧҡǹ ͧѺ˹觻иҹҸԺ·ͧ ѹ 24 Ҥ 2495 Ѱաо颹ҹ "ӷҧԵԭҳͧЪҪҵ" (Spiritual Leader of the Nation) ҡáӧҹ˹ѡҵʹ͡شªԵ㹷ش աèѴҹȾͧҧ˭ ЪҪਹԹҵҧҡѹȡѹǻ ѧҡ㹻 2498 ѰŢͧ¾ͧ١з÷Ѱ ȾͧԵҶ١ҹͧҹ Եǹͺ 20 ǹ ִͧӹҨ׹աͻ 2514 Ⱦ֧ͧͨ١ӡѺҽѧѧҹا ҧ ͺǢͧ ͧǢͧԵѧԴ֧㨢ͧਹԹ訹ءѹ ١ҧФŧҾ¹¤

 
ͧѺԵ

26 áҤ .. 2514
͹ (Diane Nemerov Arbus) ҧҾԡѹ¹˹ǧöҾдѺš зѵԹԺҵ ͹Դѹ 14 չҤ 2466 Ѱԡ 㹤ͺ觤觪 ¢ͧͤ Ϳ (Howard Nemerov) ժʹѧ ҧ¹Ѹ;Ѻ Ź (Allan Arbus) ҡ繹ѡʴբͧ 觧ҹ͹ 18 ͧ١ͧ ѧҡ觧ҹŹ繪ҧҾШӡͧѾѰ Ҷ·ʹԪҶҾ͹ ͧʺǧῪ Ź繪ҧҾ ͹ʵ ͡ҡش 駤¡ҧѹ㹻 2502 ͹¹ҾѺҧҾʹѧ 硫 Է (Alexey Brodovitch) Ԫ Ϳʹ͹ (Richard Avedon) Ҿ¢ͧŧ˹ѧ Esquire, The New York Times Magazine, Harper's Bazaar Sunday Times áͧ 35 . ѧ¹ͧẺԹŹšͧ Rolleiflex ѵͧ ҧҡͧдѺµҨҡͧҴ Ҿ¢֧ͧͨšҧ͡仨ҡҧҾ¹ Ҿǹ˭ͧ͹ѡҾؤ (Portrait) ؤŷ͡Ẻѡѡɳо šҴ "¢ͺ" ͧѧ ὴ ŧ ԡ ҧѡ ҾšҴкԴҹͧ繤 Ƕ·ʹѹ͡觻ѹš Ҿ¢ͧͶ·ʹ֡кѹ֡ԵͧẺҧçԷҾ ¤е駢ѧࡵ Ҿ¢ͧ͡ӡҧ "" "ԻԵ" ҧá Ҿͧ͹ö֧ٴʹСе鹤֡ͧͧ 繤㹤ԻԵҹ ͹Ѻعҡ Guggenheim Fellowship ͧ㹻 2506 2509 ҡ͡Ҩ͹Ҿ Parsons The New School for Design Hampshire College ʫҪ૵ 㹻 2514 ͹ 48 աѴԹ㨡ԹЧѺҷСմ ͦҵǵ õ¢ͧ֡Ѻ ѺҾ¢ͧ ŧҹૹͧҾ Child with Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park Identical Twins, Roselle, New Jersey, 1967 ˹觻ѧªԵ Ҿ¢ͧͶ١仨Ѵʴ㹧ҹ Venice Biennale ͧǹԫ Ե 觶繹ԷȡŻзӤѭش¡˹觢ͧš ͡繪ҧҾԡѹá㹻ѵʵռŧҹʴ شԵͧͶ١ҧҾ¹ͧ "Fur : An Imaginary Portrait of Diane Arbus" ӡѺ ʵ࿹ હ (Steven Shainberg) Դ (Nicole Kidman) ʴ繴͹ ˹ѧͧ˹ѧǻѵԢͧ͹ ҡҾѹ㹨Թҡâͧ͹㹪ǧͤ鹾ͧͧտҪ鹺ش ¤˹觷ö·ʹǵͧҧդ "My favorite thing is to go where I nave never gone"
 

Child with Toy Hand Grenade in Central ParkIdentical Twins, Roselle, New Jersey, 1967 untitled


26 áҤ .. 2522
СȨѴ "طҹ觪ҵ" Ѻطҹ觪ҵѹѺ 16 ͧ ͷ 120.84 ҧ վ鹷ͺ . . . ˵ط “” ١˹觷ժ⧡ѹдش͡Ҵ٤˭ зҺʹѡɳФ·ͧ ԻȢͧ٧ѺѺ͹ ǹ˭Թ ҧǹԹùԵ Թҧ͹ѡɳ͹١ Ǻҹ¡ "ҹ" ͺ ʹ繢عҹ˭§繽ҢǴͧ͡ҧѹشó ҡȺʹ¨֧˹繵ʹ駻 ش٧شࢵطҹ觪ҵ ٧ҳ 1,365 èҡдѺӷ ѡɳ蹹֧ͧ觵鹹Ӹ÷ӤѭԴӸ ¹Ӵҹ º § ·¢ µ 繵鹡Դͧӵ§ ҾªԴлѹ駻ອó ѧ ҴԺ ʹ 㹻¢ͧѵªԴ ҧ ٻ ԧ ҡ͡ Ҿ е» һйԴҧ §աҡ ੾Ĵ˹Ǩ;¾ҨҡȨչ繨ӹǹҡ
 

طҹ觪ҵ (Ҿҡ www.dnp.go.th)

˹ 27

27 áҤ .. 2464
ԡ ẹԧ (Frederick G. Banting) ѡԨ»ШԷ͹ (University of Toronto) ᤹Ҵ ŧǡä鹾 “ԹԹ” (insulin) ҡѺ ʷ (Charles Herbert Best) ֡ͧͧ "lslets of Langerhans” Ш㹵Ѻ͹ (Pancreas) ѧǷ˹ҷҧԴ˹ 觷˹ҷ¹ӵҧ繤͹оѧҹ ǡ¡Դ "ԹԹ” ҨҡҡѾеԹ "Insula” ä鹾ԹԹѺ繨ش鹤˵آͧ äҹ (Diabetes Mellitus/DM) 駹ԹԹ˹ҷҧҼҭӵ繾ѧҹ ԹԹҧ ӵš١ ֧Դä觢ͧӵʹеҧ ͹ӵŤʹҡ ж١䵡ͧ͡㹻 ҹ֧Ҵ ä鹾ԹԹ駹Ѻҧ Ңҡᾷ㹻 2466  Թҧǹ˹ʷ¢ͧҴ

 
 ԡ ẹԧ  ԹԹ
 

27 áҤ .. 2483
ѡ ѹ (Bugs Bunny) ǡٹе«ʵ ҡҧ繷ҧ㹡ٹ͹ѹش "The Wild Hare” ͧѷ Wanrner Bros ٹͧӡѺ 硫 Ϳ (Tex Avery) ͹˹ҹͻ 2481 ѡ ѹ»ҡ㹡ٹͧ "Porky's Hare Hunt” ӡѺ ŵѹ (Cal Dalton) (Ben Hardaway) ͹繺ѡ ѹҧءѹ 㹵͹áѡ͡Ҩҡŧе ѡ Ѵ (Elmer J. Fudd) ¾ҹѺ§ءԹ "What's up Doc?" һ¤͡ѡɳҧ˹觢ͧҡеҵǹ ¤¹ѡ¹ѡ繼骹еʹ 㹵͹áѡж١ ҵҧ ҹҨ㹷ش緹 ѹ͡ "Of course, you realize this means war" ѧҡ鹺ѡ١ҧ㹡ٹ͹ ¼ӡѺͧա¤ ѺѺաµ ҷ Ǻ "Ե ” (Yosemite Sam), ѧ "Թ ¹” (Marvin Martian), "á ѫ” (Beaky Buzzard), "ѿ ѡ” (Daffy Duck) һ
" . µ” (Wile E. Coyote)
 

ѡ ѹաѺ Ѵ

27 áҤ .. 2452
ѹҪ ǧ ͧҨѡþѹ ٵԷا෾ й Ҩѡþѹ ѡþѹ ç ǧ ͹ѵҨҵù Ѻ ѡþѹ ظ ç稡֡ҪѸշ 3 ҡç¹෾Թ ֡ҵͷç¹· ǡѺ ɴ Ѫ ˹ кҷ稾л Ѫŷ 7 çСسô ֡ҵͷȿԻԹѰԡ ç稡֡ҷҧҹɵͻ 2479 ҡ鹡ѺͧѺҪ㹡зǧɵ 2494 çç˹ͧ͸ԡúԷɵʵ ҡ鹷çç˹͸Ժա, ԡ 2512 ç˹͸ԡúԷɵʵ 2516 çç˹Ѱҡáзǧɵ 2518 çç˹ͧյҺ鹾Ъ ͡ҡçդöҧҹԪҡɵ ѧçդöҹա ҧçç˹͸ԡúշҹç͵ǧ "KU Band” ǧջШԷǧáͧ´ ա駾ͧѧçоѹͧŧҪԾͧкҷ稾 ŧ ҷ ʧ¹, , ½, ǵҢѭ ʧ͹ û ŧ աѺŧ ͧ鹾Ъѹ 13 Ҥ 2536

 
ͧҨѡþѹ

27 áҤ .. 2496
ʧ (Korean War) صŧҧ繷ҧѰԡ չ ˹ ŧ㹢͵ŧʧ֡ͧѹع͹ (Panmunjon) 駹ѧʧš駷 2 ¾ѹԵ觴Թᴹͧ͡ 2 ǹ鹢ҹ 38 ͧ˹ ͧҡǹ˹Ҿµ ǹѰԡ 㹻 2491 Ѱ 蹢ʹ͵ͧ˻ЪҪҵ ʶһҪҵ͡Ҫ ¨Ѵա͡˭ǻ Ҿµ ѰŤǹʵ 駾áԷԾ ѹ 25 Զع¹ 2498 ʧաԴҡ ͧ͡Ѿ˹ͻҳ 60,000 ѧѺѭҢͧ ͧ ع (Choi Yong-kun) ʹѺʹع»ȨչҾµ ء鹢ҹ 38 Դҡءҹ ִا ѹ駵 ִաͧѹ ѹ 29 Զع¹ 2498 ͧѧ˻ЪҪҵٻͧѧ 15 ͪҵԹ Ѱԡ ᤹Ҵ ҪҳҨѡ 駻 ֧ԺѵԡҪ ʧչѺ˹ʧ᷹ͧ "ʧ” (Cold War) ҧ¤ǹʵѺЪҸԻ ˹ªԵʧ 1,066,000 ǹªԵҳ 941,356–1,139,518 ֧ý¨ӹǹ 1,294 ѧѺطªԵкҷաӹǹҡ Ѩغѹѧ¡ͧ͡Ȥ ˹ ժ "ҸóѰЪҸԻ»ЪҪ” (Democratic People's Republic of Korea : DPRK) "ҸóѰ” (Republic of Korea : ROK) 觷鹢ҹ 38 ͧ˹
 

 ʧ

27 áҤ 2533
ѹʶһ Է෤ù ͤ . (Suranaree University of Technology) ¾кҷ稾 çŧл㹾ҪѭѵԨѴԷСҪԨҹມ Է෤ùը֧ѹѹʶһԷ ҧġѹ 23 չҤ 2533 Ҥ觡ҧǹ˭稷ѹԴԹѺѡ֡͹Ҥ 2536 . Է繢ͧѰçҹẺáԨǧҼš Դͧ㹡úèѴ ·ȹ͹͵駤蹷ҧմöԷª˹觢ͧ Էª鹹Ӣͧ ҧҹԷʵ෤ . . ù . ͧ . Ҫ ШԷ¤͵鹻պͧ ջШԷ¤ʴ-ͧ ѨغѹԴ͹ 23 ҢԪ ա֡к 3 Ҥ¹ Դ͹дѺԭҵ ͡
 

һШԷ෤ù

˹ 28

28 áҤ .. 2457
ʧš駷 1 (World War I) Դҡ (Austria-Hungary) СʧѺ (Serbia) ѧҡ ҹ Թҹ (Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria) 줴ء¶١ͺŧЪªعçѹ 28 Զع¹ 2457 駹ʧš駷 1 繤Ѵ駷ҧ÷ҧ ѹԵ (Allied Powers) ѧ, , , Ե Ѱԡ Ѻ ӹҨҧ (Central Powers) , -ѧ ѡô͵ҹ ˵Դҡԭ˹ҷҧԷʵ쨹Դûѵصˡȵɷ 18 ӹҨҧ 㹵ѹ֧͡ҳҹԤ͡ШԹʴʹҹҾҧ ֧ԴѴ駢û½¤ 觢ѹҧ¡Ѻͪԧ˭˹ͤҺطúŢҹ ФѴҧʡѺ ѧҡ줴ء¶١ͺŧЪ ȵҧ ԡѹҧҫ觡ѹСѹ 㹷ش֧Сʧ͡ѹ١ ʧ˭ 㹪ǧáӹҨҧ繽ժ з㹻 2458 ʹӹѹâͧѧɫռêԡѹ ѰԡҨ֧ѴԹʧ㹻 2460 ¾ѹԵè֧ºҡ 㹻ǡѹջѭ㹨֧͹͡ҡʧ ӹҨҧ繽§ 㹷شյͧèʧ֡ŧ ʹѭ (Versailles Treaty) ѹ 28 Զع¹ 2462 觹Ѻѹصʧš駷 1 ʹѭҩѺкյͧѺԴͺ¤һԡʧӹǹҡ ١Ŵѧظ ١ִԹᴹҳҹԤ ɰԨѹ ЪҪҹ ԴТҡҡᾧǻ ѹøҡ Ե (Adolf Hitler) ǢӹҨ㹪ǧ ҧʪҵԹ աʹѭ оѲصˡС÷ 繨ش鹢ͧ ʧš駷 2 (World War II) ա 20 յ ʧš駷 1 Ѻ繤Ѵ駤˭дѺšá ռªԵҳ 8 ҹкҷա 16 ҹ Ţͧʧš駷 1 Ἱû¹ͧҡ¢ͧѡô˭ Դ ա» ɰԨӤ˭š û觵ҧ١˹ͧѰԡ Ժ⵨繻ӹҨͧšѧҡʧ

 

 ʧš駷 1ʧš駷 1
 

28 áҤ .. 2481
ѹԴ ٨ (Alberto Kenya Fujimori) ʹյиҹҸԺ µѹ͡á˭㹻еԹԡ ٨١- ͧѭҵԤЭ Դا Դ繪ǭ蹷ҵáҡ觧ҹѺ ٨¹ԭҵմҹɵ÷Է лԭⷴҹԵʵԷʤ͹Թ Ѱԡ ͸ԡúԷԹٵ 2527-2533 ҡŧѤѺ͡ 繷ѡ繻иҹҸԺբͧ Ѻ˹ѹ 28 áҤ 2543 ѺŵʹҨҡиҹҸԺդ͹ ɰԨٵҡ ѵԹͺ繵 ЪҪ͡һзǧ ջѭҼ͡͡ҡͤʧ㹻 ҹöǺӹҨҧ÷ ͧյҩաѰ٭ ӹҨäǺШѺӽµç 觼ʧѺ׹ ɰԨµ ЪҪǹ˭֧ͺҡ 2538 ҡѺ͡繻иҹҸԺ· 2 л 2543 · 3 ͧ׺ҪѺ ع Ҵ ͧʫ (Vladimir Montesinos) ӹҨѰǺ ͧ 㹷شµç෻ԴѺͧʫѴҧѭҵԴԹѡͧµç Ū мԷԾǡѺ աçõҧ Դ ҧ駢ҤѻԴԷª ٨Եͧŧҡ˹ѹ 17 Ȩԡ¹ 2533 Ѱŭ觵ʹյиҹҸԺռҴԹ㹻 Ѱŭ蹻ʸжҹ¿٨ѭҵԭ ѧ͹حҵ¿٨㹻㹰ҹм·ҧͧ ش٨ԾҷҧѺŧѤѺ͡» 2549 ١Ѻ¡͹Ȫѹ 7 Ȩԡ¹ 2549 ١µѹ 1 Ҥ 2550 ١ŵѴԷŧѤ͡оѡѹ͡͡ شѹ 11 áҤҹ黯ʸ¡ͧͧѰ
 

28 áҤ .. 2293
ѹ ૺ¹ Ҥ (Johann Sebastian Bach) ѡ᡹Фյժѹ Զؤ á (Baroque : ǧ 2143-2293) Դ㹵СŹѡշͧૹҤ (Eisenach) 鹸ԧ (Thuringia) ҧ͹˹ͧ͢ ѹ 21 չҤ 2228 ͧ觹ջ 繷Ƿȹ§ ѡ͹شоѡѹҡ Ҥç¹еԹ͹ 8 Ǻ յôҢͧҡ鹪Ե Դ觧ҹ ͹ҡ鹪Եա ҤͧѺ Ҫҡͧŧ ҡ鹡¹ 15 繹ѡʶͧ๺ (Luneburg) ѡŧʹ͡Ȫ͡蹢ͧѡ ¤ ҵѴԹҴշҧյ͹ 17 繹ѡ᡹ШʶͧʷѴ (Arnstadt) ͧ͢ҾѲҢҡ ŧ㹪ǧ 蹷ʶͧૹ (Muhlhausen) ͧ͢Ҥ繷ѡҡ Ѻԭҡء (Weimar) 繹ѡջШҪӹѡ ҡ任ШҪӹѡѹŷ ෹ (Anhalt-Kthen) 㹺鹻ªԵآҾͧشջѭҷҧµ ªԵ㹻 2239 Ҥ鹪繹ѡ ֧ѹ ҡѺ ҡʹҧҡ 繼Ѻ觡ҹѡդؤ Ҩش¢ͧդʴèͧп鹿٨Ե ŧҹͧǹ˹觨֧çѹ㨨ҡʹ ŧҡ· ѹҵ (cantata) ŧ᡹ ŧǡ (Fugue) ŧѺǧʵ ҷ Mass in B minor, Toccata and Fugue in D minor, Brandenburg Concerto ҤԷԾŵ͡þѲҴյѹҧҡ յռ˭ҧ࿹ѧ¡ͧѨм繻Ҩ
 

ѹ ૺ¹ Ҥ

28 áҤ .. 2495
ѹҪ 稾кҸҪ ҿǪŧó خҪ (Vajiralongkorn, Crown Prince of Thailand) ٵ зʶҹ ҪѧԵ 繾Ҫʾͧ 㹾кҷ稾лԹԾʹപ 稾йҧԡԵ кҪԹչҶ çѺô ʶһҢ “稾кҸҪ ҿǪŧó خҪ” ѹ 28 ѹҤ 2515 ç稡֡Ң鹵鹨ҡç¹ԵŴ ҡ鹨֧ʴ 价ç֡ҵͷѧ ͹稡֡ҨҡԷ¡÷ôѹٹ (Royal Military College, Duntroon) ᤹ͧ ѧҡʴ稡Ѻ çѺҪ÷ ֡ҵͷç¹ʹҸԡ÷ú 蹷 46 ҡ鹷ç֡ҷ褳йԵʵ Է⢷¸ҸҪ 蹷 2 ͻ 2525 ѡٵԷ»ͧѹҪҳҨѡ ҡѧͻ 2533 çҪԸɡʡѺ ǧ ͧ ҪҷԹѴҵ ѹ 3 Ҥ 2520 ҡ鹷çɡʡѺ بԳ Դ ظ ѹ 29 ԧҤ 2522 зçɡա駡Ѻ ǧ ͧ ê ѹ 10 Ҿѹ 2544 觷çվʤ ҹ ͧҷջѧ⪵ ѹ 29 ¹ 2548

 
 稾кҸҪ خҪ (Ҿҡ www.sakulthai.com)

28 áҤ .. 2540
... ʹ ʹյ¡Ѱ 4 ¢ͧ ֧ѭ 92 ... ʹԴ . ä ѹ 6 Ҥ 2448 㹾ǧ ͧҤú Ѻᴧ (عҤ) 繾ªͧ ... ֡ķ ֡ҹԵʵҡ The Inns of Court School of Law (Grey’s Inn Place) ا͹͹ ѧ Ѻ繤¤á繪¤áͺṹ繷˹ ԹҧѺѧ¡֡ԪҡѺ๵ԺѳԵ 繼Ծҡ çҹ˹Ң Ѻ觵͡ѤҪٵ»ШѰԡ ҧʧš駷 2 ҹСȹº 鹡ѺѰ㹻 Ѱ . Ժʧ ѺлСʧ¾ѹԵ ҹǺԡҨѴ ǹ ͵͵ҹҧѺ ѧʧš駷 2 شŧ ҹԹҧѺ˹觹¡Ѱդ 6 ͧѹ 17 ѹ¹ 2488 ҧç˹觷ҹèûСʧѺ¾ѹԵ дԹèش鹨ҡҳѵԢͧѧ 觼赡繽¾ʧš駷 2 赡ͧ鹢ͧѧ ҹع¹繹¡ 4 ش Դ˵ءó 6 2519 ͡ ʧѴ ˹Ҥлٻûͧ蹴ԹִӹҨ ѧҡ鹵˹ ҹ͡ҡ˹˹ҾäЪҸԻѵ ҧͨҡͧ Եʧºʹ ҹ繼͵ äЪҸԻѵ (Democrat Party) ѹ 5 ¹ 2489 Ѻ ¤ǧ ǧ ˹Ҿä 2 ͨҡ¤ǧ ͻ 2511 ͡㹻 2522 ҹ繹ѡͧҾ 蹡ͧ¤ط ʤ˹ ͧҡҹй¤ǧ㹰ҹмӾäЪҸԻѵ ǹǢͧҧҡѺ »մ § ͡óäͧѪŷ 8 ա㹾äѡԴ ҹöǺþäѰ Ū֧駩 "§ԧ" "ҵ"

 
... ʹ
 

28 áҤ .. 2542
Ҩ ҡó ٪ºؤ ֧ѭا͹͹ ѧ ҹԴا෾ ѹ 9 չҤ 2459 ҡç¹ѭ Է¸ʵСͧ ԪҸʵ (Եʵ) ҡع֡ԪɰʵСäѧ Է͹͹ ѧ ¼š¹蹷ҹԷͻԭ͡Էǡѹ ҧԴʧš駷 2 ҹ֧ѴԹ㨾ѡ¹ǹѧ 稡֡ҷҹѺͧҷӧҹзǧäѧ ҡ鹡͹˹觢鹵ӴѺ 繼ҡøҤ觻 ҹѺ˹觤բͧԷ¸ʵ 㹻 2508 Ѻ ҧ ҢҺԡҸó ѧ˵ءó 6 Ҥ 19 ҹԹҧ任ѧ СѺͧºҧ з觶֧ѭا͹͹ ҹ繺ؤŷẺҧ㹡ԵСçҹ ըԵӹ֡طȵͧ͹ҧԧ Ӥسª蹴Թҡ
 

Ҩ ҡó
 ٨

˹ 29

29 áҤ .. 2426
ѹԴ ູ Թ (Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini) ʶһѷ "ʫ” (Fascism) ¡ѰмӨ༴稡âͧԵ Դ㹤ͺǷҡͧᴻ (Predappio) - (Emilia-Romagna) ҧ͹˹ͧ͢Ե ô繤 Դ繪ҧ硷ѷѧ ͹ỴǺҶ١͡ҡ⺶駼 ҡ鹶١ç¹Ш١͡зҧ¹ѡ¹Ф ͹ 19 ˹˹ѧԵŹ ӧҹѡ觨١Ѻ㹢ҤèѴ 㹷شͧѺҹԴࡳ ҪԡäѧͧԵ (Italian Socialist Party) ˹㹡ͧóҸԡ˹ѧ;ͧä "L'Avvenire del Lavoratore" (͹ҤͧҪվ) ¹ͧ "Claudia Particella, l'amante del cardinale" (The Cardinal's Mistress) վ繵͹ 㹻 2453 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 (2457-2462) 㹰ҹСк͡§Ӥѭͧäѧ Ҿѡѹä繴¡ѺѰ㹡ʧ 㹷ش١Ѻ͡ҡä Ҷ١ࡳ繷Ѻҷ§硹 ѧʧʧŧ ԹաʶһѷԿʫ鹷ͧҹѹ 23 չҤ 2461 ѺԷԾŨҡ Ե (Adolf Hitler) յԹա͵ "äʫ" (National Fascist Party) 鹷ا ͧѧѵԵ㹻 2465 ¹ԵѰʫ СǢ繹¡Ѱѹ 31 Ҥ 2465 ЪҪʵҧ¡ "il Duce" (ҹ) ҡҡʶһҵͧ༴稡ٻẺ ѧѺ¡ԡкѰ ᷹ "Ѱѷ" (Corporate State) ǺӹҨҧ繷ҧ ѴѰҵԡѹ ִ ͺʫ (͸»Ѩغѹ) ͧ㹻 2479 ѺѺ ¾ſѧ (Francisco Franco) ʧҧͧ໹ (Spanish Civil War) мǡ ź (Albania) ǹ˹觢ͧԵ 2483 ҹԵ "ѡ" (Axis Power) ͧԵ ӹҫѹ㹪ǧ ʧš駷 2 (2482-2488) ѧҡʧҧͧ ԹաС͡ҡ˹觼Ե㹻 2486 Ҷ١Ǻʶҹ ҡ˹¤ҹⴢͧѹءԧ͡ Ե¨ѴѰҷͧ (Salo) ࢵִͧͧҺ (Garda Lake) ѧʧš駷 2 ʧ Թա١µ͵ҹ༴稡èѺ㹻 2488 ١ѹ 28 ¹ 2488 ǹȾͧǹШҹͧͧҹ 駹 “ʫ” شóҧͧԴӹҨͧѷԪҵԹ ¼ӨǺӹҨҧͧ ɰԨѧҧ ʫѰդӤѭһѨਡؤ ֧ʹѺʹعЪҪطȵͪҵ˹ ЪҪ֧ͧӧҹطѰ ʫǤԴẺâҨѴ ٶ١ЪҸԻ ԧѧǹʵ ͧ㹪ǧʧšͧ ѧʧš駷 2 ʫԷԾ» Ե ໹   駻¨ . Ժʧ
 

 ູ Թ ԹաѺԵ

29 áҤ .. 2399
硫ҹ ѹ (Robert Alexander Schumann) յؤԡѹ ªԵ ѹԴͧԤ (Zwickau) 鹫ѡ⫹ (Saxony) ͧѹ ѹ 8 Զع¹ 2353 繹ѡ¹ ҹ֧˹ѧҡѹҹ ͡ҡѧŧ 7 Ǻ աѧͺ¹к ͹ 16 վªԵ ѹѧҨ繹ѡ͹ѡ¹ ѴԹ ¹·ͧžԡ ºҡȢͧͧѺ仴´ ѹ֧ѡй͹ ѧ ҹ¢ͧત ¹ҧԧѧ͹ 20 աѺ ԴԪ Ԥ (Friedrich Wieck) ١繹ѡ͹Ҥ ѹ蹽֡ҧԧѧ ¼١ǹҧǹ騹оԡ Ҩ֧ͧشѹŧҧԧѧ ŧá Abegg Variations ¹Ԩóŧŧ㹹Եô 觧ҹѺ Ԥ (Clara Wieck) ١Ǣͧ⹢ͧ㹻 2383 ǧ繪ǧѹդآҡ ¹ŧ§͡Ҩӹǹҡ ҷ Spring Symphony ѹʺѭɰԨҡ ١鹶֧ 8 зѧѧʺҡѡ Ҩ֧Դ˹ѡ´ 㹷شҡâͧäҷ ͧѡҹ Ңͧҵͧ͹ҤҧҤ´ѧ ѧҾҤͺͧ (Dresden) ºʧҡȴ ҡâͧբ Ѻŧա 2893 繼ӹ¡ôշͧŴ (Dusseldorf) ҹзз觡Ѻҹʵ ֧ͧ͡ҡҹ آҾͧشŧ ͧѡҵǷçҺäҷͧ繹Ԫ (Endenich) 㹷شҡᢹͧ ŧҹͧѹѡмԴἡ͡仨ҡ ѡɳǡѺҹԵáʪѹ Һèѹѹͧŧŧ Ѻ繡ê费ؤԡ觢 ѹ繤͹ҧ ͹ǧش¢ͧԵ ҾǧԹ§Ҵͧ⨹͡ҡ§պ ҧء⹵͹֡ ͧ բͧѹѡԹ仺ẺἹ ҧ餹Ǩյ ŧҹͧѡ١º繼ŧҹͧ ʹԵҴçҧҡӺҡ äҷеҧ͹Ҷ ѧҨҡ š֧ШѡҺŧͧ˭§
 

ѹ


29 áҤ .. 2433
Թૹ ҹ ͡ (Vincent Willem van Gogh) ŻԹͧ͡šǴѵ ªԵ ҹ ͡Դѹ 30 չҤ 2396 ͧ Һѹ (North Brabant) ҧ͹ͧŹ 㹤ͺ͹ʹ ԪԷҨҡԷഹ (University of Leiden) ҹ ͡繹ѡȹ˹ǵѴԹ㨷ӧҹŻҧԧѧ ҷ෪ԵѺ¹Ҿзͧ෤Ԥ ʹԵ¹Ҿ 2,000 ҾѺ§Ҿ 繤͹ ûǹ ҹ عç Ъͺ纵 ¶١çҺäҷ Ե͹ҧѵѴҡ չͧ¤¨عѧ ԧǵµ͹ 37 Ҿ¹ͧҹ ͡Ѵ㹻ѧʪѹ (Post-Impressionism) 繵Ẻͧêѹ (expressionism) ŧҹӤѭҾ Sunflowers, Starry Night, Bedroom at Arles, Wheat Field with Crows ǧժԵҨŻԹʺ ѧҡ鹪 Թ繵 ҹ ͡ ١¡ͧ˹ŻԹ˭شȵɷ 19
 
Թ繵 ҹ ͡Wheat Field with Crows
 
29 áҤ .. 2524
ҿҪª (HRH the Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales) خҪ Ҫͧ稾ҪԹ ԫຸ 2 (Queen Elizabeth II) ҪԸɡʡѺ ҹ ໹ (Diana Frances Spencer) ૹ 㹡ا͹͹ оͧվЪ 30 ǹŴҹʵѭ觵С “໹” 19 ѹǡѹͧͧԵ˹һЪҪ繤á§ҪѧѤ ᢡѺԭӹǹ 3500 աö·ʹʴҹ觧ҹȵɹ价š ѧҡŴҹѺҪҹ
"˭ԧҹ خҪ” (Diana, Princess of Wales) ͧͧվͧͧ Ҫ (Prince William of Wales) Ҫ (Prince Henry of Wales) ѧͧͧջѭҴҹѹзçҡѹѹ 28 ԧҤ 2539 յ˭ԧҹҡ鹾Ъغѵ˵طҧö¹ا Ƚ ҡҿҪªçҾԸ͸ɡѺ ҡ (Camilla Parker Bowles) ʹյѡ¤ҡѹ͹ͧзçɡʡѺ˭ԧҹ ѹ 9 ¹ 2548 ѧҡ鹤ҡѺô ҿ˭ԧѪ觤 (Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cornwall)
 
 
ҿҪªԧҹ

˹ 30

30 áҤ .. 2406
ѹԴ ι (Henry Ford) ѡصˡԡѹءԡüԵö¹ Դ㹤ͺǪ ͧշ· ѰԪ᡹ Ѱԡ ¤ʹͧ¹ ͧ͢ͺԡҾ繢ͧѭ͹ 繪ҧԡҢ鹪͵§ 15 ͹˹ҹ㹻 2419 ͧªԵ ֧ͨҡ繼ſ һʸ 2423 硽֡Ѵҹҹͧ¹䡷ͧշ· ҡ鹡繪ҧͧѡ͹ ǡ˹ǡâͧѷ Edison Illuminating Company Ѻͺ֡оѲͧ¹ԧҡѹ зöѲö¹ͤѹá㹻 2412 ҵ駪 " ʹ" (Ford Quadricycle) ǡѺ͹ ѡдɰ͵ " (Ford Motor Company) 㹻 2446 ·ѧԡѹѧö ͧö¹ѧ Ҥ٧Թ ¤öͧ кǹüԵ "к¾ҹ" (assembly lines) 㹡üԵö¹繤á üԵö¹Ǵӹǹҡ 㹻 2451 ö¹ " " (Ford Model T) ͧҡ͡˹繤á ҡѺõͺѺҡԡѹҧ ö¹§ դçҹ ҤҶ١ö¹㹵Ҵͺ ö¹蹹Ե֧ 2470 ˹ 15 ҹѹ 㹪ǧʧš駷 1 ѷ촡ѧʺ㹡üԵͧԹ " 4ͷ " (Ford 4AT Trimotor) ǹ㹡þѲصˡö¹˹Ң鹡繸áԨ˭ش㹪ǧ鹤ʵȵɷ 20 촶֧ 7 ¹ 2490 Ѻ¡ͧ "Դ觡üԵк¾ҹ" çҹصˡ 觼ԴüԵԹ繨ӹǹҡ Ѻ繡ûѵԡüԵԹҨӹǹҡԧصˡ Ѩغѹѷ ¡ԨøáԨö¹价š ҢͧáԨö¹ùԡѹ "" (Ford) "Թ" (Lincoln) "" (Mercury) ùѧɤ "ҡ" (Jaguar) "Ź " (Land Rover) ùഹ "" (Volvo) ŧعѺѷԵö¹ͧ蹤 "ʴ" (Mazda) ͻջҳ 12.6 ѹҹҷ ( 2549) դѡҹš 280,000 ( 2549)
 

ι  ⡿촻Ѩغѹ
 

30 áҤ .. 2429
"ʹء֡" ͧͧáͧ йԾ Һǧ ͧҤѤҧؤ ǧԪԵժҡ վ繤á (͹á) ˹ѧ "Ǫíҳ" ( 28 ѹ 6 ͹ 8 ը Ѱȡ 1248) 駹 "ʹء֡" áǧԪԵժ÷ç駾з¨зͧͧẺǹ ¹Ẻӹǹ˹ѧѧ ԸʹҶͧѴù 4 ٻ §֧÷ٻ˹觨֡͡觧ҹ ҡҵվ§͹á§͹ǡ繵ͧصŧ С¹Ẻ褹ؤѧѡվ ੾ 稾 һŧó 觷çͧѴù çҾз ǧԪԵժҡͧԧ¹ШҹѴù 稾Ҿͧ鹨֧ç¾зʹ͹ҡ ֧ кҷ稾ШŨ Ѫŷ 4 ͧç䢴¾ͧ ֧ͧЧѺŧ ǧԪԵժҡáҷçͧʹء֡ çҧ§ҹ ͧ "ʹء֡" ѡó㹻Ѩغѹͧͧá ҧҹҹҨ繹ǹ ѹɰҹҨ׹ѹ ͧ觹診ԺóԴ˵ ÷ѡǧͧ "" ͧͧ оѹ֧çЧѺ


30 áҤ .. 2470
"⪤ͧ" Ҿ¹ͧͧ͢á ͡Ҹó çҾ¹Ѳҡ ا෾ ҡѺõͺѺҡЪҪӹǹҡ ѺҾ¹ͧáҪ仴١ѹҡش Ҿ¹ͧ˹ѧº ·Ӵ¿-ӢҴ 35 . Ե¡ "ا෾ Ҿ¹ѷ” ͧͧС "ѵ" ӹ¡ҧ ҹԵ ѵ Ҿ¹ ǧسҹҹԪ Ҿ ǧšਹԵ Ѵ ¡ ӡѺ ǧ͹ѡѶ ͡ҡѧҧҹҧǹ ػóö· ҡͧҾ¹ öǧ ٹҧ ԵҾ¹ѡҾش 㹢йҪ¶·Ӵ ͧǢͧ '⪤ͧ' ͧǢͧ ˹ѺͺҨѺ·ź˹ҫ͹㹡ا෾ ҧ 龺ѡѺ ҧ͡˹»ͧ ԧ 繤·͡ 㹷ش͡Ѻ ֧繷Ңͧͧ '⪤ͧ' 駨Ѻ龺ѡѺҧ͡ ش觪ҵ鹾о§ 42 ص ԴҾ觷 1,319 Ҿ ǻҳ 1 ҷ Ѻ繹ҷշդس 繻ѵʵҾ¹ؤ

 

⪤ͧ (Ҿҡ www.thaifilm.com)
 

30 áҤ .. 2489
ѹԴ ç ѹͧ ѡ¹ͧء Ңͧҡ "˹Ҵ" Դا෾ ¹鹻ж-Ѹ . к ç¹˹ѧ͵ 15 觺͹ŧ˹ѧ "ѻ” 觹Էҹŧ "س" վͧͧá "ҡ" 㹹Ե "ʹآ" "͹" Ѻ繡áǧù֡ 18-19 ա¹ͧ ͧҡ 3 ҢͧԹͺѳԵ¹ Ҩ֧ѴԹԡ¹˹ѧ͵ѧѹ . 8 ŧšûоѹ ҡ鹡ӧҹ㹵˹觾٨ѡ÷Ե "ʹآ" ¹ºͧ "ԪҪ" ѺӹѡԹԵ çդѹͧ鹢ͧеͧŧվ "ѰѻԨó” ʹͧ鹷 "Թ ҡ¹ 㹷شͧ鹢ͧͧ "ç” ѺþԨóŧվºóҸԡ س˸ٻ ѹ˹ҵͧѺ˹ҷ¹ͧ鹼ŧ㹤 "ѭ" ˹ѧ "ѭԵ" Ҩ֧պ¹ͧ "ԭҳǧ" ҷӡѴҡ "˹Ҵ" 繤á ʹ 40 㹪Եѡоѹ "˹Ҵ" ¹ͧչѺѹͧ ¹ͧշء 駼㹻Ҫ ҹҧ յ˧ յ·駡 ҦҵҺҷ ҧ ԺҤҡҹءѹҧѹԧԧ ͧբͧ "˹Ҵ" ֧餹Ե͹ءҹ ѻѧͧͧ ͧѧ ͡ҡͧ çѧռŧҹա» 駹ǹ ѧ, ෾Դ, ෾ԴҤ ͧ ЪԵ, ʹ, ѡ, ҷҧ Ҥ ״, ֡ķ -ԺԺ, ó ͡͡, ѡ¹ʹյ ͡ҡ ѧ¹ͧѹ ͧͧ ͺѭҪԵ ¹Ҿ¹ ҡҡ ҷ "˹Ҵ", "ح", "ᴧѧ", " ä", "ú ѹ" 繵 Ѩغѹçѧ¹˹ѧ; "ʴ" ¹ͧ㹹ҡ "˹Ҵ" 駹˹ҴԴ˹٧ 4-5 . ҡ͹㺢 ͡ѹҼա˹ҴФҡФѹ ͼҤ˹ͨ˹Ҵ㹡Ը Фѻ
 

 ç ѹͧ (Ҿҡ www.yes-wedo.com) ء

 ǧԪԵժҡ

˹ 31

31 áҤ .. 2508
ѹԴ ͹ ԧ (Joanne Kathleen Rowling) ѡ¹ѧ Ңͧҡ ". . ԧ" (J. K. Rowling) Դóʹѧ " ͵" (Harry Potter) Դͧµ űš (Gloucestershire) ҧѹ§ͧѧ ¹ͧáҢǺ "Rabbit" ҡ鹾ҹҹ¹ҵʹ ¹ҢҽóԡҡԷ硫 (University of Exeter) 鹷ӧҹʾѡ˹觡͹СѺҷӧҹŢҹءͧùɡҧ ا͹͹ ѹ˹㹻 2533 㹵öҧͧ-͹͹ 4 Դͧ͡件֧硪ç¹ 件֧ʶҹ ѧѹ (Clapham Junction) ͡ŧ¹ͧ㹨Թҡ͡ҷѹ ͹СóΌҫբͧҾ šŧա 6 յ ҡ繤͹ѧɷõ 觧ҹѺѡ˹ѧ; ١Ǵ¡ѹ˹ ͹駤¡ҧѹ㹻 2536 ҡ͡Ѻ١ǡͧʹԹ ʡ͵Ź ӧҹҹѺԹ§վҡѰ ͵ͧѡͧҤҶ١ ҧ¹ͧվ͹á ó㹻 2538 ͹ӵ鹩Ѻͧմʹ͵ӹѡԺ١ʸ 㹷شվ͵͹á "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" Ѻõվӹѡ "" (Bloomsbury Publishing Plc) 㹻 2540 ʹӡ 1,000 Ңͧӹѡйҡ繪 "J. K. Rowling" СҶͨԧ觺觺֧͡˭ԧ Ό 硼¨Դ˹ѧҹ ͹ѧҡ鹹ͧѺҧ "Nestle Smarties Book Prize" ʹ "British Book Award" յ ͵Ѻõվáԡ 繢ѭ 蹷ѹ ͹С "տ" 价š ѧҡѺҵҧ š Ҵ ͵͹ 6 ͹ ͹ش "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" ҧἧԡѹ 21 áҤ 2550 Ѩغѹ˹ѧ͹ͧѺҵҧ ֧ 64 վšѹ 325 ҹ ͡ҡѧ١ҧҾ¹ ͵͹á͡͹Ȩԡ¹ 2544 ҴҤ ҷءҤ ա ͵ѧ١ҧմ Թ աªԴ 觼ԧҡҹ ɰշѾԹҳ 1 ѹҹ­Ѱ ҡèѴѹѺͧԵ Sunday Time (2007 Sunday Times Rich List) ѴʶԵԺؤŷ·شš ԧ鹷ºؤ·شѹѺ 136 ɰԹѹѺ 13 ͧѧ
 

 . . ԧ Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
 

31 áҤ .. 2410
... е ҧ ظ ؤӤѭͧ ֧ѭ ⪷ʢͧҹѡ (Ҫ) ٵѹ 12 Զع¹ 2363 ԭºԴ件µѺ ҿخصǧ áѵѵҪ ҿخçǪ Ҫǧе¡ʴѺµʹ ҿخçʹҪķѧ Ҫǧе¡֡ҡѺԪѹըդѧҧ ҿخʴԧҪѵԢ кҷ稾Ш Ѫŷ 4 Ҫǧе¡ԴѤѺҪʹͧҡسҸԤسд¤öҧѧ ֧͹ "⪷" 㹻 2400 Ѫŷ 4 վҪѴҪٵԭҪʹͧҪóҡԭҪաѺѧ 稾ҪԹԤ ⪷ ͡Ѻǡçô͸ԺվԾҡŵҧ繤á ҧԹҧѧ⪷¹˵غѹ֡Թҧʹ ͡Ѻǡ "͹͹" Ѻ繹ͧáǶ֧ҹͧ㹻ȵѹ ͹͹繷ó Ш˵ؾǴêӤѭ ѧ⪷¢ԢԷͺѴҤ 400 觹Ѻ繡â¡Է